Authentic Adhkar from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 10

24 March 2018

Lesson 10: knowing and understanding the Names and attributes of Allah and the methodology of Ahlus-sunnah with regards to this

NOTE: a few minutes of the start of the Lesson were not recorded and a detailed summary could not be made due to technical difficulties

With Abu Muadh Taqweem

What we covered in this Lesson:
– Understanding the Names and attributes of Allah and how this affects your Worship
– The meaning of “Subhaanallaah”

– The methodology of Ahlus-sunnah with regards to understanding the names and attributes of Allah: Two major points
***1. To affirm them without making resemblance to creation
***2. Declaring Allah free from any imperfection without negating his names and Attributes
– Explaining the above in detail


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Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest : Lesson 9

Sunday 18 Mar 2018

Lesson 9:  To Love Allah with all the heart, different types of love, and a statement of Imam Muqbil

  • Recap of Lesson 8:
    • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami’s advise on how to prepapre for death
    • Balancing between love, fear and hope
    • The example of how physical light illuminates a room and expands the vision, likewise the light of Eemaan expands the chest. The opposite is also true
    • Ibn Al-Qayyim says from among the means of bringing about relaxation of the Chest is “Al-‘Ilm”;The Religious Knowledge.
    • Essential vs supererogatory knowledge
  • Ibn Al-Qayyim says from among the means of bringing about relaxation of the Chest is Inaaba (turning to Allah in repentence) and to love Allah with all your heart;
    • To love Allah such that your heart does not love anyone else alongside him
    • NOTE 1: Love is of two types. Loving for the sake of Allah and Loving someone alongside The latter is prohibited as it is Shirk (associating partnes with Allah) and this nullifies one’s Islam.
    • NOTE 2: Besides the above two types of Love, there is also the love that comes from the natural inclination someone has e.g. for his/her family, their wealth etc. However, this type of love is not considered Shirk as long as it is not submissiveness and humility
    • NOTE 3: Love for the sake of Allah is a righteous deed, and Loving the awlia (allies) of Allah is considered good, however we do not call the awlia of Allah those sufi leaders who claim to have “Kashf” (pretend to know the unseen), or those who instruct their followers to make dhikr a thousand times in one sitting, or those who believe they have control over the affairs of the world etc. We find that sufi followers love their Imams with submissiveness and humility
    • NOTE 4: It is better to love the one who is a faasiq from the people of sunnah than the worshipper from the people of innovation

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Authentic Adhkār from the Qur’an & Sunnah: Lesson 9

Sat 17 Mar 2018

✏️ Lesson 9: The Purpose of our Creation, and the falsehood of Atheism and Polytheism

  • Brief recap of previous lessons
  • Importance of having a connection to Allah
  • Ibn Qayyim’s statement that the need of the slave to remember his lord is just as the need of a fish for water
  • One who makes no remembrance of his lord, then his heart is an empty void
  • Allah gave us a purpose and an objective to our existence
  • Allah says: “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone)” (Surah Dhaariyaat (The Winds that Scatter) verse 56)
    • Allah, from the very beginning of the creation of our father Adam, this was the objective and Allah ordered all of the Angels to prostrate to Adam
    • Shaitaan (Satan), unlike the Angels, refused to prostrate and so he became from the disbelievers
    • NOTE: Unlike some Christians, we do NOT believe that Shaitaan (Satan) was an Angel or a “fallen angel”. He is a Jinn.
  • Shaitaan attempts to misguide the people and lead them to the hellfire
  • The falsehood of Atheism.
    • It is from our innate human nature that we believe and recognise that we have a creator. Even the atheist cannot escape the recognition that there is a being greater than themselves
  • The story of the Muslim scholar vs a group of Atheists (approx. 1300 years ago)
    • What did the Scholar say to them?
    • The clear error of Atheists that they recognise purpose and design in everyday life, yet reject purpose and design in life itself, or in the complexity of the world we live in. They will refuse to accept that a ship can come about without a ship maker, yet they insist to believe that the creation/everything in existence can come about without a creator.
  • Allah says: “Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;” [Surah Al-Mulk (The Dominion) verse 67]
    • The test requires effort. Following the commands of the devil is easier than following the commands of our Lord.
    • Certainly, there will be a resurrection and the results of this test will become clear to see
  • Anas bin Malik narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Three follow the deceased, two of them return, and one remains. He is followed by his family, his wealth, and his deeds. So his family and his wealth returns, and his deeds remain.” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
  • Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported that Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, said: “My slaves! I have forbidden injustice for Myself and I have made it forbidden among you, so do not wrong one another. “My slaves! You err by night and day and I forgive wrong actions and do not care. Ask me for forgiveness and I will forgive you. “My slaves! All of you are hungry unless I have fed you, so ask Me to feed you, and I will feed you. All of you are naked unless I have clothed you, so ask Me to clothe you and I will clothe you. “My slaves! If all of you, the first of you and the last of you, the jinn among you and the men among you, were to be as godfearing as the most godfearing heart of any one of you, that would not add anything to My kingdom. If they were to be as corrupt as the most corrupt heart of any one of you, that would not decrease anything in My kingdom. If they were to join together in one place and then ask of Me, and I gave every man among them what he asked for that, that would not reduce My kingdom at all, except as the sea is decreased if a needle is dipped into it. “My slaves! It is only your actions which I have appointed for you. Whoever finds good should praise Allah. Whoever finds other than that should only blame himself.'” [Al-Adab Al-Mufrad]
  • Allah says: “But verily, over you (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch you.” [Surah Infidaar () verse 10]
    • Everything we say and do is recorded by Angels
  • The message of Islamic monotheism has been brought throughout history via the Prophets and Messengers of Allah (may peace be upon them all) such as Adam, Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Isaa (Jesus) and finally Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • In Islam,
    • Isaa (Jesus) did NOT command his followers to take him as a god, nor his mother
    • Allah says: “And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah?’ ” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner-self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.” [Surah Maa’idah [The Table spread with Food) verse 116]
    • Continued: ““Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world).” [The Table spread with Food) verse 117]
  • What is the difference between the Qur’an and the other books of revelation such as the Bible and Torah?

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Remedying the Heavy and Tight Chest: Lesson 8

Sunday 11 Mar 2018

Lesson 8: Importance of having a Balance between Fear and Hope, Knowledge expands the chest

  • Recap of Lesson 7:
    • Signs of a person having the noor of Eemaan in their heart
    • What did Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami say about preparing for death
    • How the companions and Salaf would take their self into account
  • Ibn Al-Qayyim said that the believer has good opinions about his brothers and sisters (Husnudhan), but holds negative opinion regarding himself (Suu’udhan), this is so that he does not become complacent and content with his actions.
  • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami mentions to us the importance of having a balance between fear and hope
    • This is one of the ways of preparing for death
    • We have hope in the mercy of Allah and also fear his punishment
    • What will happen if one has just fear of Allah and no hope?
    • What about a person who has nothing but hope for Allah’s mercy and has no fear, “Allah will forgive me whatever I do”
    • What is the measuring stick for having fear of Allah, how does one know if his fear of Allah is lacking or extreme?
      • The criteria are the companions of the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
      • At the time of death what did Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) say on his deathbed?
      • What did ‘Amr bin Al-‘as (may Allah be pleased with him) say on his deathbed?
    • Ibn Al-Qayyim mentions the principal cause of expanding the chest, i.e. Tawhid
      • NOTE: when we mention “Noor (light)” we do not refer to what the Sufis talk about when they say “noor”, rather we are referring to the Noor (light) of Eemaan.
      • NOTE: Where did Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami deliver this talk?
      • The light of Eemaan illuminates and relaxes the heart just as how the physical light relaxes a person as it expands his vision whereas darkness creates unease
      • The stronger that the Noor of Eemaan is, the greater the relaxation and expansion of the heart
    • Ibn Al-Qayyim says from among the means of bringing about relaxation of the Chest is “Al-‘Ilm”, The Knowledge.
      • Shaikh Muhammad Amaan Al-Jaami comments that when Ibn Qayyim says “Knowledge”, he uses the definitive article “Al-(The)”, therefore the meaning of this statement is Knowledge of the Religion is intended, not any knowledge.
      • Why is this the case? Why is this Knowledge special?
      • Just as knowledge brings about relaxation to the chest, Ignorance regarding this knowledge of the Religion brings about tightness’ of the chest. This is because one who is ignorant of the religion does not know about Allah, the rights of Allah, who the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is, the manners of how to deal with other Muslims and with the non-Muslims and how to live life. Therefore, he follows anyone and everyone and so becomes a “yes-man” to whomever calls to him and remains ignorant of the essential parts of his religion. This type of person who has no knowledge and seeks no knowledge, he may eventually take a right which belongs only to Allah and give it to other than Allah (Shirk).
      • NOTE: The knowledge being discussed here is the “Essential” and mandatory knowledge which a Muslim has no excuse to be ignorant of. We are not intending by this Arabic grammar, or detailed fiqh, but rather we are talking about knowledge which Every Muslim must know, knowledge of Allah, his Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم), the pillars and their rulings, rulings regarding marriage and other things which may affect a person and the Aqeedah which is essential. For example, see “The Three fundamental principles” and “The Book of Tawhid” by Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Abdulwahhaab, these books are short and easy to memorise.
      • Whoever is ignorant regarding these essential matters then his/her Islam is in risk
      • It is from Foolishness to not be keen to seek knowledge, especially in these days of ours. Unlike the prior days of old, Knowledge is readily accessible and the need for it is great. We have a great blessing of having knowledge available to us and we should be thankful for that and benefit from it.
    • Ibn Al-Qayyim says the more knowledge the slave acquires, the relaxed and expansive his/her chest
      • If a person wishes to learn even more, e.g. matters such as fiqh and more detailed knowledge of the religion, then his chest becomes even more expanded
      • NOTE: The above does not mean that studying fields such as Mechanics, IT, health etc is prohibited
    • Q&A:
      • Regarding having positive thoughts about Muslims as a default, what about if one knows an individual who is an known deviant.

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