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40 Hadith: Lesson 5

Sunday 21st Oct 2018

Lesson 5:  Hadith 2 (Parts 3-5)

 

  • We started Hadith 2 in the previous lesson;
      • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Recap of Lesson 4
      • Part 1: Imam Muslim’s placement of this hadith at the beginning of his Sahih
      • Part 2: The context of this hadith and the innovations the misguided sect Qadariyyah
  • Shaykh Abdelmushin Al-Abbād states 4 points regarding the context of this hadith:
      • 1. The bidah of the Qadariyyah (those who deny the decree of Allah) emerged during the time of the companions
      • 2. The methodology of the taabi’een on returning back to the companions
      • NOTE: who were the taabi’een?
      • 3. The bidah (innovation) of the Qadariyyah is from amongst the most evil, vile and repulsive innovations made, why is this?
      • 4. The mufti, whenever he states a ruling must give evidence

Part 3: Angels can take the form of a human being

  • This hadith states that angel Jibra’eel (Gabriel) came in the form of a man
  • There are other instances in which angel Jibra’eel (Gabriel)

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40 Hadith: Lesson 4

Sunday 14th Oct 2018

Lesson 4: Hadith 1 (parts 7-9) and Hadith 2 (Parts 1-2)

 

  • Recap of Lesson 3:
    • This hadith (i.e. hadith number 1) is one of the three ahaadeeth about which Islam revolves around
    • The other two hadeeth are the Hadith of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and Nu’man Ibn Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The Prophet’s (ﷺ) use of the word only
    • The purpose behind Intention
    • How intention distinguishes between acts of worship and ordinary actions or habits
    • How innovation distinguishes between difference between different acts of worship
    • The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”
    • The Statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “And indeed every man will have what he intended”
    • The Statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “He whose migration is for Allah and his messenger, then his migration is for Allah and his Messenger, and he whose migration is for Worldly gains or to marry a Woman, then his migration is for whatever he migrated for”

Part 7: The context of this Hadith

  • Some say that this hadith was based on a historical event that a man immigrated to Madinah in order to marry a woman
  • However Ibn Rajab says that there is no sound chain of narration to verify this

PArt 8: Where is intention located?

  • For example, dhikr or supplication is made upon the tongue and prayer is an act of worshipped performed by the limbs, so where is intention located?
  • Niyyah (intention) is located in the heart, it is an act of the heart
  • Pronouncing one’s intention verbally is an innovation and not from the Sunnah (Example given by Shaykh Uthaymeen)

Part 9: Summary of Benefits from this hadith

  1. There is no action except with an intention
  2. Actions are considered based on their intentions
  3. The reward for an action is based upon its intention
  4. The scholar should provide examples to clarify the matter and this is an emulation of the Prophet (ﷺ)
  5. The virtue of Al-Hijrah (Migration)
  6. A person will be rewarded or deprived based upon his intention
  7. An good action may just be a habit or ordinary action, however this can be considered an act of worship if this brings him closer or aids him in his other acts of worship
  8. An action can be a source of reward (e.g. doing it for the sake of Allah sincerely) or it may be a cause of punishment (e.g. if one did it out of showing off or shirk)

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