LESSON 35 | Fiqh | The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • It is permissible to speak before, after and in between the two parts of the Khutbah provided it is not about worldly matters
  • The khutbah is very important as it has the mentioning of the Quran, hadith and reminder about Allah, it is not just a general talk but rather one that should be given importance
  • When the khutbah is going on, if the Khateeb mentions punishments, is it permissible for people to say “a’udhubillaah” or make Dua loudly seeking protection and vice versa for paradise ?
  • Talking during the Khutbah ruins the reward for such a person
  • Jumuah is an independent obligation, not just a swap for Dhur
    • Jumuah is better and more emphasised than Dhur
    • There is a punishment for the one who abandons the Jumuah
    • Jumuah prayer is obligatory upon all muslim males who are able, free (not a servant), of the age of responsibility and resident (not a traveller)
  • Jumuah prayer is not obligatory upon women, however if they do attend they will get the reward for it.
    • The same is for the other types of people (e.g. an ill person or traveller who still attends a Jumuah)
    • These exceptions on obligatory Jumuah (e.g. women, traveller, ill person) is to make it easy for them, if they wish they can attend and get the reward
  • It is makrooh (disliked) to start a Journey during Zawaal time (i.e. the zenith/meridian, when the sun is in middle of sky) just before Jumuah enters if one cannot pray on his way
  • Conditions of the Jumuah prayer
    • That the time of Jumuah must have entered, Jumuah time starts when the Zawaal (zenith/meridian) time finishes and the Jumuah time ends when the Asr time enters (Question: Is it permissible to pray the Jumuah prayer before the Zawaal time? [difference of opinion]
    • Must be resident (Question: what about nomads/gypsies?)
    • You must have caught at least one full rak’ah to be considered as having joined the Jumuah prayer (e.g. if you miss the first rak’ah, then catching the second and making up for first is sufficient for your Jumuah). If you catch less than one rak’ah then you missed the Jumuah prayer and must intend to pray dhur when joining the congregation
    • Must have the Khutbah with the Jumuah (Question: Eid Khutbah)
    • Certain parts of the Khutbah must be present such as praise upon Allah, Quran ayah, prayers and salutations upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) etc.

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Lesson 34 | Fiqh | The Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer

  • Why is the Friday Prayer called Jumuah prayer? What does Jumuah mean?
  • The day of Friday is the best day of the week
    • Hadith in Al-Bukhari and Muslim about superiority of Friday
    • “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the first on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were the given the Scripture before us. This (Friday) was their day of celebration which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people follow us in this respect” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  • The gathering of the Muslims has been prescribed on Fridays in order for us to see the great blessings of Allah bestowed upon us and to encourage us to thank Allah
  • The ayah (verse) ”O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the Prayer on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew” (Al-Jumu’ah: verse 9)
  • Ibnul-Qayyim said: “It is of the guidance of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to honour this day (Friday), and to favour it with special acts of worship which he does not perform on other days” (see Zaadul-Ma’aad 1/11)
  • Which is better? Fridays or the day of Arafa? [difference of opinion]
  • On Friday Fajr Prayer Surah As-Sajdah (The Prostration) and Surah Al-Insan (Man)  are read

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