Authentic Adhkar from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 10

24 March 2018

Lesson 10: knowing and understanding the Names and attributes of Allah and the methodology of Ahlus-sunnah with regards to this

NOTE: a few minutes of the start of the Lesson were not recorded and a detailed summary could not be made due to technical difficulties

With Abu Muadh Taqweem

What we covered in this Lesson:
– Understanding the Names and attributes of Allah and how this affects your Worship
– The meaning of “Subhaanallaah”

– The methodology of Ahlus-sunnah with regards to understanding the names and attributes of Allah: Two major points
***1. To affirm them without making resemblance to creation
***2. Declaring Allah free from any imperfection without negating his names and Attributes
– Explaining the above in detail

 

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 9

Sat 17 Mar 2018

✏️ Lesson 9: The Purpose of our Creation, and the falsehood of Atheism and Polytheism

  • Brief recap of previous lessons
  • Importance of having a connection to Allah
  • Ibn Qayyim’s statement that the need of the slave to remember his lord is just as the need of a fish for water
  • One who makes no remembrance of his lord, then his heart is an empty void
  • Allah gave us a purpose and an objective to our existence
  • Allah says: “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)” (Surah Dhaariyaat (The Winds that Scatter) verse 56)
    • Allah, from the very beginning of the creation of our father Adam, this was the objective and Allah ordered all of the Angels to prostrate to Adam
    • Shaitaan (Satan), unlike the Angels, refused to prostrate and so he became from the disbelievers
    • NOTE: Unlike some Christians, we do NOT believe that Shaitaan (Satan) was an Angel or a “fallen angel”. He is a Jinn.
  • Shaitaan attempts to misguide the people and lead them to the hellfire
  • The falsehood of Atheism.
    • It is from our innate human nature that we believe and recognise that we have a creator. Even the atheist cannot escape the recognition that there is a being greater than themselves
  • The story of the Muslim scholar vs a group of Atheists (approx. 1300 years ago)
    • What did the Scholar say to them?
    • The clear error of Atheists that they recognise purpose and design in everyday life, yet reject purpose and design in life itself, or in the complexity of the world we live in. They will refuse to accept that a ship can come about without a ship maker, yet they insist to believe that the creation/everything in existence can come about without a creator.
  • Allah says: “Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;” [Surah Al-Mulk (The Dominion) verse 67]
    • The test requires effort. Following the commands of the devil is easier than following the commands of our Lord.
    • Certainly, there will be a resurrection and the results of this test will become clear to see
  • Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Three follow the deceased, two of them return, and one remains. He is followed by his family, his wealth, and his deeds. So his family and his wealth returns, and his deeds remain.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
  • Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported that Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, said: “My slaves! I have forbidden injustice for Myself and I have made it forbidden among you, so do not wrong one another. “My slaves! You err by night and day and I forgive wrong actions and do not care. Ask me for forgiveness and I will forgive you. “My slaves! All of you are hungry unless I have fed you, so ask Me to feed you, and I will feed you. All of you are naked unless I have clothed you, so ask Me to clothe you and I will clothe you. “My slaves! If all of you, the first of you and the last of you, the jinn among you and the men among you, were to be as godfearing as the most godfearing heart of any one of you, that would not add anything to My kingdom. If they were to be as corrupt as the most corrupt heart of any one of you, that would not decrease anything in My kingdom. If they were to join together in one place and then ask of Me, and I gave every man among them what he asked for that, that would not reduce My kingdom at all, except as the sea is decreased if a needle is dipped into it. “My slaves! It is only your actions which I have appointed for you. Whoever finds good should praise Allah. Whoever finds other than that should only blame himself.'” [Al-Adab Al-Mufrad]
  • Allah says: “But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you.” [Surah Infidaar () verse 10]
    • Everything we say and do is recorded by Angels
  • The message of Islamic monotheism has been brought throughout history via the Prophets and Messengers of Allah (may peace be upon them all) such as Adam, Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isaa (Jesus) and finally Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • In Islam,
    • Isaa (Jesus) did NOT command his followers to take him as a god, nor his mother
    • Allah says: “And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’ ” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.” [Surah Maa’idah [The Table spread with Food) verse 116]
    • Continued: ““Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world).” [The Table spread with Food) verse 117]
  • What is the difference between the Qur’an and the other books of revelation such as the Bible and Torah?

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 8

Sat 10 Mar 2018

Lesson 8: Respecting the Scholars, and the Virtue of remembering Allah with his names and Attributes

  • Recap of virtues of Seeking knowledge (Lesson 6):
    • It is a form of remembrance in itself
    • You are learning about Allah, your creator, about the pillars of Islam and the rulings of our religion
    • There is no doubt in preoccupying oneself with seeking knowledge, knowing what is halaal and haraam, studying the Qur’an and pondering over it and understanding the Seerah (biography) and Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم,) that type of knowledge is the best type.
    • The gatherings of knowledge are the best types of gatherings and superior to gatherings of standard remembrance
    • Explanation of Fardhu ‘Ain (obligation upon each Muslim) vs Fardh Kifaayah (obligation upon the Muslims as a collective)
    • The hadith of the virtue of the Scholar over the worshipper
  • Statements from the Scholars regarding the virtue of seeking knowledge:
    • Ath-Thawri (may Allah be pleased with him) said there is nothing better which that brings one closer to Allah than seeking knowledge, and Knowledge has not been sought at a better time than now (i.e. today, do not delay seeking Knowledge)
    • Maymoon Ibn Mahraan (may Allah be pleased with him) indeed the example of the Scholar in a country is like the example of a fresh spring of water
    • Al-Hasan Al-Basri (may Allah be pleased with him) said the Scholar is better than a Zaahid (i.e. someone who lives a humble life) in the worldly life, and the scholar is better than one who continues to strive to worship Allah. Why is this?
    • Imam Ash_Shaafi’i (may Allah be pleased with him) said seeking knowledge is superior to the superogatory (optional) prayers. Why is this?
    • Imam Ahmed (may Allah be pleased with him) was asked “Which is more beloved to you, that I should pray the superogatory night prayer or that or that I should sit down seeking knowledge. Imam Ahmed replied that if one would sit down and write about the Religion then that is more beloved to him. Imam Ahmed also said that nothing can be equated to knowledge.
  • The Prophet (saws) said: “He is not from us who doesn’t have mercy for our young, and respects our old and knows the right of our scholar.”” [Saheeh Al-Jaami’-us-Sagheer (no. 5443)]
    • Therefore me must respect the Scholars
    • There are some people who do not respect the Scholars and instead speak about them in a mocking and belittling way
    • This ideology of disrespecting the Scholars and learned people, this started in the early people of innovation and desires.
    • The people who belittle the scholars are of two types:
      • Type 1: Those on a sufi methodology, they make these disrepectuful statement as their priority in everything is their innovated acts, claiming they do it out of love. For such Sufis, they cannot be content with knowledge of the Qur’an and Sunnah being spread to the people or their followers seeking knowledge, instead they would like their followers to be as though they are dead bodies (i.e. in complete obedience and blind following)
      • Type 2: These are of the ideological, “intellectual”, “modernist” and philosophical type of people. Again, they cannot be content with the religion of Islam to be practiced in the way Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم,) and his companions practiced it. Their objective is to draw people to their own way of thinking and in order to do this, they belittle the Scholars
      • Type 3: These are the khawaarij, renegades. Their objective is to take political power for themselves, and in order to do this they attempt to distance and separate people from the Scholars, this reduces knowledge of how Islam is to be practiced, then they attempt to convince the people of their own way which has no basis in reality.

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 7

Sat 3 Mar 2018

✏️ Lesson 7: The balanced position of the people of Qur’an, The Superiority of the Qur’an and Knowledge

  • The balanced position of the people of the Qur’an
    • We have already learnt that the best type of Dhikr is the Qur’an itself
    • The people who memorise it have a great virtue
  • Verse: “Thus We have made you [true Muslims – real believers of Islamic Monotheism, true followers of Prophet Muhammad SAW and his Sunnah (legal ways)], a Wasat (just) (and the best) nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) be a witness over you.” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) verse 143]
    • Allah made this Ummah to be balanced and just.
  • Verse: “Verily, this Quran guides to that which is most just and right and gives glad tidings to the believers (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Muhammad SAW, etc.). who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a great reward (Paradise).” [Surah Al-Isra (The Journey By Night) verse 9]
  • Allah did not reveal this Qur’an to cause misery to the people, rather it is to give them joy, happiness and guidance.
    • Verse: “Ta-Ha. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Quran, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings.] We have not sent down the Quran unto you (O Muhammad SAW) to cause you distress, But only as a Reminder to those who fear (Allah). A revelation from Him (Allah) Who has created the earth and high heavens. The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty). To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth, and all that is between them, and all that is under the soil. And if you (O Muhammad SAW) speak (the invocation) aloud, then verily, He knows the secret and that which is yet more hidden. Allah! La ilahla illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He)! To Him belong the Best Names.” [Surah Ta-ha verses 1 to 8]
    • This was revealed because the Mushrikuun (polytheists of Makkah) used to say that the Qur’an was revealed upon Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in order to distress him.
  • Therefore, every carrier of the Qur’an, and all Muslims, must stay within the boundaries of the Qur’an and respect the Halal and Haraam mentioned in it.
  • Allah has described the virtues of the carriers of the Qur’an

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