40 Hadith: Lesson 1

Sun 23rd Sept 2018

Lesson 1: Introduction and Biography of Imam Nawawi and Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād

  • Introduction to the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi
  • The best statements uttered by any human are the statements spoken by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)
  • Imam Nawawi has collected 42 comprehensive hadith from the fundamentals and principles of our deen in this book
  • We will be using the commentary of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād,
    • Story of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbad and his classes on this book
  • The life of Imam Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him):
    • What was his name?
      • kunya and title (Muhyideen, though he disliked it)
    • His birthplace
      • Born in the year 631 AH in the month of Muharram, in a town called Nawa on the outskirts of Damascus
    • His seeking of knowledge
    • His death
      • He passed away in his home town, in the house he was born in, on the 24th of Rajab in the year 676 AH
    • A brief biography of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād (may Allah preserve him)
      • His name
      • His birthplace
        • In the town of Zulfi (near Riyadh) in the year 1353 AH
      • His seeking of Knowledge
      • His role at the Islamic University of Madinah
    • Introduction to the book by Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād
      • Praise of Allah
      • Salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his family, his companions and those who follow their footsteps
      • Introduction to the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi and why he gathered 40 ahadeeth
      • Imam Nawawi’s own introduction to the book and his praise for the scholars
      • The importance of this collection of 42 hadith
      • Imam Nawawi’s citing of the narrations, their authenticity and chains
      • Imam Nawaiw says it is binding for anyone who has ardent desire for the afterlife that he/she knows and reflects on these ahadeeth due to the important matters they contain
      • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād explains the impact this book has had alongside other great works
      • Imam Ibn Rajab added further 8 hadith to this collection for a total of 50 hadith
      • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād explains this Sharh (commentary) and how it is structured
    • Encouragement from Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād to learn and memorise these ahadeeth

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 25

Sat 22th Sep 2018

Lesson 25: Mistakes made when Raising the hands in dua

  • See lesson 24 for the issue of raising the hands and its importance
    • Raising the hands before Allah when making dua indicates our need and poverty for Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • It is important to know the methodology of The Prophet () in raising the hands (see Lesson 24) and to stick to this
  • We should avoid the bidah people have invented regarding raising the hands e.g. movements, positions etc which have not been established in the sunnah
  • Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both): Ikrimah quoted Ibn Abbas as saying: When asking for something you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands. [Abu Dawud]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah explained there are 3 levels of raising the hands when making dua (See Lesson 24):
    • Raising the finger
    • Raising the hands up to the shoulders
    • Raising the hands extended higher than the shoulders
  • Therefore we must stick the way the Prophet () used to raise his hands or point with his finger and we must avoid the innovations invented by the people

Mistakes some people make when raising the hands

  • Some people when making dua let their hands be the level of their umbilicus (belly button) or waist, this shows one’s lack of importance which he/she are giving to the dua they are asking for. This is incorrect, rather the hands should be raised as mentioned above
  • Some people make movements with their hands or shake them in different directions and this has nothing to do with the sunnah.
  • Others wipe their hands before starting making dua, again this is not from the sunnah
  • Some others kiss their hands after they have finished making dua

Wiping the face after when raising the hands

  • All of the hadith which mention wiping the face are weak
  • However some scholars say that there are so many of these weak narrations that when combined, they get to an acceptable level.
  • However some scholars have the opinion that even when combined

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 24

Sat  15th Sep 2018

Lesson 24: Raising the hands when making dua

  • It is from one of the great mannerisms of making dua to raise the hands
  • It is something which is established from the sunnah in multiple narrations
  • Imam Al-Suyūdi mentioned that there are approximately 100 hadith which mention that The Prophet () used to raise his hands when making dua
  • Imam Al-Bukhari has a specific chapter in his Sahih book entitled “The raising of the hands on invoking”
  • The hadith of Abu Musa Al-Ashari (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • The hadith of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Narrated Anas: “The Prophet (ﷺ) raised his hands (in invocation) till I saw the whiteness of his armpits.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned in his explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari the widespread narrations regarding the raising of the hands when making dua
  • The Hadith of Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her)
  • Salman Al-Farsi narrated that the Prophet () said: “Indeed, Allah, is Hayy, Generous, when a man raises his hands to Him, He feels too shy to return them to him empty and rejected.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Raising the hands in different circumstances:

  • General method of raising the hands:
    • One should raise his/her hands to the level of the shoulders, with the palms facing upwards
    • g. when making a general dua or in qunuut etc.
  • When asking for forgiveness or mentioning Allah’s tawhid:
    • It is mentioned that in these cases one can raise his finger
    • g. in the tashahud
  • When in a state of great need or in distress:
    • In these cases one can raise his hands up high such that his underarms can be seen
    • g. in the rain (istisqa) prayer during a drought
  • Issue:

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 23

Sat  8th Sep 2018

Lesson 23: Seek forgiveness, be persistent, remember Allah in times of ease, he will be with you in times of difficulty

  • The importance of seeking forgiveness from the sins you have committed and make repentance before making your dua for indeed the accumulation of sins is one of the reasons why your dua may not be answered.
  • Some of the salaf used to say do not think that the answer to your dua is being delayed whilst you yourself have blocked the dua from being answered due to sins
  • There is also some poetry written about this, what does it say?
  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Messenger of Allah () said, “Allah the Almighty is Good and accepts only that which is good. And verily Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the tayyibat [all kinds of halal (legal) foods], and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said: “O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you.” [2:172]” Then he (saws) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?” [Muslim, also found in the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi]
  • Performing impermissible (Haraam) actions can be a means that prevents your dua from being Answered.
  • Likewise abandoning the obligations may also lead to dua not being answered
  • Therefore, whoever wishes for Allah to answer his dua and bring his hopes into fruition then it is upon him to repent to Allah with a sincere repentance from his sins
    • There is no sin too great for Allah to forgive
    • Neither is there any need which is too great for Allah to answer
  • Indeed the Propehts and Messengers (may peace be upon them Allah) used to encourage their people to seek forgiveness.
    • “”I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
    • “’He will send rain to you in abundance;” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
    • “’And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.”” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
  • Therefore making repentance is a cause for the goodness to descend and for blessing to continue and for dua to be answered
  • What did the the Khalif ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab used to do when asking Allah for rain?
  • What was the advice Al-Hasan Al-Basri gave the people when they complained to him about various issues?

Next part: To persist with your dua

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