26th May 2020

3 Shawwal 1441

Fajr Salah

12:00 am

Prayer Begins Salah
Fajr12:00 am 12:00 am
Sunrise12:00 am
Dhuhr12:00 am 12:00 am
Asr12:00 am 12:00 am
Maghrib12:00 am 12:00 am
Isha12:00 am 12:00 am
Articles Audio Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Lessons

Summary of Fiqh #41: Debt of the Deceased, One who dies in Hajj, Narrations of Washing and Shrouding of Salaf

Saturday 21 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Funeral Prayer

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “the soul of a believer is hanging upon its debt until that debt is paid off on behalf of him” [Ahmed]
    • If someone dies and they have a debt, the debt should be paid
    • This can be done through the wealth they have left behind
    • If the deceased was poor and had no wealth left behind then his family should pay on his behalf
    • If the family has no wealth then his relatives,
    • if none of them can do it then any of the Muslims can pay his debt. This is because this hadith indicates that the soul of the deceased is held/stuck, cannot progress into paradise until this issue is settled
    • from amongst the things the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to place importance was this issue of the debt of the dead. He would ask about it and pay the debt of the deceased
    • The hadith indicates that a person will not get into paradise until the debts are paid
    • Debt is amongst the rights of the people and must be either paid back or the debtor has to waive it
    • NOTE: the above here is regarding a halal loan/debt. If the issue is concerning stolen money which isn’t repaid then this is more serious issue. The rights of the people are an important matter and their rights should be returned and should be done quickly
  • Narration of Ibn Abbas about the Sahabah who died in Hajj. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid “wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two garments”, and in another narration “shroud him in his garments”, and to not put any fragrance upon him, and to not cover his head because he will be raised on the day of resurrection making the Talbiyah, [Bukhari and Muslim]. We learn from this hadith:
    • The obligation to wash the deceased and to used camphor, soap etc. Shampoo and other cleaning products are permissible but camphor is better as it was used by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • To shroud the body is also an obligation. Shrouding is a priority and any money the deceased may have had should be used to ensure he has a shroud before inheritance or debt is considered
    • The burial is also an obligation and likewise the wealth of the deceased should be used to cover this before inheritance or debt is considered
    • Issue 1: should the special funeral cars be used (the long estate cars with large window)? Shaykh Al-Albaani states this is an imitation of the practices of the non-Muslims and Muslims should not do this.
    • Overall: The cost of the washing, shrouding and burial of the deceased should be covered as a priority before debt, will etc inheritance.
    • Question from one of the children: If someone dies in a country and no one prays the Janaazah what happens (Example of Artic explorer!).
    • Death does not cut off the state of Ihram#
    • Issue 2: if someone dies in hajj must his family finish his hajj for him as a substitute?
    • Issue 3: The dead muhrim should be kept away from what a living muhrim is kept from such as fragrances.
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Friday 20 Friday 2017

Articles Audio Death and the life of the grave Fiqh (Jurisprudence) Lessons

Summary of Fiqh #40: Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

Saturday 14 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Lesson 40 Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

This lesson will go into Extra details of the Janazaah prayer, using hadiths outside of this book

  • From the book Explanation of Buluughul Maraam
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Remember the Destroyer of Desires often, death”
      • Death is inevitable and We should remember it often, when a person thinks about death you will not be fooled by the desires/glitters of this world. Therefore, a person should not become negligent of this.
      • Remembering death helps one to prepare for the after-life (Akhirah) as it encourages good deeds, and reduces sins
      • Remembering death weakens attachment to the world, removes the worry for the one who has little and removes the satisfaction for the one that has much
    • Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) “None of you should wish for death due to difficulty afflicting him. If you had to say wish for it then say O Allah let me to live as long as life is better for me and allow me die if death is better for me”
      • This indicates the impermissibility of suicide. A Muslim should not wish for death upon themselves due to difficulties they may face, let alone doing it
      • Secondly, we also learn from this hadith that in times of difficulty a Muslim should remain calm, patient and put their trust in Allah. Remember everything has already been decreed, so you keep your trust in Allah and keep making dua/supplication (being confident and certain in Allah) and this difficulty will be removed and/or you will get reward for your patience
      • Example of the Story of Ibrāhīm (Abraham) may Allah be pleased with him and other Prophets and Messengers (may Allah be pleased with them all)
      • Some scholars mention from this hadith that you should not wish for death
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “The hour shall not be established until a man will walk past the grave of another man and he will say ‘if only I was in his place’”
      • This narration is talking about the fitan (trials and tribulations) that will come when the hour is near
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Friday 13 Oct 2017