Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 5

Sat 3 Feb 2018

✏️ Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah:

Lesson 5: The variances in the Chapters of the Qur’an and the Great Virtue of Surah Al-Fatiha

  • The chapters in the Qur’an have different levels of virtue
  • NOTE: it is important to emphasise that ALL the chapters of the Qur’an are equal in one aspect, that is that they are all the speech of Allah and his revelation
    • Therefore, all the chapters of Qur’an have a great status by default
  • The remembrance of Allah through the recitation of the Qur’an and pondering over the Qur’an has a great amount of reward
  • However, different chapters have certain virtues,
    • the speech of Allah has different topics and this determines what types of virtues are present,
    • For example, Suratul-Ikhlaas (The Sincerity) talks exclusively about the Tawhid of Allah (monotheism)
    • Another example is surah #
  • The speech of Allah can be of two types:
    • Information regarding the creator (e.g. the names and attributes of Allah) or the creation (e.g. stories of prophets, heaven and hell, future events)
    • Information regarding the rulings (halaal and haraam, commands)
  • The greatest of the topics in the Qur’an is where Allah tells us about himself
    • Therefore, those verses talking about Allah are going to be more virtues than the verses about the creation etc
  • Virtues of Surah Al-Fatiha:
    • There is nothing in the Torah nor in the injeel (Bible) nor in the rest of the Qur’an that is equal to surah Al-Fatiha, see below hadith.
    • Hadith of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) went out to Ubayy bin Ka`b, and so the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “O Ubayy!”, and he (Ubayy) was praying, Ubayy turned and did not answer him. Ubayy made his prayer light then went to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)  saying, `Peace be unto you, O Messenger of Allah!’ He said, “Peace be unto you. O Ubayy, what prevented you from answering me when I called you?” He said, `O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’ He said, “Did you not read among what Allah has sent down to me,”﴿اسْتَجِيبُواْ لِلَّهِ وَلِلرَّسُولِ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ لِمَا يُحْيِيكُمْ﴾”Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life” [8:24]. He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah! I will not do it again.’ the Prophet said, “Would you like me to teach you a Surah the likes of which nothing has been revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur (Psalms) or the Qur’an?” He said, `Yes, O Messenger of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah said, said, (What do you read in the prayer.) Ubayy said, `So I recited Umm Al-Qur’an to him.’ He said, “By Him in Whose Hand is my soul! Allah has never revealed in the Tawrah, the Injil, the Zabur or the Qurqan a Surah like it. It is the seven repeated verses that I was given.”[Reported by At-Tirmidhi, authenticated by Shaykh Al-Albaani]
    • This hadith highlights to us the great virtue of Surah fatihah, it has different names, the seven oft repeated verses (see verse 15:87) and also the The core of the Qur’an. Other names are “Ash-Shifa” (the curer).
    • Another virtue of Surah Al-Fatiha is that your prayer is invalid without it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said whomsoever prays without reciting surah Al-Fatiha then his prayer will be incomplete. See below Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’an, It is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete. It was said to Abu Huraira: At times we are behind the Imam. He said: Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) declare that Allah the Exalted had said: I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe, Allah the Most High says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says: The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allah the Most High says: My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks: My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say: My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the worshipper) says: Thee do we worship and of Thee do we ask help, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the worshipper) says: Guide us to the straight path, the path of those to whom Thou hast been Gracious not of those who have incurred Thy displeasure, nor of those who have gone astray, He (Allah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Sufyan said: ‘Ala b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Ya’qub narrated it to me when I went to him and he was confined to his home on account of illness, and I asked him about it.” [Reported by Sahih Muslim]
    • Surah Fatiha is a dialogue between Allah and his servant this indicates the great amount of virtue within this chapter. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when he used to recite Surah Al-Fatiha he used to recite it verse by verse and this is best.

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✏️ Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest: Lesson 3

Sunday 28 Jan

Lesson 3: What is Muraaqabah? What things cause a servant to be forsaken by Allah?

  • Brief Recap of lesson 2, what things weaken or strengthen a person’s Tawhid?
  • Recap of why Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami mentions Tawhid alongside Eemaan
  • What is Muraaqabah?
    • It is to worship Allah being conscious of him watching you, as though one sees Allah and so finds closeness to Allah and his chest feels opened
  • When a person sins or commits a mistake, the heart of a believer has certain symptoms
    • Every Human commits mistakes and sins
    • When the person who has Muraaqabah commits sins, he feels alone
    • Such a person as above should run back to Allah when that occurs
    • Why does he/she run back to Allah? = So Allah can save him/her from the evil of the person’s own self and own desires
  • Where are the acts of worship manifested?
    • The heart (e.g. fear, love)
    • The tongue (e.g. reciting the qur’an)
    • The limbs (e.g. prayer, hajj, fasting etc)
  • The acts of worship of the heart (e.g. fear, love etc), do they have levels or are they absolute/discrete?
    • The actions of the heart can increase and decrease
    • How can the acts of worship of the Heart be increased?
      • Ibn Qayyim says: Whenever Muraaqabah (Being conscious that Allah is watching you) increases, then this brings about shyness, shame, tranquillity, fear, hope and submission before Allah that is not attained by anything other than it (i.e. Muraaqabah)
      • Therefore increasing Muraaqabahn will increase the acts of worship of the heart
  • Allah Says: “And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam, and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on those who believe not.” [Surah An’aam (6):125]
    • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami mentions that there are two types of guidance:
      • Guidance of directing and making things clear for a someone
        • Does this type of guidance mean a person is a Muslim? = No. This is because this type of guidance can occur by Allah but can also occur by others e.g. prophets and messengers etc.
      • Guidance of Allah granting success and inspiration
        • This is when a person’s chest is opened to Islam as Allah mentioned in the verse above. This guidance can only occur by Allah and so if someone finds this in their heart, then this means Allah has guided him/her
        • This type of guidance must come after the first type
        • In this guidance the chest of a person is opened to sincerity in performing the worships and in accordance to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
        • NOTE: Some Muslims say, “Muslims in the world are in a dire state, lets unite as a large umbrella group and not concern ourselves with what we believe (e.g. Sunni, Sufi, Shia, etc), let’s just get together”. This is FALSE and goes AGAINST the Sunnah of our Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

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✏️ Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest: Lesson 2

Sunday 21 Jan

✏️ Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest

Lesson 2: Causes of weakness or strength in Eemaan, what happens to the heart when one sins?

  • Brief Recap of lesson 1
  • Without Tawhid the heart cannot experience true tranquillity
  • No amount of wealth will grant tranquillity
  • How is it possible for a heart to have relaxation without that heart recognising the lord which has created it? How can one have peace without knowing the purpose for which he/she is created?
    • Anecdote of one waking up on an aeroplane, not knowing where he/she is going or why he/she is on that plane to begin with, the first thing one would want to know is “why am I here?” even before wanting to know how
  • Tawhid increases and decrease and this is affected by knowledge and patience
    • Your chest will be expanded in proportion to how strong your tawhid is and vice versa
  • Ibn Qayyim mentioned in another book concerning which group of people have the most perfect of Tawhid
    • NOTE: Tawhid has a basis/foundation, what is this?
    • NOTE: after the foundation of tawhid, there is the perfection of Tawhid, brief recap (see Lesson 1)
    • NOTE: the importance of staying away from the major sins, not persistently committing minor sins and accompanying that with seeking forgiveness
    • Recap of who are the best of the people in perfection of Tawhid, (see Lesson 1)
  • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami says the above (i.e. Tawhid and Eemaan increasing and decreasing) is something a person is aware of by himself from own experience
  • Ibn Qayyim states a person’s soul fluctuates between commanding with evil, self reproaching and commanding with good. These are symptoms of strength or weakness of Eemaan
  • Causes of a person’s Eemaan and Tawhid becoming weak:
    • Turning away from Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa.
    • Allah will test you with situations where you have an option to obey or disobey Allah with your hand, eye, speech etc
    • NOTE: after disobeying Allah, the soul of a believer becomes regretful and tight
  • Causes of a person’s Eemaan and Tawhid becoming strong:
    • Obeying Allah
    • NOTE: this must be done in accordance with the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Performing Bidah is not obeying Allah.

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 4

Sat 20 Jan 2018

✏️ Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah:

Lesson 4: Making Dhikr with the Qur’an, its Great status and reward, and What is required of a person

  • Brief recap of last lesson
  • The best type of Dhikr (remembrance) is the Qur’an itself
    • Allah says: “Verily, those who disbelieved in the Reminder (i.e. the Quran) when it came to them (shall receive the punishment). And verily, it is an honourable respected Book (because it is Allah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption, etc.). (See V. 15:9]” [41:41]
    • Continued: “Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allah).” [41:42]
    • Continued: “Nothing is said to you (O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)) except what was said to the Messengers before you. Verily, your Lord is the Possessor of forgiveness, and (also) the Possessor of painful punishment.” [41:43]
    • The Qur’an is the best of the books, revealed to the best of the Messengers
    • Allah says: “And no example or similitude do they bring (to oppose or to find fault in you or in this Quran), but We reveal to you the truth (against that similitude or example), and the better explanation thereof.” [25:33]
    • Ibn Kathir (may Allah be pleased with him) said regarding the above verse that this is a great degree of nobility to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in that the Angel (Jibreel) used to come to him with the Qur’an in the morning or evening, whether he was travelling or resident. This was not the same as the previous revelations.
  • The great status of the Qur’an and its virtue is not something hidden from the Muslims. It is word of Allah, it contains the news of what occurred in the past, news of what will happen in the future and it judges between us.
  • The Qur’an has such a high status because it is the speech of Allah, and nothing is comparable to the attributes of Allah, therefore the Qur’an is unique.
  • The Qur’an is not created and it is different to anything created. The virtue of the Qur’an compared to any other speech is like the comparison of the superiority of the Lord over his creation
  • We must therefore give importance to the Qur’an and preserve its station
    • Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud said whomsoever wishes to know if he Loves Allah then he should check himself with the Qur’an. If you Love the Qur’an then you Love Allah as the Qur’an is the word of Allah
    • We should recite, understand, and memorise the Qur’an
    • Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud also said the Qur’an is the word of Allah, so whomsoever rejected anything from it then he has rejected Allah

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