Sunday 7th Oct
Lesson 3 (Hadith 1): Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 3-6)
- Brief recap of previous lesson (See lesson 2)
- Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād divided the explanation of this first Hadith into 9 parts
- Part 1: Its chain of narration and authenticity
- Part 2: Its significance
Part 3: Imam Ahmad’s Statement
- Imam Ahmed said that Islam revolves around three Ahaadeeth:
- The Hadith of Umar (the first hadith, Actions are by intentions)
- The Hadith of Aisha (Whoever introduces an Innovation into the religion)
- The Hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir (The Sixth Hadith, The Halal and Haraam is clear)
- Who is Imam Ahmad?
- Ibn Rajab elaborates on this statement of Imam Ahmed and said that Islam in its entirety consists of:
- fulfilling the commands of Allah,
- keeping away from the prohibited actions
- and being cautious of matters which are doubtful and all of these are present in the hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir, however none of this can be done except by two things.
- 1. That you ensure that your actions are in accordance with the Sunnah (which can be found in the hadith of A’isha may Allah be pleased with her)
- 2. That you ensure that your actions are sincerely done for the sake of Allah (found in the hadith of Umar may Allah be pleased with him)
- Therefore we can see that these three ahaadeeth the foundations of Islam return to
Part 4: The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”
- The Prophet (ﷺ) used comprehensive statements which were few in words but complex in meaning
- At the start of the hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “innamaa” (Only, Indeed), it is a particle of restriction grammatically. What is the significance of this?
- What does this mean? What is the restriction? That actions are only valid before Allah based on the intention
- The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “niyyaat” (intentions) What is the role of intention?
- Intentions differentiate between acts of worship and ordinary acts, e.g. Ghusl.
- Likewise intentions distinguishes acts of worship one from the other, e.g.
- NOTE: You can transform your ordinary tasks into acts of worship, e.g. convert your time of sleep into an act of worship and gain reward, how? By intending your sleep so that you will have energy to wake up for and perform the night prayer or Fajr (Hadith of Ibn Mas’ud may Allah be pleased with him)
- NOTE: Importance of utilising your time to make remembrance of Allah.
- `Abdullah bin Busr (ra) narrated that: “A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (saws), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (saws) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.” [At-Tirmidhi]
- The habit of Shaykh Ibn Baz