Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 16

Sat 23rd Shawwaal 1439/ 7th Jul 2018

Lesson 16: The statements “Allaahu Akbar” and “laa ilaaha illallaah”
• The Takbeer (saying “Allaahu Akbar”) has a great standing and reward with Allah
• The takbeer is something mentioned often in the Quran: For exmample
o “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) verse 185]
o “O you (Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)) enveloped (in garments)! Arise and warn! And your Lord (Allah) magnify” [Suratul-Mudathir (The one Enveloped in Garments) verses 1-3]
• Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned that the rtakbeer is pronounced in the prayer, the adhan, the eid and the high places (hills, mountains)
• The takbeer is one of the best of the statements and speech after the Qur’an along with
• Whenever the takbeer is mentioned it is always “Allaahu Akbar”, there can be no substitute for it
o Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)  said “The key to prayer is purification; its beginning is takbeer and its end is taslim” [At-Tirmidhi, Sunan Abi Dawud and Ibn Majah]
o This is the opinion of Imam Ahmed and others besides him, i.e. that to start the prayer with any othert statement other than “Allaahu Akbar”, then his prayer is invalid
• The takbeer is something that is always with a Muslim
• The takbeer is mentioned in the call to prayer (the adhan), the call to stand for the prayer (iqaamah), when opening the prayer as well as frequently during the prayer itself.
• In a 4 rak’ah prayer (e.g. dhur, Asr or Isha) the statement “Allaahu Akbar” is mentioned 22 times
o In every Rak’ah there are 5 times for saying the takbeer
o Based on this, the Muslim says “Allaahu Akbar” 94 times just from the five daily prayers
o Then how about the one who adds to this with the optional prayers as well as additional remembrance?
o The one who prays the five daily prayers, the optional rawaatib prayers as well as the optional night prayer will say the statement “Allaahu Akbar” 342 times!
• Therefore when a muslim guards over his/her five daily prayers as well as their optional prayers then this will earn him/her a great deal of reward!
• The fact that Allah has made the statement “Allaahu Akbar” as a key part of the prayer shows the importance of this statement
• However, how many times have we stopped to think and ponder about the magnificence of this statement!
• The takbeer is not something that has no meaning or substance to it. It has a great and lofty
• Ibn Jareer (may Allah have mercy upon him) said that the takbeer means to say the greatness of Allah and perform what Allah has commanded you and obey him in what he has commanded and prohibited (to show the greatness of Allah with both statements and actions)
• Shaykh Muhammad Al-Ameen As-Shinqeeti (may Allah have mercy upon him) said the takbeer is to show the greatness of Allah, and that the greatness of Allah will become apparent by you guard over the commandment of Allah and stay away from his prohibitions and that you are quick in those things that please Allah

• This indicates that all of the religion is an explanation of the statement “Allaahu Akbar”
• Therefore the muslim fulfils his obedience to Allah and that is due to him/her recognising the greatness of Allah
• Umar’s statement regarding the statement “Allaahu Akbar”

What does “Allaahu Akbar” mean?
• Some scholars have said that it means that Allah is the greatest, no matter how great anything is, Allah is always the greatest
• Shayk ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said the takbeer’s meaning is that a servant recognises that Allah is greater than anything and everything

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 14

Sat 9th Shawwaal 1439/23rd Jun 2018-06-23

Lesson 14: The Best of Speech and Remembrance after the Qur’an

  • The best of Speech and Remembrance after the Qur’an itself are 4 statements:
    • Subhannallaah
    • Alhamdulillaah
    • Laa Ilaaha Illallaah
    • Allaahu Akbar
  • Indeed there have been many texts and evidences in the Qur’an and the Sunnah regarding the greatness of these 4 statements
  • These statements are the most beloved of speech to Allah
  • Abu Hurairah [may Allah be pleased with him] narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “That I should say: ‘Glory is to Allah (Subḥān Allāh).’ ‘All praise is due to Allah (Al-ḥamdulillāh),’ ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (Lā ilāha illallāh),’ and ‘Allah is the greatest (Allāhu akbar)’ is more beloved to me than all that the sun has risen over.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • It was narrated that Umm Hani’ said: “I came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, tell me of a (good) deed, for I have become old and weak and overweight.’ He said: ‘Proclaim the greatness of Allah (say Allahu Akbar) one hundred times, praise Allah (say Al-Hamdu Lillah) one hundred times, and glorify Allah (say Subhan-Allah) one hundred (That is) better than one hundred horses bridled and saddled for the sake of Allah, better than one hundred sacrificial camels, and better than (freeing) one hundred slaves.'” [Sunan Ibn Majah]
  • Saying these statements expiate your (minor) sins
    • Abu Huraira reported: Verily the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: The five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadhan to Ramadhan are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins. [Sahih Muslim]
    • Major sins can only be expiated with repentance
  • Anas ibn Malik narrated that: the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) passed by a tree with dry leaves, so he struck it with his staff, making the leaves fall. Then he said: “Indeed, ‘all praise is due to Allah, (Al-Ḥamdulillāh)’ ‘glory to Allah, (Subḥān Allāh)’ ‘none has the right to be worshipped by Allah, (Lā Ilāha Illallāh)’ and ‘Allah is the greatest (Allāhu Akbar)’ cause the sins to fall from the worshipper, just as the leaves of this tree fall.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • Allah has selected these words and favoured them
  • These words protect from the fire. They will come on the day of judgement as saviours for those who used to be upon the remembrance of Allah

The statement: “Subhaanallaah”

  • It is mentioned more than 80 times in the Qur’an to say Subhaanallaah
  • Sometimes Allah directly commands us to say Subhaanallaah, e.g. “O you who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. [Surah 33 Al-Ahzaab (The Confederates) v. 41-42 ]
  • In the Qur’an 8 Chapters begin with the tasbeeh of Allah [e.g. Surah Isra (The Journey by Night)]
  • Subhaanallaah is mentioned in approx 30 different ways in the Qur’an:
    • 6 in relation to the Angles
    • 9 regarding the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • 4 by the other Prophets and Messengers
    • 3 talking about animals and  Inanimate objects
    • 3 times about the Believers
    • 6 times about all of the Creation
  • Everything in the heavens and earth glorifies Allah, this shows us therefore how great this statement is
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever says, ‘Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi,’ one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his sins even if they were as much as the foam of the sea. [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Mus’ab b. Sa’d reported that his father told him that he had been in the company of Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that he said: Is one amongst you powerless to get one thousand virtues every day. Amongst those who had been sitting there, one asked: How one amongst us can get one thousand virtues every day? He said: Recite: “Subhaanallaah” one hundred times for (by reciting them) one thousand virtues are recorded (to your credit) and one tbousand vices are blotted out. [Sahih Muslim]
  • Abu Hurairah narrated that :the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever says: ‘Glory is to Allah, and with His Praise (Subḥān Allāh, wa biḥamdih)’ a hundred times, his sins are forgiven, even if they were like the foam of the sea.” [at-Tirmidhi]
  • Thousand reward
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “(The following are) two words (sentences or utterances) that are very easy for the tongue to say, and very heavy in the balance (of reward), and most beloved to the Gracious Almighty (And they are): Subhan Allahi wa bi-hamdihi; Subhan Allahi-l-‘Adhim,” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Jabir narrated that: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever says: ‘Glory is to Allah, the Magnificent, and with His Praise (Subḥān Allāhil-Aẓīm, wa biḥamdih)’ a date-palm tree is planted for him in Paradise.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
  • Narrated `Abdullah: We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him). [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • What is the meaning of Subhaanallaah?
    • Translate directly usually as “Glory be to Allah”
    • However this is not fully accurate
    • In reality it means that Allah does not have any imperfection or shortcoming, he is the mighty and majestic far above and removed and free from any imperfection.

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Ramadhaan Lesson 2: The Many ways of Earning Hasanaat

Sat 10th Ramadhaan 1439/26th May 2018

  • The virtue of Ramadhaan:
    • Allah has made Ramadhaan more blessed than other months
    • This is therefore an opportunity to do good acts, leave sins and become a better Muslim
    • Every Muslim should thank Allah that he has allowed us to be alive and see this month
    • The Salaf would make dua 6 months before Ramadhaan for Allah to allow them to see the coming Ramadhaan
  • Acts of worship that every Muslim should strive in if he/she wants to become better
    • The Prayer
      • We should rectify our prayer, make sure it is done 5 times a day, in the correct times and upon the way the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) taught us
      • The first thing that servant will be asked about in the day of Judgment is the prayer
      • Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said, “I have heard that the first of the actions of a slave to be considered on the day of rising is the prayer. If it is accepted from him, the rest of his actions will be considered, and if it is not accepted from him, none of his actions will be considered.” [Muwatta Malik]
      • If you’re your prayer is deficient, then it is likely that other aspects of your deeds are also deficient, therefore guard your prayer and rectify it
      • ‘Abdullah bin Buraidah narrated that his father said: “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: ‘The covenant that distinguishes between us and them is prayer; so whoever leaves it, he has committed Kufr.’” [Sunan Ibn Majah]
      • The optional prayers such as the Taraweeh and the night prayer are also sources of great virtue
      • Narrated Abu Huraira: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying regarding Ramadan, “Whoever prayed at night in it (the month of Ramadan) out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • ISSUE: how many Rak’ah should there be in Taraweeh?
      • ISSUE: Can one pray Taraweeh outside of Ramadhaan?
    • Fasting in Ramadhaan
      • It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said:”The Messenger of Allah said: ‘Whoever fasts Ramadan out of faith and in the hope of reward, he will be forgivenhis previous sins.” ‘ [Sunan an-Nasa’i]
      • How does one fast properly?
        • To stop eating, drinking and marital relations. Doing any of these breaks one’s fast
        • To stop bad and haraam actions such as lying, deceiving, backbiting, cheating, slander etc. Doing these decreases your reward such that a person may fast the whole month and end up with no reward and NOTHING but having been hungry for the month
      • Fasting was prescribed for those who came before us too
      • Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying: Every (good) deed of the son of Adam would be multiplied, a good deed receiving a tenfold to seven hundredfold reward. Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, has said: With the exception of fasting, for it is done for Me and I will give a reward for it, for one abandons his passion and food for My sake. There are two occasions of joy for one who fasts, joy when he breaks it, and joy when he meets his Lord, and the breath (of an observer of fast) is sweeter to Allah than the fragrance of musk. [Sahih Muslim]
      • Sahl b. Sa’d (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying: In Paradise there is a gate which is called Rayyan through which only the people who fast would enter on the Day on Resurrection. None else would enter along with them. It would be proclaimed: Where are the people who fast that they should be admitted into it? And when the last of them would enter, it would be closed and no one would enter it. [Sahih Muslim]
    • The Qur’an
      • Ramadhaan is the month of the Qurn’an
      • verseWe must strive to recite it, understand it, memorise it and act upon it
      • Narrated Muhammad bin Ka’b Al-Qurazi: “I heard ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud saying: ‘The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “[Whoever recites a letter] from Allah’s Book, then he receives the reward from it, and the reward of ten the like of it. I do not say that Alif Lam Mim is a letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
      • The Salaf used to complete the Qur’an in Ramadhaan several times
      • On the authority of Tameem ibn Aus ad-Daree (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The deen (religion) is naseehah(advice, sincerity).” We said, “To whom?” He (saws) said, “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.” [Muslim]
      • NOTE: “Naseehah” means purity and sincerity
      • How does a Muslim have purity and sincerity towards the Qur’an?
      • Shaikh Al Fawzaan said there is 5 things:
        • To believe it is the speech of Allah, uncreated
        • That you recite it
        • That you understand the meaning of what you are reciting
        • That you memorise it
        • That you act on the Qur’an
      • Charity
        • The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), when he would go to the cave Hira, he would take with him provisions for a few days, and if he came across a needy person he would give them that provision
        • Ibn Mas’ud narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “The feet of the son of Adam shall not move from before his Lord on the Day of Judgement, until he is asked about five things: about his life and what he did with it, about his youth and what he wore it out in, about his wealth and how he earned it and spent it upon, and what he did with what he knew.”
          • How you earned it
          • How you spent it
        • Allah has blessed us with wealth in various forms. This is not something which we have earned, rather it is Allah who has given this to us
        • Therefore giving this wealth for the sake of Allah
        • From the best ways of spending this wealth is in that which helps in the cause of Allah such as the Masaajid.
        • Spending on the MAsaajid is a form of sadaqah Jaariayah
        • It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:”When a man dies all his good deeds come to an end except three: Ongoing charity (Sadaqah Jariyah), beneficial knowledge and a righteous son who prays for him.” [Sunan an-Nasa’i]
        • It was narrated from Jabir bin ‘Abdullah that:The Messenger of Allah said: “Whoever builds a mosque for the sake of Allah, like a sparrow’s nest for Allah or even smaller, Allah will build for him a house in Paradise.” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

 

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