LESSON 35 | Fiqh | The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • It is permissible to speak before, after and in between the two parts of the Khutbah provided it is not about worldly matters
  • The khutbah is very important as it has the mentioning of the Quran, hadith and reminder about Allah, it is not just a general talk but rather one that should be given importance
  • When the khutbah is going on, if the Khateeb mentions punishments, is it permissible for people to say “a’udhubillaah” or make Dua loudly seeking protection and vice versa for paradise ?
  • Talking during the Khutbah ruins the reward for such a person
  • Jumuah is an independent obligation, not just a swap for Dhur
    • Jumuah is better and more emphasised than Dhur
    • There is a punishment for the one who abandons the Jumuah
    • Jumuah prayer is obligatory upon all muslim males who are able, free (not a servant), of the age of responsibility and resident (not a traveller)
  • Jumuah prayer is not obligatory upon women, however if they do attend they will get the reward for it.
    • The same is for the other types of people (e.g. an ill person or traveller who still attends a Jumuah)
    • These exceptions on obligatory Jumuah (e.g. women, traveller, ill person) is to make it easy for them, if they wish they can attend and get the reward
  • It is makrooh (disliked) to start a Journey during Zawaal time (i.e. the zenith/meridian, when the sun is in middle of sky) just before Jumuah enters if one cannot pray on his way
  • Conditions of the Jumuah prayer
    • That the time of Jumuah must have entered, Jumuah time starts when the Zawaal (zenith/meridian) time finishes and the Jumuah time ends when the Asr time enters (Question: Is it permissible to pray the Jumuah prayer before the Zawaal time? [difference of opinion]
    • Must be resident (Question: what about nomads/gypsies?)
    • You must have caught at least one full rak’ah to be considered as having joined the Jumuah prayer (e.g. if you miss the first rak’ah, then catching the second and making up for first is sufficient for your Jumuah). If you catch less than one rak’ah then you missed the Jumuah prayer and must intend to pray dhur when joining the congregation
    • Must have the Khutbah with the Jumuah (Question: Eid Khutbah)
    • Certain parts of the Khutbah must be present such as praise upon Allah, Quran ayah, prayers and salutations upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) etc.

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Lesson 34 | Fiqh | The Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer

  • Why is the Friday Prayer called Jumuah prayer? What does Jumuah mean?
  • The day of Friday is the best day of the week
    • Hadith in Al-Bukhari and Muslim about superiority of Friday
    • “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the first on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were the given the Scripture before us. This (Friday) was their day of celebration which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people follow us in this respect” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  • The gathering of the Muslims has been prescribed on Fridays in order for us to see the great blessings of Allah bestowed upon us and to encourage us to thank Allah
  • The ayah (verse) ”O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the Prayer on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew” (Al-Jumu’ah: verse 9)
  • Ibnul-Qayyim said: “It is of the guidance of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to honour this day (Friday), and to favour it with special acts of worship which he does not perform on other days” (see Zaadul-Ma’aad 1/11)
  • Which is better? Fridays or the day of Arafa? [difference of opinion]
  • On Friday Fajr Prayer Surah As-Sajdah (The Prostration) and Surah Al-Insan (Man)  are read

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Lesson 33 | The Prayer of Riders and the Fear Prayer

Saturday 29 July

Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of Riders

  • Recap of those who are excused from the normal performance of the prayer (e.g. the one who is ill or the traveller)
  • Another type of situation where there is leeway in the performance of the prayer is the case of the Rider
    • It could be that if the rider were to get off his riding animal he would not be able to mount it again
    • Or he fears that if he gets of his riding animal that he will fall behind his company or be subject to some danger
  • Narration that the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) led the prayer whilst still on his riding animal
  • A rider must still face towards the Qiblah, due to the verse of the Quran (2:144)
  • Whatever you can do of the prayer then a Muslim should try to fulfil that, what one is restricted from doing due to his/her situation then that is outside of one’s control
  • In these days, examples of being a rider would include:
    • Situations where the rider does not have much control
      • Aeroplane
      • Boat
      • Train
    • Situations where one has more freedom
      • Car (e.g. to stop and pray if it is safe)
    • Question about rain: what qualifies as enough rain for combining in congregation?
    • Question about driving to masjid during rain: should one go to mosque during rain if he has a car?

Chapter of Prayer: The Fear Prayer

  • The Fear Prayer is ordained for:
    • When Muslims fear to be attacked whilst Praying as Allah states “… if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you…” (Surah An-Nisa: 101)
    • During permissible fighting (Jihad),  as Allah states  “…those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one [single] attack…” (Surah An-Nisa: 102)
  • Evidence for the Fear prayer is in the Quran and Sunnah
  • Imam Ahmed said: “Five or Six ways of performing the fear prayer are authentically narrated about the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)”
  • The different ways of praying the Fear Prayer take into account things such as the direction from which the danger is likely to come (e.g. towards qiblah or in opposite direction?) and whether or not the prayer can be shortened (e.g. four rak’ah prayer or 2 rak’ah prayer)
  • Can be performed when one has fear, whether journeying or resident
    • If journeying, then the number of rak’ahs in the fear prayer is shortened e.g. from 4 to 2 rak’ah
    • If resident, then the number of rak’ahs cannot be shortened however the fear prayer itself can be prayed in a short manner
  • FIRST WAY: Hadith on the authority of Sahl Ibn Abu Hathmah Al-Ansari describing the fear prayer during the prophet’s time at the battle of Dhatur-Riqa
    • “One row lined up behind him (صلى الله عليه وسلم) while another row (lined up) facing the enemy. The prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) led the row that was with him in one rak’ah (unit of prayer), and he stayed in the standing posture while that row performed (another rak’ah) by themselves and went away, lining in the face of the enemy. The other group came and he (the Prophet) offered his remaining rak’ah with them, and then, remained sitting until they completed their prayer by themselves, and he then finished the prayer along with them”
    • Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim
    • Imam Ahmed considers this to be the predominant way of performing the fear prayer for its similarity to the way mentioned in the Noble Quran

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Fiqh | Lesson 32 The Prayer of the Traveller

Saturday 15 July

Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of those having Legal Excuses

  • Brief recap of last lesson on the prayer of the ill person
  • The Traveller can shorten some of the prayers
  • From among the ones with legal excuses or leeway regarding the prayer is the traveller
  • It is legislated to shorten a 4 Rakah prayer down to 2
  • Reminder that originally the 4 rakah prayers (dhur, asr, isha) used to be 2 and afterwards were legislated to be 4 except for the traveller
  • The 2 Rakah prayer (fajr) and the 3 Rakah prayer (maghrib) cannot be shortened
  • What the Quran says about shortening prayer
  • The prophet when he used to travel he would always shorten the 4 Rakahs to 2
  • Ibn Umar said “the traveller’s prayer is 2 Rakahs and that is complete…”
  • When are you allowed to shorten your prayer? (what defines you as a traveller?)
    • You must be travelling in order to shorten prayer, e.g. if traveling at 13:00 one cannot shorten if still resident at 12:00
    • Do you have to leave the boundary of your city?
    • Opinions of scholars quantifying the distance
    • Taking into account the norms of the people
  • What about if one makes regular journeys (e.g. daily), do you combine and shorten?
    • g. regular commuter, taxi driver, courier or deliveryman etc.

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