Articles Audio Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Lessons

Revising for Ramadhaan | Lesson 3

Saturday 20 May 2017

Chapter: Things which Break your Fast

  • Brief recap of previous Lesson
  • Removal of blood from the body
    • Large vs small amount
    • Medical reason, e.g. blood sample or tooth removal
    • Accidents
  • Does vomiting break your fast?
    • It will break your vomit if it is intentional
    • Accidental vomiting does not break the fast
    • Hadeeth regarding this
  • What about eye/nose/ear drops? Are they allowed during fasting?
    • Eye and ear drops do not break fasts as they do not have a direct inlet to the stomach, however best to avoid them
    • Nose drops will break fast as the nose is a direct passage to the stomach
    • Similarly, when making wudhu water should not be drawn too far into the nose or gargled for the same reason – Hadith
  • What about the siwak?
    • It is mustahab (liked)
    • What about flavoured siwaks?
  • What about fragrances that are gaseous (e.g. oud, sticks)
    • Does not necessarily break your fast
    • However, if fragrance is gas with heavy particles then that can be a problem

Things which don’t break the fast but reduce the reward:

  • “The easiest part of fasting is to stop eating and drinking”
  • The hardest part to stop is the bad action
    • Swearing
    • Back biting
    • Foolish behaviour
  • The above things (bad speech, foolish behaviour) will reduce your reward for fasting
    • A person who sins often during fasting may lose all his/her reward for that day
  • The person who is fasting should try to ensure that he/she uses their time in the remembrance of Allah (doing Dhikr) and other good actions such as
    • Reading the Quran
    • Sitting in the mosque
  • Hadith- “whomsoever does not leave the false speech, and acting upon it, and foolishness, then Allah has no need for him to leave his food and drink”

Chapter: Making up the days of Ramadhaan

  • Permissible reasons for missing fasting
    • Illness (e.g. fasting causes worsening, or pain, or delayed recovery)
    • Old age, is not able to fast
    • What about too young an age? i.e. before the age of puberty and unable to fast
    • Travelling
    • Menstruation/Post-natal period
    • What about Pregnancy or breast feeding? Difference of opinion on this
  • Two types of illness
    • Short illness and eventual recovery insha Allah- must make up days lost
    • Long/permeant illness – cannot make up days, must feed a poor person for every day missed
  • Old age and not able to fast,
    • If he/she cannot make up days to fast, then feed a person for every day missed
  • Travelling
    • If you can fast, then there is a difference of opinion, some scholars say it is a choice, others say better to not fast because Allah has given you ease and you should take it
    • If unable to fast whilst travelling then you must not fast, and instead make up the days when you are no longer fasting
    • What about those who travel on purpose to miss fasting, what do the scholars say
    • What is classed as travel?
  • Menstruation/Post-natal bleeding, must miss those days and should make them up afterwards
  • Pregnancy/breastfeeding
    • Difference of opinion
    • What if the woman is concerned about her health or that of her baby?
  • Other cases of making up days for fasting:
    • Travel that ends midway through a day, fast or not fast?
    • What about a period that finishes midway through the day, should you continue fasting?
    • What about a person who ends up swallowing water unexpectedly? (e.g. someone falls into a river, and you decide to help them knowing you inevitably swallow water), continue fasting after?
  • Q and A:
    • What happens if in your country, it is still 28th days but you travel to a country who are in their 29th day and they spot the moon that day?
    • Making up day for fasting in case of complex travel (e.g. difference in time between countries)