40 Hadith: Lesson 38

Sun 6 Oct 2019
Hadith 24 (Part 2) & 25
Read by Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim] 
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts
  • We did parts 1-5 last lesson

Part 6: “O My slaves, you will never attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will never attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me”

  • Regardless of what we do in terms of performing good deeds, then Allah does not benefit from this in any way
  • Rather it is we who benefit by praying, fasting and giving in charity
  • Allah is perfect and free from any need
  • And if we are disobedient to Allah and we commit sins, then Allah is not harmed by this
  • Rather it is we who harm ourselves when we commit sins
  • What does Allah say in the Qur’an about this?

Part 7: “O My slaves, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, had the most pious heart of any man amongst you, that would not increase My Kingdom in anything. O My slaves, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, had the most evil heart of any man amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom in anything”

  • This statement of Allah, subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa, clarifies to us the perfect Kingdom of Allah and that He, the Most High, is the Most Perfect in his Ownership of creation
  • Only something which is imperfect can be increased upon or improved, hence the Kingdom of Allah is perfect and He is completely free from any needs

Part 8: “O My slaves, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one open ground and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what is with Me, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it

  • The significance of this statement
  • How free Allah is from any need and how needy and impoverished we are before Him

Part 9:”O My slaves, it is only your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So whoever finds good, then let him praise Allah, and whoever finds other than that, then let him blame none but himself”

  • In this world, we are responsible for performing what we have been commanded by Allah and to stay away from what He has prohibited
  • Guidance has been provided
  • Allah will not take you into account because of how you look, or how intelligent or unintelligent you are, or how healthy or unhealthy you are
  • Rather, Allah will take us unto account for those actions which occurred due to our own free will
  • Whoever finds good, then let him praise Allah, and whoever finds other than that, then let him blame no one but himself

Part 10: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. A Hadith Qudsi is one in which the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) relays speech from Allah, the Most High, in meaning and actual word. And the Hadith Qudsi will have within it a first-person pronoun which relates back to Allah, The Most High
  • 2. Allah has made oppression forbidden upon Himself, and thus he has the Perfect quality of the Opposite (Justice) 
  • 3. Allah has made it forbidden to oppress each other and ourselves 
  • 4. We have learnt about the severe need that the slaves have in asking Allah for all of our matters
  • 5. Allah loves for His slaves to ask Him
  • 6. The perfect Kingdom of Allah and that we cannot benefit or harm Allah, rather the benefit or harm of our actions go back to ourselves
  • 7. No person is free of sin, and we must turn to Allah in repentance and seek His Forgiveness
  • 8. Piety and Evildoing occur within the heart
  • 9. Allah’s Kingdom does not increase by us being obedient to Him nor does it decrease by us being disobedient to him
  • 10. How Allah is Perfect in His being free of all needs and how perfect his Kingdom is
  • 11. Encouragement to do righteous deeds 
  • 12. The one who is granted success in traversing upon the straight path will attain happiness in this life and the afterlife and that occurs by the favour of Allah, The Most High
  • 13. The one who is negligent and commits evil will attain unhappiness and loss and will have no one to blame except himself

Hadith 25

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40 Hadith: Lesson 37

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Read by Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts
  • In this Hadith Allah says “O My Servants” ten times
  • The significance of Allah addressing us as His slaves and how privileged we are to receive this

Part 1: Hadith Qudsi

  • What is a Hadith Qudsi?

Part 2: “O My slaves! Indeed I have forbidden oppression upon Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, therefore do not oppress one another.”

  • What is dhulm (oppression), what does it mean?
  • Allah informs us in the Qur’an that He does not oppress:
    • “”Like the fate of the people of Nuh (Noah), and ‘Ad, and Thamud and those who came after them. And Allah wills no injustice for (His) slaves.” [Surah Ghaafir (The Forgiving) verse 31]
    • “Whosoever does righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) his ownself, and whosoever does evil, it is against his ownself, and your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.” [Surah Fusilat (They are Explained in Detail) verse 46]
    • “Truly! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves.” [Surah Yunus (Jonah) verse 44]
    • “Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.” [Surah An-Nisaa (The Women) verse 40]
    • “And he who works deeds of righteousness, while he is a believer (in Islamic Monotheism) then he will have no fear of injustice, nor of any curtailment (of his reward).” [Surah Ta-Ha verse 112]
  • The negation of oppression from Allah and affirmation of Justice of Allah

Part 3: “O My slaves, all of you are astray except the one whom I have guided, therefore seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you”

  • Statement of Ibn Rajab Al Hanbali and the question he was asked about reconciling between narrations concerning the natural predisposition of mankind
  • The importance of seeking guidance from Allah and asking him to make our hearts firm upon his religion
  • Contemplating upon this
  • Why do we say “Guide us to the straight Path” in our prayer 17 times a day when we are already Muslims?
  • Guidance to Islam and Guidance towards the Sunnah and the correct path (indeed many people are guided towards Islam however they fall into the incorrect path by means of the groups of Innovations e.g. Sufism)

Part 4:”O My slaves, all of you are hungry except the one whom I have fed, therefore seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My slaves, all of you are naked except the one whom I have clothed, therefore seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you”

  • These statements clarify the severe need of the slaves for their Lord for their sustenance, food, drink and clothing
  • Do not think that making a request is insignificant even for the smallest things, indeed we are in need of Allah for every single thing and he loves to be asked

Part 5: “O My slaves, indeed you commit mistakes (sins) by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, therefore seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you”

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40 Hadith: Lesson 36

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Recap

  • Previous lesson we covered (Parts 1-5)
    • The virtue of Praising Allah and Glorifying Allah
    • The importance and virtue of the Prayer
    • Charity
    • Patience

Part 6: “…and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you”

  • Why was the Qur’an revealed?
  • The primary objective behind the Qur’an was not just to recite it, rather it requires one to understand its verses and act upon them
  • To some Muslims, the Qur’an is just a decoration in the house or sometimes people recite it to commit innovation, this is incorrect
  • Importance of acting upon the Qur’an
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by this statement?

Part 7: “Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.”

  • What does it mean that everybody starts their day as a vendor of their soul?
  • How do you free you soul?
  • How does one destroy his or her soul?

Part 8: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The virtue of Purification
  • 2. The Prophet (ﷺ) highlighted the virtue of praising Allah and glorifying Him
  • 3. Belief in the Scales on the Day of Judgement has been affirmed
  • 4. The virtue of the Prayer
  • 5. The virtue of Charity
  • 6. The virtue of Patience
  • 7.  Encouragement to give importance to the Qur’an
  • 8. Cautioning against being neglectful concerning the Qur’an
  • 9. An encouragement towards every righteous deed
  • 10. A warning against every evil action

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts

Continue Reading

40 Hadith: Lesson 35

Sun 8 Sep 2019

Hadith 23

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: Regarding The Prophet’s (ﷺ) statement ”Purification is half of iman (faith)

  • What is meant by the word “Purification”
  • The virtue of wudhu

Part 2: ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth

  • The words used by the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • What is the meaning of this statement?
  • This is an encouragement for one to make praise of Allah and glorify Him
  • How does one praise Allah, why do we praise Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • Reflecting upon the names of Allah
  • Reflecting upon the blessings of Allah
  • What is the difference between praising Allah and glorifying him? Which of the two is more virtuous?

Part 3: “and the Prayer is a Nūr (light)”

  • The virtue of the prayer
  • Warning against abandoning the prayer
  • Praying in congregation
  • Importance of praying in a mosque of Sunnah and with the people of Sunnah
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “prayer is a light”?

Part 4: “and charity is a proof” 

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