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40 Hadith: Lesson 34

Sun 1st Sep 2019

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • We did parts 1-3 in the previous lesson

Part 4: Voluntary Actions

  • In this hadith the man asks the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) regarding the obligatory matters but does not ask about the optional things e.g. optional prayers and optional fasts
  • A person who fulfills the obligatory matters and does nothing extra, then he or she will enter Paradise
  • However why should you perform the voluntary acts? It is correct for someone to neglect them? 
  • A person should not become lazy
  • Allah describes three types of Muslims
  • Allah says: “Then We gave the Book the Quran) for inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad (ﷺ)). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Quran), that is indeed a great grace.” [Surah Al-Fatir (The Originator of Creation, or The Angels) verse 32]
  • What are these three groups? Will they all enter Paradise
  • Question: Regarding sins (minor vs major) and repentance

Part 5: Importance of treating the Halal as Halal and the Haram as Haram

  • Only Allah has the right to designate something as Halal (permissible) or Haram (impermissible)
  • Therefore those matters which Allah has made Halal then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Halal and that which Allah has made Haram then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Haram
  • If a person commits a Haram act, for example drinking Alcohol, but he knows it is Haram then he will get sin for it but it is not an act of disbelief
  • However, if a person claims something which is Haraam to be Halal or he claims something which is Halal to be Haraam, then this is an act of disbelief
  • NOTE: if a person commits an act of Disbelief then he is not necessarily a disbeliever as he may have done it out of ignorance however this is still very dangerous 
  • Those who mislead others in this aspect and claim to have knowledge

The Mistake of the Sufiyya

  • Many of the Sufis claim that we should only worship Allah out of love alone, i.e. not out of any Fear or Hope
  • Example of this Hadith shows that the companion had Hope in Paradise
  • The mistake of the sufis (i.e. base worship on Love alone) is the same mistake of the Christians
  • We must balance our worship between Love for Allah, Fear of His punishment and Hope in His Mercy
  • Example of Ibrahim (may peace be upon him) 

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Sound Creed: Lesson 5

Sat 31 Aug 2019

Lesson 5: The Relationship between Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah and Al-Ulūhiyyah

  • Recap of previous Lesson
    • The oneness and singling out of Allah in His Lordship (Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah)
    • The singling out of Allah with our actions and Worship (Tawheed Al-Uluuhiyyah)

The Connection between Ar-Rububiyyah and Al-Uluuhiyyah

  • Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah necessitates  Al-Ulūhiyyah
  • What does this mean? If one acknowledges Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah then he must also accept  Al-Ulūhiyyah

The Connection between Al-Ulūhiyyah and Ar-Rubūbiyyah

  • Tawheed Al-Ulūhiyyah incorporates and includes belief in Ar-Rubūbiyyah
  • What does this mean? If one singles out Allah in his worship then he has already accepted Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah

The Mushrikeen (Polytheists) at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ)

  • They accepted Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah
  • Allah says: “And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah”. How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allah, Who created them)?” [Surah Az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments) verse]
  • Believing in Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah i.e. accepting and believing that Allah alone is the Creator, Sustainer etc without singling him out in Worship does not enter one into Islam

Misconceptions in our time

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Forty Hadith: Lesson 33

Sun 25 Aug 2019

Lesson 33: Hadith 21 & 22

Recap of previous lesson

  • How many types of shyness or modesty are there?
  • How can someone gain shyness or modesty

Hadith 21

  • On the authority of Abi `Amr — and he is also called Abi `Amrah — Sufyan ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I said, “O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), tell me a statement about al-Islam about which I do not have to ask anyone after you.” He (ﷺ) said, “Say ‘I believe in Allah’ — and then remain steadfast.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 2 parts

Part 1: How the Sahabah were keen in gaining knowledge of the religion

  • The keenness of  Sufyan ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him)

Part 2: The concise yet comprehensive speech of the Prophet (ﷺ)

  • The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Say ‘I believe in Allah’ — and then remain steadfast.”
  • This statement covers the entire religion
  • Why is this?
  • What is implied when we say “Islam” and “Eemaan”?
  • What did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) mean when he said “and then remain steadfast”?
  • What is mentioned in the Qur’an about being steadfast?
  • Allah says:”Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah (Alone),” and then they stand firm, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!” [Surah Al-Fussilat (They are Explained in detail) verse 30]
  • What does this verse mean?

Part 3: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The keenness of the companions in asking about the affairs of the religion
  • 2. The excellent form of questioning from Sufyan ibn Abdullah
  • 3. In this Hadith there is an indication having belief in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • 4. In this Hadith there is a reminder to stick to and remain steadfast upon the truth and guidance up until death

The importance of Remaining Firm

  • The test of life and how one needs to be firm and steadfast
  • How the final actions of a person (before he dies) can affect his destination
  • Stories of those who came before us and the trials they underwent
  • Story of Imam Abu Bakr An-Naabulusi
  • Question: How can one maintain Istiqaamah (steadfastness)?
  • Book: “When the Moon Split”

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts

Part 1: Who was the Questioner? 

Part 2: What did the Questioner mean by his question?

Part 3: why was there no mention of Zakah and Hajj?

  • Possible reasons why this was the case:
    • these things may not have been obligated yet
    • the questioner may have been poor and unable to carry them out
    • He may have included it in his saying “if I perform the obligatory prayers”

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How The Sahabah Followed the Prophet (ﷺ)

Sat 24 Aug 2019

Abdulhakeem Mitchell

The Great Station of the Sahabah (Companions)

  • The best of creation is the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and the Sahabah are the best of the remainder of Mankind 
  • What does Allah say about the Companions in the Qur’an?
  • The praise given to the Sahabah by the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)
  • Statements of the Scholars about the Sahabah

Those who speak ill of the companions

  • No one loves the companions except that he is a believer and none hate them except that he is a Munaafiq (Hypocrite)

(—Maghrib Prayer—)

How the Sahabah followed the Sunnah of the Prophet ()

  • The Hadith of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) and how he would stick very closely to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)
  • Why did Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) do this?
  • What lesson is there for us in this?

The Importance of sticking to the Sunnah

  • Following the Sunnah prevents one from deviating
  • Deviating from the straight path leads to the fire
  • Therefore our success lies in sticking to the Sunnah

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