40 Hadith: Lesson 3

Sunday 7th Oct

Lesson 3 (Hadith 1): Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 3-6)

  • Brief recap of previous lesson (See lesson 2)
    • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād divided the explanation of this first Hadith into 9 parts
    • Part 1: Its chain of narration and authenticity
    • Part 2: Its significance

Part 3: Imam Ahmad’s Statement

  • Imam Ahmed said that Islam revolves around three Ahaadeeth:
    • The Hadith of Umar (the first hadith, Actions are by intentions)
    • The Hadith of Aisha (Whoever introduces an Innovation into the religion)
    • The Hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir (The Sixth Hadith, The Halal and Haraam is clear)
  • Who is Imam Ahmad?
  • Ibn Rajab elaborates on this statement of Imam Ahmed and said that Islam in its entirety consists of:
    • fulfilling the commands of Allah,
    • keeping away from the prohibited actions
    • and being cautious of matters which are doubtful and all of these are present in the hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir, however none of this can be done except by two things.
    • 1. That you ensure that your actions are in accordance with the Sunnah (which can be found in the hadith of A’isha may Allah be pleased with her)
    • 2. That you ensure that your actions are sincerely done for the sake of Allah (found in the hadith of Umar may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Therefore we can see that these three ahaadeeth the foundations of Islam return to

Part 4: The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used comprehensive statements which were few in words but complex in meaning
  • At the start of the hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “innamaa” (Only, Indeed), it is a particle of restriction grammatically. What is the significance of this?
  • What does this mean? What is the restriction? That actions are only valid before Allah based on the intention
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “niyyaat” (intentions) What is the role of intention?
    • Intentions differentiate between acts of worship and ordinary acts, e.g. Ghusl.
    • Likewise intentions distinguishes acts of worship one from the other, e.g.
  • NOTE: You can transform your ordinary tasks into acts of worship, e.g. convert your time of sleep into an act of worship and gain reward, how? By intending your sleep so that you will have energy to wake up for and perform the night prayer or Fajr (Hadith of Ibn Mas’ud may Allah be pleased with him)
  • NOTE: Importance of utilising your time to make remembrance of Allah.
    • `Abdullah bin Busr (ra) narrated that: “A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (saws), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (saws) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.” [At-Tirmidhi]
    • The habit of Shaykh Ibn Baz

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 27

6 Oct 2018

Lesson 27: The subject of your dua

  • When you make dua you may be making it for yourself, for others or for both yourself and others
  • The virtue of making dua for your Muslim brothers and sisters
  • Making dua for your fellow Muslims connects and unites Muslims
  • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah ()]
  • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) observed: “None amongst you believes (truly) until he loves for his brother” – or he said “for his neighbour” – “that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Muslim]

Four types of subjects for your Dua:

Making dua for yourself

  • Firstly, that a muslim makes dua for his own self from the goodness of this world and the hereafter or for his sins to be forgiven
  • What are some examples?
  • Ibnul qayyim mentioned that there are authentic narrations from the Prophet (ﷺ) that he would sometimes make dua in the singular pronoun. See example below
  • Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to observe, silence for a short while between the takbir (at the time of opening the prayer) and the recitation of the Qur’an. I said to him: Messenger of Allah, for whom I would give my father and mother in ransom, what do you recite during your period of silence between the takbir and the recitation? He said: I say (these words):” O Allah, remove my sins from me as Thou hast removed the East from the West. O Allah purify me from sins as a white garment is purified from filth. O Allah! wash away my sins with snow, water, and ice.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • NOTE: why did the Prophet (ﷺ) mention washing of sins with cold, ice water? Someone may think “Isn’t washing done with warm water?” What do the Scholars say about this?
  • The Narration of Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him) [Reported by Imam Ahmad] that says an Imam should not make dua for himself whilst leading congregation, how should this hadith be understood?
    • Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah mentions that this restriction applies to the congregational dua that the Imam would do in the prayer e.g. the Qunut
  • NOTE: if you see a dua from the Qur’an then you should recite it in the exact way it has been revealed and not change it. For example, the verse “Guide us to the straight way” [Surah Al-Fatiha (The Opening) verse 6] then you cannot change it to the singular version to yourself, rather the Qur’an is read as it is.

Making dua for someone else

  • This is to make dua for someone else and ask for them to be guided, forgiven or other righteous supplication
  • Narrated Anas: “Um Sulaim said to the Prophet “Anas is your servant.” The Prophet said, “O Allah! increase his wealth and offspring, and bless (for him) whatever you give him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu ‘Umairah – and he was one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) : “from the Prophet (ﷺ), that he said to Mu’awiyah: “O Allah, make him a guiding one, and guide (others) by him.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • Narrated Ibn `Abbas:Once the Prophet embraced me and said, “O Allah! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Book (Qur’an).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • A dua you make in secret for your Muslim brother/sister is from the types of dua that are likely to be accepted (See Lesson 20)
  • Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said, “The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Every time he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: ‘Ameen! May it be for you, too’.”[Muslim]

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40 Hadith: Lesson 2

Sun 30th Sep

Lesson 2: Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 1+2)

  • It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu’minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (ra) who said: “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
  • For an action to occur it must have an intention behind it, otherwise this cannot be termed an action. For example, when a sleeping person or an insane person performs an act, then we do not say this is the same as what someone does who intends to do that act
  • Important aspects of an Action:
    • the intention itself
    • the one for whom you are doing the action for
  • The explanation by Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād can be divided into 9 parts

Part 1: The chain of narration

  • This hadith has been collected by Imam Al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim and the collectors of the Sunan,
    • Who are the collectors of the sunan?
  • Other collectors of hadith have also collected this hadith
  • This hadith was narrated through only Umar (at the level of the companions)
  • Who narrated it from Umar?
  • NOTE: when a narration has only one person at a specific level (e.g. at the level of the companions or the generations that followed them) then this type of hadith is called Ghareeb. This does not mean that it is unauthentic, it merely means that there is only one person at any level.
  • This is the very first hadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari. Likewise the very last hadith of Sahih Al-Bukhari is also a ghareeb hadith
    • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection]’.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Part 2: The great importance of this Hadith

  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād says that Imam An-Nawawi as well as a great amount of scholars have begun their books with this hadith.
    • Who are these Scholars?
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith enters upon 70 different chapters of fiqh (Jurisprudence)”.
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith is a third of knowledge”
  • This hadith is one of the hadith that Islam revolves around
  • Every muslim should have some level of understanding regarding this hadith
  • Imam Nawawi says that he began with this Hadith in order to follow the footsteps of Imam Al-Bukhari and cites the scholars who preceded him as to the importance of beginning with this hadith
  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād mentions that Ibn Rajab (who authored a comprehensive Explanation of the 40 Hadith if Imam Nawawi), that he says that Imam Bukhari places this hadith in the beginning of his book as though to indicate it as an introduction or preface and that any action one does without dedicating it to seeking the face of Allah, then such action has no fruit to it in this life nor in the hereafter

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 26

Sat 29th Sep 2018

Lesson 26: Warning against making Dua Melodious, pronunciation and making dua for your parents and the Muslims

Warning againts making Dua Melodious:

  • It is not from the Sunnah to make your dua melodious (e.g. rhyming, intonations and tones etc)
  • Imam Bukhari has a chapter regarding that which is disliked from making dua rhythmic or melodious
  • Imam Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioned that some people make dua in such a way that is not from the Qur’an and the Sunnah, they use words that have melodies, patterns and syllables and they leave the actual duas of the Prophet (ﷺ) and this may therefore mean their dua may not be answered
  • There may be certain authentic narrations which may have words that sound as though they rhyme, however to purposely attempt to create melodious dua is makrooh, disliked. Such a person is in danger of being more focused on making their dua sound nice rather than having
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned that what is mentioned in authentic narrations (i.e dua which were said by the Prophet ()) which may rhyme are an exception to the makrooh ruling of making dua melodious.
    • What are some Examples?

Is Correct Pronunciation necessary for the dua to be valid?:

  • It is important that the dua is read accurately and properly
  • Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah was asked about the saying that a person who makes dua with wrong pronunciation or incorrect arabic grammar then his dua is invalid, he said whoever says that has opposed the Qur’an and sunnah since the Prophet () and his companions have not said such a thing.
  • A person should try to strive to make sure they are reading with correct pronunciation however if this is difficult for him/her then they should not make it so that they divert most of their attention to this instead of the dua, rather they should focus on the dua itself.

Making dua for the Muslims:

    • From the important affairs that is appropriate and required for a muslim to pay attention to is that he/she should make dua for the Muslims, ask Allah to grant them success, to forgive them and to have mercy upon them and that he aids them upon good
    • Every Muslim is need of the above affairs (success, forgiveness, mercy and to be upon good) and indeed every Muslim would love that the others are making dua for him/her, and indeed a Muslim loves for his brother that which he loves for himself
    • Therefore it is befitting for a muslim to make dua for all his muslim brothers and sisters
    • If we look at the state of the Muslims then we find that the Muslims are in different states, however all Muslims are in need of dua from their brothers and sisters
      • For example, a muslim who has an illness and his muslim brothers and sisters make dua for his relief
      • Another example is where there are great trials and tribulations have occurred, e.g., war, enemies, spilling of blood, loss of wealth etc and so these Muslims are in need of the dua made by their Muslim brothers and sisters
      • The Prophet () used to do the Qunuut (the dua in the prayer) when calamities occured
      • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
      • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah (Repentance) verse ]
      • Narrated An-Nu`man bin Bashir: “Allah’s Apostle said, “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • Nu’man b. Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah () said: “Muslims are like one body of a person; if the eye is sore, the whole body aches, and if the head aches, the whole body aches.” [Sahih Muslim]
      • Narrated Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The Prophet then clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced (while saying that).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • A Muslim should always love goodness for himself as well as his Muslim brothers and sisters. A Muslim should  have a compassionate and understanding nature. He/she should desire goodness, success and rectification and guidance for his brothers and sisters and should make dua a lot
      • A Muslim should not curse and abuse others.
    • Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “A true believer is not involved in taunting, or frequently cursing (others) or in indecency or abusing.” [At-Tirmidhi][Riyad as-Salihin]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that he heard the (Holy Prophet ()) say:“A Muslim is he from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • Narrated Abu Sa`id (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or even a half Mud spent by one of them.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah said that the meat of the scholars is poisonous (i.e. one will reap the evil rewards of abusing the scholars)

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