Lesson 28 | Summary of Fiqh | The Latecomer to the Congregational Prayer

Saturday 18 March 2017

Chapter: The Latecomer to the Congregational Prayer

  • You can only be considered to have caught the congregational Prayer if you have caught at least one Raka’ah (e.g. the last)
    • What happens if you catch less than the last raka’ah
  • Whoever catches the Rukuu’ (bowing), catches the raka’ah
    • Hadith of Abu Bakrah
      • Evidence that catching the rukuu’ catches the raka’ah
      • Importance of not running to the mosque
    • What happens if you arrive and you fear you may not catch the rukuu’,
      • You can make just one takbiiratul Ihram and immediately join rukuu’
      • If you have time, you can make one takbir to join the prayer (takbiiratul Ihram) and then Make another to join the rukuu’
    • If the Imam is concluding the prayer with tasleem, but you missed some raka’ah, at what point do you get up?
      • When he says the first salaam?
      • Or when he says the second (completely finishes)?
    • When you join the prayer, that raka’ah is considered as your first
      • What about the number of tashahuds? (e.g. 3)
    • What to do when you join late onto a loud prayer (e.g. maghrib)?
      • Do you recite fatiha if you missed hearing it?
        • Difference of opinion among the scholars
      • What about joining late onto the quiet prayers?
  • The IMPORTANCE in congregational prayers that the one behind the imam follows the Imam and does not go ahead of him

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Lesson 27 | Summary of Fiqh | The Congregational Prayer (continued)

Saturday 11 Mar 2017

Chapter: The Congregational Prayer (Continued)

  • Recap of Last Lesson on the importance of the Congregational Prayer
  • Reasons for which a person may MISS the congregational Prayer
    • With a reason
      • g. Illness
      • g. Fear
      • If a person misses the congregational prayer but it is his habit that he attends it but he had a genuine excuse, then he will receive the same reward
    • Without a reason
      • Due to Laziness
      • Majority of scholars say such a person’s prayer is still valid
      • But he/she will lose a great deal of reward
      • Example of the hadith about the blind man

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Lesson 26 | Summary of Fiqh | The Congregational Prayer

Saturday 4 Mar 2017

Chapter: Obligation of the congregational prayer and its virtues

  • The obligatory prayers in the Mosque is one of the great sign posts of Islam
  • Allah has legislated upon this ummah to congregate upon certain times to pray
    • The obligatory five daily prayers
    • The Jumuah prayer every week
    • The congregation for the Eid Prayers twice a year
    • The congregation on the Day of Arafah once a year
  • These congregations have been legislated for the benefit of the Muslims
    • Allows Muslims to connect with one another
    • Joins between their hearts
    • So that we can become aware of what is happening with others by seeing each other regularly
    • Removes hatred and brings about unity and Piety
    • Offers chance to remove ignorance via spreading knowledge
    • Allows us to encourage one another towards good and forbidding evil

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Lesson 25 | Summary of Fiqh | The Duha Prayer, prostration of recitation, night prayer, times when prayers are prohibited

A Summary of Islamic Fiqh – The Book of the Prayer – Lesson 25 (25/02/17)

Chapters: The Duha Prayer, prostration of recitation, *NON Regular* (open) Voluntary prayer, times when prayers are prohibited

Duha:
• What are the virtues of the Duha prayer?
• When should the Duha prayer be performed?
• How many rak’aat is the Duha prayer?

Chapter – The prostration of recitation (sujood tilaawah)
• What is the prostration of recitation
• Who should perform it?

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