Lesson 33 | The Prayer of Riders and the Fear Prayer

Saturday 29 July

Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of Riders

  • Recap of those who are excused from the normal performance of the prayer (e.g. the one who is ill or the traveller)
  • Another type of situation where there is leeway in the performance of the prayer is the case of the Rider
    • It could be that if the rider were to get off his riding animal he would not be able to mount it again
    • Or he fears that if he gets of his riding animal that he will fall behind his company or be subject to some danger
  • Narration that the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) led the prayer whilst still on his riding animal
  • A rider must still face towards the Qiblah, due to the verse of the Quran (2:144)
  • Whatever you can do of the prayer then a Muslim should try to fulfil that, what one is restricted from doing due to his/her situation then that is outside of one’s control
  • In these days, examples of being a rider would include:
    • Situations where the rider does not have much control
      • Aeroplane
      • Boat
      • Train
    • Situations where one has more freedom
      • Car (e.g. to stop and pray if it is safe)
    • Question about rain: what qualifies as enough rain for combining in congregation?
    • Question about driving to masjid during rain: should one go to mosque during rain if he has a car?

Chapter of Prayer: The Fear Prayer

  • The Fear Prayer is ordained for:
    • When Muslims fear to be attacked whilst Praying as Allah states “… if you fear that those who disbelieve may disrupt [or attack] you…” (Surah An-Nisa: 101)
    • During permissible fighting (Jihad),  as Allah states  “…those who disbelieve wish that you would neglect your weapons and your baggage so they could come down upon you in one [single] attack…” (Surah An-Nisa: 102)
  • Evidence for the Fear prayer is in the Quran and Sunnah
  • Imam Ahmed said: “Five or Six ways of performing the fear prayer are authentically narrated about the prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)”
  • The different ways of praying the Fear Prayer take into account things such as the direction from which the danger is likely to come (e.g. towards qiblah or in opposite direction?) and whether or not the prayer can be shortened (e.g. four rak’ah prayer or 2 rak’ah prayer)
  • Can be performed when one has fear, whether journeying or resident
    • If journeying, then the number of rak’ahs in the fear prayer is shortened e.g. from 4 to 2 rak’ah
    • If resident, then the number of rak’ahs cannot be shortened however the fear prayer itself can be prayed in a short manner
  • FIRST WAY: Hadith on the authority of Sahl Ibn Abu Hathmah Al-Ansari describing the fear prayer during the prophet’s time at the battle of Dhatur-Riqa
    • “One row lined up behind him (صلى الله عليه وسلم) while another row (lined up) facing the enemy. The prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) led the row that was with him in one rak’ah (unit of prayer), and he stayed in the standing posture while that row performed (another rak’ah) by themselves and went away, lining in the face of the enemy. The other group came and he (the Prophet) offered his remaining rak’ah with them, and then, remained sitting until they completed their prayer by themselves, and he then finished the prayer along with them”
    • Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim
    • Imam Ahmed considers this to be the predominant way of performing the fear prayer for its similarity to the way mentioned in the Noble Quran

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Fiqh | Lesson 32 The Prayer of the Traveller

Saturday 15 July

Chapter of Prayer: Prayer of those having Legal Excuses

  • Brief recap of last lesson on the prayer of the ill person
  • The Traveller can shorten some of the prayers
  • From among the ones with legal excuses or leeway regarding the prayer is the traveller
  • It is legislated to shorten a 4 Rakah prayer down to 2
  • Reminder that originally the 4 rakah prayers (dhur, asr, isha) used to be 2 and afterwards were legislated to be 4 except for the traveller
  • The 2 Rakah prayer (fajr) and the 3 Rakah prayer (maghrib) cannot be shortened
  • What the Quran says about shortening prayer
  • The prophet when he used to travel he would always shorten the 4 Rakahs to 2
  • Ibn Umar said “the traveller’s prayer is 2 Rakahs and that is complete…”
  • When are you allowed to shorten your prayer? (what defines you as a traveller?)
    • You must be travelling in order to shorten prayer, e.g. if traveling at 13:00 one cannot shorten if still resident at 12:00
    • Do you have to leave the boundary of your city?
    • Opinions of scholars quantifying the distance
    • Taking into account the norms of the people
  • What about if one makes regular journeys (e.g. daily), do you combine and shorten?
    • g. regular commuter, taxi driver, courier or deliveryman etc.

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Lesson 31 | Fiqh | Duties of the Imam and the Prayer of the ILL Person

Saturday 1 July 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Duties of the Imam

The Imam has a great responsibility and this position has a great station in Islam.

  • It is permissible to seek to be imam Provided one is qualified
  • The Imam should take into account the situation of those who pray behind him and avoid making things difficult for them
  • When leading the prayer in congregation, the Imam should lighten it for the people [hadith] as some of those praying may be ill, or weak, or have needs to fullfil
    • This means making the prayer light whilst still perfecting its constituent parts (its rukoo’, sujood etc..)
    • The least perfection is to say subhaana rabiyal a’laa or subhaana rabiyal adheem 3 times
    • The Prophet used to prolong or lighten the prayer depending on the situation
  • The Imam should not shorten it so much that the people behind him can not do the Sunnah acts.
  • When praying individually he can make it as long as he wishes
  • It is Sunnah to recite the Qur’an in its proper manner.
  • He should prolong the first rak’ah so that it is longer than the second.

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Revising for Ramadhaan | Lesson 5

Saturday 3 June 2017

Chapter: Fasting

  • Summary of Lessons previously
  • Importance of Breaking the Fast as soon as the time comes in, and not to delay it
  • Having the Suhoor, for it has barakah in it (blessing)
  • The types of people who don’t have to fast
    • g. unable to fast due to old age, traveller, illness
  • What these types of people have to do to make those missed fasts up
    • g. difference between one with temporary illness vs long term illness
    • What defines if one is ill enough to miss fasting?
  • The one who engages in marital relations, what is the expiation?
    • Free slave, if cannot then feed 60 people, if cannot then fast 2 months
    • Hadith which proves that the expiation is to be done in this order of priority
    • What if it if a person does so (marital relations) 3 or 4 times, what is the ruling?
    • What if marital relations occur whilst being a traveller?
  • Question: If I am travelling at noon time, and it is Ramadhaan, can I eat in the morning?

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