Ramadhan Lesson 6: Laylatul-Qadr and I’tikaaf

Sat 18 May 2019

Ramadhan Lesson 6: Laylatul Qadr and I’tikaaf

4 Things the Prophet (ﷺ) Forbade

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade 4 things in this narration
  • Fasting on two days, the day of Eid ul-Fitr and the day of Eid-ul Adha
  • The hadith also mentions “As-sammaa” what does this mean?
  • A person is forbidden from sitting in a certain posture when one is wearing only one garment, what is this position?
    • What if a person sits in such a way but he has more than one garment and his private parts are covered?
  • Praying optional prayers after the fajr prayer or after the Asr prayer is also prohibited
    • What if someone misses an obligatory prayer (e.g. oversleeps) and remembers during this prohibited time?

Whoever fasts whilst in Jihad

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Whoever fasts one day whilst in the path of Allah (i.e. Jihad), then Allah distances his face from the fire by seventy years worth

Laylatul-Qadr (The Night of Decree)

  • Allah says:”Verily! We have sent it (this Quran) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)” [Surah Al-Qadr (The Night of Decree) verse 1]
  • Allah says: “We sent it (this Quran) down on a blessed night [(i.e. night of Qadr, Surah No: 97) in the month of Ramadan,, the 9th month of the Islamic calendar]. Verily, We are ever warning [mankind that Our Torment will reach those who disbelieve in Our Oneness of Lordship and in Our Oneness of worship].” [Surah Ad-Dukhan (The Smoke) verse 3]
  • When is laylatul Qadr? What is the evidence
  • The Qur’an was revealed on laylatul-Qadr
  • Hadith of Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • When is Laylatul Qadr?
  • What did Ibnul Qayyim mention about Laylatul Qadr
  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • Statement of Ibn Taymiyyah
  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)

I’tikaaf

  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • When did the Prophet (ﷺ) used to do the I’tikaaf?
  • What does I’tikaaf mean?
    • Linguistically it means to remain in a place
    • Islamically it means to remain in a masjid for the purpose of ‘ibadah (worship)
  • Q: How do women do i’tikaaf?
  • Q: How many days is I’tikaaf?
  • Q: Can a person doing i’tikaaf leave midway for trivial reasons? What if it is urgent?
  • Q: When do you start? What are the different opinions?

Q&A

  • What is the reward for Laylatul Qadr?
  • Why does Ramadhan change dates in the Gregorian calendar every year?

NO LESSON next week insha Allah or the week after

We will resume insha Allah the first saturday after Eid

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Ramadhan Lesson 5

Sat 11 May 2019

Lesson 5: Optional Fasting and prohibited Fasting

Continuous fasting

  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Hadith of Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Is it permissible to perform continuous fasting (i.e. fasting one day, then without breaking one’s fast going into the second day and onwards like this for a period of time)?
  • What are the opinions of the scholars?
  • The importance of being on time and hastening the breaking of the fast

Optional Fasting

  • Hadith of Abdullah Ibn Amr Al-’As (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Is fasting every day allowed?
  • Abdullah Ibn Amr Al-’As was eager to fast, what did the Prophet (ﷺ) recommend to him?
  • What is the fast of Dawud (David), may peace be upon him
  • The danger of going into Excess

The advise of the Prophet (ﷺ) to Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Fasting three days of each months,
    • What is the reward of doing this?
  • Praying the Witr Prayer before going to sleep,
    • What is the Witr prayer? How many rak’ah does it have? What times is it possible to pray it?
  • Praying the two rak’ah of the Duha prayer
    • What is the Witr prayer? What times is it possible to pray it? What time is best? Can you pray more than 2 rak’ah? What is the reward for praying it?

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Ramadhan Lesson: Travelling

Sat 20 April 2019

Lesson 3: Travelling,

  • Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan
  • Allah, The Most High, by his mercy has made certain exceptions to this obligation based on a person’s ability/situation to give them an ease in that matter
  • What are these exceptions?
  • NOTE: The hadiths in the Book Umdatul-Ahkam which we are using are all taken from Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim

Travelling

  • Hadith of A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) regarding the question of Hamza Ibn Amr Al-Aslami to the Prophet (ﷺ)
    • If you are travelling should you fast? Is there a choice?
  • Do you have to make it up if you don’t fast?
  • When must you NOT fast whilst travelling?
  • Is it better to fast or not to fast when travelling
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Should one be criticised for fasting or not fasting when travelling?
  • Those who opposed the Prophet (ﷺ) during their Journey from Madinah to Makkah
  • Hadith of Abu Ad-Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Travelling during severe heat
  • What about our current time and relatively comfortable travel? What about those who are not able to fast whilst travelling?
  • Hadith of Jabir Ibn Abdullaah (may Allah be pleased with them both)
  • Taking the ease which Allah has given us
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)

Q&A

  • What distance is defined as “travelling” or a “journey”? How do you decide? Is there a specific distance?
  • Is a person forgiven if he was genuinely unaware/ignorant about the ruling regarding intercourse whilst fasting, is he excused from expiation? What if he was aware of the ruling but did it out of forgetfulness?
  • What happens if you travel every day for Business? What do you do in Ramadhan? Do you make up the days afterwards?
  • What age should someone start fasting?
  • What if a person missed days from one Ramadhan, and did not make then up the whole year until the next Ramadhan? what if there is a valid excuse e.g. a mother is breastfeeding (e.g. for 2 years)? What if someone does not have a valid  excuse?

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