40 Hadith: Lesson 36

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Recap

  • Previous lesson we covered (Parts 1-5)
    • The virtue of Praising Allah and Glorifying Allah
    • The importance and virtue of the Prayer
    • Charity
    • Patience

Part 6: “…and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you”

  • Why was the Qur’an revealed?
  • The primary objective behind the Qur’an was not just to recite it, rather it requires one to understand its verses and act upon them
  • To some Muslims, the Qur’an is just a decoration in the house or sometimes people recite it to commit innovation, this is incorrect
  • Importance of acting upon the Qur’an
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by this statement?

Part 7: “Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.”

  • What does it mean that everybody starts their day as a vendor of their soul?
  • How do you free you soul?
  • How does one destroy his or her soul?

Part 8: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The virtue of Purification
  • 2. The Prophet (ﷺ) highlighted the virtue of praising Allah and glorifying Him
  • 3. Belief in the Scales on the Day of Judgement has been affirmed
  • 4. The virtue of the Prayer
  • 5. The virtue of Charity
  • 6. The virtue of Patience
  • 7.  Encouragement to give importance to the Qur’an
  • 8. Cautioning against being neglectful concerning the Qur’an
  • 9. An encouragement towards every righteous deed
  • 10. A warning against every evil action

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts

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