40 Hadith: Lesson 16

Sunday 20 Jan 2019

Lesson 16: Hadith 6 (Parts 5-6), Hadith 7 (Parts 1-3) and Hadith 8 (Part 1)

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation
  • Last lesson we covered Parts 1-4

Part 5: Narration from the children among the companions

  • The narrator of this hadith was an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • He was 8 years old when the Prophet (ﷺ) passed away, he narrated this hadith when was older
  • However He says that he heard this narration from the Prophet (ﷺ), therefore he was a young boy at the time of hearing it
  • This shows that the narration of a child companion is accepted

Part 6: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith divides the matters into those that are clearly halal, clearly haraam or doubtful
  • 2. That matters which are doubtful, then most of the people do not know about the rulings concerning doubtful matters
  • 3. This hadith highlights that we should leave doubtful matters until they become clear
  • 4. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) uses a physical example (i.e. of the Shepherd) to strike an example of a metaphorical matter
  • 5. If a person falls into matters which are doubtful, then it is possible for him to fall into the clearly haraam matters
  • 6. This hadith highlights the great station of the heart
  • 7. External corruption is an indication of internal corruption
  • 8. By keeping away from doubtful matters, you are protecting your religion and honour

Hadith 7

  • On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah (sincerity).” We said, “To whom?” He (ﷺ) said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 15

Sunday 13 Jan 2019

Lesson 15: Hadith 5 (Part 9) and Hadith 6 (Part 1-4)

  • Recap of Hadith 5
    • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • Determining the validity of actions
  • The Innovator and the one who follows him
  • Explicit and Implied meaning of this hadith

Part 9: Summary of benefits of Hadith 5

  • 1. This hadith indicates the prohibition and the impermissibility of innovation within the religion
  • 2. The innovated action is not accepted
  • 3. An action is considered invalid if it was not based on the sharia
  • 4. A righteous deed which is performed not in accordance with the legislation becomes invalid
  • 5. Regardless of the ruling that a judge may give, then this does not change the reality of the legislation
  • 6. A transaction which is not legislated is invalid and the items which were taken based on that transaction, then those items are to be returned to their previous owner

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation

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40 Hadith: Lesson 14

Sunday 6 Jan 2019

Lesson 14: Hadith 4 (Part 11) and Hadith 5 (1-8)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 11 parts, we did parts 6-10 in Lesson 13

Part 11: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith mentions the stages of the development of the human fetus in the womb
  • 2. The blowing of the soul into the fetus occurs at the 120th day
  • 3. There are angels entrusted with the affairs of the womb
  • 4. In this hadith there is belief in the unseen
  • 5. In this hadith there is belief in the pre-decree of Allah
  • 6. In this narration there is the swearing by Allah in order to emphasise
  • 7. Actions are by their endings
  • 8. The importance of combining between fear and hope
  • 9. Actions are a means of entering Paradise or Hell
  • 10. The one who has been written down as having a wretched end, then no human knows about this, the reverse is also true

Hadith 5

  • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 9 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 13

Sunday 30 December 2018

Lesson 13: Hadith 4 (Part 6-10)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • Recap of the order of the five Pillars of Islam

Part 6: Pre-decree

  • The Pre-decree of Allah

Part 7: States of a human being’s beginning and end

  1. Good beginning, good life, good end
  2. Evil beginning and ends evil
  3. Good beginning, evil end
  4. Evil beginning, good end
  • Abdulmuhsin Al-Abbad mentions 2 examples from the Qur’an and Sunnah of the 4th state

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