40 Hadith Abu Arwa Ali Eemaan (belief) Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Societal matters

40 Hadith: Lesson 39

Sun 13 Oct 2019

Lesson 39: Hadith 25 & 26

Hadith 25

  • Again, Abu Dharr-may Allah be pleased with him – said: Some among the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said to the Prophet (ﷺ) :”O Messenger of Allah, the wealthy have gotten tremendous rewards; they perform the prayers as we do, observe the fast as we do and they give charity from their excess wealth.” He said: “Has not Allah granted you what to give in charity! Certainly, every Tasbih (saying: Subhān Allāh – meaning Glorious is Allah) is charity, every Takbir (saying: Allahu Akbar meaning – Allah is the Greatest) is charity, every Tahmid (saying: Alhamdulillāh – meaning All praise is for Allah) is charity, every Tahleel (saying: Lā ilāha illAllāh – meaning there is no god worthy of worship except Allah) is charity, commanding good is charity, and forbidding evil is charity, and your cohabiting with your wives is charity”. They said: “O Messenger of Allah, will anyone fulfil his (sexual) desire and get rewarded from that?” He said: “If he were to fulfil it through illicit means, would he have sinned? Likewise, if he fulfilled it through legitimate means, he would have the reward.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 4 parts

Part 1: The companions of the Prophet were the most keen of people in attaining good

  • They would race with each other in goodness
  • The way the companions thought about wealth and wealthy people
  • The way we think about wealth in these modern times and how this is not good

Part 2: The two forms of Charity

  • The different forms of charity which the Prophet (ﷺ) directed the companions towards can be split into two forms
    • The form of charity which benefits the person himself, what is this?
    • The charity in which both you and others can benefit, what are some examples? Does it have to be related to money?

Part 3: Mubaah (Permitted actions)

  • What are examples of permitted actions
  • If a person engages in these actions with a righteous intention then he or she will be rewarded for it

Part 4: Summary of benefits

  • 1. The keenness of the companions
  • 2. Charity is not limited to wealth
  • 3. Encouragement to make tasbeeh, tahleel and tahmeed
  • 4. The one who is unable to carry out an act of obedience, then he should increase in those acts for which he does have the ability
  • 5. Encouragement to Command good and forbid evil 
  • 6. A person fulfilling his carnal desires with a righteous intention is a charity upon himself
  • 7. A person rechecking with a scholar concerning what was said in order to verify it
  • 8. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) made qiyaas-al-‘aqs (analytical deduction)

Hadith 26

  • Abu Hurayrah – may Allah be pleased with him – said: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: “Every joint in man has upon it charity every day the sun rises: Administering justice between any two is charity, assisting a man to mount his ride or helping him raise his effects upon it is charity. A nice word is charity, and every step you take going to (perform) the Prayer is charity, and removing harmful things from the way is charity.” [Al-Bukhari] [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: The joints of the human being

  • The Prophet (ﷺ), in another Hadith, informed us that we have 360 joints
  • We believe in this regardless of what is said by others
  • If there is any doubt, then we do not cast it upon the statements of the Prophet (ﷺ), rather we question what is said by anyone contradicting him e.g. a scientist etc
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) was not a scientist, we do not say we follow him because of research etc, rather we believe in him because what he says came directly from Allah, the one who created the human anatomy, the earth and the heavens and everything that exists
  • The problem of some Muslim who, having studied under the system of the atheists etc, who then cast doubt upon the statements of Allah, our creator, and his Messenegr (ﷺ). Such a person has low self esteem before the non-Muslims.
  • The contradiction of some modern scientists who blindly follow their predecessors and claim to have superior knowledge whilst they know very little
  • The Human being should humble himself
  • The blessing of our joints and our body as a whole
  • Moving anecdote
  • Health is a crown upon the head of the healthy, but only the sick can see it
  • We should be grateful to our Creator
  • The charity due is in the form of two rak’ah that are to be prayed in the forenoon prayer (Duha), what is the wisdom behind this?