Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 6

Sat 24 Feb 2018

✏️ Lesson 6: The Virtues of verse Ayatul-Kursi (2:255), Suratul Ikhlaas (The Purity) and other chapters

  • Brief Recap of previous lessons
  • This lesson will cover the virtue of Ayatul Kursi (the verse which mentions the footstool of Allah, 2:255), Chapter Al-Ikhlaas (The Purity) and other chapters
    • Previous lessons have mentioned that certain chapters of the Qur’an have specific virtues, e.g. we covered Chapter Al-Fatiha (The Opening) in lesson 5
  • The greatest verse of the Quran is Ayatul kursi (Chapter Al-Baqarah (The Cow), verse 255)
    • Ubayy b. Ka’b said: Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said: O Abu’ al-Mundhir, do you know the verse from the Book of Allah which, according to you, is the greatest? I said: Allah and His Apostle (ﷺ) know best. He again said: Abu’l-Mundhir, do you know the verse from the Book of Allah which, according to you, is the greatest? I said: Allah, there is no god but He, the Living, the Eternal. Thereupon he struck me on my breast and said: May knowledge be pleasant for you, O Abu’l-Mundhir!” [Sahih Muslim]
    • What is the reason for the high status of Ayatul kursi? This is due to the meanings of tawhid (Islamic monotheism) and praise upon Allah that it carries. It mentions the attributes of Might and Majesty of Allah.
    • Ayatul kursi has 5 names of Allah and over 20 attributes of Allah and this is more than any one verse in the Qur’an
    • Shayk ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said there is not a single ayah of the qur’an which incorporates that which ayatul kursi incorporates
    • Due to this great virtue of this verse, a person who reads ayatul kursi at night, then Allah will place a guardian upon him/her until dawn and no shaitan (satan) will approach him/her:
      • Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle ordered me to guard the Zakat revenue of Ramadan. Then somebody came to me and started stealing from the foodstuff. I caught him and said, “I will take you to Allah’s Apostle!” Then Abu Huraira described the whole narration and said: That person said (to me), “(Please don’t take me to Allah’s Apostle and I will tell you a few words by which Allah will benefit you.) When you go to your bed, recite Ayat-al-Kursi, (2.255) for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Satan will not be able to come near you till dawn.” (When the Prophet heard the story) he said (to me), “He (who came to you at night) told you the truth although he is a liar; and it was Satan.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]
    • Hadith of Abu umamah that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “whoever reads Ayahtul kursi at the end of each the obligatory prayers, nothing prevents him from entering Paradise except that he dies”  [Reported in Sunan an-Nasa’i]
    • Ibnul Qayyim mentioned that Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah would always recite Ayatul kursi at the end of each of the obligatory prayers
  • Chapter Al-Ikhlaas (The Purity) also has a great virtue;
    • The reward for reciting this chapter is equal to that of a third of the qur’an
    • How is this (i.e. Suratul Ikhlas being equivalent to a 1/3 of the Qur’an) the case?
      • There are generally 3 topics in the Qur’an, these are; tawhid (monotheism), rulings (e.g. halal, haram) stories of the Prophets or those of the past. Some of the scholars say since Suratul-Ikhlaas purely incorporates tawhid then this is why is has the reward for reciting a third of the Qur’an.
    • It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed Al Khudri that: A man heard another man reciting “Say: He is Allah, (the) One” and repeating it. When morning came he went to the Messenger of Allah (SAW) and told him about that. The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, it is equal to one-third of the Quran.” [Related by Sunan an-Nasa’i]
    • Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to his companions, “Is it difficult for any of you to recite one third of the Qur’an in one night?” This suggestion was difficult for them so they said, “Who among us has the power to do so, O Allah’s Apostle?” Allah Apostle replied: ” Allah (the) One, the Self-Sufficient Master Whom all creatures need.’ (Surat Al-Ikhlas 112.1–to the End) is equal to one third of the Qur’an.” [Related by Al-Bukhari]
    • Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said Suratul Ikhlas being a third of the Qur’an can be explained by the explanation above (regarding the 3 topics), however it should not be said Suratul Ikhlas is better than Suratul Fatiha, or that reciting it 3 times is equivalent to reciting the entire Qur’an. The Qur’an is to be recited as it is. Reciting it provides equivalent reward as though reciting a third of the Qur’an however these acts themselves are not the same and a person should not abandon reciting the rest of the Qur’an.

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✏️ Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest | Lesson 5

Sunday 18 Feb 2018

Lesson 5: The Light of Eemaan Prevails over the difficulties of this World

  • Recap of Lesson 4:
    • The cause and means of Allah saving you from your own evil could be just one dua
    • Tawhid is the greatest cause for alleviating the tight chest
    • Shirk is the greatest cause for tightening the chest
    • The noor (light) of Eemaan (belief)
    • For Summary of Lesson 4 go to: http://alhudabolton.com/2018/02/04/lesson-4-remedying-heavy-tight-chest/
  • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami (may Allah have mercy on him) says the light of Eemaan expands the chest and as a result of that, a person does not attach significance to this world and isn’t worried by the toils of it nor does he/she take delight in its luxuries
    • However, this must be correct Eemaan, free from shirk
    • Eemaan must be based on what the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) taught us
  • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami continues that perhaps there is a person who has Eemaan but is in a state of poverty or does not have much wealth, or perhaps he has enemies whom Allah has placed in a state of authority (as Allah has done in the case of many Prophets, Messengers and those who strive to bring about rectification in order to test them). Such people, Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami says, they find within themselves love of Allah and being in a state of happiness
  • Shaykh Ibnul-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) says the believer has an expanded and alleviated chest in this world despite the difficulties he faces, and when his Eemaan becomes intensified, then he will have an more expanded chest when facing the difficulties of life more so than what expansion he would find in a state of ease.
    • When such a person departs this world (dies), his/her heart becomes even more expanded, just as one who leaves a state of confinement as, in reality, this world is a prison for the believer
    • When the believer dies, he/she will experience bliss in the life of Al-Barzakh. However, when Allah raises him on the day of resurrection he/she will experience such a degree of relaxation which cannot be compared to what came before it
  • Allah may cause the enemies of those who strive to bring about rectification (e.g. the Propehts) to overpower them as a trail
    • Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728 AH may Allah have mercy on him), the teacher of Ibnul-Qayyim, was tested greatly however despite these difficulties Allah provided him with bliss, happiness and an expansive chest
    • Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (when imprisoned) said: “What can my enemies do to me? My garden is in my chest, wherever I go it goes with me, it does not leave me, my imprisonment is seclusion, my being killed is martyrdom, and my being driven out of my land is tourism”
    • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami says can your enemies do any more than this (to imprison, to kill, or to expel)?
    • Ibn Qayyim reports regarding the imprisonment of Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in the fortress of Damascus that he said “If I was to spend this fortress worth of gold, it would not equate to the gratitude and thanks I wish to give for this blessing (of being imprisoned in this fortress)”
  • Regardless of what others may do, if a person has the light of Eemaan then his/her heart is protected from the difficulties of this world
    • Ibn Qayyim says that he had not seen anyone live a life happier than Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah despite the difficulties he endured. Whenever fear increased with them they would go to Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah, seeing him and listening to him speak would replace the fear with relaxation, certainty and tranquillity
  • Shaikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah: “Indeed in the world there is a paradise, whoever does not enter into this paradise, he will not enter into the paradise of the Hereafter”
    • The paradise of this world is the delight of obeying and worshipping Allah.
  • Eventually such a person who obeyed Allah will die and his/her soul will be in bliss

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Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest: Lesson 4

Sunday 4 Feb 2018

✏️ Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest

Lesson 4: The Decree of Allah and free will of the slaves, the Effects of Shirk, and the Light of Eemaan

  • Recap of Lesson 3:
    • The believing slave of Allah has Love, Fear and Hope of Allah, what intensifies these things?
    • How many types of Guidance are there? What are these?
    • For Summary of Lesson 3 go to: Alhudabolton.com/2018/01/28/2147
  • Guidance which a person receives from Allah (Guidance for Success and inspiration), what is an indication that a person has received this?
    • Sincerity
    • Following the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
  • What are the signs that Allah has not bestowed success upon a person, and that Allah has misguided that person?
    • The person will find in his chest great difficulty when he wants to fulfil the commandments of Allah
    • He views the commandments of Allah as shackles from which he wants freedom
    • These are signs that Allah has forsaken the slave
  • Allah says: “Have We not opened your breast for you (O Muhammad (Peace be upon him))?” [Surah Ash- Sharh (94) verse 1]
    • What did Shaikh Uthaymeen mentioned about this verse and the meaning of an opened chest? (See Lesson 3), what did the Shaikh say about the two types of Allah’s Judgements
    • The soul’s desires go against the commandments of Allah (e.g pray, fast, not to do haraam) and prohibitions and so it is important to strive against one’s desires and therefore having Allah’s help in opening your chest is needed.
  • If a person finds it difficult do what Allah has commanded, he/she needs to run back to Allah
  • If Allah does not grant a person success in running back to him, then this is an indication that Allah has caused you to become lost and astray
    • The person who will be guided and the one who will not be guided, these are already written and decreed and is in the knowledge of Allah already.
  • The Decree of Allah and free will of the slaves:
    • The perfection of the world we live in and the other signs of Allah, the creator, show us that Allah has perfect knowledge of what happened, what is happening now, and what will happen. This comes from sound reasoning and a person will naturally know this (that this perfect and complex world could not have come about by chance)
    • Yet also, when one does a deed, it is not by force and so everyone has a free will and a choice between doing good and evil. A person will know this from his/her senses, i.e. that the choices they make are theirs.
  • The cause and means of Allah saving you from your own evil could be just one dua

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 5

Sat 3 Feb 2018

✏️ Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah:

Lesson 5: The variances in the Chapters of the Qur’an and the Great Virtue of Surah Al-Fatiha

  • The chapters in the Qur’an have different levels of virtue
  • NOTE: it is important to emphasise that ALL the chapters of the Qur’an are equal in one aspect, that is that they are all the speech of Allah and his revelation
    • Therefore, all the chapters of Qur’an have a great status by default
  • The remembrance of Allah through the recitation of the Qur’an and pondering over the Qur’an has a great amount of reward
  • However, different chapters have certain virtues,
    • the speech of Allah has different topics and this determines what types of virtues are present,
    • For example, Suratul-Ikhlaas (The Sincerity) talks exclusively about the Tawhid of Allah (monotheism)
    • Another example is surah #
  • The speech of Allah can be of two types:
    • Information regarding the creator (e.g. the names and attributes of Allah) or the creation (e.g. stories of prophets, heaven and hell, future events)
    • Information regarding the rulings (halaal and haraam, commands)
  • The greatest of the topics in the Qur’an is where Allah tells us about himself
    • Therefore, those verses talking about Allah are going to be more virtues than the verses about the creation etc
  • Virtues of Surah Al-Fatiha:
    • There is nothing in the Torah nor in the injeel (Bible) nor in the rest of the Qur’an that is equal to surah Al-Fatiha, see below hadith.
    • Hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) went out to Ubayy bin Ka`b, and so the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “O Ubayy!”, and he (Ubayy) was praying, Ubayy turned and did not answer him. Ubayy made his prayer light then went to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)  saying, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’ He said, “Peace be unto you. O Ubayy, what prevented you from answering me when I called you?” He said, `O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’ He said, “Did you not read among what Allah has sent down to me,”﴿اسْتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ﴾”Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life” [8:24]. He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah! I will not do it again.’ the Prophet said, “Would you like me to teach you a Surah the likes of which nothing has been revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur (Psalms) or the Qur’an?” He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah said, said, (What do you read in the prayer.) Ubayy said, `So I recited Umm Al-Qur’an to him.’ He said, “By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur or the Qurqan a Surah like it. It is the seven repeated verses that I was given.”[Reported by At-Tirmidhi, authenticated by Shaykh Al-Albaani]
    • This hadith highlights to us the great virtue of Surah fatihah, it has different names, the seven oft repeated verses (see verse 15:87) and also the The core of the Qur’an. Other names are “Ash-Shifa” (the curer).
    • Another virtue of Surah Al-Fatiha is that your prayer is invalid without it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said whomsoever prays without reciting surah Al-Fatiha then his prayer will be incomplete. See below Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’an, It is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete. It was said to Abu Huraira: At times we are behind the Imam. He said: Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) declare that Allah the Exalted had said: I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe, Allah the Most High says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allah the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the worshipper) says: Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the worshipper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou hast been Gracious not of those who have incurred Thy displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray, He (Allah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Sufyan said: ‘Ala b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Ya’qub narrated it to me when I went to him and he was confined to his home on account of illness, and I asked him about it.” [Reported by Sahih Muslim]
    • Surah Fatiha is a dialogue between Allah and his servant this indicates the great amount of virtue within this chapter. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when he used to recite Surah Al-Fatiha he used to recite it verse by verse and this is best.

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