Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 33

Saturday 24th November 2018

Lesson 33: Asking Allah for Al-`Āfiyah and the Importance of Islamic clothing

    • It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) never abandoned these supplications, every morning and evening: Allaahumma inni as’alukal-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyah fid-dunya wal-akhirah. Allahumma inni as’alukal-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyata fi dini wa dunyaaya wa ahlii wa maali. Allahum-mastur ‘awraati, wa aamin raw’aati, Allahumma-ahfadhnii min bayni yadayya, wa min khalfi, wa ‘an yaminii wa ‘an shimaalii, wa min fawqi, wa ‘audhu bika an ughtaala min tahtii (O Allah, I ask You for forgiveness and well-being in this world and in the Hereafter. O Allah, I ask You for forgiveness and security in my religion and my worldly affairs, in my family and my property. O Allah, conceal my faults, calm my fears. O Allah! protect me from before me and behind me, from my right and my left, and from above me, and I seek refuge in You from being taken unaware from beneath me).” [Sunan Ibn Majah and Abi Dawud]
  • What is meant by “Al-`Āfiyah”?
        • Al-`Abbas bin `Abdul-Muttalib (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me something that I may ask Allah, [Mighty and Sublime] for.’ He (saws) said: ‘Ask Allah for Al-`Āfiyah.’ Then I remained for a day, then I came and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me something that I may ask Allah for.’ So he (ﷺ) said to me: “O Abbas, O uncle of the Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah for Al-`Āfiyah in the world and in the Hereafter.” [At-Tirmidhi]
        • The hadith of Abu Bakr regarding asking Allah for Al-Afiyah and forgiveness
        • Asking for Al-`Āfiyah (safety, security, preservation) in five matters:
          • In your religion: this is asking Allah to preserve you from all of that which causes deficiency in your religion
          • In your worldly affairs: this is asking Allah to keep you safe from all of the trails and calamities of this world which may harm you
          • In your Hereafter: This is asking Allah to safeguard you from the terrors of the resurrection and the Afterlife
  • In your Family: This is asking Allah to protect your family and keep them safe from trials and tribulations
          • In your Property: This is asking Allah to preserve your wealth from destruction (e.g drowning of wealth, flooding, fire, theft etc)
        • Al-`Āfiyah is a comprehensive matter to ask for and indeed after having been granted Eemaan (faith) then there is nothing better to be granted than Al-`Āfiyah in your affairs
        • The Prophet (ﷺ) would always ask for this every morning and evening
  • What is meant by “O Allah, conceal my faults”?
        • Linguistically, the word used “Awra” means the area one covers up for dignity, as a minimum for a man this would be from the navel to the knee and for a woman this would be all of her body except her face and hands. This is also true and it is within the meaning of this supplication
        • The meaning also covers asking Allah to keep your shortcomings concealed and for this not to be spread amongst the people
        • What is the minimum area required to be covered for children?
        • Question: When women are amongst themselves (sisters only), what is the ruling on the area to be covered?
        • Issue: What have the scholars said about women wearing tight clothes exposing one’s figure when amongst other sisters?
        • Issue: The influence of western society on muslim dress
        • Question: what about Muslim sisters wearing trousers?
        • Issue: Covering one’s Awra does not just mean placing cloth over one’s skin, one needs to cover the shape of their body also
        • Question: what about men wearing tight trousers?
        • NOTE: This dua is especially beneficial for women as generally speaking across the world there is a degradation of the dignity and privacy of women in these times we live
        • Issue: These days some women dress in an undignified way which expose their awra in order to “look better”, but for whom are they doing this?

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40 Hadith: Lesson 9

Sunday 18th Nov 2018

Lesson 9: Belief in the Angels, Books and Messengers

  • We are currently on Hadith 2 (which we started in lesson 4);
    • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]

Recap of Lesson 8: Belief in Allah

    • Belief in Allah consists of 4 matters:
  • 1. Belief in his existence, We can know this by:
        • our Fitrah (natural disposition),
        • our intellect,
        • our senses and
        • our religion
  • 2. Belief in Allah’s unique Lordship and actions, This itself can be related to 3 matters,:
        • 1. Allah is unique in his ability to create from nothing, whereas mankind does not create but rather transforms one matter into another
        • 2. He is the sustainer and controller of all that exists
        • 3. He is the sole owner of all that exists and no one has a share with him in any of these things
  • 3. Worshipping Allah alone
        • Belief in Allah’s sole right to be worshipped naturally follows on from 1 and 2
        • Allah has given us ability and free will, therefore we are responsible for what we do and Allah has obligated upon Mankind and Jinn that they worship him alone
        • Allah has sent Prophets and Messengers (may peace be upon them all) to provide us with information about what he has obligated upon us and how to be grateful to him. The Prophets and Messengers have also brought us information and details about our creator, our purpose and our ultime end (Paradise or Hell). We could not have obtained these details just by basic observation or thought since they are from the unseen.
  • 4. Belief in his perfect names and attributes
    • There are principles which we must follow:
      • 1. That we believe in every name and attribute that Allah has mentioned in his book (the Qur’an) or upon the tongue of his Messenger (ﷺ) (the Sunnah)
      • 2. Every name and attribute that Allah has negated from himself in the Qur’an and Sunnah then we negate this also
      • 3. We do the above without falling into 4 things:
        • 1. We do not deny any name or attribute of Allah
        • 2. We do not distort their meanings
        • 3. We do not liken them to creation
        • 4. We do not ask “how” about the nature of Allah’s names and attributes

Second pillar of Faith: Believing in the Angels

  • It is a pillar of faith to believe in the Angels
  • Angels are from among the creation of Allah
  • Angles are created from Light
    • ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Angels were created from light, Jinns were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery).”[Muslim]

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 32

Sat 17th Nov 2018

Lesson 32: Supplications for the Morning and Evenings Part-2

    • ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When it was evening, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to supplicate: “Amsaina wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillaah. Laa ‘ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa sharika lahu (We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is none who has the right to be worshiped but Allah, the One who has no partner with Him).” He (the narrator) said: I think that he (ﷺ) used to follow the recitation with these words: “Lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shi’in Qadiir. Rabbi as’aluka khaira ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa khaira ma ba’dahaa; wa a’udhu bika min sharri ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa sharri ma ba’dahaa; Rabbi a’udhu bika minal- kasali, wa suu’il-kibari; Rabbi a’udhu bika min ‘adhabin fin-naari, wa ‘adhabin fil-qabri (His is the sovereignty and to Him is all praise due, and He is Omnipotent. My Lord, I beg of you the good that lies in this night and good that follows it, and I seek refuge in You from the evil that lies in this night and from the evil of that which follows it. My Lord! I seek refuge in You from lethargy and the misery of old age. O Allah! I seek Your Protection from the torment of Hell-fire and the punishment of the grave).” When it was morning, he (ﷺ) would recite the same, replacing the words: “We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening” with “We have entered upon morning and the whole kingdom of Allah entered upon morning.” (Replace the words “Amsainaa→ Asbahnaa, amsa→ asbaha, hadhihil-lailati→ hadhal-yaumi, ma ba’daha→ ma ba’dahu)” [Muslim].
      • When one says this hadith he/she acknowledges that all of the kingdom belongs solely to Allah and that he is the one deserving of all praise and that he is able to do do all things
      • The importance of seeking refuge from Laziness. The one who is capable yet abandons obligatory actions out of laziness is not excused whereas
      • The troubles of old age which some experience (in regards to their physical and mental faculties) and the benefit of seeking refuge from this
      • Why is the punishment of the Hellfire and the grave mentioned?
      • Whoever finds himself safe in the grave, will similarly find himself safe after the resurrection
      • May Allah safeguard us all from the punishment of Hellfire
  • Hadith of Abu Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The hadith is narrated in such a way that it seems like a statement of Abu Darda however it is taken as a supplication from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), why so?
    • This hadith has a great benefit for every muslim who is concerned about the affairs of his world or the afterlife
    • One who reads this supplication places his trust in Allah
  • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)’ one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.” [Muslim].
  • Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach his Companions, saying: “When one of you reached the morning, then let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the morning, and by You we enter the evening, and be You we live, and by You we died, and to You is the Return (Allāhumma bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika amsainā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikal-maṣīr). And when he reaches the evening let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the evening, and by You we enter the morning, and by You we live, and by You we die, and to You is the Resurrection (Allāhumma bika amsainā wa bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikan-nushūr).’” [At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and others, declared Hasan by Shaikh Al-Albaani]
    • Why does the morning supplication end with “and to You is the Return” and why does the evening supplication end with “to You is the Resurrection”?
    • Hudhaifah and Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) went to bed, he would supplicate: “Bismika-Allaahumma amuutu wa ahyaa (With Your Name, O Allah, I die and return to life)”; and when he woke up, he would supplicate thus: “Al-hamdu lillaahilladhi ahyaana ba’da maa amaatanaa, wa ilaihin-nushuur (All praise belongs to Allah Who has restored us back to life after causing us to die; and to Him shall we return).” [Al-Bukhari]

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