Fiqh | Lesson 32 The Prayer of the Traveller

Saturday 15 July

Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of those having Legal Excuses

  • Brief recap of last lesson on the prayer of the ill person
  • The Traveller can shorten some of the prayers
  • From among the ones with legal excuses or leeway regarding the prayer is the traveller
  • It is legislated to shorten a 4 Rakah prayer down to 2
  • Reminder that originally the 4 rakah prayers (dhur, asr, isha) used to be 2 and afterwards were legislated to be 4 except for the traveller
  • The 2 Rakah prayer (fajr) and the 3 Rakah prayer (maghrib) cannot be shortened
  • What the Quran says about shortening prayer
  • The prophet when he used to travel he would always shorten the 4 Rakahs to 2
  • Ibn Umar said “the traveller’s prayer is 2 Rakahs and that is complete…”
  • When are you allowed to shorten your prayer? (what defines you as a traveller?)
    • You must be travelling in order to shorten prayer, e.g. if traveling at 13:00 one cannot shorten if still resident at 12:00
    • Do you have to leave the boundary of your city?
    • Opinions of scholars quantifying the distance
    • Taking into account the norms of the people
  • What about if one makes regular journeys (e.g. daily), do you combine and shorten?
    • g. regular commuter, taxi driver, courier or deliveryman etc.

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Lesson 31 | Fiqh | Duties of the Imam and the Prayer of the ILL Person

Saturday 1 July 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Duties of the Imam

The Imam has a great responsibility and this position has a great station in Islam.

  • It is permissible to seek to be imam Provided one is qualified
  • The Imam should take into account the situation of those who pray behind him and avoid making things difficult for them
  • When leading the prayer in congregation, the Imam should lighten it for the people [hadith] as some of those praying may be ill, or weak, or have needs to fullfil
    • This means making the prayer light whilst still perfecting its constituent parts (its rukoo’, sujood etc..)
    • The least perfection is to say subhaana rabiyal a’laa or subhaana rabiyal adheem 3 times
    • The Prophet used to prolong or lighten the prayer depending on the situation
  • The Imam should not shorten it so much that the people behind him can not do the Sunnah acts.
  • When praying individually he can make it as long as he wishes
  • It is Sunnah to recite the Qur’an in its proper manner.
  • He should prolong the first rak’ah so that it is longer than the second.

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