Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 47

Sat 9 Mar 2019

Lesson 47: Supplications (adhkar) for after the prayer (Part 2)

  • Supplication for protection from punishments and trials
    • Some scholars e.g. Ibn Taymiyyah and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal considered it to be an obligation to read the supplication of the protection from punishments and that this should not be left out of the prayer in the final sitting
  • Then the individual can make a supplication for anything of the affairs of this world or the hereafter
  • Allah rebukes those who are too stubborn to supplicate to him in the verse [40:60]
    • “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” [Sura Ghafir, Ayah 60]
  • In the final sitting, after having read the obligatory supplication, and before doing the tasleem, one can make supplication for anything that is favourable to them
  • The hadith of Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
  • Some scholars say that these supplications should only be made for religious affairs and not the worldly affairs, but this opinion is weak
  • Ideally within this time one should make supplication with dua which are mentioned in the Sunnah, but if you were to make other dua of your own then there is no problem with this
  • It is preferred to make these adhkar (supplications) before the tasleem
  • Many people make the du’a after the end of the prayer, and this is not a good habit. As this is not legislated in the texts of the Qu’ran and Sunnah, whether the prayers are obligatory or optional
  • Which du’a is most likely to be answered by Allah?
    • Dua made in the last third of the night
    • And dua made in the ends of the obligatory prayers (i.e. Before the end of the prayer)
  • The scholars have differed over the meaning of ‘the ends of the prayers’
  • Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was of the opinion that it is referring to before the tasleem
  • Giving the tasleem
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) would remain seated until he would finish the supplications
  • Hadith of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Narrations about other supplications that can be made before the tasleem
  • Different variations of these supplications after the tasleem
  • Which hand should one use to count the supplications? Which methods can be used??

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