Lesson 16 | Summary of Fiqh |Mannerisms of Attending the Prayer

Saturday 3/12/16

Today we covered the etiquette of walking to the prayer:

It is a matter of vital importance as the prayer is one of the great acts of worship in Islam. One should:

  •  Walk to the prayer with peace and tranquillity
    • This means walking with calmness, not raising your voice, looking around unnecessarily and keeping the gaze lowered
  • Come early to the prayer so you can catch the start of the congregation
    • For every step, a sin is forgiven and a person is raised by a level, so you should take small steps in order to gain more of this.
  • When entering the masjid:
    • Which foot should you enter with first? Which foot do you leave with?
    • What is the dua for entering / leaving the masjid?
  • When you are inside, do not sit down until you have prayed to rak’ahs
    • If you come late and enter the masjid during the jamaa’ah – what should you do?
    • What should you do if enter during the Athaan of the Friday prayer?
  • When waiting for the prayer, one should engage in dhikr and recitation of the Qur’an and avoid frivolous activities.
  • Don’t talk about wordly matters when waiting for the prayer, because the angels seek forgiveness for the one who waits for the prayer – don’t waste this reward!
  • At what point during the iqaamah should you stand up?
  • What should you do if the imam is late?
  • Be eager to be in the first row – “if people knew the virtue of the athaan and first row, and had to draw lots, they would do so” [Hadith]
    • Avoid gaps in the rows
    • Try to be as near to the imam as possible
    • The Imam should ensure the rows are straight.
  • What does straightening the rows mean?
    • How do you prevent any gaps occuring in the rows?
    • What should you do if the person next to you does not join his feet with you?

Introduction to the next chapter: The Pillars, obligations and sunnahs of the prayer

  • What is a pillar? What is an obligatory act during the prayer and what is Sunnah?
  • What happens if you leave one of them off?
  • When should you perform the prostration of forgetfulness?

 

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Lesson 15 | Summary of Fiqh | Facing the Qiblah and Making the Intention

Saturday 26 Nov 2016

Today we covered the following:

  • Recap: Conditions of the prayer:
    • 1-Time of Prayer must be in
    • 2-The Awrah must be covered
    • 3-Must be free from impurity (yourself, your clothes, prayer area)
  • Fourth Condition: Facing the Qiblah when praying
  • The Qiblah is the Ka’bah
  • Meaning of the word “Qiblah” in Arabic
  • what Allah said concerning the Qiblah as evidence of the obligation
  • Three scenarios:
    • If you can see the ka’bah it is obligatory to fully and directly face it when praying
    • What to do if you are near the ka’bah but cannot see the it ?
    • What to do if you are far away from the ka’bah ?
  • What to do if in doubt about the direction?
  • Who is excused from facing the Qiblah?
  • Facing the Qiblah during a journey (eg flight)
  • Methods for working out the Qiblah:
    • Word of mouth
    • Direction of the Mihrab
    • The Sun’s direction
    • Using the stars
    • Landmarks (eg road directions)
  • The Fifth Condition: The Niyyah (Intention)
  • Intention is required for acts of worship
  • Intention is in the heart, not upon the tongue (i.e. not said out loud)
    • The Messenger of Allah never used to say the intention out loud
  • The famous hadith “Indeed, Actions are by intentions” [Bukhari]
  • When to say the intention?
  • You MUST remain upon the intention throughout the prayer
  • What happens if you make the wrong intention?
    • Can you change the intention of obligatory prayer to an optional prayer?
    • Can you do the opposite?
  • Innovations (Bidah) in the Intention:
    • Saying the intention out loud
    • Exaggerating the Intention (e.g. “I make intention to pray dhur, which is 4 rakats, for the sake of Allah, behind this imam…”)
  • Our religion is NOT based on what people spread, but rather based on Evidence:
    • We must follow the what Allah said (quran)
    • What the messenger said and did (ahadith)
    • We must follow the sahabah in how they practised their religion
  • Rectifying the affair of the Muslims
    • Stick to the Quran & Sunnah
    • Follow the sahabah in how they implemented the deen
    • Avoid innovations in the religion (bidah)
  • Explaining the misunderstanding some Muslims have about what Imam Shafi’i said regarding saying the Prayer out loud

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Lesson 14 | A Summary of Islamic Fiqh | Rulings on Clothing for the Prayer and the Need for Purity

Saturday 19 Nov

Today we continued with the conditions of the prayer:

The Awrah:

  • Is the prayer valid for the one who exposes part of his awrah?
  • What are the effects on society when people do not cover their awrah?
  • What is the ruling on sports clothing that expose the thighs?
  • What is the awrah of a man? What is the awrah of a woman?
  • The ruling on the one who prays in tight clothes

The avoidance of impurity:

  • The prayer is not valid if there is an impurity on your body, clothes or place of prayer
  • If you were unware of an impurity on your clothes during prayer – is it valid?
  • What if you remember during the prayer? what about afterwards?
  • The ruling of the one who prays with his shoes on
  • Is it permissible to pray in a graveyard?
  • Can you have a grave inside the mosque?
  • A description of the Prophet’s mosque

Next week we start with the fourth condition insha Allah: Facing the qiblah

We covered the condition of the timings of the prayer in lesson 13

 

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LESSON 13 | A Summary of Islamic Fiqh – Abu Muadh Taqweem |The Conditions of the Prayer

Today (29 Oct 2016) we covered the following: The Conditions of the Prayer | Fiqh of Prayer

  • The Entrance of the time of The Prayers is a condition
    • Praying at the beginning time and its exception
    • The 5 Prayers aid you in your Life and expiate sins
  • The specific Time each Prayer enters:
    • The time Dhur starts and ends
    • Delaying Dhur due to extreme heat
    • Differences of Opinion on what time Asr ends
    • The time Maghrib starts and ends
    • The Preferred time of Isha and the time for necessity
    • The Sunnah of Delaying Isha
    • The Prophet disliked a person going to Sleep before Isha and staying up (unnecessarily) after it
    • The time of Fajr
    • Praying Fajr early at the beginning time
    • Explanation of the misunderstanding of delaying Fajr
  • What to do if a person overslept or forgot and missed a Prayer
  • The case of a person who purposely missed a prayer

For extra benefits listen to: http://www.spreaker.com/user/radio1mm/ua22-prayers-must-be-offered-in-their-le

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