Ramadhan Lesson 1

Sat 6 April 2019

Lesson 1: Introduction

  • We will be covering the book Umdatul Ahkam, chapter of Fasting insha Allah using the explanation of Sh Al-Fawzan and Sh Al-’Uthaymeen

Chapter of Fasting

  • What does the word “As-Siyaam” (Fasting) mean?
    • Linguistically it means to hold back from something
    • In terms of the Sharia, then As-Siyaam (Fasting) is to hold back from everything which breaks your fast, with an intention, from the entry time of Fajr up until the time of Maghrib
  • The importance of intention
  • When was Fasting obligated upon the Prophet (ﷺ)?
  • How many Ramadhans did the Prophet (ﷺ) fast?
  • Was fasting prescribed for the nations before the Prophet (ﷺ)?
  • Hadith of abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) forbade fasting a day or two days immediately before Ramadhan
    • For example, some people may say “Ramadhan starts tomorrow, but I will start today just in case the moon is missed”
    • Why is this prohibited?
  • How is the start of Ramadhan Determined?
    • Sighting the moon
    • What happens if there is doubt on the 29th of Sha’ban and the moon is not seen?
  • Fasting a day or two immediately prior to Ramadhan is prohibited, however there is an exception to this, what is it?
  • Hadith of Abdullah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both)
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) commanded that when the new moon (of Ramadhan) is seen, then fast, and when the new moon (of Shawwaal) is seen, then end the fast (Eid), and if it is obscured then estimate
    • What does this mean?
    • Does every Muslim have to personally see the moon before he/she starts fasting? What if only one or two Muslims saw the moon?
    • What does “estimate” mean?
    • Are moon calculations/mathematical models/predictions (e.g. from Nasa or BBC weather reports) allowed to be used to determine when Ramadhan starts?

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New Saturday Classes!

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🎤 Ramadhan Lessons from Umdatul-Ahkam

Using the Explanation of Sh Al-Fawzan and Sh Al-‘Uthaymeen

With our brother Abu Muadh Taqweem

❗️7PM every Saturday Insha Allah

We encourage everyone to attend with their families in order to benefit

🏡 Address:
Alhuda Bolton
Bella at, Bolton BL3 4DU

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40 Hadith: Lesson 23

Sun 24 Mar  2019

Lesson 23: Hadith 14 (part 2)

Hadith 14

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • We did parts 1-4 in the previous lesson
  • Recap so far:
    • The importance of having an understanding regarding these matters during our current time where those who seek to discredit Islam use these types of issues to justify their hate and propaganda
    • What sort of context are these laws to be applied in? Is there a judicial process? Who is responsible for them?
    • What is the wisdom behind these laws?

New Albaseerah Series

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 48

Sun 23 Mar 2019

Lesson 48: Supplication when you are unsure and are seeking guidance in forming a decision

  • The Istikhaara dua
  • You may have a matter about which you are unsure and you do not know the outcome, whether it will be good or bad and you are worried about this
  • Hadith of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
    • Supplication: Allaahumma innee astakheeruka bi’ilmika, wa ‘astaqdiruka biqudratika, wa ‘as’aluka min fadhtikal-‘Adheemi, fa’innaka taqdiru wa laa ‘aqdiru, wa ta’lamu, wa laa ‘a’lamu, wa ‘Anta ‘Allaamul-Ghuyoobi, Allaahumma ‘in kunta ta’lamu ‘anna haadhal-‘amra-[then mention the thing to be decided] Khayrun lee fee deenee wa ma’aashee wa ‘aaqibati ‘amree – [or say] ‘Aajili amree wa ‘aajilih – Faqdurhu lee wa yassirhu lee thumma baarik lee feehi, wa ‘in kunta ta’lamu ‘anna haadhal-‘amra sharrun lee fee deenee wa ma’aashee wa ‘aaqibati ‘amree – [or say] ‘Aajili amree wa ‘aajilihi – Fasrifhu ‘annee wasrifnee ‘anhu waqdur liyal-khayra haythu kaana thumma ‘ardhinee bihi
    • Translation: O Allah, I seek the counsel of Your Knowledge, and I seek the help of Your Omnipotence, and I beseech You for Your Magnificent Grace. Surely, You are Capable and I am not. You know and I know not, and You are the Knower of the unseen. O Allah, if You know that this matter [then mention the thing to be decided] is good for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, – [or say: in this life and the afterlife] – then ordain it for me and make it easy for me, then bless me in it. And if You know that this matter is bad for me in my religion and in my life and for my welfare in the life to come, – [or say: in this life and the afterlife] – then distance it from me, and distance me from it, and ordain for me what is good wherever it may be, and help me to be content with it.
  • Whoever seeks council in Allah will not regret it
  • When is it to be used?
  • What did Ibnul Qayyim say about this dua?
  • Allah controls all affairs and we rely on him
    • There is no one who can bring goodness except Allah
    • No one can remove harm except Allah
  • The ignorance and impermissibility of relying on other than Allah
  • Examples of situations when istikhaarah can be done (e.g. Marriage)
  • When can one NOT do istikhaarah?
  • How does one perform the Istikhaarah prayer? Why should one perform it?
  • Should one read the istikhaara supplication before giving the Tasleem or after it?
  • Should you raise your hands for this dua?
  • What if you have not memorised this dua? Can you read it from a book/paper?
  • The importance of being sincere and focused
  • What if a person is in an urgent need to make this supplication, yet he has not memorised it nor has he got a book or access to it, what does he or she do in this situation?


  • Question: Can you use this supplication if you have got a new Job but you are unsure it
  • Question: Can you make this supplication multiple times
  • Question: Is it possible that someone makes dua for istikhaara and then afterwards he or she gets some sort of indication about a  good or bad decision?
  • Question: When making the istikhaara dua, should you make your affair very specific?
  • Question: Can someone else make istikhaara for you?
  • Question: What if you make istikhaara but your mind is not yet settled?
  • Question: When making a marriage decision, should the istikhaara dua be about one particular person or can it be between different choices?
  • Question: What if you make istikhaara about marrying a person, can you seek advice from others after making the dua?
  • Question: If someone misses prayer from a salafi masjid, and the other masaajid are upon bidah, should he pray at home or pray in the other mosques?

Next week: No Lesson, there will be the Liverpool conference insha Allah

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