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40 Hadith: Lesson 3

Sunday 7th Oct

Lesson 3 (Hadith 1): Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 3-6)

  • Brief recap of previous lesson (See lesson 2)
    • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād divided the explanation of this first Hadith into 9 parts
    • Part 1: Its chain of narration and authenticity
    • Part 2: Its significance

Part 3: Imam Ahmad’s Statement

  • Imam Ahmed said that Islam revolves around three Ahaadeeth:
    • The Hadith of Umar (the first hadith, Actions are by intentions)
    • The Hadith of Aisha (Whoever introduces an Innovation into the religion)
    • The Hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir (The Sixth Hadith, The Halal and Haraam is clear)
  • Who is Imam Ahmad?
  • Ibn Rajab elaborates on this statement of Imam Ahmed and said that Islam in its entirety consists of:
    • fulfilling the commands of Allah,
    • keeping away from the prohibited actions
    • and being cautious of matters which are doubtful and all of these are present in the hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir, however none of this can be done except by two things.
    • 1. That you ensure that your actions are in accordance with the Sunnah (which can be found in the hadith of A’isha may Allah be pleased with her)
    • 2. That you ensure that your actions are sincerely done for the sake of Allah (found in the hadith of Umar may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Therefore we can see that these three ahaadeeth the foundations of Islam return to

Part 4: The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used comprehensive statements which were few in words but complex in meaning
  • At the start of the hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “innamaa” (Only, Indeed), it is a particle of restriction grammatically. What is the significance of this?
  • What does this mean? What is the restriction? That actions are only valid before Allah based on the intention
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “niyyaat” (intentions) What is the role of intention?
    • Intentions differentiate between acts of worship and ordinary acts, e.g. Ghusl.
    • Likewise intentions distinguishes acts of worship one from the other, e.g.
  • NOTE: You can transform your ordinary tasks into acts of worship, e.g. convert your time of sleep into an act of worship and gain reward, how? By intending your sleep so that you will have energy to wake up for and perform the night prayer or Fajr (Hadith of Ibn Mas’ud may Allah be pleased with him)
  • NOTE: Importance of utilising your time to make remembrance of Allah.
    • `Abdullah bin Busr (ra) narrated that: “A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (saws), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (saws) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.” [At-Tirmidhi]
    • The habit of Shaykh Ibn Baz

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 27

6 Oct 2018

Lesson 27: The subject of your dua

  • When you make dua you may be making it for yourself, for others or for both yourself and others
  • The virtue of making dua for your Muslim brothers and sisters
  • Making dua for your fellow Muslims connects and unites Muslims
  • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah ()]
  • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) observed: “None amongst you believes (truly) until he loves for his brother” – or he said “for his neighbour” – “that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Muslim]

Four types of subjects for your Dua:

Making dua for yourself

  • Firstly, that a muslim makes dua for his own self from the goodness of this world and the hereafter or for his sins to be forgiven
  • What are some examples?
  • Ibnul qayyim mentioned that there are authentic narrations from the Prophet (ﷺ) that he would sometimes make dua in the singular pronoun. See example below
  • Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to observe, silence for a short while between the takbir (at the time of opening the prayer) and the recitation of the Qur’an. I said to him: Messenger of Allah, for whom I would give my father and mother in ransom, what do you recite during your period of silence between the takbir and the recitation? He said: I say (these words):” O Allah, remove my sins from me as Thou hast removed the East from the West. O Allah purify me from sins as a white garment is purified from filth. O Allah! wash away my sins with snow, water, and ice.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • NOTE: why did the Prophet (ﷺ) mention washing of sins with cold, ice water? Someone may think “Isn’t washing done with warm water?” What do the Scholars say about this?
  • The Narration of Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him) [Reported by Imam Ahmad] that says an Imam should not make dua for himself whilst leading congregation, how should this hadith be understood?
    • Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah mentions that this restriction applies to the congregational dua that the Imam would do in the prayer e.g. the Qunut
  • NOTE: if you see a dua from the Qur’an then you should recite it in the exact way it has been revealed and not change it. For example, the verse “Guide us to the straight way” [Surah Al-Fatiha (The Opening) verse 6] then you cannot change it to the singular version to yourself, rather the Qur’an is read as it is.

Making dua for someone else

  • This is to make dua for someone else and ask for them to be guided, forgiven or other righteous supplication
  • Narrated Anas: “Um Sulaim said to the Prophet “Anas is your servant.” The Prophet said, “O Allah! increase his wealth and offspring, and bless (for him) whatever you give him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu ‘Umairah – and he was one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) : “from the Prophet (ﷺ), that he said to Mu’awiyah: “O Allah, make him a guiding one, and guide (others) by him.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • Narrated Ibn `Abbas:Once the Prophet embraced me and said, “O Allah! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Book (Qur’an).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • A dua you make in secret for your Muslim brother/sister is from the types of dua that are likely to be accepted (See Lesson 20)
  • Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said, “The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Every time he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: ‘Ameen! May it be for you, too’.”[Muslim]

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