40 Hadith: Lesson 31

Sun 04 August 2019

Lesson 31:

Recap of previous lesson on hadith 19

Hadith 19

Part 6: Allah’s decree

  • Whatever pass you will pass you and what not to occur will not occur – Allah’s decree

Part 7: Victory comes with patience

  • Victory comes with patience
  • The patience will give birth the aid of Allah

Part 8: Benefits of this hadith 

  1. Protect the boundaries of Allah
  2. Whoever transgress the boundaries of Allah, Allah will forget you
  3. Recompense is going to be protection from Allah
  4. The slave of the worship only directed to Allah
  5. Eemaan in al-qadr
  6. Nobody can help you, harm you, benefit you except that benefit or harm is preordained
  7. Benefits occur except if its already decreed
  8. Patience succeeded with aid
  9. Calamity is followed by deliverance
  10. Difficulty followed by ease
  11. Humility of the Prophet and his kindness to ibn Abbas radiyallahu anhuma
  12. A person should make his soul inclined to with a brief intro

Hadith 20:

On the authority of Abu Masood Uqbah bin ’Amr al-Ansaree al-Badree (may Allah be pleased with him) who said:

The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Verily, from what was learnt by the people from the speech of the earliest prophecy is: If you feel no shame, then do as you wish.” [Al-Bukhari]

عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الْأَنْصَارِيِّ الْبَدْرِيِّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم “إنَّ مِمَّا أَدْرَكَ النَّاسُ مِنْ كَلَامِ النُّبُوَّةِ الْأُولَى: إذَا لَمْ تَسْتَحِ فَاصْنَعْ مَا شِئْت” . 

[رَوَاهُ الْبُخَارِيُّ].

Part 1: ‘If you feel no shame, do as you wish.’

  • This statement was spoken by previous prophets too
  • 2 opinions from the scholars about this statement:

First opinion: Dispraise and prohibition of a lack of shame

2 ways to explain this: 

  • firstly the Prophet made threat against having a lack of shame
  • secondly khabar (information)

Second opinion: The Prophet actually commanding us to do as you wish – if you don’t feel shy doing things then do it such as salah

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40 Hadith: Lesson 30

Sun 28 July 2019

Lesson 30:

Hadith 19
Recap of Part 1-2 of Hadith no. 19

Part 2: Allah protects whoever has taqwah

  • Allah protects whoever has taqwah and provide for him sources what he never think of it

Part 3: ‘If you ask, ask from Allah and if you seek aid seek aid from Allah’

  • The means of obtaining the goal (worship Allah) is isti’aana (seek help from Allah)
  • Other matters such as to help you is permissible to ask others, but still the sahaaba would not ask others for help
  • The teachers of truth’s objective is to connect you to Allah, as the Prophet (ﷺ) did. The teacher of falsehood’s objective is to call you to themselves (story of a sufi shaykh) not to Allah.
  • If everybody came together to benefit you with something, they will not be able to benefit you except what Allah has written for your favor. If they get together to harm you with something, they will not be able to harm you except what Allah has written against you.
  • With hardship comes ease.

Part 4: Allah’s decree

  • Allah’s decree – everything has been written down – the will of Allah

Part 5: ‘Come to know Allah in ease and He come to know you in times of hardship’

  • Be sincere in your actions in times of ease then Allah protects you in hardship and give good to you 
  • Story of the three men in the cave – hadith in Bukhari and Muslim

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Forty Hadith: Lesson 29

Sun 14 Jul 2019

Lesson 29:

Hadith 18

  • On the authority of Abu Dharr Jundub ibn Junadah, and Abu Abdur-Rahman Muadh bin Jabal (may Allah be pleased with them both), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Fear Allah wherever you may be, and follow up an evil deed with a good deed it will wipe it away, and behave with the people with good manners.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • Recap of previous lesson
  • This hadith has within it the foundations of interacting with Allah, other people and yourself

Part 3: The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “and follow up an evil deed with a good deed it will wipe it away”

  • The Statement of the Prophet “Every son of Adam sins, and the best of the sinners are the repentant” [Tirmidhi]
  • People who believe that Allah will never forgive them
  • Hope for the one who sinned
  • How are sins cleansed from a person??
  • Allah says: “And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice). ” [Surah Al-Hûd (Prophet Hûd) verse 114]
  • Why was this verse revealed?

Part 4: The statement of the Prophet  (ﷺ) “and behave with the people with good manners”

  • A person should treat others as he wishes to be treated
  • What is the evidence of this from the Sunnah?
  • This does not mean treating others according to their desires but rather that which is best for them
  • Statement of Imam Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him)
  • Not letting harm reach others
  • Exceptional circumstances
  • Recap: what are the 4 foundations of good manners?
  • What if you have been raised in a difficult environment?
  • Is this (i.e. pursuing good character and manners) worth it?

Part 5: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would offer complete and perfect advice to his Ummah
  • 2. Have fear of Allah in all states, places and all times
  • 3. Encouragement to follow up evil deeds with good deeds
  • 4. Good deeds wipe away evil deeds
  • 5. Encouragement to interact with other people with good manners

Hadith 19:

  • On the authority of Abul Abbas Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: One day I was sitting behind the Prophet (ﷺ) [riding on the same mount] and he said to me, “O young man, Indeed I shall teach you some words: Be mindful of Allah and He will safeguard you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with something that Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with something that Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” It was related by At-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound hadeeth. Another narration, other than that of Tirmidhi, reads: “Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. Acquaint yourself with Allah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will remember you in times of adversity. And know that what has passed you by was never going to befall you, and what has befallen you was never going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, and relief comes with affliction, and with hardship comes ease.”
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 28

Sun 16 Jun 2019

Lesson 28:

  • Recap of previous lesson
  • Disciplining oneself before you become angry
  • What to do when anger arises
  • Consequences of anger

Hadith 17

  • On the authority of Abu Ya’la Shaddad bin Aws (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Indeed Allah has prescribed ihsan upon everything. So if you kill, then kill well; and if you slaughter, then slaughter well. And let each one of you sharpen his blade and let him spare suffering for the animal he slaughters.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts

Part 1: “Indeed Allah has prescribed ihsan upon everything”

  • What is Ihsan?
  • What did the Messenger of Allah mean by this statement?
  • To do well in regards to humans and animals

Part 2: Kindness towards animals

  • The Messenger of Allah described Ihsan with the example of being good and kind to the animal which one slaughters by sharpening the blade and sparring suffering

Part 3: Perfection in all of one’s actions

  • This hadith indicates the obligation in observing goodness, kindness and perfection in all things
  • This also applies to rulings by the Islamic government e.g. capital punishment
  • Perfection in Prayer
  • Perfection in dealing with others and loving for one’s brother what you love for yourself
  • Doing well in those matters which are obligatory and also those which are optional

Part 4: Ihsan in killing

  • Perfection and doing well in slaughtering an animal
  • Perfection and likewise doing well in the conventional battle field
  • The impermissibility of torture and mutilation in the battle field, it is not legislated to give an enemy a slow painful death
  • Perfection and kindess in capital punishment
  • Exceptions to the above in capital punishment in Islam, e.g. punishment of Like-for-Like (e.g. an eye for an eye)

Part 5: Summary of benefits

  • 1. The obligation of performing ihsan in everything
  • 2. The obligation of killing in the least painful manner
  • 3. The obligation of ihsan when slaughtering the animal
  • 4. The obligation of examining the blade, ensuring it is sharp before using it

Hadith 18

  • On the authority of Abu Dharr Jundub ibn Junadah, and Abu Abdur-Rahman Muadh bin Jabal (may Allah be pleased with them both), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: Fear Allah wherever you may be, and follow up an evil deed with a good deed it will wipe it away, and behave with the people with good manners.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts

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