LESSON 17 | SUMMARY OF FIQH | The Pillars of the prayers

Saturday 10 Dec 2016

Today we covered the Pillars of the Prayer:

You must perform the pillars, if you are negligent of any of the pillar, the WHOLE prayer becomes invalid. There are 14 pillars.

  1. Qiyaam (to stand up) “.. and stand before Allah, with obedience” (2:238). And in the hadith the prophet, peace be upon him commanded the man who prayed badly to stand while praying (and if that’s not possible then sitting and if that’s not possible while lying down).
    • In the supererogatory prayers, you may perform them while sitting down.
  2. The opening Takbeer (to say Allahu Akbar).   The prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said “Then face the qiblah and say the takbeer!
  3. Recitation of the Fatiha. “No prayer [is accepted] from the one who does not recite al-Fatiha”
    • It must be recited in every rak’ah
    • Do you have to recite it when praying behind an imam?
  4. The rukoo’ (the bowing) in every rak’ah.
    • Proof: “O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves” 22:77
    • It has been established in the Qur’an, Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
    • How should the rukoo’ be performed?
  5. Standing up from the Rukoo’
  6. To stand up straight (after standing up from the Rukoo’)
    • A description of the above two pillars (5 &6 are combined)
  7. The Sujood (prostration)
    • The sujood is done upon seven body parts, what are they?
    • How should it be done?
    • The sujood is when a servant is nearest to his Lord and it is one of the greatest pillars of the prayer.
    • You should make dua during sujood
    • What language should the dua be in?
  8. Rising from the sujood and sitting up straight between the two prostrations
  9. Tranquillity while performing all actions of the prayers
  10. The final Tashahhud
  11. To sit for the tashahhud
  12. Sending prayers and blessings upon Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in the final tashahhud
  13. To perform all the parts of the prayer in order
  14. The Tasleem (to say salamu alaykum)

+ a range of questions from the attendees


Recorded at Masjid Alhuda Bolton on 10/12/16

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Lesson 16 | Summary of Fiqh |Mannerisms of Attending the Prayer

Saturday 3/12/16

Today we covered the etiquette of walking to the prayer:

It is a matter of vital importance as the prayer is one of the great acts of worship in Islam. One should:

  •  Walk to the prayer with peace and tranquillity
    • This means walking with calmness, not raising your voice, looking around unnecessarily and keeping the gaze lowered
  • Come early to the prayer so you can catch the start of the congregation
    • For every step, a sin is forgiven and a person is raised by a level, so you should take small steps in order to gain more of this.
  • When entering the masjid:
    • Which foot should you enter with first? Which foot do you leave with?
    • What is the dua for entering / leaving the masjid?
  • When you are inside, do not sit down until you have prayed to rak’ahs
    • If you come late and enter the masjid during the jamaa’ah – what should you do?
    • What should you do if enter during the Athaan of the Friday prayer?
  • When waiting for the prayer, one should engage in dhikr and recitation of the Qur’an and avoid frivolous activities.
  • Don’t talk about wordly matters when waiting for the prayer, because the angels seek forgiveness for the one who waits for the prayer – don’t waste this reward!
  • At what point during the iqaamah should you stand up?
  • What should you do if the imam is late?
  • Be eager to be in the first row – “if people knew the virtue of the athaan and first row, and had to draw lots, they would do so” [Hadith]
    • Avoid gaps in the rows
    • Try to be as near to the imam as possible
    • The Imam should ensure the rows are straight.
  • What does straightening the rows mean?
    • How do you prevent any gaps occuring in the rows?
    • What should you do if the person next to you does not join his feet with you?

Introduction to the next chapter: The Pillars, obligations and sunnahs of the prayer

  • What is a pillar? What is an obligatory act during the prayer and what is Sunnah?
  • What happens if you leave one of them off?
  • When should you perform the prostration of forgetfulness?


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Lesson 15 | Summary of Fiqh | Facing the Qiblah and Making the Intention

Saturday 26 Nov 2016

Today we covered the following:

  • Recap: Conditions of the prayer:
    • 1-Time of Prayer must be in
    • 2-The Awrah must be covered
    • 3-Must be free from impurity (yourself, your clothes, prayer area)
  • Fourth Condition: Facing the Qiblah when praying
  • The Qiblah is the Ka’bah
  • Meaning of the word “Qiblah” in Arabic
  • what Allah said concerning the Qiblah as evidence of the obligation
  • Three scenarios:
    • If you can see the ka’bah it is obligatory to fully and directly face it when praying
    • What to do if you are near the ka’bah but cannot see the it ?
    • What to do if you are far away from the ka’bah ?
  • What to do if in doubt about the direction?
  • Who is excused from facing the Qiblah?
  • Facing the Qiblah during a journey (eg flight)
  • Methods for working out the Qiblah:
    • Word of mouth
    • Direction of the Mihrab
    • The Sun’s direction
    • Using the stars
    • Landmarks (eg road directions)
  • The Fifth Condition: The Niyyah (Intention)
  • Intention is required for acts of worship
  • Intention is in the heart, not upon the tongue (i.e. not said out loud)
    • The Messenger of Allah never used to say the intention out loud
  • The famous hadith “Indeed, Actions are by intentions” [Bukhari]
  • When to say the intention?
  • You MUST remain upon the intention throughout the prayer
  • What happens if you make the wrong intention?
    • Can you change the intention of obligatory prayer to an optional prayer?
    • Can you do the opposite?
  • Innovations (Bidah) in the Intention:
    • Saying the intention out loud
    • Exaggerating the Intention (e.g. “I make intention to pray dhur, which is 4 rakats, for the sake of Allah, behind this imam…”)
  • Our religion is NOT based on what people spread, but rather based on Evidence:
    • We must follow the what Allah said (quran)
    • What the messenger said and did (ahadith)
    • We must follow the sahabah in how they practised their religion
  • Rectifying the affair of the Muslims
    • Stick to the Quran & Sunnah
    • Follow the sahabah in how they implemented the deen
    • Avoid innovations in the religion (bidah)
  • Explaining the misunderstanding some Muslims have about what Imam Shafi’i said regarding saying the Prayer out loud

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Lesson 14 | A Summary of Islamic Fiqh | Rulings on Clothing for the Prayer and the Need for Purity

Saturday 19 Nov

Today we continued with the conditions of the prayer:

The Awrah:

  • Is the prayer valid for the one who exposes part of his awrah?
  • What are the effects on society when people do not cover their awrah?
  • What is the ruling on sports clothing that expose the thighs?
  • What is the awrah of a man? What is the awrah of a woman?
  • The ruling on the one who prays in tight clothes

The avoidance of impurity:

  • The prayer is not valid if there is an impurity on your body, clothes or place of prayer
  • If you were unware of an impurity on your clothes during prayer – is it valid?
  • What if you remember during the prayer? what about afterwards?
  • The ruling of the one who prays with his shoes on
  • Is it permissible to pray in a graveyard?
  • Can you have a grave inside the mosque?
  • A description of the Prophet’s mosque

Next week we start with the fourth condition insha Allah: Facing the qiblah

We covered the condition of the timings of the prayer in lesson 13


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