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40 Hadith: Lesson 27

Sun 9 June 2019

Lesson 27: Hadith 15 (Part 5-6) Hadith 16 (Part 1)

Currently on Hadith 15

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him speak good, or keep silent; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his guest.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 6 parts
  • Recap of previous lessons:
    • Part 1: The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned Iman (belief) in Allah and the Last Day alongside these good deeds
    • Part 2: Quotes from the Imams and scholars of the past
    • Part 3: What meaning does the word “khair” (Good) carry?
    • Part 4: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour”
  • What are the 4 pillars of good manners?

Part 5: “whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his guest”

  • Honouring the guest is from amongst the rights due from the muslims
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say about honouring the guest
  • The three levels of hospitality

Part 6: Summary of benefits

  • 1. Encouragement of speaking good
  • 2. Encouragement to keep silent if there is no good in a speech
  • 3. Reminder that when a person admonishes/encourages, he should make mention of the day of Judgement
  • 4. Encouragement to honour the neighbour and caution against harming him
  • 5. Encouragement to be good, generous and honour the guest

Hadith 16

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): A man said to the Prophet (ﷺ), Advise me,” so he (ﷺ) said, “Do not become angry.” The man repeated several times, and he (ﷺ) said, “Do not become angry.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “Do not become angry”

  • Is it prohibited to become angry?
  • How people differ in how they manage anger
  • How does one avoid becoming angry?
  • The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) combined the good of this world and the next in these simple words, how is this?

Part 2: Controlling anger

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The Importance of the Congregational Prayer

Sat 8th June 2019

Lesson 49: Importance of the Congregational Prayer

  • Danger of limiting worship just to Ramadhan
  • The importance of the congregational prayer
  • Hadith that the congregational prayer is superior to the individual prayer by 27 times
  • Hadith of the reward for the one who makes his wudhu, perfects it, leaves his home for no other reason than to go to the mosque
  • The hadith of the blind man who came to the Prophet (ﷺ) asking about attending the mosque or praying at home for the congregational prayer
  • Statement of Shaykh Ibn Baz about these three ahaadeeth
  • It is important for every muslim man to strive and make effort to attend the congregational prayer
  • The dua of the angels for the one who attends the mosque for the congregational prayer
  • The one who comes to the masjid and waits for the congregational prayer gets rewarded as though he is in prayer while he waits.
  • Is there reward for waiting after the prayer has finished?
  • It is from the sunnah that one should complete his wudhu at home and then go to the mosque
  • The significance of the narration about the blind man
  • Hadith about the person who hears the adhan but does not come to the masjid and has no valid excuse, then there is no prayer for him
    • What are acceptable excuses?
      • 1. Fear
      • 2. illness
  • Therefore it is important that a person strives in attending the congregational prayer

Missing the prayer and hypocrisy

  • What about the one who abandons the congregational prayer? What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say about those?
  • How the Sahabah strove to attend the congregational prayer
  • Allah says: “Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah, but it is He Who deceives them. And when they stand up for As-Salat (the prayer), they stand with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little.” [Surah An-Nisaa (The Women) verse 142]
  • The danger of praying with laziness and characteristics of the Munafiqeen (Hypocrites)
  • Praying with one’s heart and body, and not just your body

Worship and Patience

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Ramadhan Lesson 6: Laylatul-Qadr and I’tikaaf

Sat 18 May 2019

Ramadhan Lesson 6: Laylatul Qadr and I’tikaaf

4 Things the Prophet (ﷺ) Forbade

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade 4 things in this narration
  • Fasting on two days, the day of Eid ul-Fitr and the day of Eid-ul Adha
  • The hadith also mentions “As-sammaa” what does this mean?
  • A person is forbidden from sitting in a certain posture when one is wearing only one garment, what is this position?
    • What if a person sits in such a way but he has more than one garment and his private parts are covered?
  • Praying optional prayers after the fajr prayer or after the Asr prayer is also prohibited
    • What if someone misses an obligatory prayer (e.g. oversleeps) and remembers during this prohibited time?

Whoever fasts whilst in Jihad

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Whoever fasts one day whilst in the path of Allah (i.e. Jihad), then Allah distances his face from the fire by seventy years worth

Laylatul-Qadr (The Night of Decree)

  • Allah says:”Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)” [Surah Al-Qadr (The Night of Decree) verse 1]
  • Allah says: “We sent it (this Quran) down on a blessed night [(i.e. night of Qadr, Surah No: 97) in the month of Ramadan,, the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship].” [Surah Ad-Dukhan (The Smoke) verse 3]
  • When is laylatul Qadr? What is the evidence
  • The Qur’an was revealed on laylatul-Qadr
  • Hadith of Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • When is Laylatul Qadr?
  • What did Ibnul Qayyim mention about Laylatul Qadr
  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • Statement of Ibn Taymiyyah
  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)

I’tikaaf

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • When did the Prophet (ﷺ) used to do the I’tikaaf?
  • What does I’tikaaf mean?
    • Linguistically it means to remain in a place
    • Islamically it means to remain in a masjid for the purpose of ‘ibadah (worship)
  • Q: How do women do i’tikaaf?
  • Q: How many days is I’tikaaf?
  • Q: Can a person doing i’tikaaf leave midway for trivial reasons? What if it is urgent?
  • Q: When do you start? What are the different opinions?

Q&A

  • What is the reward for Laylatul Qadr?
  • Why does Ramadhan change dates in the Gregorian calendar every year?

NO LESSON next week insha Allah or the week after

We will resume insha Allah the first saturday after Eid

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