Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 16

Sat 23rd Shawwaal 1439/ 7th Jul 2018

Lesson 16: The statements “Allaahu Akbar” and “laa ilaaha illallaah”
• The Takbeer (saying “Allaahu Akbar”) has a great standing and reward with Allah
• The takbeer is something mentioned often in the Quran: For exmample
o “The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Ramadan and Shawwal] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) verse 185]
o “O you (Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)) enveloped (in garments)! Arise and warn! And your Lord (Allah) magnify” [Suratul-Mudathir (The one Enveloped in Garments) verses 1-3]
• Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned that the rtakbeer is pronounced in the prayer, the adhan, the eid and the high places (hills, mountains)
• The takbeer is one of the best of the statements and speech after the Qur’an along with
• Whenever the takbeer is mentioned it is always “Allaahu Akbar”, there can be no substitute for it
o Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)  said “The key to prayer is purification; its beginning is takbeer and its end is taslim” [At-Tirmidhi, Sunan Abi Dawud and Ibn Majah]
o This is the opinion of Imam Ahmed and others besides him, i.e. that to start the prayer with any othert statement other than “Allaahu Akbar”, then his prayer is invalid
• The takbeer is something that is always with a Muslim
• The takbeer is mentioned in the call to prayer (the adhan), the call to stand for the prayer (iqaamah), when opening the prayer as well as frequently during the prayer itself.
• In a 4 rak’ah prayer (e.g. dhur, Asr or Isha) the statement “Allaahu Akbar” is mentioned 22 times
o In every Rak’ah there are 5 times for saying the takbeer
o Based on this, the Muslim says “Allaahu Akbar” 94 times just from the five daily prayers
o Then how about the one who adds to this with the optional prayers as well as additional remembrance?
o The one who prays the five daily prayers, the optional rawaatib prayers as well as the optional night prayer will say the statement “Allaahu Akbar” 342 times!
• Therefore when a muslim guards over his/her five daily prayers as well as their optional prayers then this will earn him/her a great deal of reward!
• The fact that Allah has made the statement “Allaahu Akbar” as a key part of the prayer shows the importance of this statement
• However, how many times have we stopped to think and ponder about the magnificence of this statement!
• The takbeer is not something that has no meaning or substance to it. It has a great and lofty
• Ibn Jareer (may Allah have mercy upon him) said that the takbeer means to say the greatness of Allah and perform what Allah has commanded you and obey him in what he has commanded and prohibited (to show the greatness of Allah with both statements and actions)
• Shaykh Muhammad Al-Ameen As-Shinqeeti (may Allah have mercy upon him) said the takbeer is to show the greatness of Allah, and that the greatness of Allah will become apparent by you guard over the commandment of Allah and stay away from his prohibitions and that you are quick in those things that please Allah

• This indicates that all of the religion is an explanation of the statement “Allaahu Akbar”
• Therefore the muslim fulfils his obedience to Allah and that is due to him/her recognising the greatness of Allah
• Umar’s statement regarding the statement “Allaahu Akbar”

What does “Allaahu Akbar” mean?
• Some scholars have said that it means that Allah is the greatest, no matter how great anything is, Allah is always the greatest
• Shayk ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said the takbeer’s meaning is that a servant recognises that Allah is greater than anything and everything

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 15

30th June 2018

Summary:
Summary of last week we looked at some of the form of dhikr: “Subhanallah”
Hadith of Umm Ba’s (may Allah be pleased with them): Regarding the speech which is the best which Allah has chosen for angels and servants

This indicates the great virtue of the above dhikr.

The narration of saying this remembrance 100 times in the morning and the evening: no one will come with a better reward on the day of judgement except one who comes with more.

In another hadith whoever says “subhanallahil Adheem wa bihamdihi” then a tree will planted for him in paradise

Saying “Alhamdulillah”:
First thing to notice is that the quran opens up with this tatement.
There are other parts of the Quran:

  • Beginning of suratul An’Am
  • Beginning of suratul Kahf
  • Beginning of suratul Saba
  • Beginning of suratul Fatir

Allah also mentions this praise in relation to the creation

At the end of anything, the last thing mentioned is alhamdulillah
The praise is for Allah from the beginning to the end.
Allah says: “And He is Allah; La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). His is all praise, in the first (i.e. in this world) and in the last (i.e. in the Hereafter). And for Him is the Decision, and to Him shall you (all) be returned.” Suratul Qasas (The Story) verse 70

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 14

Sat 9th Shawwaal 1439/23rd Jun 2018-06-23

Lesson 14: The Best of Speech and Remembrance after the Qur’an

  • The best of Speech and Remembrance after the Qur’an itself are 4 statements:
    • Subhannallaah
    • Alhamdulillaah
    • Laa Ilaaha Illallaah
    • Allaahu Akbar
  • Indeed there have been many texts and evidences in the Qur’an and the Sunnah regarding the greatness of these 4 statements
  • These statements are the most beloved of speech to Allah
  • Abu Hurairah [may Allah be pleased with him] narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “That I should say: ‘Glory is to Allah (Subḥān Allāh).’ ‘All praise is due to Allah (Al-ḥamdulillāh),’ ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah (Lā ilāha illallāh),’ and ‘Allah is the greatest (Allāhu akbar)’ is more beloved to me than all that the sun has risen over.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • It was narrated that Umm Hani’ said: “I came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, tell me of a (good) deed, for I have become old and weak and overweight.’ He said: ‘Proclaim the greatness of Allah (say Allahu Akbar) one hundred times, praise Allah (say Al-Hamdu Lillah) one hundred times, and glorify Allah (say Subhan-Allah) one hundred (That is) better than one hundred horses bridled and saddled for the sake of Allah, better than one hundred sacrificial camels, and better than (freeing) one hundred slaves.'” [Sunan Ibn Majah]
  • Saying these statements expiate your (minor) sins
    • Abu Huraira reported: Verily the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: The five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadhan to Ramadhan are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins. [Sahih Muslim]
    • Major sins can only be expiated with repentance
  • Anas ibn Malik narrated that: the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) passed by a tree with dry leaves, so he struck it with his staff, making the leaves fall. Then he said: “Indeed, ‘all praise is due to Allah, (Al-Ḥamdulillāh)’ ‘glory to Allah, (Subḥān Allāh)’ ‘none has the right to be worshipped by Allah, (Lā Ilāha Illallāh)’ and ‘Allah is the greatest (Allāhu Akbar)’ cause the sins to fall from the worshipper, just as the leaves of this tree fall.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • Allah has selected these words and favoured them
  • These words protect from the fire. They will come on the day of judgement as saviours for those who used to be upon the remembrance of Allah

The statement: “Subhaanallaah”

  • It is mentioned more than 80 times in the Qur’an to say Subhaanallaah
  • Sometimes Allah directly commands us to say Subhaanallaah, e.g. “O you who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers]. [Surah 33 Al-Ahzaab (The Confederates) v. 41-42 ]
  • In the Qur’an 8 Chapters begin with the tasbeeh of Allah [e.g. Surah Isra (The Journey by Night)]
  • Subhaanallaah is mentioned in approx 30 different ways in the Qur’an:
    • 6 in relation to the Angles
    • 9 regarding the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • 4 by the other Prophets and Messengers
    • 3 talking about animals and  Inanimate objects
    • 3 times about the Believers
    • 6 times about all of the Creation
  • Everything in the heavens and earth glorifies Allah, this shows us therefore how great this statement is
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever says, ‘Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi,’ one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his sins even if they were as much as the foam of the sea. [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Mus’ab b. Sa’d reported that his father told him that he had been in the company of Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that he said: Is one amongst you powerless to get one thousand virtues every day. Amongst those who had been sitting there, one asked: How one amongst us can get one thousand virtues every day? He said: Recite: “Subhaanallaah” one hundred times for (by reciting them) one thousand virtues are recorded (to your credit) and one tbousand vices are blotted out. [Sahih Muslim]
  • Abu Hurairah narrated that :the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever says: ‘Glory is to Allah, and with His Praise (Subḥān Allāh, wa biḥamdih)’ a hundred times, his sins are forgiven, even if they were like the foam of the sea.” [at-Tirmidhi]
  • Thousand reward
  • Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “(The following are) two words (sentences or utterances) that are very easy for the tongue to say, and very heavy in the balance (of reward), and most beloved to the Gracious Almighty (And they are): Subhan Allahi wa bi-hamdihi; Subhan Allahi-l-‘Adhim,” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Jabir narrated that: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Whoever says: ‘Glory is to Allah, the Magnificent, and with His Praise (Subḥān Allāhil-Aẓīm, wa biḥamdih)’ a date-palm tree is planted for him in Paradise.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
  • Narrated `Abdullah: We used to consider miracles as Allah’s Blessings, but you people consider them to be a warning. Once we were with Allah’s Apostle on a journey, and we ran short of water. He said, “Bring the water remaining with you.” The people brought a utensil containing a little water. He placed his hand in it and said, “Come to the blessed water, and the Blessing is from Allah.” I saw the water flowing from among the fingers of Allah’s Apostle , and no doubt, we heard the meal glorifying Allah, when it was being eaten (by him). [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • What is the meaning of Subhaanallaah?
    • Translate directly usually as “Glory be to Allah”
    • However this is not fully accurate
    • In reality it means that Allah does not have any imperfection or shortcoming, he is the mighty and majestic far above and removed and free from any imperfection.

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Fiqh of Ramadhaan (Part 1)

19 May 2018

Fiqh of Ramadhaan: Rulings on Fasting and Taraweeh (Part 1)

The Day of doubt

  • ’Ammar bin Yasir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, ‘Whoever fasts the day of doubt he has then disobeyed Abu al-Qasim (the Prophet).’ [Related by the five Imams, and Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih]
    • What is the “day of doubt”?
    • Issue: if the people try to sight the moon on the 29th of Sha’baan but cannot see it due to weather, should the next day be considered the first day of Ramadhaan or should they complete 30 days of Sha’baan?
    • This hadith indicates that it is impermissible to fast on the day following the day of doubt
  • Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) made a mention of the new moon and (in this connection) said: “Observe fast when you see it (the new moon) and break fast when you see it (the new moon of Shawwal), but when (the actual position of the month is) concealed from you(on account of cloudy sky), then count thirty days. [Sahih Muslim]
    • What does it mean to “count” or in other narrations to “estimate” 30 days
  • According to these two narrations, then
  • IbnUmar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated, ‘The people were trying to sight the new moon (of Ramadan.) and when I reported to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that I had seen it, he fasted and commanded people to fast.’ [Related by Abu Dawud, and Al-Hakim and Ibn Hibban graded it as Sahih.]
  • Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A bedouin came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said: I have sighted the moon. Al-Hasan added in his version: that is, of Ramadan. He asked: Do you testify that there is no god but Allah? He replied: Yes. He again asked: Do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah? He replied: Yes. and he testified that he had sighted the moon. He said: “Bilal, announce to the people that they must fast tomorrow”. [Abu Dawud]
    • This hadith shows us that one person, one witness who sees the moon who is Muslim is enough for the rest to start fasting the next day
    • Shayh Fawzaan says it can be either a man or a woman, other scholars have differing opinions on that specific issue.
  • How many ways to tell if Ramadhaan has started?
    • Seeing the new moon
    • 30 days of Sha’baan being completed, then next day will be Ramadhaan
    • These are the only two ways
    • Astronomic/mathematical Calculations etc are impermissible

The intention for Ramadhaan

  • The mother of the believers, Hafsah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated that The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever does not form his intention to fast before to fajr, his fasting will not be accepted.” Related by the five Imams, but At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i consider it to be related by Hafsah and not connected to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Imam Ad-Daraqutni transmitted, “No fasting is accepted for one who does not form the intention (to fast) the night before.”
    • This hadith applies to the obligatory fast and shows us that if one has not made intention before the Fajr time starts
  • It was narrated that ‘Aishah said:“The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would enter upon me and say: ‘Do you have anything (any food)?’ If we said: ‘No,’ he would say: ‘Then I am fasting.’ So he would continue fasting, then it we were given some food, he would break his fast.” She said: “Sometimes he would fast and (then) break fast (i.e., combine fasting and breaking fast in one day).” I said: “How is that?” She said: “Like the one who goes out with charity (i.e., something to give in charity),and he gives some away and keeps some.” [Ibn Maajah]
    • This hadith applies to the optional fasts and indicates that one can start a fast midway through the day if one has not eaten anything rpiort ot it

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