Saturday 15 July
Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of those having Legal Excuses
- Brief recap of last lesson on the prayer of the ill person
- The Traveller can shorten some of the prayers
- From among the ones with legal excuses or leeway regarding the prayer is the traveller
- It is legislated to shorten a 4 Rakah prayer down to 2
- Reminder that originally the 4 rakah prayers (dhur, asr, isha) used to be 2 and afterwards were legislated to be 4 except for the traveller
- The 2 Rakah prayer (fajr) and the 3 Rakah prayer (maghrib) cannot be shortened
- What the Quran says about shortening prayer
- The prophet when he used to travel he would always shorten the 4 Rakahs to 2
- Ibn Umar said “the traveller’s prayer is 2 Rakahs and that is complete…”
- When are you allowed to shorten your prayer? (what defines you as a traveller?)
- You must be travelling in order to shorten prayer, e.g. if traveling at 13:00 one cannot shorten if still resident at 12:00
- Do you have to leave the boundary of your city?
- Opinions of scholars quantifying the distance
- Taking into account the norms of the people
- What about if one makes regular journeys (e.g. daily), do you combine and shorten?
- g. regular commuter, taxi driver, courier or deliveryman etc.