Ramadhan Lesson: Travelling

Sat 20 April 2019

Lesson 3: Travelling,

  • Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan
  • Allah, The Most High, by his mercy has made certain exceptions to this obligation based on a person’s ability/situation to give them an ease in that matter
  • What are these exceptions?
  • NOTE: The hadiths in the Book Umdatul-Ahkam which we are using are all taken from Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim

Travelling

  • Hadith of A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) regarding the question of Hamza Ibn Amr Al-Aslami to the Prophet (ﷺ)
    • If you are travelling should you fast? Is there a choice?
  • Do you have to make it up if you don’t fast?
  • When must you NOT fast whilst travelling?
  • Is it better to fast or not to fast when travelling
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Should one be criticised for fasting or not fasting when travelling?
  • Those who opposed the Prophet (ﷺ) during their Journey from Madinah to Makkah
  • Hadith of Abu Ad-Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Travelling during severe heat
  • What about our current time and relatively comfortable travel? What about those who are not able to fast whilst travelling?
  • Hadith of Jabir Ibn Abdullaah (may Allah be pleased with them both)
  • Taking the ease which Allah has given us
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)

Q&A

  • What distance is defined as “travelling” or a “journey”? How do you decide? Is there a specific distance?
  • Is a person forgiven if he was genuinely unaware/ignorant about the ruling regarding intercourse whilst fasting, is he excused from expiation? What if he was aware of the ruling but did it out of forgetfulness?
  • What happens if you travel every day for Business? What do you do in Ramadhan? Do you make up the days afterwards?
  • What age should someone start fasting?
  • What if a person missed days from one Ramadhan, and did not make then up the whole year until the next Ramadhan? what if there is a valid excuse e.g. a mother is breastfeeding (e.g. for 2 years)? What if someone does not have a valid  excuse?

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Ramadhan Lesson 2

Sat 13 April 2019

Lesson 2: Suhuur, Janabah & Menstruation, Forgetfulness & Expiation

The Suhuur

  • The hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say about the suhuur and the barakah (blessing) within it?
  • This hadith indicates that one should not start fasting before the time of Fajr
  • Some people make the mistake of starting their fast very early so that they start well in advance of the Fajr time entering
  • Linguistic: is it Sahuur or is it suhuur?
  • Having the suhuur is an act of worship, why is this?
  • Should one have the suhuur meal close to the end time or very early? why?
  • How can you tell when the time for the suhuur has ended?
  • If a person did not have the suhuur meal, is this a sin?
  • Some people have a big meal after taraweeh, then do not eat anything else for the rest of the night and miss the suhuur, is this correct?
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik from Zaid Ibn Thaabit (may Allah be pleased with them both)
    • Did the companions have the suhuur late?
    • How much time did the salaf leave from the time when they finished their suhuur until the start time of Fajr?

The state of Janabah

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Ramadhan Lesson 1

Sat 6 April 2019

Lesson 1: Introduction

  • We will be covering the book Umdatul Ahkam, chapter of Fasting insha Allah using the explanation of Sh Al-Fawzan and Sh Al-’Uthaymeen

Chapter of Fasting

  • What does the word “As-Siyaam” (Fasting) mean?
    • Linguistically it means to hold back from something
    • In terms of the Sharia, then As-Siyaam (Fasting) is to hold back from everything which breaks your fast, with an intention, from the entry time of Fajr up until the time of Maghrib
  • The importance of intention
  • When was Fasting obligated upon the Prophet (ﷺ)?
  • How many Ramadhans did the Prophet (ﷺ) fast?
  • Was fasting prescribed for the nations before the Prophet (ﷺ)?
  • Hadith of abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade fasting a day or two days immediately before Ramadhan
    • For example, some people may say “Ramadhan starts tomorrow, but I will start today just in case the moon is missed”
    • Why is this prohibited?
  • How is the start of Ramadhan Determined?
    • Sighting the moon
    • What happens if there is doubt on the 29th of Sha’ban and the moon is not seen?
  • Fasting a day or two immediately prior to Ramadhan is prohibited, however there is an exception to this, what is it?
  • Hadith of Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both)
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) commanded that when the new moon (of Ramadhan) is seen, then fast, and when the new moon (of Shawwaal) is seen, then end the fast (Eid), and if it is obscured then estimate
    • What does this mean?
    • Does every Muslim have to personally see the moon before he/she starts fasting? What if only one or two Muslims saw the moon?
    • What does “estimate” mean?
    • Are moon calculations/mathematical models/predictions (e.g. from Nasa or BBC weather reports) allowed to be used to determine when Ramadhan starts?

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New Saturday Classes!

📢 NEW SATURDAY classes!

🎤 Ramadhan Lessons from Umdatul-Ahkam

Using the Explanation of Sh Al-Fawzan and Sh Al-‘Uthaymeen

With our brother Abu Muadh Taqweem

❗️7PM every Saturday Insha Allah

We encourage everyone to attend with their families in order to benefit

🏡 Address:
Alhuda Bolton
Bella at, Bolton BL3 4DU

➡️Live on:
AlhudaBolton.com/Radio

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