Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 44

Sat 9 Feb 2019

Lesson 44: Supplications when rising up from the rukuu’ (bowing)

  • Recap of Lesson 43
    • Supplications at the opening of the prayer
    • Question: can you use more than one supplication in one prayer
    • Supplications in the Rukuu’ (Bowing)
    • Supplications in the Sujuud (Prostration)
  • We are still in the topic of supplications in the prayer

Supplications when rising up from the rukuu’ (bowing)

  • These supplications are generally in the praise and glorification of Allah
  • 1. Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
    • When the Imam rises and says “Sami’Allaahu liman Hamidah” (Allah Hears him who praises him) then you say “Allaahumma rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd” (Oh Allah, our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
    • Whoever says this at the same time as when the Angels say this then his prior sins are forgiven
    • There are other narrations which mentions different wordings, in total there are four possible wordings:
      • Allaahumma rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd (Oh Allah, our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
      • Allaahumma rabbanaa wa lakal-Hamd (Oh Allah, our Lord, and to you belongs all Praise)
      • rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd (Our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
      • rabbanaa wa lakal-Hamd (Our Lord, and to you belongs all Praise)
    • What did Ibnul Qayyim say about the wordings?

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 43

Sat 2 Feb 2019

Lesson 43: Supplication for opening the prayer, rukuu’ (bowing) and sujuud (Prostration)

  • There are different supplications for opening the prayer
  • How should one read the opening supplication?
    • One is allowed to read different opening supplications i.e. you are not limited to only reading one every time you pray, rather you can pick different ones however you should not read more than one in one prayer

First Dua

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) [Bukhari and Muslim]
    • The supplication is read between the opening takbir and before beginning to recite Surah Al-Fatiha
    • What was the supplication mentioned in this hadith?
      • Supplication: Allaahumma baa`id bainii wa baina khadaayaaya kama baa`adta bainal-mashriqi wal maghrib, Allaahumma naqqinii min khadaayaaya kamaa yunaqqa-thawbul abyadhu minaddanas, Allaahummaghsilnii min khafāyāya bi-thalji wal-maa’i wal-barad
      • Translation: O Allah! distance/separate me and my sins as You have distanced between the east and the west, O Allah! Purify me from my sins just as a white thawb (garment) is purified from its dirt/stains, O Allah, wash me of my sins with Ice, water, and snow
    • Question: Why are cold materials mentioned? We normally wash things with warm water

Second Dua

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 42

Sat 26 Jan

Lesson 42: Dua when going for the Prayer, Entering and exiting the mosque and when hearing the Adhaan

When going out for the Prayer

  • The Narration of Abdullaah Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) [reported in Sahih Muslim]
    • Dua for when going out for the Mosque
    • Supplication: allaahummaj’al fee qalbee nuuraa, wa fee lisaanee nuuraa, waj’al fee sam’ee nuuraa, waj’al fee basaree nuuraa, waj’al min khalfee nuuraa, wa min amaamee nuuraa, waj’al min fawqee nuuraa, wa min tahtee nuuraa, Allaahumma a’dinee nuuraa
    • Translation: “O Allah! place light in my heart, and light in my tongue, and place light in my hearing, and place light in my eyesight, and place light behind me, and light in front of me, and place light above me, and light below me. O Allah! grant me light”
    • Why did the Prophet (ﷺ) ask Allah for light?
    • Importance of guarding over the Prayer and the danger of the one who is negligent of it

Entering and Exiting the Mosque

  • When a muslim enters the mosque it is liked for him to say bismillaah (in the Name of Allah), wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa rasuulillaah (and Prayers and Salutations upon the Messenger of Allah), Allaahummaftahnee abwaaba rahmatik (O Allah! Open for me the doors of your mercy)
  • When a muslim exits from the mosque it is liked for him to say bismillaah (in the Name of Allah), wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa rasuulillaah (and Prayers and Salutations be upon the Messenger of Allah), Allaahumma inee as’aluka min fadlika, Allaahumma’simnee minashaitaanirrajeem (Oh Allah! I ask You from your Virtue, O Allah! protect me from Shaitaan (Satan) the accursed)
  • What are the evidences of these two supplications from the Sunnah?
    • Narration of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Narration of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Narrations from other companions
  • What are other Dua you can make when entering or exiting the mosque
  • When should you say these supplications?
  • Question: why do we say “O Allah! Open for me the doors of your mercy” when entering the mosque?

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 41

Sat 19 Jan 2019

Lesson 41: Supplications when Making Wudhu (Ablution) and warning against innovation

  • Hadith of Abu hurairah (Reported by Imam Ahmed, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and others)
    • The hadith indicates that
      • There is no prayer without wudhu (ablution)
      • You cannot have wudhu without starting it with “Bismillaah” (In the Name of Allah)
    • Therefore this hadith indicates that one should begin with saying bismillaah when making ablution
    • However the scholars have differed over the ruling of whether or not saying bismillaah is an obligation (ie it must be done) or whether it is something mustahab (liked)
    • The majority of scholars have said that it is something mustahab (liked) to say “bismillaah”
    • However other scholars have said that it is obligatory to say “bismillaah” at the beginning of making
    • What did Shaikh Ibn Bāz (may Allah have mercy on him) say about the one who forgot to say bismillaah

Innovations in Wudhu

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