Lesson 36 | Summary of Fiqh | The Two Eid Prayers

Saturday 26 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Two Eid Prayers

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • The Eid prayers something which is legislated in Islam [evidences from the Quran and Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
  • The Mushrikeen (polytheists) used to have celebrations at certain times, when Islam came it invalidated all of that and replaced them with the two Eids as a means of showing thankfulness to Allah.
  • The Eids are linked to great acts of worship (Fasting Ramadhaan and Hajj)
  • Narration about when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to Madinah, the people used to have celebrations and he informed that that Allah has exchanged that for something better (Eid ul Adha and Eid ul Fitr)
    • Therefore, it is not permissible to make anymore Eids besides these two Eid, such as Birthday Celebrations, as these are imitations of the disbelievers
    • Likewise, things like Mother’s Day or any other celebration or commemoration are not permissible in Islam as these were innovations by non-Muslims and whoever imitates a people is considered among them. The best of speech is the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is that of the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the fire.
  • What does Eid mean?
  • What is the evidence of Eid in the Quran? [Surah Al Kawthar verse 2]
  • The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) commanded the women to go out to the Eid prayer (being modest and not using perfumes).
  • Eid is one of the open signs of Islam among the people
  • The first time the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed Eid ul Fitr was in the second year of the Hijrah (migration) when fasting was prescribed and carried on until his death
  • Eid Prayer should be Prayed in the outside open space (not inside mosque). However, this open space should not be remote from the people. What is one of the wisdoms of this?
    • Exception is if in Makkah, the Eid prayer should be prayed in the Haram, and not outside
  • Times of the Eid prayer
    • When does the time for Eid prayer begin? [=when sun has risen a little above the horizon]
    • When does the time for the Eid prayer end? [=the time of the zawaal/zenith/meridian]
    • When is the best time for Eid Prayer? [for Eid ul Adha= as soon as sun has risen, for Eid ul Fitr= can wait a little after sunrise, what are the reasons for this?]
  • What if you only find out about Eid Prayer when it is after zawaal time on Eid Day, too late? [for example, if last day of Ramadhaan, if one community does not know the next day is Eid?]
  • Before going to Eid ul Fitr it is Sunnah to eat something sweet e.g. dates [hadith]
  • Before going to Eid ul Adha it is Sunnah to NOT eat anything beforehand [hadith]
  • Evidence from the Quran for paying the Zakat before Eid ul Fitr and doing the Slaughter after Eid ul Adha
  • Importance of going early to the Eid Prayer
  • The Muslim should wear the best of one’s clothes and the Men should use fragrance. The women should avoid using fragrance or wearing something that will attract the attention of the people, instead they should guard they modesty.

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LESSON 35 | Fiqh | The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • It is permissible to speak before, after and in between the two parts of the Khutbah provided it is not about worldly matters
  • The khutbah is very important as it has the mentioning of the Quran, hadith and reminder about Allah, it is not just a general talk but rather one that should be given importance
  • When the khutbah is going on, if the Khateeb mentions punishments, is it permissible for people to say “a’udhubillaah” or make Dua loudly seeking protection and vice versa for paradise ?
  • Talking during the Khutbah ruins the reward for such a person
  • Jumuah is an independent obligation, not just a swap for Dhur
    • Jumuah is better and more emphasised than Dhur
    • There is a punishment for the one who abandons the Jumuah
    • Jumuah prayer is obligatory upon all muslim males who are able, free (not a servant), of the age of responsibility and resident (not a traveller)
  • Jumuah prayer is not obligatory upon women, however if they do attend they will get the reward for it.
    • The same is for the other types of people (e.g. an ill person or traveller who still attends a Jumuah)
    • These exceptions on obligatory Jumuah (e.g. women, traveller, ill person) is to make it easy for them, if they wish they can attend and get the reward
  • It is makrooh (disliked) to start a Journey during Zawaal time (i.e. the zenith/meridian, when the sun is in middle of sky) just before Jumuah enters if one cannot pray on his way
  • Conditions of the Jumuah prayer
    • That the time of Jumuah must have entered, Jumuah time starts when the Zawaal (zenith/meridian) time finishes and the Jumuah time ends when the Asr time enters (Question: Is it permissible to pray the Jumuah prayer before the Zawaal time? [difference of opinion]
    • Must be resident (Question: what about nomads/gypsies?)
    • You must have caught at least one full rak’ah to be considered as having joined the Jumuah prayer (e.g. if you miss the first rak’ah, then catching the second and making up for first is sufficient for your Jumuah). If you catch less than one rak’ah then you missed the Jumuah prayer and must intend to pray dhur when joining the congregation
    • Must have the Khutbah with the Jumuah (Question: Eid Khutbah)
    • Certain parts of the Khutbah must be present such as praise upon Allah, Quran ayah, prayers and salutations upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) etc.

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Lesson 34 | Fiqh | The Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer

  • Why is the Friday Prayer called Jumuah prayer? What does Jumuah mean?
  • The day of Friday is the best day of the week
    • Hadith in Al-Bukhari and Muslim about superiority of Friday
    • “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the first on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were the given the Scripture before us. This (Friday) was their day of celebration which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people follow us in this respect” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  • The gathering of the Muslims has been prescribed on Fridays in order for us to see the great blessings of Allah bestowed upon us and to encourage us to thank Allah
  • The ayah (verse) ”O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the Prayer on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew” (Al-Jumu’ah: verse 9)
  • Ibnul-Qayyim said: “It is of the guidance of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to honour this day (Friday), and to favour it with special acts of worship which he does not perform on other days” (see Zaadul-Ma’aad 1/11)
  • Which is better? Fridays or the day of Arafa? [difference of opinion]
  • On Friday Fajr Prayer Surah As-Sajdah (The Prostration) and Surah Al-Insan (Man)  are read

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