Sound Creed: Lesson 8

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Lesson 8: The Danger of Shirk

Recap of last lesson

  • Story of Nūh (may peace be upon him)
  • The prohibition of picture making

The Deception of Shaytan (Satan)

  • Shaytan uses people’s emotions, ignorance and even sometimes goodwill against them so that they commit shirk
  • How Shaytan used the People of Nūh’s love for their pious deceased to lead them to commit shirk
  • Shaytan’s long term plan
  • The statement of Ibnul Qayyim

Methods of Shaytan in calling people to commit Shirk

  • Convincing people that they should commit shirk out of love and respect for the deceased pious person, this is the most common misguidance afflicting the Sufia
  • Associating power with the celestial bodies such as the sun, moon and stars
  • Attaching significance and worshipping various objects:
    • Fire
    • Water
    • Animals
    • Trees
    • Human beings (either alive or dead)
    • The Angels
  • The great error of abandoning the worship of Allah alone and instead going to worship various things as Shaytan commands them
  • What does Allah say in the Qur’an about this?
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say about this?
  • Division among the grave worshippers, sufia and polytheists
  • The sufi “shaykhs” who are made as lords by their followers (“mureeds”) and exaggerated, making their own rulings which Allah did not legislate. They do not have any evidence from the Qur’an or Sunnah, rather their Shaykh determine for them what to do
  • This is how the shaytan (satan) has played around with Mankind and there is no salvation from this except by the Tawheed of Allah (Singling Him out for Worship) and following the Qur’an and Sunnah

Protect yourself from Shirk :

  • You must stay away from the causes of Shirk and those things that lead to Shirk
  • Shirk is the greatest of sins and Allah informed us that he will NOT forgive the one who does not repent from shirk and dies upon it
  • Because Shirk is so severe, then every Muslim needs to have a great precaution and fear from it, no one should treat it lightly as it is the most evil and ugliest of matters
  • Allah said: “And (remember) when Luqman said to his son when he was advising him: “O my son! Join not in worship others with Allah. Verily, Joining others in worship with Allah is a great Zulm (wrong) indeed”” [Surah Luqmān verse 13]
  • Why is shirk so evil?
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) warned the companions against shirk and closed and blocked all of the pathways leading to it
  • The misguidance of those who fell into shirk

Q&A:

  • Some people say that we should not focus on Tawheed or Shirk and rather we should speak about politics, wars, corruption, etc, is this correct?
  • Many sufis chant “Allah” repeatedly in their circles, is there any evidence for this? Was this done by the Prophet (ﷺ)

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40 Hadith: Lesson 36

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Recap

  • Previous lesson we covered (Parts 1-5)
    • The virtue of Praising Allah and Glorifying Allah
    • The importance and virtue of the Prayer
    • Charity
    • Patience

Part 6: “…and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you”

  • Why was the Qur’an revealed?
  • The primary objective behind the Qur’an was not just to recite it, rather it requires one to understand its verses and act upon them
  • To some Muslims, the Qur’an is just a decoration in the house or sometimes people recite it to commit innovation, this is incorrect
  • Importance of acting upon the Qur’an
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by this statement?

Part 7: “Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.”

  • What does it mean that everybody starts their day as a vendor of their soul?
  • How do you free you soul?
  • How does one destroy his or her soul?

Part 8: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The virtue of Purification
  • 2. The Prophet (ﷺ) highlighted the virtue of praising Allah and glorifying Him
  • 3. Belief in the Scales on the Day of Judgement has been affirmed
  • 4. The virtue of the Prayer
  • 5. The virtue of Charity
  • 6. The virtue of Patience
  • 7.  Encouragement to give importance to the Qur’an
  • 8. Cautioning against being neglectful concerning the Qur’an
  • 9. An encouragement towards every righteous deed
  • 10. A warning against every evil action

Hadith 24

  • Abu Dharr Al-Ghifārī – may Allah be pleased with him -said: the Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned from what he narrates from his Lord the Mighty and Sublime- that He said: “O my servants, I have restrained Myself from oppression, and have made it prohibited amongst you; so, do not oppress one another. O my servants, all of you lack guidance except whom I guide: so, seek guidance of me and I shall guide you. O my servants, you are all hungry except whom I feed; so, seek food of me and I shall feed you. O my servants, you are all naked except whom I clothe; seek clothing of me and I shall clothe you. O my servants, you err in the night and day, and I forgive all sins; so, seek forgiveness of me and I shall forgive you. O my servants, you all are incapable of bringing harm to Me such that you may harm Me and you are incapable of benefitting Me such that you may provide Me benefit. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the most pious one amongst you; that will not increase anything of My kingdom. O my servants, were the first of you and the last of you, the men of you and the jinn of you to be as the heart of the worst one amongst you; that will not reduce anything from My kingdom. O my servants were the first of you and the last of you; the men of you and the jinn of you to stand on a plain and you all supplicate to me and I grant everyone what he has asked; that will not reduce anything from what I have except what reduces from the sea if a needle is dipped in it. O my servants, it is but your actions; I keep record of them for you, and then, I will recompense you with it as is due. So, whoever finds good should give thanks and praise to Allah; and whoever finds other than that, let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 35

Sun 8 Sep 2019

Hadith 23

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: Regarding The Prophet’s (ﷺ) statement ”Purification is half of iman (faith)

  • What is meant by the word “Purification”
  • The virtue of wudhu

Part 2: ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth

  • The words used by the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • What is the meaning of this statement?
  • This is an encouragement for one to make praise of Allah and glorify Him
  • How does one praise Allah, why do we praise Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • Reflecting upon the names of Allah
  • Reflecting upon the blessings of Allah
  • What is the difference between praising Allah and glorifying him? Which of the two is more virtuous?

Part 3: “and the Prayer is a Nūr (light)”

  • The virtue of the prayer
  • Warning against abandoning the prayer
  • Praying in congregation
  • Importance of praying in a mosque of Sunnah and with the people of Sunnah
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “prayer is a light”?

Part 4: “and charity is a proof” 

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40 Hadith: Lesson 34

Sun 1st Sep 2019

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • We did parts 1-3 in the previous lesson

Part 4: Voluntary Actions

  • In this hadith the man asks the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) regarding the obligatory matters but does not ask about the optional things e.g. optional prayers and optional fasts
  • A person who fulfills the obligatory matters and does nothing extra, then he or she will enter Paradise
  • However why should you perform the voluntary acts? It is correct for someone to neglect them? 
  • A person should not become lazy
  • Allah describes three types of Muslims
  • Allah says: “Then We gave the Book the Quran) for inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad (ﷺ)). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Quran), that is indeed a great grace.” [Surah Al-Fatir (The Originator of Creation, or The Angels) verse 32]
  • What are these three groups? Will they all enter Paradise
  • Question: Regarding sins (minor vs major) and repentance

Part 5: Importance of treating the Halal as Halal and the Haram as Haram

  • Only Allah has the right to designate something as Halal (permissible) or Haram (impermissible)
  • Therefore those matters which Allah has made Halal then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Halal and that which Allah has made Haram then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Haram
  • If a person commits a Haram act, for example drinking Alcohol, but he knows it is Haram then he will get sin for it but it is not an act of disbelief
  • However, if a person claims something which is Haraam to be Halal or he claims something which is Halal to be Haraam, then this is an act of disbelief
  • NOTE: if a person commits an act of Disbelief then he is not necessarily a disbeliever as he may have done it out of ignorance however this is still very dangerous 
  • Those who mislead others in this aspect and claim to have knowledge

The Mistake of the Sufiyya

  • Many of the Sufis claim that we should only worship Allah out of love alone, i.e. not out of any Fear or Hope
  • Example of this Hadith shows that the companion had Hope in Paradise
  • The mistake of the sufis (i.e. base worship on Love alone) is the same mistake of the Christians
  • We must balance our worship between Love for Allah, Fear of His punishment and Hope in His Mercy
  • Example of Ibrahim (may peace be upon him) 

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