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Lesson 19 | Summary of Islamic Fiqh |The Description of the Prayer

Saturday 31 Dec 2016

Today we covered the descriptions of the prayer

“Pray as you have seen me pray” (Bukhari)

When the prophet stood up to pray he would:

  1. Face the qiblah, raise his hands (palms facing the qiblah) and say Allahu Akbar
    • raising the hands to about the level of the shoulders or ears
  2. Place the right hand on the left on the chest
  3. Recite the opening supplication
    • There are multiple different supplications, you can recite different ones on different occasions
  4. Say the Ta’awwudh
  5. Read al-Faatihah and say Aameen at the end
  6. Recite any Surah after that
    • There are certain prayers where certain surahs are sunnah to read – eg to recite long surahs in Fajr.
    • Both rak’ahs in Fajr and the first two of Maghrib & Isha are to be recited loud. All the remaining quietly.
    • The first rak’ah should always be longer than the second
    • What should you do if you don’t know much of the Qur’an? What if you don’t know any?
  7. Raise his hands and bow (rukoo’)
    • Where should the hands be placed?
    • How should your back be when in rukoo’?
    • What is the dua that should be recited?
  8. Raise the hands, stand up and say sam’iAllahu liman hamidah
  9. Say rabbana walakalhamd when standing
    • Where should you put your hands?
  10. Then he would say Allahu Akbar and then prostrate
    • How many body parts should you prostrate upon?
    • How should they be placed on the floor?
    • What du’a should you recite? How many times?
  11. Raise from the sujood and sit
    • How should you sit?
    • Where are the feet placed during this sitting?
    • Where do you place your hands?
    • What dua should you recite? How many times?
  12. Then say Allahu Akbar and prostrate (sujood) again.
    • During sujood, one should make dua for himself/herself
  13. Repeat the same as above, to start the second rak’ah
    • The opening dua is not recited in the second rak’ah
  14. Sit down at the end of the second rak’ah (in the same way as he sat between the two sujoods)
    • Recite the tashahhud
    • How are the hands placed on the thighs?
    • How should you place the right hand in particular?
    • Where should you be looking?
    • You can recite the peace and blessings upon the prophet too.
    • What should you do if the imam you pray behind, prays too fast?

+ a range of different scenarios and how to deal with them

Homework: What is the du’a that you should recite if you don’t know any Qur’an?

Recorded at Masjid Alhuda Bolton on 31/12/16 and streamed LIVE on SunnahRadio.Net

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LESSON 18 | SUMMARY OF FIQH | The Obligations and Sunan of the Prayers

Saturday 17 December 2016


Today we covered the Obligatory acts of the Prayer:

First a recap of the Pillars of the prayer.

There are 8 obligatory acts in the prayer:

  1. All of the takbeers in the prayer [except the opening takbeer]
  2. The Tasmee’ (saying sami’Allahu liman hamidah when you rise up from rukoo’)
  3. The Tahmeed (saying rabbanaa walakalhamd – after the above)
  4. To say Subhaana Rabiyal’adheem during the rukoo’
    • How many times is the minimum?
    • How many is Sunnah?
    • Is there a maximum?
  5. To say Subhaana Rabiyal a’laa in sujood
  6. To say rabighfirlee in between the two sujood
    • How many times should this be done?
  7. Reciting the first Tashahud
  8. Sitting for the first Tashahud

What happens if you miss one of these obligatory acts?

What should you do if you forget something during the prayer?

What are the three reasons one might need to do the sujood as-Sahw?

What are the Sunnah acts of the prayer?

  • Verbal acts
    • The opening du’a
    • The ta’awwudh – saying A’udhu billahi minashaytaanirrajeem
    • The Basmalah – Saying Bismillaahi rahmaani raheem
    • Saying Ameen after the Fatihah
      • What are the virtues of saying Ameen?
    • The du’a after the final tashahhud
  • Physical acts
    • Lifting the hands for the opening takbeer
    • Also before the rukoo’ and when rising up from it
    • Putting the right hand on top of the left hand
      • Where should the hands be placed?
      • How should they be placed on top of each other?
    • Placing the hands on the knees during rukoo’
    • To make your back straight in the rukoo’

Next week: There will be a conference in Birmingham, we strongly encourage everyone to attend.

Details on: http://www.wrightstreetmosque.com/new-2016-winter-conference-birmingham-23rd-24th-25th-december/

Check out previous lessons on: http://alhudabolton.com/lessons/summary-islamic-jurisprudence/

 

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LESSON 17 | SUMMARY OF FIQH | The Pillars of the prayers

Saturday 10 Dec 2016

Today we covered the Pillars of the Prayer:

You must perform the pillars, if you are negligent of any of the pillar, the WHOLE prayer becomes invalid. There are 14 pillars.

  1. Qiyaam (to stand up) “.. and stand before Allah, with obedience” (2:238). And in the hadith the prophet, peace be upon him commanded the man who prayed badly to stand while praying (and if that’s not possible then sitting and if that’s not possible while lying down).
    • In the supererogatory prayers, you may perform them while sitting down.
  2. The opening Takbeer (to say Allahu Akbar).   The prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said “Then face the qiblah and say the takbeer!
  3. Recitation of the Fatiha. “No prayer [is accepted] from the one who does not recite al-Fatiha”
    • It must be recited in every rak’ah
    • Do you have to recite it when praying behind an imam?
  4. The rukoo’ (the bowing) in every rak’ah.
    • Proof: “O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves” 22:77
    • It has been established in the Qur’an, Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
    • How should the rukoo’ be performed?
  5. Standing up from the Rukoo’
  6. To stand up straight (after standing up from the Rukoo’)
    • A description of the above two pillars (5 &6 are combined)
  7. The Sujood (prostration)
    • The sujood is done upon seven body parts, what are they?
    • How should it be done?
    • The sujood is when a servant is nearest to his Lord and it is one of the greatest pillars of the prayer.
    • You should make dua during sujood
    • What language should the dua be in?
  8. Rising from the sujood and sitting up straight between the two prostrations
  9. Tranquillity while performing all actions of the prayers
  10. The final Tashahhud
  11. To sit for the tashahhud
  12. Sending prayers and blessings upon Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in the final tashahhud
  13. To perform all the parts of the prayer in order
  14. The Tasleem (to say salamu alaykum)

+ a range of questions from the attendees

 

Recorded at Masjid Alhuda Bolton on 10/12/16

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