Khutbah: Fasting in the Month of Muharram

6th Sep 2019

with Abu Muadh Taqweem

  • The story of Mūsa (peace be upon him) and how Allah saved him and his people from the tyranny of Pharaoh on the day of Ashura
  • Lessons for us in this story
  • Fasting in Muharram

40 Hadith: Lesson 33

Sun 25 Aug 2019

Lesson 33: Hadith 21 & 22

Recap of previous lesson

  • How many types of shyness or modesty are there?
  • How can someone gain shyness or modesty

Hadith 21

  • On the authority of Abi `Amr — and he is also called Abi `Amrah — Sufyan ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: I said, “O Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), tell me a statement about al-Islam about which I do not have to ask anyone after you.” He (ﷺ) said, “Say ‘I believe in Allah’ — and then remain steadfast.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 2 parts

Part 1: How the Sahabah were keen in gaining knowledge of the religion

  • The keenness of  Sufyan ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him)

Part 2: The concise yet comprehensive speech of the Prophet (ﷺ)

  • The statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Say ‘I believe in Allah’ — and then remain steadfast.”
  • This statement covers the entire religion
  • Why is this?
  • What is implied when we say “Islam” and “Eemaan”?
  • What did the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) mean when he said “and then remain steadfast”?
  • What is mentioned in the Qur’an about being steadfast?
  • Allah says:”Verily, those who say: “Our Lord is Allah (Alone),” and then they stand firm, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) (saying): “Fear not, nor grieve! But receive the glad tidings of Paradise which you have been promised!” [Surah Al-Fussilat (They are Explained in detail) verse 30]
  • What does this verse mean?

Part 3: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The keenness of the companions in asking about the affairs of the religion
  • 2. The excellent form of questioning from Sufyan ibn Abdullah
  • 3. In this Hadith there is an indication having belief in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet (ﷺ) 
  • 4. In this Hadith there is a reminder to stick to and remain steadfast upon the truth and guidance up until death

The importance of Remaining Firm

  • The test of life and how one needs to be firm and steadfast
  • How the final actions of a person (before he dies) can affect his destination
  • Stories of those who came before us and the trials they underwent
  • Story of Imam Abu Bakr An-Naabulusi
  • Question: How can one maintain Istiqaamah (steadfastness)?
  • Book: “When the Moon Split”

Hadith 22

  • On the authority of Abu Abdullah Jabir bin Abdullah al-Ansaree (may Allah be pleased with him) that: A man questioned the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and said, “Do you see that if I perform the obligatory prayers, fast in Ramadhan, treat as lawful that which is halal, and treat as forbidden that which is haram, and do not increase upon that in anything, will I enter Paradise?” He (ﷺ) replied, “Yes.” [Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 5 parts

Part 1: Who was the Questioner? 

Part 2: What did the Questioner mean by his question?

Part 3: why was there no mention of Zakah and Hajj?

  • Possible reasons why this was the case:
    • these things may not have been obligated yet
    • the questioner may have been poor and unable to carry them out
    • He may have included it in his saying “if I perform the obligatory prayers”