Lesson 39 | Fiqh | The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

Saturday 7 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

  • Washing the deceased is mentioned in Multiple narrations and is obligatory for those acquainted with the rulings and conditions and aware of the death.
  • The Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وسلم)) washed the deceased and was washed himself upon his death
  • A deceased man should be washed by a man, and likewise a deceased woman should be washed by another woman. (NOTE: there are two exceptions which will be mentioned below)
  • The person who does the washing should be trustworthy and knowledgeable in this regard as this is a special act with rulings to it
  • Priority of who has the right to wash:
    • If a person specifies in his will that a person should carry out the washing, then this person has the foremost right provided that person is capable and knowledgeable in this regard. For example, Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) stated in his will to be washed by Asmaa Bint Umays, his wife (may Allah be pleased with her). This also shows that Husband can wash the body of his wife, and likewise a Wife can wash the body of her husband. Another example of specifying a person is that Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) specified in his will that he should be washed by Muhammad Ibn Sîrîn (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • After a person specified in will, then the father has the next most right to do the washing.
    • If it is not possible for the father to wash then it becomes the right of the Grandfather
    • if that is not possible then the next of kin/relatives.
    • If no family or next of kin can be found to do the washing, then someone outside of his family should do so.
    • The order above applies to women also, e.g. if a woman specifies a specific woman to do the washing then she will have priority, and after that it is the closest female relative etc
    • NOTE: one who is acquainted with the rulings should be given priority over one that does not have the required knowledge and ability to carry out the washing
  • In General, a deceased man is to be washed by a man and likewise for the women. An exception to this is the aforementioned where a Husband washes his wife or a wife washes her deceased husband. A further example of this is that Ali Ibn Abî Tâlib (may Allah be pleased with him) washed the body of his wife Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her)
  • If a small child under the age of 7 dies, then that child can be washed by either a man or a woman. For example, Ibrahim (may Allah be pleased with him) the baby son of the prophet was washed by women when he died.
  • If a child is 7 or older then that child should be washed by the correct gender (Males wash the males etc)

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Lesson 38 | Fiqh | The Funeral Prayer – Part 2

Saturday 16 Sept 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Funeral (Janaazah) Prayer

  • Brief recap of specific prayers we have covered recently
  • Reminding the dying of the testimony of faith
  • We have been commanded in the Quran and Sunnah to visit the sick, the reward of doing such an act and the benefits to the ill person
  • Having hope in Allah, even in the final moments a person who is dying should have good and hopeful thoughts in Allah that he will forgive him and make him/her of those who enter him into paradise
  • Mannerism of the Muslim when a person dies.
    • To close the eyes of the deceased if they are open (Narration regarding how the Angel of Death takes the soul)
    • To NOT delay the burial unnecessarily, bury them as soon as possible. Why is this? (the wisdom behind this is discussed, regarding purpose of Life as a test, the life of the grave (Barzakh), example of Fir’aun/Pharoah and how even if a person isn’t actually buried in a grave they still enter the life of Barzakh, and a reminder of the fire of Hell)
    • The body of the deceased is washed and shrouded. The men should wash a male deceased and the women wash the female who has died.

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Lesson 37 | Fiqh | The Eclipse Prayer, The Rain Prayer, and the Funeral Prayer

Saturday 9 Sept 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Eclipse Prayer

  • Brief recap of previous Lesson
  • The Eclipse prayer: why is it prayed?
    • The occurrence of an eclipse is a great sign from Allah
    • Verse regarding the sun and the moon [Chapter Yunus: 5]
    • Verse about how day and night as well as the sun and moon are all signs from Allah, and that we should worship him as he is the sole creator. “” [Chapter Fussilat: 37]
  • The eclipse prayer is highly recommended (Sunnah Mu’akkadah)
  • The eclipse occurred during the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), narration
  • Prior to Islam, it was believed the eclipses occur when someone important is born or dies, however the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) clarified to the people that this isn’t the case, but that the purpose instead is for it to be among the great signs of Allah
    • Hadith of the solar eclipse that occurred when the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) son Ibrahim died (note: all the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) children died before him except Fatima), and the people began to say the above and he instead told them that eclipses don’t occur for these reasons, and that they (eclipses) should be recognised as a great sign of Allah
    • An eclipse is a magnificent sign
    • Hadith of Abu Musaa (in Bukhari) that the sign of the eclipse should bring someone to remember Allah, invoking him and seek his forgiveness
  • Timing:
    • When do you start praying? [=when the eclipse starts]
    • When do you stop? []
    • Can you still pray after the eclipse has gone? [=no]
    • Is there sin upon someone for missing it? [no]
  • How is it prayed?
    • Two rak’ah (units)
    • To read out loud
    • In the first rak’ah, begin with the Fatiha, then to recite a long chapter of the Quran
    • Then the rukuu’ (bowing) which should be made long
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • Then to recite the Fatiha and another chapter of the Quran again
    • The to bow (rukuu’) for a prolonged time
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • The to do sujuud (prostration), making it long. Then sit as usual (not making it long), and prostrate again for a prolonged time.
    • Then to stand up for second rak’ah and pray it as you prayed the first.
    • Then to end the prayer with tashahud and taslim, as usual
  • Should it be prayed together in congregation? [=better to do it in congregation but it is possible to pray by oneself]
  • After the prayer has finished and the eclipse has ended, the Imam should give a reminder to the people, for example about the significance of this sign, and not to be negligent or waste one’s life and instead to use it to worship our creator and make supplication to him [relevant hadith of Aisha radhiallaahu anhaa)
  • Shaykh ul-Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah mentioned that if the eclipse is progressing quickly to make the length of the prayer roughly the length of the eclipse

Chapter of Prayer: The Rain (istisqaa) Prayer

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Lesson 36 | Summary of Fiqh | The Two Eid Prayers

Saturday 26 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Two Eid Prayers

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • The Eid prayers something which is legislated in Islam [evidences from the Quran and Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
  • The Mushrikeen (polytheists) used to have celebrations at certain times, when Islam came it invalidated all of that and replaced them with the two Eids as a means of showing thankfulness to Allah.
  • The Eids are linked to great acts of worship (Fasting Ramadhaan and Hajj)
  • Narration about when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to Madinah, the people used to have celebrations and he informed that that Allah has exchanged that for something better (Eid ul Adha and Eid ul Fitr)
    • Therefore, it is not permissible to make anymore Eids besides these two Eid, such as Birthday Celebrations, as these are imitations of the disbelievers
    • Likewise, things like Mother’s Day or any other celebration or commemoration are not permissible in Islam as these were innovations by non-Muslims and whoever imitates a people is considered among them. The best of speech is the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is that of the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the fire.
  • What does Eid mean?
  • What is the evidence of Eid in the Quran? [Surah Al Kawthar verse 2]
  • The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) commanded the women to go out to the Eid prayer (being modest and not using perfumes).
  • Eid is one of the open signs of Islam among the people
  • The first time the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed Eid ul Fitr was in the second year of the Hijrah (migration) when fasting was prescribed and carried on until his death
  • Eid Prayer should be Prayed in the outside open space (not inside mosque). However, this open space should not be remote from the people. What is one of the wisdoms of this?
    • Exception is if in Makkah, the Eid prayer should be prayed in the Haram, and not outside
  • Times of the Eid prayer
    • When does the time for Eid prayer begin? [=when sun has risen a little above the horizon]
    • When does the time for the Eid prayer end? [=the time of the zawaal/zenith/meridian]
    • When is the best time for Eid Prayer? [for Eid ul Adha= as soon as sun has risen, for Eid ul Fitr= can wait a little after sunrise, what are the reasons for this?]
  • What if you only find out about Eid Prayer when it is after zawaal time on Eid Day, too late? [for example, if last day of Ramadhaan, if one community does not know the next day is Eid?]
  • Before going to Eid ul Fitr it is Sunnah to eat something sweet e.g. dates [hadith]
  • Before going to Eid ul Adha it is Sunnah to NOT eat anything beforehand [hadith]
  • Evidence from the Quran for paying the Zakat before Eid ul Fitr and doing the Slaughter after Eid ul Adha
  • Importance of going early to the Eid Prayer
  • The Muslim should wear the best of one’s clothes and the Men should use fragrance. The women should avoid using fragrance or wearing something that will attract the attention of the people, instead they should guard they modesty.

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