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40 Hadith: Lesson 37

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Read by Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts
  • In this Hadith Allah says “O My Servants” ten times
  • The significance of Allah addressing us as His slaves and how privileged we are to receive this

Part 1: Hadith Qudsi

  • What is a Hadith Qudsi?

Part 2: “O My slaves! Indeed I have forbidden oppression upon Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, therefore do not oppress one another.”

  • What is dhulm (oppression), what does it mean?
  • Allah informs us in the Qur’an that He does not oppress:
    • “”Like the fate of the people of Nuh (Noah), and ‘Ad, and Thamud and those who came after them. And Allah wills no injustice for (His) slaves.” [Surah Ghaafir (The Forgiving) verse 31]
    • “Whosoever does righteous good deed it is for (the benefit of) his ownself, and whosoever does evil, it is against his ownself, and your Lord is not at all unjust to (His) slaves.” [Surah Fusilat (They are Explained in Detail) verse 46]
    • “Truly! Allah wrongs not mankind in aught; but mankind wrong themselves.” [Surah Yunus (Jonah) verse 44]
    • “Surely! Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom (or a small ant), but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.” [Surah An-Nisaa (The Women) verse 40]
    • “And he who works deeds of righteousness, while he is a believer (in Islamic Monotheism) then he will have no fear of injustice, nor of any curtailment (of his reward).” [Surah Ta-Ha verse 112]
  • The negation of oppression from Allah and affirmation of Justice of Allah

Part 3: “O My slaves, all of you are astray except the one whom I have guided, therefore seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you”

  • Statement of Ibn Rajab Al Hanbali and the question he was asked about reconciling between narrations concerning the natural predisposition of mankind
  • The importance of seeking guidance from Allah and asking him to make our hearts firm upon his religion
  • Contemplating upon this
  • Why do we say “Guide us to the straight Path” in our prayer 17 times a day when we are already Muslims?
  • Guidance to Islam and Guidance towards the Sunnah and the correct path (indeed many people are guided towards Islam however they fall into the incorrect path by means of the groups of Innovations e.g. Sufism)

Part 4:”O My slaves, all of you are hungry except the one whom I have fed, therefore seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My slaves, all of you are naked except the one whom I have clothed, therefore seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you”

  • These statements clarify the severe need of the slaves for their Lord for their sustenance, food, drink and clothing
  • Do not think that making a request is insignificant even for the smallest things, indeed we are in need of Allah for every single thing and he loves to be asked

Part 5: “O My slaves, indeed you commit mistakes (sins) by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, therefore seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you”

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Sound Creed: Lesson 9

Sat 28 Sep 2019

Read by Abu Muadh Taqweem

Ways the Prophet (ﷺ) forbade Shirk & prevented it’s avenues

  • 1. By preventing speech which compares anything to Allah 
    • The man who said to the Prophet (ﷺ) “Whatever Allah wills and you”
    • What are other some other examples?
    • What if you said something like this but didn’t mean it?
    • Saying “Oh Muhammad (ﷺ)” or calling on anyone besides Allah
  • 2. The Prophet (ﷺ) warned  us regarding the graveyards, and forbade exaggerating in the love for the deceased and also forbade making the grave like shrine
    • Are modern tombstones and decorations the same as making the grave as a shrine?
    • Look at the graveyard Baqee’ in Madinah where the companions are buried as an example, we must base our actions on the Qur’an and Sunnah upon the understanding of the pious predecessors
  • 3. The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade placing graves inside the mosques
    • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say before he passed away about this?
    • What if someone uses the grave of the Prophet (ﷺ) as an excuse for? Where was the Prophet (ﷺ) at the time of his death?
    • The great error of the Sufis and other misguided sects which bury their leaders in their mosques
  • 4. The Prophet (ﷺ) prohibited us from initiating the disbelievers
    • It is forbidden to pray during the time the sun is rising and setting, why is this forbidden?
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) also forbade us from sacrificing animals in specific places where the polytheist carry out their festivals or sacrifices
    • Allah has forbidden in the Qur’an for us to pray in mosques which were not built for his sake
  • 5. The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade going out on sacred journey except to three places, these are the Masjid Al-Haraam in Makkah, The Prophets (ﷺ) Mosque in Madinah and Masjid Al-Aqsa in Jerusalem
    • Why is this the case?
  • 6. The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade us from exaggerating in his praise
    • The Christians elevated the praise of Isaa (may peace be upon him) to such an extent that they ended up worshipping him
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) commanded us not to raise him behind his status, rather he commanded us to say that he is a servant, so we say that he is the servant of Allah and his messenger
    • Some Muslims (e.g. Sufis) make fabricated,innovated and exaggerated claims about the Prophet (ﷺ)
  • 7. The impermissibility of vowing in a place where the polytheists used to carry out their activities

The Wisdom behind this

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade all the above to cut off the avenues of Shirk
  • Allah will not forgive anyone who dies upon Shirk and there is a great consequence for it in the Hereafter
  • In regarding the 

The Graves

  • This (i.e. going to the graves to make dua through the deceases, or to them, or sacrificing something for them) is an issue and avenue to Shirk that many of the Muslims have fallen into unfortunately

Q&A:

  • Are you allowed to make dua FOR the deceased
  • Some people go to the graveyard and collect soil from the grave of a deceased person (e.g. a sheikh or “awliya”) as a form of blessing, is this allowed? Was this done at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ)
  • In some graves they use cement to seal the grave, is this ok as long
  • What acts of worship are permissible in the graves
  • What if you go to a mosque and you see “Allah” written on a picture and also you see “Muhammad” written on another one, and they are the same height, is this allowed?
  • Are you allowed to mark the grave to identify it?

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