40 Hadith: Lesson 25

Sun 21 April 2019

Lesson 25: Hadith 15 (Parts 1-4)

Hadith 15

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him speak good, or keep silent; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour; and whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his guest.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 6 parts

Part 1: The Prophet (ﷺ) mentioned Iman (belief) in Allah and the Last Day alongside these good deeds

  • Belief in Allah is the basis for every other required belief (e.g. in his Angels, books etc)
  • Why did the Prophet (ﷺ) mention belief in the Last Day?

Part 2: Quotes from Imams

  • Statement of Imam Shaafi’i (may Allah have mercy upon him) regarding the meaning of this hadith
  • Thinking before speaking
  • Statement of Imam Al-Hasan Al-Basri (may Allah have mercy upon him)
    • Which generation was Imam Al-Hasan Al-Basri from?
    • What did he say about the tongue of the wise one?
    • What did he say about the foolish one?
  • Statement of Imam Abu Muhammad Ibn Abi Zaid (may Allah have mercy upon him)
    • All goodly manners branch out from 4 ahadith, which ones are they?
  • Good manners are based upon four pillars:
    • Protecting your tongue
    • Leaving off excessive matters and those things that do not concern you
    • To not be driven by your Impulses
    • To have a clean heart
  • Quote from Imam Nawawi (may Allah have mercy upon him)

Part 3: What meaning does the word “khair” (Good) carry?

  • It can mean the opposite of evil, therefore good
  • However it can also be used as a superlative, i.e the best

Part 4: “whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day then let him honour his neighbour

  • A person should honour his guest and not harm them
  • The hadith of ‘A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her)
  • The importance that the Prophet (ﷺ) placed upon being good to one’s neighbour
  • What are the 3 types of neighbours? What are their rights?
  • Hadith of Al-Hasan Al-Basri (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • What defines a neighbour?
  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The great consequence of harming one’s neighbour
    • The reward of not harming others
  • Allah Says:”O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.” [Surah Hujaraat (The Dwellings) 12]
  • Why is backbiting likened to eating the flesh of your dead brother?
  • Statement of Shaykh al-Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy upon him)

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Ramadhan Lesson: Travelling

Sat 20 April 2019

Lesson 3: Travelling,

  • Fasting in the Month of Ramadhan
  • Allah, The Most High, by his mercy has made certain exceptions to this obligation based on a person’s ability/situation to give them an ease in that matter
  • What are these exceptions?
  • NOTE: The hadiths in the Book Umdatul-Ahkam which we are using are all taken from Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim

Travelling

  • Hadith of A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) regarding the question of Hamza Ibn Amr Al-Aslami to the Prophet (ﷺ)
    • If you are travelling should you fast? Is there a choice?
  • Do you have to make it up if you don’t fast?
  • When must you NOT fast whilst travelling?
  • Is it better to fast or not to fast when travelling
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Should one be criticised for fasting or not fasting when travelling?
  • Those who opposed the Prophet (ﷺ) during their Journey from Madinah to Makkah
  • Hadith of Abu Ad-Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Travelling during severe heat
  • What about our current time and relatively comfortable travel? What about those who are not able to fast whilst travelling?
  • Hadith of Jabir Ibn Abdullaah (may Allah be pleased with them both)
  • Taking the ease which Allah has given us
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)

Q&A

  • What distance is defined as “travelling” or a “journey”? How do you decide? Is there a specific distance?
  • Is a person forgiven if he was genuinely unaware/ignorant about the ruling regarding intercourse whilst fasting, is he excused from expiation? What if he was aware of the ruling but did it out of forgetfulness?
  • What happens if you travel every day for Business? What do you do in Ramadhan? Do you make up the days afterwards?
  • What age should someone start fasting?
  • What if a person missed days from one Ramadhan, and did not make then up the whole year until the next Ramadhan? what if there is a valid excuse e.g. a mother is breastfeeding (e.g. for 2 years)? What if someone does not have a valid  excuse?

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40 Hadith: Lesson 24

Sun 14 April 2019

Lesson 24: Apostasy

Hadith 14

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Previous topics such as adultery and murder were discussed in lessons 22 to 23
  • Recap of points on apostasy from Lesson 23
  • These rulings are NOT for people to take into their own hands, rather they have rulings, requirements and conditions which must be met and can only be carried out by the authority in a Muslim country
  • General Background:
    • How do countries in the world today deal with threats to their national interest or safety/order?
    • What was the approach of countries in the past?
  • What is considered a risk to the government in a Muslim country?
  • The value of life in Islamic Law
  • Allah says:”And a party of the people of the Scripture say: “Believe in the morning in that which is revealed to the believers (Muslims), and reject it at the end of the day, so that they may turn back.” [Surah Āli-Imran (The Family of Imran) verse 72]
  • What is the ruling on Apostasy? why is it in place? Is there an immediate threat to life?

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Ramadhan Lesson 2

Sat 13 April 2019

Lesson 2: Suhuur, Janabah & Menstruation, Forgetfulness & Expiation

The Suhuur

  • The hadith of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • What did the Prophet (ﷺ) say about the suhuur and the barakah (blessing) within it?
  • This hadith indicates that one should not start fasting before the time of Fajr
  • Some people make the mistake of starting their fast very early so that they start well in advance of the Fajr time entering
  • Linguistic: is it Sahuur or is it suhuur?
  • Having the suhuur is an act of worship, why is this?
  • Should one have the suhuur meal close to the end time or very early? why?
  • How can you tell when the time for the suhuur has ended?
  • If a person did not have the suhuur meal, is this a sin?
  • Some people have a big meal after taraweeh, then do not eat anything else for the rest of the night and miss the suhuur, is this correct?
  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Malik from Zaid Ibn Thaabit (may Allah be pleased with them both)
    • Did the companions have the suhuur late?
    • How much time did the salaf leave from the time when they finished their suhuur until the start time of Fajr?

The state of Janabah

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