Sound Creed: Lesson 3

Sat 27th Jul 2019

Lesson 3: The Six Pillars of Eemaan

  • The basis of the Islamic Creed is Belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, in the day of Judgement and in the Decree
  • What are the evidences for this from the Qur’an?
    • “It is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakin (the poor), and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their covenant when they make it, and who are As-Sabirin (the patient ones, etc.) in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al-Muttaqun (pious – see V. 2:2).” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) verse 177]
    • “Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Pre-ordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz).” [Surah Al-Qamar (The Moon) verse 49]
    • “The Messenger (Muhammad SAW) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, “We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers” – and they say, “We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) verse 285]
    • “And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah is Ever Encompassing all things.” [Surah An-Nisaa (The Women) verse 126]
  • The Hadith of Jibreel (may peace be upon him)
  • Tawheed, Eemaan and aqeedah is something that was taught by all of the Prophets and Messengers

Belief in Allah:

  • This is the basis of aqeedah (creed)
  • What does belief in Allah involve? What does it mean to believe in Allah?
  • Belief in Allah consists of 3 parts:
    • Tawheed Ar-Rububiyya (Oneness in the Lordship of Allah)
    • Tawgeed Al-Uluhiyya (Oneness in the worship of Allah)
    • Tawheed Al Asmaa Was-Sifaat (Oneness in the Names and Attributes of Allah)
  • The four things decreed by Allah and written by an Angel for a child when he is still in the womb of his mother
  • Putting one’s trust in Allah and taking the means to achieve your goals
  • Making dua to Allah alone, not asking the “Pirs” or “Maulanas” or Shaykhs or making dua via them. Only Allah can hear your dua and answer it

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Forty Hadith: Lesson 29

Sun 14 Jul 2019

Lesson 29:

Hadith 18

  • On the authority of Abu Dharr Jundub ibn Junadah, and Abu Abdur-Rahman Muadh bin Jabal (may Allah be pleased with them both), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Fear Allah wherever you may be, and follow up an evil deed with a good deed it will wipe it away, and behave with the people with good manners.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts
  • Recap of previous lesson
  • This hadith has within it the foundations of interacting with Allah, other people and yourself

Part 3: The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “and follow up an evil deed with a good deed it will wipe it away”

  • The Statement of the Prophet “Every son of Adam sins, and the best of the sinners are the repentant” [Tirmidhi]
  • People who believe that Allah will never forgive them
  • Hope for the one who sinned
  • How are sins cleansed from a person??
  • Allah says: “And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salat (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice). ” [Surah Al-Hûd (Prophet Hûd) verse 114]
  • Why was this verse revealed?

Part 4: The statement of the Prophet  (ﷺ) “and behave with the people with good manners”

  • A person should treat others as he wishes to be treated
  • What is the evidence of this from the Sunnah?
  • This does not mean treating others according to their desires but rather that which is best for them
  • Statement of Imam Rajab (may Allah have mercy on him)
  • Not letting harm reach others
  • Exceptional circumstances
  • Recap: what are the 4 foundations of good manners?
  • What if you have been raised in a difficult environment?
  • Is this (i.e. pursuing good character and manners) worth it?

Part 5: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) would offer complete and perfect advice to his Ummah
  • 2. Have fear of Allah in all states, places and all times
  • 3. Encouragement to follow up evil deeds with good deeds
  • 4. Good deeds wipe away evil deeds
  • 5. Encouragement to interact with other people with good manners

Hadith 19:

  • On the authority of Abul Abbas Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: One day I was sitting behind the Prophet (ﷺ) [riding on the same mount] and he said to me, “O young man, Indeed I shall teach you some words: Be mindful of Allah and He will safeguard you. Be mindful of Allah and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, then ask Allah [alone]; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allah [alone]. And know that if the nation were to gather together to benefit you with anything, they would not benefit you except with something that Allah had already prescribed for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with anything, they would not harm you except with something that Allah had already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” It was related by At-Tirmidhi, who said it was a good and sound hadeeth. Another narration, other than that of Tirmidhi, reads: “Be mindful of Allah, and you will find Him in front of you. Acquaint yourself with Allah in times of ease and prosperity, and He will remember you in times of adversity. And know that what has passed you by was never going to befall you, and what has befallen you was never going to pass you by. And know that victory comes with patience, and relief comes with affliction, and with hardship comes ease.”
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts

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Sound Creed: Lesson 2

Sat 13th Jul 2019

Chapter 2: The necessity of learning the Islamic Aqeedah

  • Obligation to learn the islamic aqeedah – understand its meaning and what it is built upon 
  • Understand what opposes the correct aqeedah, and what rectifies your deficiencies 
  • S. Muhammad: 19
  • Knowledge rectifies your intentions
  • The need to understand the meaning of laa ilaaha illa Allah and acting upon it
  • Muhammad (ﷺ) became a Prophet at the age of 40  and for more than a decade he taught tawheed
  • It is obligatory that a person focuses on learning about aqeedah
  • Learning about people of bidah (innovation)
  • In the Quran there are many verses about aqeedah especially the Meccan surahs
  • S. Fatihah: Ibnul-Qayyim says: know that this surah it incorporates the core objectives, principles. Three names of Allah. Everything is done for the sake of Allah. 
    • Iyyaka na’budu – our worship only to Allah
    • Iyyaka nastain – we ask Allah only
    • Seeking guidance from Allah – “guide us to the straight path”
    • Recompense of the servants, day of judgement – hell or paradise
  • The whole quran includes both types of tawheed: 
    • Tawheed with regards to knowledge and information (tawheed al-rububiyyah and Asmaa was-sifat)
    • Tawheed of actions (tawheed al-uluhiyyah)
  • Many people read the Qur’an but don’t understand the correct aqeedah, instead they follow their forefathers
  • There are three types of tawheed: the salaf mentioned it as well (Abu Hanifa etc.)
    • These categories are taken from the Quran (S. Fatihah, S. Nas)
  • “Hakimiyyah” is a subcategory of tawheed al-rububiyyah, not an individual type of tawheed

Chapter 3: Preaching the Muslim Aqeedah

  • Calling the people to the correct aqeedah
  • S. Baqarah: 256-257
  • All Messengers and Prophets (may peace be upon them all) began their mission to tell people to worship Allah alone and stay away from the false deities (S. Hud: 50, S. Nahl: 36)
  • Rectify the aqeedah in the people
  • Firm foundation – correct aqeedah
  • Muadh ibn Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) was sent to Yemen to call people to the correct aqeedah (tawheed)
  • For 13 years the Prophet (ﷺ) preached tawheed (Oneness of Allah) in Mecca, before teaching about zakah, jihad, salah, hajj and the halal and Haraam rulings (drinking, usury, adultery)
  • The statement of Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Abdulwahhab

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