40 Hadith: Lesson 36

Sat 21 Sep 2019

Abu Arwa Ali

Hadith

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Recap

  • Previous lesson we covered (Parts 1-5)
    • The virtue of Praising Allah and Glorifying Allah
    • The importance and virtue of the Prayer
    • Charity
    • Patience

Part 6: “…and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you”

  • Why was the Qur’an revealed?
  • The primary objective behind the Qur’an was not just to recite it, rather it requires one to understand its verses and act upon them
  • To some Muslims, the Qur’an is just a decoration in the house or sometimes people recite it to commit innovation, this is incorrect
  • Importance of acting upon the Qur’an
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by this statement?

Part 7: “Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.”

  • What does it mean that everybody starts their day as a vendor of their soul?
  • How do you free you soul?
  • How does one destroy his or her soul?

Part 8: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The virtue of Purification
  • 2. The Prophet (ﷺ) highlighted the virtue of praising Allah and glorifying Him
  • 3. Belief in the Scales on the Day of Judgement has been affirmed
  • 4. The virtue of the Prayer
  • 5. The virtue of Charity
  • 6. The virtue of Patience
  • 7.  Encouragement to give importance to the Qur’an
  • 8. Cautioning against being neglectful concerning the Qur’an
  • 9. An encouragement towards every righteous deed
  • 10. A warning against every evil action

Hadith 24

  • On the authority of Abu Dharr al-Ghifaree (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (ﷺ) concerning what he related from his Lord, that He (Allah) said: “O My servants! Indeed I have forbidden oppression upon Myself, and I have made it forbidden amongst you, therefore do not oppress one another. O My servants, all of you are astray except the one whom I have guided, therefore seek guidance from Me and I shall guide you. O My servants, all of you are hungry except the one whom I have fed, therefore seek food from Me and I shall feed you. O My servants, all of you are naked except the one whom I have clothed, therefore seek clothing from Me and I shall clothe you. O My servants, you commit mistakes (sins) by day and by night, and I forgive all sins, therefore seek forgiveness from Me and I shall forgive you. O My servants, you will never attain harming Me so as to harm Me, and you will never attain benefiting Me so as to benefit Me. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, had the most pious heart of any man amongst you, that would not increase My Kingdom in anything. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, had the most evil heart of any man amongst you, then this would not decrease My Kingdom in anything. O My servants, if the first of you and the last of you, and the human of you and the jinn of you, were all to stand together in one open ground and ask of Me, and I were to give everyone what he requested, that would not decrease what is with Me, except what is decreased of the ocean when a needle is dipped into it. O My servants, it is only your deeds that I account for you, and then recompense you for. So whoever finds good, then let him praise Allah, and whoever finds other than that, then let him blame no one but himself.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into  10 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 35

Sun 8 Sep 2019

Hadith 23

  • On the authority of Abu Malik al-Harith bin Asim al-Asharee (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Purification is half of iman (faith). ‘Al-hamdu lillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth. And the Prayer is a Nuur (light), and charity is a proof, and patience is a Dhiyaa (light), and the Qur’an is a proof for you or against you. Every person starts his day as a vendor of his soul, either freeing it or destroying it.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

Part 1: Regarding The Prophet’s (ﷺ) statement ”Purification is half of iman (faith)

  • What is meant by the word “Purification”
  • The virtue of wudhu

Part 2: ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fills the scales, and ‘subhan-Allah and ‘Al-hamdulillah’ fill that which is between heaven and earth

  • The words used by the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • What is the meaning of this statement?
  • This is an encouragement for one to make praise of Allah and glorify Him
  • How does one praise Allah, why do we praise Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • Reflecting upon the names of Allah
  • Reflecting upon the blessings of Allah
  • What is the difference between praising Allah and glorifying him? Which of the two is more virtuous?

Part 3: “and the Prayer is a Nūr (light)”

  • The virtue of the prayer
  • Warning against abandoning the prayer
  • Praying in congregation
  • Importance of praying in a mosque of Sunnah and with the people of Sunnah
  • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) mean by “prayer is a light”?

Part 4: “and charity is a proof” 

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40 Hadith: Lesson 34

Sun 1st Sep 2019

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • We did parts 1-3 in the previous lesson

Part 4: Voluntary Actions

  • In this hadith the man asks the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) regarding the obligatory matters but does not ask about the optional things e.g. optional prayers and optional fasts
  • A person who fulfills the obligatory matters and does nothing extra, then he or she will enter Paradise
  • However why should you perform the voluntary acts? It is correct for someone to neglect them? 
  • A person should not become lazy
  • Allah describes three types of Muslims
  • Allah says: “Then We gave the Book the Quran) for inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad (ﷺ)). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves, and of them are some who follow a middle course, and of them are some who are, by Allah’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. That (inheritance of the Quran), that is indeed a great grace.” [Surah Al-Fatir (The Originator of Creation, or The Angels) verse 32]
  • What are these three groups? Will they all enter Paradise
  • Question: Regarding sins (minor vs major) and repentance

Part 5: Importance of treating the Halal as Halal and the Haram as Haram

  • Only Allah has the right to designate something as Halal (permissible) or Haram (impermissible)
  • Therefore those matters which Allah has made Halal then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Halal and that which Allah has made Haram then we treat them as, and believe them to be, Haram
  • If a person commits a Haram act, for example drinking Alcohol, but he knows it is Haram then he will get sin for it but it is not an act of disbelief
  • However, if a person claims something which is Haraam to be Halal or he claims something which is Halal to be Haraam, then this is an act of disbelief
  • NOTE: if a person commits an act of Disbelief then he is not necessarily a disbeliever as he may have done it out of ignorance however this is still very dangerous 
  • Those who mislead others in this aspect and claim to have knowledge

The Mistake of the Sufiyya

  • Many of the Sufis claim that we should only worship Allah out of love alone, i.e. not out of any Fear or Hope
  • Example of this Hadith shows that the companion had Hope in Paradise
  • The mistake of the sufis (i.e. base worship on Love alone) is the same mistake of the Christians
  • We must balance our worship between Love for Allah, Fear of His punishment and Hope in His Mercy
  • Example of Ibrahim (may peace be upon him) 

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Sound Creed: Lesson 5

Sat 31 Aug 2019

Lesson 5: The Relationship between Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah and Al-Ulūhiyyah

  • Recap of previous Lesson
    • The oneness and singling out of Allah in His Lordship (Tawheed Ar-Rububiyyah)
    • The singling out of Allah with our actions and Worship (Tawheed Al-Uluuhiyyah)

The Connection between Ar-Rububiyyah and Al-Uluuhiyyah

  • Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah necessitates  Al-Ulūhiyyah
  • What does this mean? If one acknowledges Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah then he must also accept  Al-Ulūhiyyah

The Connection between Al-Ulūhiyyah and Ar-Rubūbiyyah

  • Tawheed Al-Ulūhiyyah incorporates and includes belief in Ar-Rubūbiyyah
  • What does this mean? If one singles out Allah in his worship then he has already accepted Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah

The Mushrikeen (Polytheists) at the time of the Prophet (ﷺ)

  • They accepted Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah
  • Allah says: “And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say: “Allah”. How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allah, Who created them)?” [Surah Az-Zukhruf (The Gold Adornments) verse]
  • Believing in Tawheed Ar-Rubūbiyyah i.e. accepting and believing that Allah alone is the Creator, Sustainer etc without singling him out in Worship does not enter one into Islam

Misconceptions in our time

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