Lesson 37 | Fiqh | The Eclipse Prayer, The Rain Prayer, and the Funeral Prayer

Saturday 9 Sept 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Eclipse Prayer

  • Brief recap of previous Lesson
  • The Eclipse prayer: why is it prayed?
    • The occurrence of an eclipse is a great sign from Allah
    • Verse regarding the sun and the moon [Chapter Yunus: 5]
    • Verse about how day and night as well as the sun and moon are all signs from Allah, and that we should worship him as he is the sole creator. “” [Chapter Fussilat: 37]
  • The eclipse prayer is highly recommended (Sunnah Mu’akkadah)
  • The eclipse occurred during the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), narration
  • Prior to Islam, it was believed the eclipses occur when someone important is born or dies, however the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) clarified to the people that this isn’t the case, but that the purpose instead is for it to be among the great signs of Allah
    • Hadith of the solar eclipse that occurred when the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) son Ibrahim died (note: all the prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) children died before him except Fatima), and the people began to say the above and he instead told them that eclipses don’t occur for these reasons, and that they (eclipses) should be recognised as a great sign of Allah
    • An eclipse is a magnificent sign
    • Hadith of Abu Musaa (in Bukhari) that the sign of the eclipse should bring someone to remember Allah, invoking him and seek his forgiveness
  • Timing:
    • When do you start praying? [=when the eclipse starts]
    • When do you stop? []
    • Can you still pray after the eclipse has gone? [=no]
    • Is there sin upon someone for missing it? [no]
  • How is it prayed?
    • Two rak’ah (units)
    • To read out loud
    • In the first rak’ah, begin with the Fatiha, then to recite a long chapter of the Quran
    • Then the rukuu’ (bowing) which should be made long
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • Then to recite the Fatiha and another chapter of the Quran again
    • The to bow (rukuu’) for a prolonged time
    • Then to raise one’s head and stand up straight (saying tasmii and tahmid) as usual
    • The to do sujuud (prostration), making it long. Then sit as usual (not making it long), and prostrate again for a prolonged time.
    • Then to stand up for second rak’ah and pray it as you prayed the first.
    • Then to end the prayer with tashahud and taslim, as usual
  • Should it be prayed together in congregation? [=better to do it in congregation but it is possible to pray by oneself]
  • After the prayer has finished and the eclipse has ended, the Imam should give a reminder to the people, for example about the significance of this sign, and not to be negligent or waste one’s life and instead to use it to worship our creator and make supplication to him [relevant hadith of Aisha radhiallaahu anhaa)
  • Shaykh ul-Islam Ibnu Taymiyyah mentioned that if the eclipse is progressing quickly to make the length of the prayer roughly the length of the eclipse

Chapter of Prayer: The Rain (istisqaa) Prayer

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Lesson 36 | Summary of Fiqh | The Two Eid Prayers

Saturday 26 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Two Eid Prayers

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • The Eid prayers something which is legislated in Islam [evidences from the Quran and Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
  • The Mushrikeen (polytheists) used to have celebrations at certain times, when Islam came it invalidated all of that and replaced them with the two Eids as a means of showing thankfulness to Allah.
  • The Eids are linked to great acts of worship (Fasting Ramadhaan and Hajj)
  • Narration about when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to Madinah, the people used to have celebrations and he informed that that Allah has exchanged that for something better (Eid ul Adha and Eid ul Fitr)
    • Therefore, it is not permissible to make anymore Eids besides these two Eid, such as Birthday Celebrations, as these are imitations of the disbelievers
    • Likewise, things like Mother’s Day or any other celebration or commemoration are not permissible in Islam as these were innovations by non-Muslims and whoever imitates a people is considered among them. The best of speech is the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is that of the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), and every innovation is misguidance and every misguidance is in the fire.
  • What does Eid mean?
  • What is the evidence of Eid in the Quran? [Surah Al Kawthar verse 2]
  • The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) commanded the women to go out to the Eid prayer (being modest and not using perfumes).
  • Eid is one of the open signs of Islam among the people
  • The first time the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed Eid ul Fitr was in the second year of the Hijrah (migration) when fasting was prescribed and carried on until his death
  • Eid Prayer should be Prayed in the outside open space (not inside mosque). However, this open space should not be remote from the people. What is one of the wisdoms of this?
    • Exception is if in Makkah, the Eid prayer should be prayed in the Haram, and not outside
  • Times of the Eid prayer
    • When does the time for Eid prayer begin? [=when sun has risen a little above the horizon]
    • When does the time for the Eid prayer end? [=the time of the zawaal/zenith/meridian]
    • When is the best time for Eid Prayer? [for Eid ul Adha= as soon as sun has risen, for Eid ul Fitr= can wait a little after sunrise, what are the reasons for this?]
  • What if you only find out about Eid Prayer when it is after zawaal time on Eid Day, too late? [for example, if last day of Ramadhaan, if one community does not know the next day is Eid?]
  • Before going to Eid ul Fitr it is Sunnah to eat something sweet e.g. dates [hadith]
  • Before going to Eid ul Adha it is Sunnah to NOT eat anything beforehand [hadith]
  • Evidence from the Quran for paying the Zakat before Eid ul Fitr and doing the Slaughter after Eid ul Adha
  • Importance of going early to the Eid Prayer
  • The Muslim should wear the best of one’s clothes and the Men should use fragrance. The women should avoid using fragrance or wearing something that will attract the attention of the people, instead they should guard they modesty.

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LESSON 35 | Fiqh | The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer (Part-2)

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • It is permissible to speak before, after and in between the two parts of the Khutbah provided it is not about worldly matters
  • The khutbah is very important as it has the mentioning of the Quran, hadith and reminder about Allah, it is not just a general talk but rather one that should be given importance
  • When the khutbah is going on, if the Khateeb mentions punishments, is it permissible for people to say “a’udhubillaah” or make Dua loudly seeking protection and vice versa for paradise ?
  • Talking during the Khutbah ruins the reward for such a person
  • Jumuah is an independent obligation, not just a swap for Dhur
    • Jumuah is better and more emphasised than Dhur
    • There is a punishment for the one who abandons the Jumuah
    • Jumuah prayer is obligatory upon all muslim males who are able, free (not a servant), of the age of responsibility and resident (not a traveller)
  • Jumuah prayer is not obligatory upon women, however if they do attend they will get the reward for it.
    • The same is for the other types of people (e.g. an ill person or traveller who still attends a Jumuah)
    • These exceptions on obligatory Jumuah (e.g. women, traveller, ill person) is to make it easy for them, if they wish they can attend and get the reward
  • It is makrooh (disliked) to start a Journey during Zawaal time (i.e. the zenith/meridian, when the sun is in middle of sky) just before Jumuah enters if one cannot pray on his way
  • Conditions of the Jumuah prayer
    • That the time of Jumuah must have entered, Jumuah time starts when the Zawaal (zenith/meridian) time finishes and the Jumuah time ends when the Asr time enters (Question: Is it permissible to pray the Jumuah prayer before the Zawaal time? [difference of opinion]
    • Must be resident (Question: what about nomads/gypsies?)
    • You must have caught at least one full rak’ah to be considered as having joined the Jumuah prayer (e.g. if you miss the first rak’ah, then catching the second and making up for first is sufficient for your Jumuah). If you catch less than one rak’ah then you missed the Jumuah prayer and must intend to pray dhur when joining the congregation
    • Must have the Khutbah with the Jumuah (Question: Eid Khutbah)
    • Certain parts of the Khutbah must be present such as praise upon Allah, Quran ayah, prayers and salutations upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) etc.

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Lesson 34 | Fiqh | The Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer

Saturday 12 Aug 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Jumuah (Friday) Prayer

  • Why is the Friday Prayer called Jumuah prayer? What does Jumuah mean?
  • The day of Friday is the best day of the week
    • Hadith in Al-Bukhari and Muslim about superiority of Friday
    • “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the first on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were the given the Scripture before us. This (Friday) was their day of celebration which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people follow us in this respect” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
  • The gathering of the Muslims has been prescribed on Fridays in order for us to see the great blessings of Allah bestowed upon us and to encourage us to thank Allah
  • The ayah (verse) ”O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the Prayer on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew” (Al-Jumu’ah: verse 9)
  • Ibnul-Qayyim said: “It is of the guidance of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to honour this day (Friday), and to favour it with special acts of worship which he does not perform on other days” (see Zaadul-Ma’aad 1/11)
  • Which is better? Fridays or the day of Arafa? [difference of opinion]
  • On Friday Fajr Prayer Surah As-Sajdah (The Prostration) and Surah Al-Insan (Man)  are read

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