Fiqh | Lesson 32 The Prayer of the Traveller
Saturday 15 July
Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of those having Legal Excuses
- Brief recap of last lesson on the prayer of the ill person
- The Traveller can shorten some of the prayers
- From among the ones with legal excuses or leeway regarding the prayer is the traveller
- It is legislated to shorten a 4 Rakah prayer down to 2
- Reminder that originally the 4 rakah prayers (dhur, asr, isha) used to be 2 and afterwards were legislated to be 4 except for the traveller
- The 2 Rakah prayer (fajr) and the 3 Rakah prayer (maghrib) cannot be shortened
- What the Quran says about shortening prayer
- The prophet when he used to travel he would always shorten the 4 Rakahs to 2
- Ibn Umar said “the traveller’s prayer is 2 Rakahs and that is complete…”
- When are you allowed to shorten your prayer? (what defines you as a traveller?)
- You must be travelling in order to shorten prayer, e.g. if traveling at 13:00 one cannot shorten if still resident at 12:00
- Do you have to leave the boundary of your city?
- Opinions of scholars quantifying the distance
- Taking into account the norms of the people
- What about if one makes regular journeys (e.g. daily), do you combine and shorten?
- g. regular commuter, taxi driver, courier or deliveryman etc.
- Combining prayers:
- The traveller can combine Dhur and Asr at the time of either of them
- The traveller can also combine Maghrib and Isha at the time of either of them
- What if you pray maghrib and set off on journey and you can arrive at your destination before Isha has finished, can you combine/shorten?
- What if you travel to your destination or stop for a rest, and stay for a few days, during those days (whilst still not returned back home) can you still shorten and combine?
- If less than 4 days in your destination (e.g. spending 3 days at location), you can shorten but it is preferable to not combine and to rather pray during the set times
- However, if you find it difficult to perform each prayer at its due time then it is permissible to combine whilst at that place
- What if you know you will spend 4 days or more at a destination during travel, can you still combine or shorten?
- Various examples
- Narration on how the Prophet would pray on journey During the battle of Tabuk
- what happens when you come across a mosque whilst travelling?
- Join their congregation? How do you pray behind imam?
- Question about praying in hotel around Masjid Al-Haraam
- Question about Arafa and climbing mount Hira
NEXT WEEK insha Allah
- The Prayer of Riders
- The Fear Prayer
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