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40 Hadith Abu Arwa Ali Personal Matters

40 Hadith #56: Hadith 35 & 36

By our brother Abu Arwa Ali

Summary

  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said “Piety (taqwā) is right here – and he pointed to his breast three times ”
  • Taqwā is located in the heart, however it manifests in a person’s speech and actions
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) said “Whosoever removes a worldly distress from a believer, Allāh will remove from him one of the distresses of the Day of Judgment”

Currently on Hadith 35: Brotherhood and Piety

  • From Abū Hurayrah (raḍiyallāhu ʿanhu) who said: The Messenger of Allāh (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wasallam) said, “Do not envy one another; do not inflate prices one to another; do not hate one another; do not turn away from one another; and do not undercut one another, but be you, O servants of Allāh, brothers. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim: he neither oppresses him nor does he fail him, he neither lies to him nor does he hold him in contempt. Piety (taqwā) is right here – and he pointed to his breast three times. It is evil enough for a man to hold his brother muslim in contempt. The whole of a Muslim for another Muslim is inviolable: his blood, his property, and his honor.” [Related by Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 4 parts
  • We did parts 1-2 last lesson

Part 2: The statement of the Messenger of Allah “ Piety (taqwā) is right here – and he pointed to his breast three times. It is evil enough for a man to hold his brother muslim in contempt ”

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) “but be you, O servants of Allāh, brothers”
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) “ It is evil enough for a man to hold his brother Muslim in contempt ”
    • What if a Muslim discriminates against others based on ethnicity?
  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said “Piety (taqwā) is right here – and he pointed to his breast three times ”
    • What if a Muslim does some sins, and he uses this statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) and says “ I don’t need to do anything else”
    • Taqwa (piety) is located in the heart, however you will see some degree of effect on a person’s speech and actions
    • Allah judges us based on our actions

Part 3: The statement of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) “ The whole of a Muslim for another Muslim is inviolable: his blood, his property, and his honor ”

  • These three things are sacred
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) emphasised this matter in his farewell pilgrimage, how did he do this? what did he say?

Part 4: Summary of Benefits

  1. The prohibition of envy, artificially inflating prices, and entering upon each others transaction
  2. In this hadeeth there is a warning against persuing those things which cause hatred between us
  3. In this hadeeth there is encouragement for love between brothers
  4. Islamic brotherhood requires from us that we impart good to each other and that we repel harm from each other
  5. It is prohibited for a Muslim to Abandon, forsake, betray, mock, look down, or lie upon his brother
  6. In this hadeeth there is a clarification about the danger of looking down upon your Muslim brother
  7. The Standard via which people’s superiority is determined is Taqwa
  8. The location is Taqwa is within the heart
  9. Taqwa within the heart becomes manifest within the limbs; and by rectification of the heart does the rest of the body become rectified
  10. The prohibition of transgressing against the Muslims in their blood, wealth and honour

————Next: Hadith 36————

Hadith 36 (Seeking Knowledge)

  • From Abū Hurayrah (raḍiyallāhu ʿanhu), from the Prophet (ṣallallāhu ʿalayhi wasallam), that he said, “Whosoever removes a worldly distress from a believer, Allāh will remove from him one of the distresses of the Day of Judgment. Whosoever alleviates [the lot of] a needy person, Allāh will alleviate [his lot] in this world and the next. Whosoever shields a Muslim, Allāh will shield him in thisworld and the next. Allāh will aid a servant [of His] so long as the servant aids his brother. Whosoever follows a path to seek knowledge therein, Allāh will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather together in one of the houses of Allāh, reciting the Book of Allāh and studying it among themselves, without tranquility descending upon them, mercy enveloping them, the angels surrounding them, and Allāh making mention of them amongst those who are with Him. Whosoever is slowed down by his actions will not be hastened forward by his lineage.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • The explanation to this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: Concerning the statement of Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) “Whosoever removes a worldly distress from a believer, Allāh will remove from him one of the distresses of the Day of Judgment”

  • Recompense and reward is based upon the actions we do
  • If you lift distress or suffering from someone, then Allah will recompense you with the same on the day of Judgement
  • The suffering of this world is nothing in comparison to the suffering of the day of Judgement
  • Aiding others in our current time (i.e. with the corona virus)

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