40 Hadith: Lesson 16

Sunday 20 Jan 2019

Lesson 16: Hadith 6 (Parts 5-6), Hadith 7 (Parts 1-3) and Hadith 8 (Part 1)

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation
  • Last lesson we covered Parts 1-4

Part 5: Narration from the children among the companions

  • The narrator of this hadith was an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • He was 8 years old when the Prophet (ﷺ) passed away, he narrated this hadith when was older
  • However He says that he heard this narration from the Prophet (ﷺ), therefore he was a young boy at the time of hearing it
  • This shows that the narration of a child companion is accepted

Part 6: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith divides the matters into those that are clearly halal, clearly haraam or doubtful
  • 2. That matters which are doubtful, then most of the people do not know about the rulings concerning doubtful matters
  • 3. This hadith highlights that we should leave doubtful matters until they become clear
  • 4. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) uses a physical example (i.e. of the Shepherd) to strike an example of a metaphorical matter
  • 5. If a person falls into matters which are doubtful, then it is possible for him to fall into the clearly haraam matters
  • 6. This hadith highlights the great station of the heart
  • 7. External corruption is an indication of internal corruption
  • 8. By keeping away from doubtful matters, you are protecting your religion and honour

Hadith 7

  • On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah (sincerity).” We said, “To whom?” He (ﷺ) said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 41

Sat 19 Jan 2019

Lesson 41: Supplications when Making Wudhu (Ablution) and warning against innovation

  • Hadith of Abu hurairah (Reported by Imam Ahmed, Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and others)
    • The hadith indicates that
      • There is no prayer without wudhu (ablution)
      • You cannot have wudhu without starting it with “Bismillaah” (In the Name of Allah)
    • Therefore this hadith indicates that one should begin with saying bismillaah when making ablution
    • However the scholars have differed over the ruling of whether or not saying bismillaah is an obligation (ie it must be done) or whether it is something mustahab (liked)
    • The majority of scholars have said that it is something mustahab (liked) to say “bismillaah”
    • However other scholars have said that it is obligatory to say “bismillaah” at the beginning of making
    • What did Shaikh Ibn Bāz (may Allah have mercy on him) say about the one who forgot to say bismillaah

Innovations in Wudhu

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40 Hadith: Lesson 15

Sunday 13 Jan 2019

Lesson 15: Hadith 5 (Part 9) and Hadith 6 (Part 1-4)

  • Recap of Hadith 5
    • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • Determining the validity of actions
  • The Innovator and the one who follows him
  • Explicit and Implied meaning of this hadith

Part 9: Summary of benefits of Hadith 5

  • 1. This hadith indicates the prohibition and the impermissibility of innovation within the religion
  • 2. The innovated action is not accepted
  • 3. An action is considered invalid if it was not based on the sharia
  • 4. A righteous deed which is performed not in accordance with the legislation becomes invalid
  • 5. Regardless of the ruling that a judge may give, then this does not change the reality of the legislation
  • 6. A transaction which is not legislated is invalid and the items which were taken based on that transaction, then those items are to be returned to their previous owner

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 40

Sat 14 Jan 2019

Lesson 40: Mannerisms of using the Toilet

  • In the sunnah we find that mannerisms of entering, using and exiting the bathroom have been mentioned
  • A muslim should be upon cleanliness and purity
  • The Hadith of Salmān Al-Fārisi (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • One should not use his right hand to clean himself, nor face the Qiblah when answering the call of nature, nor use less than three stones when cleaning oneself nor should one use dried dung or bones
    • Non muslims may not understand these matters and indeed some may try to mock these

1. When Entering the Bathroom

  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him) (Bukhari & Muslim)
  • It is recommended that a Muslim when he enters the bathroom he should say “Bismillaah Allaahumma innee a’uudhubika minal khubuthi wal khabaa’ith” (In the Name of Allah, Oh Allah I seek refuge with you from the male and female evil devils among the Jinn)
  • What does “khubuth” and “Khabaa’ith” mean?
  • In another narration, it mentions that saying “Bismillaah” (In the Name of Allah) before entering the toilet covers one from the Jinns

2. Privacy

  • A muslim must conceal himself when relieving himself and must ensure others cannot see him
  • The Hadith of Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu’bah (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • This is one of the reasons why it is impermissible for men to use urinals (note, this is not the only reason)

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