Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 48

Sun 23 Mar 2019

Lesson 48: Supplication when you are unsure and are seeking guidance in forming a decision

  • The Istikhaara dua
  • You may have a matter about which you are unsure and you do not know the outcome, whether it will be good or bad and you are worried about this
  • Hadith of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
    • Supplication: Allaahumma innee astakheeruka bi’ilmika, wa ‘astaqdiruka biqudratika, wa ‘as’aluka min fadhtikal-‘Adheemi, fa’innaka taqdiru wa laa ‘aqdiru, wa ta’lamu, wa laa ‘a’lamu, wa ‘Anta ‘Allaamul-Ghuyoobi, Allaahumma ‘in kunta ta’lamu ‘anna haadhal-‘amra-[then mention the thing to be decided] Khayrun lee fee deenee wa ma’aashee wa ‘aaqibati ‘amree – [or say] ‘Aajili amree wa ‘aajilih – Faqdurhu lee wa yassirhu lee thumma baarik lee feehi, wa ‘in kunta ta’lamu ‘anna haadhal-‘amra sharrun lee fee deenee wa ma’aashee wa ‘aaqibati ‘amree – [or say] ‘Aajili amree wa ‘aajilihi – Fasrifhu ‘annee wasrifnee ‘anhu waqdur liyal-khayra haythu kaana thumma ‘ardhinee bihi
    • Translation: O Allah, I seek the counsel of Your Knowledge, and I seek the help of Your Omnipotence, and I beseech You for Your Magnificent Grace. Surely, You are Capable and I am not. You know and I know not, and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know that this matter [then mention the thing to be decided] is good for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, – [or say: in this life and the afterlife] – then ordain it for me and make it easy for me, then bless me in it. And if You know that this matter is bad for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, – [or say: in this life and the afterlife] – then distance it from me, and distance me from it, and ordain for me what is good wherever it may be, and help me to be content with it.
  • Whoever seeks council in Allah will not regret it
  • When is it to be used?
  • What did Ibnul Qayyim say about this dua?
  • Allah controls all affairs and we rely on him
    • There is no one who can bring goodness except Allah
    • No one can remove harm except Allah
  • The ignorance and impermissibility of relying on other than Allah
  • Examples of situations when istikhaarah can be done (e.g. Marriage)
  • When can one NOT do istikhaarah?
  • How does one perform the Istikhaarah prayer? Why should one perform it?
  • Should one read the istikhaara supplication before giving the Tasleem or after it?
  • Should you raise your hands for this dua?
  • What if you have not memorised this dua? Can you read it from a book/paper?
  • The importance of being sincere and focused
  • What if a person is in an urgent need to make this supplication, yet he has not memorised it nor has he got a book or access to it, what does he or she do in this situation?


  • Question: Can you use this supplication if you have got a new Job but you are unsure it
  • Question: Can you make this supplication multiple times
  • Question: Is it possible that someone makes dua for istikhaara and then afterwards he or she gets some sort of indication about a  good or bad decision?
  • Question: When making the istikhaara dua, should you make your affair very specific?
  • Question: Can someone else make istikhaara for you?
  • Question: What if you make istikhaara but your mind is not yet settled?
  • Question: When making a marriage decision, should the istikhaara dua be about one particular person or can it be between different choices?
  • Question: What if you make istikhaara about marrying a person, can you seek advice from others after making the dua?
  • Question: If someone misses prayer from a salafi masjid, and the other masaajid are upon bidah, should he pray at home or pray in the other mosques?

Next week: No Lesson, there will be the Liverpool conference insha Allah

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40 Hadith: Lesson 22

Sun 10 Mar 2019

Lesson 22: Hadith 14

Summary of benefits of Hadith 13

Hadith 14: Sanctity of the Muslim life and causes of its nullification

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn Rajab mentions other punishment like sodomy, intercourse with animals and the one who denies the ruling of the prayer.

Part 1: The Muslim Ruler

  • This is judicial law only under the authority of a Muslim ruler, not the muslim citizens under his authority or Muslims living in a non Islamic country.

Part 2: The legislation of the Creator as opposed to the creation

  • Allah’s Legislation is based upon His Wisdom and Justice, which can never be fully understood by the intellect of mankind.
  • Example of a car maker, the customer may not understand why certain parts are laid out in they way they are, yet he accepts that this lack of understand does not mean that the engineering is flawed or incorrect, rather the customer accepts the wisdom of the car maker
  • The Legislation of Allah is based on His Wisdom, His Justice and His Mercy
  • Therefore we submit and recognise the law of Allah

Part 3: The requirements of capital punishment

  • The Punishments have extremely difficult requirements to be met and applied
  • 4 trustworthy witnesses to have seen the act of penetration.
  • If one of the four witnesses rejects his testimony as a lie, then all four witnesses are publicly lashed and their testimonies are rejected forever.
  • Any group less than four cannot pass a testimony for witnessing penetration or proclaim publicly to other who haven’t witnessed the crime. This act itself can result in corporal punishment for the individual.

Part 4: What is the purpose/benefit of capital punishment?

  • A deterrent of the crime in that society and bringing security and stability

Next Lesson: A discussion regarding the law surrounding Apostasy

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 47

Sat 9 Mar 2019

Lesson 47: Supplications (adhkar) for after the prayer (Part 2)

  • Supplication for protection from punishments and trials
    • Some scholars e.g. Ibn Taymiyyah and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal considered it to be an obligation to read the supplication of the protection from punishments and that this should not be left out of the prayer in the final sitting
  • Then the individual can make a supplication for anything of the affairs of this world or the hereafter
  • Allah rebukes those who are too stubborn to supplicate to him in the verse [40:60]
    • “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” [Sura Ghafir, Ayah 60]
  • In the final sitting, after having read the obligatory supplication, and before doing the tasleem, one can make supplication for anything that is favourable to them

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