Lesson 41 | Fiqh | Debt of the Deceased, One who dies in Hajj, Narrations of Washing and Shrouding of Salaf

Saturday 21 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Funeral Prayer

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “the soul of a believer is hanging upon its debt until that debt is paid off on behalf of him” [Ahmed]
    • If someone dies and they have a debt, the debt should be paid
    • This can be done through the wealth they have left behind
    • If the deceased was poor and had no wealth left behind then his family should pay on his behalf
    • If the family has no wealth then his relatives,
    • if none of them can do it then any of the Muslims can pay his debt. This is because this hadith indicates that the soul of the deceased is held/stuck, cannot progress into paradise until this issue is settled
    • from amongst the things the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to place importance was this issue of the debt of the dead. He would ask about it and pay the debt of the deceased
    • The hadith indicates that a person will not get into paradise until the debts are paid
    • Debt is amongst the rights of the people and must be either paid back or the debtor has to waive it
    • NOTE: the above here is regarding a halal loan/debt. If the issue is concerning stolen money which isn’t repaid then this is more serious issue. The rights of the people are an important matter and their rights should be returned and should be done quickly
  • Narration of Ibn Abbas about the Sahabah who died in Hajj. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid “wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two garments”, and in another narration “shroud him in his garments”, and to not put any fragrance upon him, and to not cover his head because he will be raised on the day of resurrection making the Talbiyah, [Bukhari and Muslim]. We learn from this hadith:
    • The obligation to wash the deceased and to used camphor, soap etc. Shampoo and other cleaning products are permissible but camphor is better as it was used by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • To shroud the body is also an obligation. Shrouding is a priority and any money the deceased may have had should be used to ensure he has a shroud before inheritance or debt is considered
    • The burial is also an obligation and likewise the wealth of the deceased should be used to cover this before inheritance or debt is considered
    • Issue 1: should the special funeral cars be used (the long estate cars with large window)? Shaykh Al-Albaani states this is an imitation of the practices of the non-Muslims and Muslims should not do this.
    • Overall: The cost of the washing, shrouding and burial of the deceased should be covered as a priority before debt, will etc inheritance.
    • Question from one of the children: If someone dies in a country and no one prays the Janaazah what happens (Example of Artic explorer!).
    • Death does not cut off the state of Ihram#
    • Issue 2: if someone dies in hajj must his family finish his hajj for him as a substitute?
    • Issue 3: The dead muhrim should be kept away from what a living muhrim is kept from such as fragrances.

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Lesson 40 | Fiqh | Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

Saturday 14 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Lesson 40 Remembering Death, issue of Suicide, other matters Surrounding Death

This lesson will go into Extra details of the Janazaah prayer, using hadiths outside of this book

  • From the book Explanation of Buluughul Maraam
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Remember the Destroyer of Desires often, death”
      • Death is inevitable and We should remember it often, when a person thinks about death you will not be fooled by the desires/glitters of this world. Therefore, a person should not become negligent of this.
      • Remembering death helps one to prepare for the after-life (Akhirah) as it encourages good deeds, and reduces sins
      • Remembering death weakens attachment to the world, removes the worry for the one who has little and removes the satisfaction for the one that has much
    • Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) “None of you should wish for death due to difficulty afflicting him. If you had to say wish for it then say O Allah let me to live as long as life is better for me and allow me die if death is better for me”
      • This indicates the impermissibility of suicide. A Muslim should not wish for death upon themselves due to difficulties they may face, let alone doing it
      • Secondly, we also learn from this hadith that in times of difficulty a Muslim should remain calm, patient and put their trust in Allah. Remember everything has already been decreed, so you keep your trust in Allah and keep making dua/supplication (being confident and certain in Allah) and this difficulty will be removed and/or you will get reward for your patience
      • Example of the Story of Ibrāhīm (Abraham) may Allah be pleased with him and other Prophets and Messengers (may Allah be pleased with them all)
      • Some scholars mention from this hadith that you should not wish for death
    • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “The hour shall not be established until a man will walk past the grave of another man and he will say ‘if only I was in his place’”
      • This narration is talking about the fitan (trials and tribulations) that will come when the hour is near

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Lesson 39 | Fiqh | The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

Saturday 7 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: The Washing and Shrouding of the Deceased

  • Washing the deceased is mentioned in Multiple narrations and is obligatory for those acquainted with the rulings and conditions and aware of the death.
  • The Prophet ((صلى الله عليه وسلم)) washed the deceased and was washed himself upon his death
  • A deceased man should be washed by a man, and likewise a deceased woman should be washed by another woman. (NOTE: there are two exceptions which will be mentioned below)
  • The person who does the washing should be trustworthy and knowledgeable in this regard as this is a special act with rulings to it
  • Priority of who has the right to wash:
    • If a person specifies in his will that a person should carry out the washing, then this person has the foremost right provided that person is capable and knowledgeable in this regard. For example, Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him) stated in his will to be washed by Asmaa Bint Umays, his wife (may Allah be pleased with her). This also shows that Husband can wash the body of his wife, and likewise a Wife can wash the body of her husband. Another example of specifying a person is that Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) specified in his will that he should be washed by Muhammad Ibn Sîrîn (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • After a person specified in will, then the father has the next most right to do the washing.
    • If it is not possible for the father to wash then it becomes the right of the Grandfather
    • if that is not possible then the next of kin/relatives.
    • If no family or next of kin can be found to do the washing, then someone outside of his family should do so.
    • The order above applies to women also, e.g. if a woman specifies a specific woman to do the washing then she will have priority, and after that it is the closest female relative etc
    • NOTE: one who is acquainted with the rulings should be given priority over one that does not have the required knowledge and ability to carry out the washing
  • In General, a deceased man is to be washed by a man and likewise for the women. An exception to this is the aforementioned where a Husband washes his wife or a wife washes her deceased husband. A further example of this is that Ali Ibn Abî Tâlib (may Allah be pleased with him) washed the body of his wife Fatima (may Allah be pleased with her)
  • If a small child under the age of 7 dies, then that child can be washed by either a man or a woman. For example, Ibrahim (may Allah be pleased with him) the baby son of the prophet was washed by women when he died.
  • If a child is 7 or older then that child should be washed by the correct gender (Males wash the males etc)

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Special Lesson | Basic aspects of Islam

Saturday 23 Sept 2017

Special Lesson: Basic aspects of Islam

  • The Testimony of Faith
  • The importance of Tawhid (Monotheism) in Islam
  • Story of messengers
    • Ibrahim (Abraham) عليه السلام (Peace be upon him) and the idols
    • Nuh (Noah) عليه السلام and his people
    • Musa (Moses) عليه السلام and Fir’aun/Pharoah
    • Isaa (Jesus) عليه السلام and his message
  • The Angel Gibreel (Gabriel) and his role in bringing the message down
  • The distinction between Islam and all other Religions is the Pure Monotheism of Islam
  • The second part of the Testimony: Believing in Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as the final messenger of Allah
  • The other Pillars of Islam such as Prayer, Fasting, Zakah (charity) and Hajj (pilgrimage)
  • The day of Judgement and the Accountability on that day
  • What the Sunnah (words, actions etc. of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)) teaches us
  • Q&A;
    • What about Muslims who believe in a prophet after Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)?
    • What about ISIS and Alqaeda etc and other terrorist groups?
    • What do Muslims believe about Jesus (Isaa عليه السلام) and the other Messengers?
    • Was the message of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) only for the Arabian Peninsula?
    • What does Islam teach about the Dajjaal (Anti-Christ)?

Next Week Insha Allah: NO LESSON

The Week After that Insha Allah: The Funeral Prayer continued (going into details)



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