40 Hadith: Lesson 13

Sunday 30 December 2018

Lesson 13: Hadith 4 (Part 6-10)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • Recap of the order of the five Pillars of Islam

Part 6: Pre-decree

  • The Pre-decree of Allah

Part 7: States of a human being’s beginning and end

  1. Good beginning, good life, good end
  2. Evil beginning and ends evil
  3. Good beginning, evil end
  4. Evil beginning, good end
  • Abdulmuhsin Al-Abbad mentions 2 examples from the Qur’an and Sunnah of the 4th state

Part 8: The Pre-Decree of Allah and our Free will

  • Anything you desire can not be acquired if Allah has not willed you to perform it
  • The believer should put his trust in Allah and pray to Allah
  • Qur’an verse: “O mankind! it is you who stand in need of Allah, but Allah is Rich (Free of all wants and needs), Worthy of all praise.” [Surah Al-Fatir (The Originator) verse 15]
  • The poem of the companions during the digging of the trench prior to the battle of the Confederates

Part 9: Balance between hope and fear

  • A person should be balanced between hope and fear in Allah.
  • The latter part of the hadith shows that you should not become complacent, if one lived a life of good deeds then he should not feel secure that he is from the people of Paradise, likewise a person who lived a life of sin should not become resigned to this, rather both of them should be balanced between hope and fear

Part 10: Imam Nawawi highlights about this hadith

  • Quran verse: “Verily! As for those who believe and do righteous deeds, certainly! We shall not suffer to be lost the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in the most perfect manner.” [Surah Al-Kahf (The Cave) verse 30]
  • The Hadith of Sahl ibn Sa’ad (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • How Riyaa (showing off) ruins deeds
  • The one who worships upon knowledge with sincerity and upon the sunnah, then Allah will not allow this person’s deeds be lost in vain
  • Statement of Umar ibn Abdelaziz (may Allah be pleased with him): If one prostration of mine was accepted by Allah I would feel secure
  • Combining the verse above (Surah Kahf verse 30) and hadith of sahl ibn Sa’ad

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