Lesson 40 | Fiqh | Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

Saturday 14 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Lesson 40 Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

This lesson will go into Extra details of the Janazaah prayer, using hadiths outside of this book

  • From the book Explanation of Buluughul Maraam
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Remember the Destroyer of Desires often, death”
      • Death is inevitable and We should remember it often, when a person thinks about death you will not be fooled by the desires/glitters of this world. Therefore, a person should not become negligent of this.
      • Remembering death helps one to prepare for the after-life (Akhirah) as it encourages good deeds, and reduces sins
      • Remembering death weakens attachment to the world, removes the worry for the one who has little and removes the satisfaction for the one that has much
    • Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) “None of you should wish for death due to difficulty afflicting him. If you had to say wish for it then say O Allah let me to live as long as life is better for me and allow me die if death is better for me”
      • This indicates the impermissibility of suicide. A Muslim should not wish for death upon themselves due to difficulties they may face, let alone doing it
      • Secondly, we also learn from this hadith that in times of difficulty a Muslim should remain calm, patient and put their trust in Allah. Remember everything has already been decreed, so you keep your trust in Allah and keep making dua/supplication (being confident and certain in Allah) and this difficulty will be removed and/or you will get reward for your patience
      • Example of the Story of Ibrāhīm (Abraham) may Allah be pleased with him and other Prophets and Messengers (may Allah be pleased with them all)
      • Some scholars mention from this hadith that you should not wish for death
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “The hour shall not be established until a man will walk past the grave of another man and he will say ‘if only I was in his place’”
      • This narration is talking about the fitan (trials and tribulations) that will come when the hour is near

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Lesson 39 | Fiqh | The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

Saturday 7 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

  • Washing the deceased is mentioned in Multiple narrations and is obligatory for those acquainted with the rulings and conditions and aware of the death.
  • The Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وسلم)) washed the deceased and was washed himself upon his death
  • A deceased man should be washed by a man, and likewise a deceased woman should be washed by another woman. (NOTE: there are two exceptions which will be mentioned below)
  • The person who does the washing should be trustworthy and knowledgeable in this regard as this is a special act with rulings to it
  • Priority of who has the right to wash:
    • If a person specifies in his will that a person should carry out the washing, then this person has the foremost right provided that person is capable and knowledgeable in this regard. For example, Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) stated in his will to be washed by Asmaa Bint Umays, his wife (may Allah be pleased with her). This also shows that Husband can wash the body of his wife, and likewise a Wife can wash the body of her husband. Another example of specifying a person is that Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) specified in his will that he should be washed by Muhammad Ibn Sîrîn (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • After a person specified in will, then the father has the next most right to do the washing.
    • If it is not possible for the father to wash then it becomes the right of the Grandfather
    • if that is not possible then the next of kin/relatives.
    • If no family or next of kin can be found to do the washing, then someone outside of his family should do so.
    • The order above applies to women also, e.g. if a woman specifies a specific woman to do the washing then she will have priority, and after that it is the closest female relative etc
    • NOTE: one who is acquainted with the rulings should be given priority over one that does not have the required knowledge and ability to carry out the washing
  • In General, a deceased man is to be washed by a man and likewise for the women. An exception to this is the aforementioned where a Husband washes his wife or a wife washes her deceased husband. A further example of this is that Ali Ibn Abî Tâlib (may Allah be pleased with him) washed the body of his wife Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her)
  • If a small child under the age of 7 dies, then that child can be washed by either a man or a woman. For example, Ibrahim (may Allah be pleased with him) the baby son of the prophet was washed by women when he died.
  • If a child is 7 or older then that child should be washed by the correct gender (Males wash the males etc)

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Lesson 38 | Fiqh | The Funeral Prayer – Part 2

Saturday 16 Sept 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Funeral (Janaazah) Prayer

  • Brief recap of specific prayers we have covered recently
  • Reminding the dying of the testimony of faith
  • We have been commanded in the Quran and Sunnah to visit the sick, the reward of doing such an act and the benefits to the ill person
  • Having hope in Allah, even in the final moments a person who is dying should have good and hopeful thoughts in Allah that he will forgive him and make him/her of those who enter him into paradise
  • Mannerism of the Muslim when a person dies.
    • To close the eyes of the deceased if they are open (Narration regarding how the Angel of Death takes the soul)
    • To NOT delay the burial unnecessarily, bury them as soon as possible. Why is this? (the wisdom behind this is discussed, regarding purpose of Life as a test, the life of the grave (Barzakh), example of Fir’aun/Pharoah and how even if a person isn’t actually buried in a grave they still enter the life of Barzakh, and a reminder of the fire of Hell)
    • The body of the deceased is washed and shrouded. The men should wash a male deceased and the women wash the female who has died.

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Lesson 37 | Fiqh | The Eclipse Prayer, The Rain Prayer, and the Funeral Prayer

Saturday 9 Sept 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Eclipse Prayer

  • Brief recap of previous Lesson
  • The Eclipse prayer: why is it prayed?
    • The occurrence of an eclipse is a great sign from Allah
    • Verse regarding the sun and the moon [Chapter Yunus: 5]
    • Verse about how day and night as well as the sun and moon are all signs from Allah, and that we should worship him as he is the sole creator. “” [Chapter Fussilat: 37]
  • The eclipse prayer is highly recommended (Sunnah Mu’akkadah)
  • The eclipse occurred during the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), narration
  • Prior to Islam, it was believed the eclipses occur when someone important is born or dies, however the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) clarified to the people that this isn’t the case, but that the purpose instead is for it to be among the great signs of Allah
    • Hadith of the solar eclipse that occurred when the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) son Ibrahim died (note: all the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) children died before him except Fatima), and the people began to say the above and he instead told them that eclipses don’t occur for these reasons, and that they (eclipses) should be recognised as a great sign of Allah
    • An eclipse is a magnificent sign
    • Hadith of Abu Musaa (in Bukhari) that the sign of the eclipse should bring someone to remember Allah, invoking him and seek his forgiveness
  • Timing:
    • When do you start praying? [=when the eclipse starts]
    • When do you stop? []
    • Can you still pray after the eclipse has gone? [=no]
    • Is there sin upon someone for missing it? [no]
  • How is it prayed?
    • Two rak’ah (units)
    • To read out loud
    • In the first rak’ah, begin with the Fatiha, then to recite a long chapter of the Quran
    • Then the rukuu’ (bowing) which should be made long
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • Then to recite the Fatiha and another chapter of the Quran again
    • The to bow (rukuu’) for a prolonged time
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • The to do sujuud (prostration), making it long. Then sit as usual (not making it long), and prostrate again for a prolonged time.
    • Then to stand up for second rak’ah and pray it as you prayed the first.
    • Then to end the prayer with tashahud and taslim, as usual
  • Should it be prayed together in congregation? [=better to do it in congregation but it is possible to pray by oneself]
  • After the prayer has finished and the eclipse has ended, the Imam should give a reminder to the people, for example about the significance of this sign, and not to be negligent or waste one’s life and instead to use it to worship our creator and make supplication to him [relevant hadith of Aisha radhiallaahu anhaa)
  • Shaykh ul-Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah mentioned that if the eclipse is progressing quickly to make the length of the prayer roughly the length of the eclipse

Chapter of Prayer: The Rain (istisqaa) Prayer

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