Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 22

Sat  1st Sep 2018

Lesson 22: The importance full focus and humbleness when making dua

  • Indeed dua is from the strongest of the causes that will bring you the desired goals
  • Dua is also from the strongest of methods to remove from oneself disliked affairs
  • However sometimes the benefit of the dua may be weakened and the dua sometimes may not be answered at all. What is the reason behind this?
    • It could be due to the dua being made is not good in of itself, e.g. one which has transgression within it etc
    • It also could be due to the weakness of one’s heart when turning to Allah and lack of focus at the time of making dua
    • It could be due to the person doing something which prevents his dua from being accepted e.g. having a haraam income, committing many sins, having an overwhelming amount of negligence and heedlessness etc
  • Therefore it is one of the important criteria that your heart and mind is fully focused and in submission before your lord when making the dua
  • The Prophet () encouraged us to focus and warned us from being heedless when making dua
    • The hadith of ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (May Allah be pleased with them)
  • Therefore we must be focused when making dua and we must have certainty and trust that Allah will answer it (See Lesson 18 in this series about the different ways of dua can be answered)
  • Ibnul Qayyim said one of the factors which causes the dua not to be answered is one having a negligent heart
  • Dua is a cure for illnesses
  • Ibnul Qayyim said if dua is made with a focussed heart with a complete focus on the intended affair, and this occurs at the time when due is more likely to be answered (see Lesson 20 in this series), and he/she makes their dua with a submissive heart, purely focused in humbleness before his lord, upon wudhu, raising one’s hands to Allah, and you begin with praising Allah and send salutation upon the Prophet (), then you mention your matter with keenness, asking Allah with his names and attributes then that type of dua is rarely rejected
    • Summarised points from the above statement of what is needed:
      • Full focus
      • Make the dua at the times mention in the Qu’an and Sunnah as being superior
      • Humbleness and submission before Allah
      • Face the Qiblah
      • Be upon wudhu
      • Raise your hands
      • Start first by praising Allah and sending salutations upon the Prophet ()
      • Seek forgiveness for your shortcomings and sins even before asking about your matter
      • Then make your dua with conviction and full certainty that Allah will answer your dua
      • Have hope and fear of Allah whilst making your dua
      • Call upon Allah using his names and attributes (see Lessons 10, 11 and 12 in this series)
      • You can give charity before or after making your dua
      • Try to use the duas that have been mentioned in the Sunnah (e.g. from Fortress of the Muslim)
    • If a person does all of the above, then it is rare that such a dua will ever be rejected. However it should be stressed that even after doing all of this, then one should not just sit back and wait, rather he/she should continue and strive towards what he wishes for.
      • For example, if a student makes due to do well in an exam, then he/she should make the due having full certainty in Allah, and also continue to strive to do as much as they can.
      • Another example is someone making dua for guidance below:
      • Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger () used to supplicate (in these words): ” O Allah, set right for me my religion which is the safeguard of my affairs. And set right for me the affairs of my world wherein is my living. And set right for me my Hereafter on which depends my after-life. And make the life for me (a source) of abundance for every good and make my death a source of comfort for me protecting me against every evil.” [Sahih Muslim]
      • However such a person if he/she is serious about this then he should strive to seek knowledge and take the necessary steps in addition to making the dua. 

Next part: Our poverty and great need for Allah

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 21

Sat  25th Aug 2018

Lesson 21: Exaggeration at the graves of the Righteous people

  • One of the greatest types of misguidance is what the shaytaan (satan) has whispered to people in order for them to commit shirk at the graves of the Prophets and righteous people
    • At first, people make pictures and then later these are turned into statues
    • Eventually those graves become shrines and temples and the people worship the deceased
  • The first time this type of shirk occurred was at the time of Prophet Nūh (may peace be upon him)
    • See Surah Nūh (Chapter Noah)
    • Narrated Ibn `Abbas: “All the idols which were worshiped by the people of Noah were worshiped by the Arabs later on. As for the idol Wadd, it was worshiped by the tribe of Kalb at Daumat-al-Jandal; Suwa` was the idol of (the tribe of) Hudhail; Yaghouth was worshiped by (the tribe of) Murad and then by Bani Ghutaif at Al-Jurf near Saba; Ya`uq was the idol of Hamdan, and Nasr was the idol of Himyar, the branch of Dhi-al-Kala`. The names (of the idols) formerly belonged to some pious men of the people of Noah, and when they died Satan inspired their people to (prepare and place idols at the places where they used to sit, and to call those idols by their names. The people did so, but the idols were not worshiped till those people (who initiated them) had died and the origin of the idols had become obscure, whereupon people began worshiping them.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
    • Ibn Jariir explains that at first people made pictures and idols which they named after righteous deceased people, then the later generations that came were convinced by shaytaan that these idols were worshipped by their forefathers as gods, and since the later generations did not know the exact reason why they were made, they fell for the misguidance of shaytaan
  • Eventually Allah sent Prophets and Messengers (may peace be upon them all) to correct this and warn from it
  • The Prophet () stressed to us that we should not turn the graves into places of worship and we should not call upon the deceased
    • Narrated `Aisha: “Um Habiba and Um Salama mentioned a church they had seen in Ethiopia and in the church there were pictures. When they told the Prophet of this, he said, “Those people are such that if a pious man amongst them died, they build a place of worship over his grave and paint these pictures in it. Those people will be Allah’s worst creatures on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
    • Jundub reported: “I heard from the Apostle of Allah () five days before his death and he said: I stand acquitted before Allah that I took any one of you as friend, for Allah has taken me as His friend, as he took Ibrahim as His friend. Had I taken any one of my Ummah as a friend, I would have taken Abu Bakr as a friend. Beware of those who preceded you and used to take the graves of their prophets and righteous men as places of worship, but you must not take graves as mosques; I forbid you to do that.” [Sahih Muslim]
    • Abu Huraira reported: “The Messenger of Allah () said: Let there be curse of Allah upon the Jews and the Christians for they have taken the graves of their apostles as places of worship.” [Sahih Muslim]
    • ‘A’isha reported: “The Messenger of Allah () said during his illness from which he never recovered: Allah cursed the Jews and the Christians that they took the graves of their prophets as mosques. She (‘A’isha) reported: Had it not been so, his (Prophet’s) grave would have been in an open place, but it could not be due to the fear that it may not be taken as a mosque.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • Currently in our Ummah, there are people who would go to the Prophet’s () grave and make sajda, make dua to him and pray to him if this had not been barred from them. We know this because such people are already doing this for their “pirs”, Imams or shaykhs. This is the level of misguidance present.
  • The Prophet () made severe warnings against making dua at the graves and used strong and clear language

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 20

Sat  11st Aug 2018

Lesson 20: The times and states when the Dua is more likely to be answered

  • Allah has encouraged us to make dua
  • Allah has made certain times which are more likely to have dua answered:
    • The last third of the night.
      • Allah Says: “(They are) those who are patient ones, those who are true (in Faith, words, and deeds), and obedient with sincere devotion in worship to Allah. Those who spend [give the Zakat and alms in the Way of Allah] and those who pray and beg Allah’s Pardon in the last hours of the night” [Surah Aali Imraan (The Family of Imraan) verse 17]
      • Allah Says: “And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for forgiveness” [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat (The Winds that Scatter) verse 18]
      • Narrated by Abu Huraira (May Allah be pleased with him): Allah’s Apostle () said, “When it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, descends every night to the heaven of the world and says, ‘Is there anyone who invokes Me (demand anything from Me), that I may respond to his invocation; Is there anyone who asks Me for something that I may give (it to) him; Is there anyone who asks My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’ ” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • NOTE: The hadith informs us that Allah himself descends in a way that is befitting of his Majesty
      • NOTE: this hadith is an evidence of the tremendous blessing of this time and is from the BEST of times to turn to Allah in dua
      • Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said the people’s hearts are soft and more focussed in the last third of the night
    • There is an hour in the day of Friday where the dua is Answered.
      • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said while talking about the merits of Friday, “There is a time on Friday at which a Muslim, while he (or she) is performing Salat and is supplicating, will be granted whatever he (or she) is supplicating for.” And he (PBUH) pointed with his hand to indicate that this period of time is very short” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
      • The scholars have differed on what exact time this hour is, there are almost 40 opinions
      • Opinion 1: From amongst the strongest of the opinions is that this hour occurs between when the Imam sats on the Mimbar, up until he finishes the prayer.
      • ISSUE: how can you do the dua in this time as it is khutbah? The answer is to make dua during the prayer, in fact the hadith indicates this may be case as it mentions the slave making dua in prayer
      • Abu Burdah b. Abl Musa al-Asha’ri said: ‘Abd Allah b. ‘Umar said to me: Did you hear your father narrating a tradition from the Messenger of Allah () about an hour on Friday (when supplication is accepted by Allah)? I said: Yes, I heard it. I heard the Messenger of Allah  () say: This hour is found during the period when the imam is seated (for giving Friday sermon) until the prayer is finished. Abu Dawud said: By sitting is meant sitting on the pulpit.” [Sunan Abi Dawud]
      • NOTE: you can and should make dua in all your prayers as a servant is closest to Allah during prostration
      • It was narrated that ‘Abdullah bin Salam said: “I said, when the Messenger of Allah () was sitting: ‘We find in the Book of Allah that on Friday there is an hour when no believing slave performs prayer and asks Allah for anything at that time, but Allah will fulfil his need.’” ‘Abdullah said: “The Messenger of Allah () pointed to me, saying: ‘Or some part of an hour.’ I said: ‘you are right, or some part of an hour.’ I said: ‘What time is that?’ He said: ‘It is the last hours of the day.’ I said: ‘It is not the time of the prayer?’ He said: ‘Yes (it is so), when a believing slave performs prayer and then sits with nothing but the prayer keeping him, he is still in a state of prayer.’” [Sunan Ibn Majah]
      • Opinion 2: Al-hafidh Ibn Hajar among others holds the opinion that the strongest opinion is that the hour in which dua is likely to be answerd #
    • The Month of Ramadhaan, especially the last ten, especially on the Night of Decree.
      • Ramadhaan as a whole is a virtuous time
      • ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I asked: “O Messenger of Allah ()! If I realize Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree), what should I supplicate in it?” He (PBUH) replied, “You should supplicate: Allahumma innaka ‘afuwwun, tuhibbul-‘afwa, fa’fu ‘anni (O Allah, You are Most Forgiving, and You love forgiveness; so forgive me).” [At-Tirmidhi, Riyad as-Salihin]
    • The Day of Arafah.
      • The day of Arafah is a great and virtuous day
      • `Amr bin Shu`aib narrated from his father, from his grandfather, that the Prophet () said: “The best of supplication is the supplication of the Day of `Arafah. And the best of what I and the Prophets before me have said is: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, Alone, without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him belongs the Praise, and He is powerful over all things. (Lā ilāha illallāh, waḥdahu lā sharīka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-ḥamdu, wa huwa `alā kulli shai’in qadīr).’” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
    • The time between the Adhaan and the Iqaamah
      • Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said: “The supplication made between the Adhan and the Iqamah is never rejected so make it.”[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi]
    • At the End of the Prayer
      • Abu Umamah narrated: “It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, which supplication is most likely to be listened to?’ He said: ‘(During) the last part of the night, and at the end of the obligatory prayers.’” [Jami` at-Tirmidhi]
      • NOTE: The scholars say that this means at the very last part of the prayer before giving the tasleem, NOT after the prayer. However there is a difference of opinion and other scholars say it should be done after. Shaykh Ul Islaam Ibn TAymiyyah says it should be made BEFORE the tasleem

Next Part: What states of a person can make dua being answered more likely?

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 19

Sat 28st Jul 2018-07-21

Lesson 19: A Warning from Innovations in Dua

  • Importance of Sticking to the guidance of the Prophet () in making Dua for indeed Dua is a form of worship and worship itself should only be done in the way it has been legislated in the Qur’an and Sunnah
  • It is binding upon every Muslim to seek the guidance of the Prophet () and learn the sunnah of making dua
  • It is not permissible for a Muslim to make dua in specific ways (e.g. specific times of day, special places or words) unless it is upon the sunnah, however general duas are permissible
  • Shaykh Ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah have mercy on him) said supplication and dua are from the best of worship
  • The sahabah (companions) were very quick to reject innovations made by the people regarding specific ways of making dua
  • On the authority of ‘Amr ibn Salamah who said:” We were sitting at the door of ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood before Fajr prayer, so that if he came out, we could walk with him to the Masjid,, then Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari came to us and said: Has Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan come out to you yet? We said: No. So he sat with us until he came out, and when he came out we all stood up. Abu Moosa said to him: O Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan, just now I saw something in the mosque that I have never seen before, but I do not think it was anything but good. He said: What was it? He said: If you live, you will see it. He said: In the mosque I saw some people sitting in circles waiting for the prayer. In every circle there was a man, and in their hands they had pebbles. He would say: Say Allahu akbar (Allah is Most Great) one hundred times, and they would say Allahu akbar one hundred times. He would say: Say Laa ilaaha ill-Allah (there is no god but Allah) one hundred times, and they would say Laa ilaaha ill-Allah one hundred times. He would say: Say Subhaan-Allah (Glory be to Allah) one hundred times, and they would say Subhaan-Allah one hundred times. He said: What did you say to them? He said: I did not say anything to them; I was waiting to see what you think and I waited for your command. He said: Why did you not tell them to count their bad deeds and guarantee to them that their good deeds would not be wasted? Then he moved on and we moved on with him until he came to one of those circles, and he stood over them and said: What is this that I see you doing? They said: O Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan, these are stones with which we count the takbeers (‘Allahu akbar’), tahleel (‘Laa ilaaha illa-Allah’) and tasbeeh (‘Subhaan-Allah’). He said: Count your bad deeds, for I guarantee to you that none of your good deeds will be lost. Woe to you, O ummah of Muhammad! How quickly you have become doomed! His companions are still alive and his cloak has not worn out, and his vessel is not yet broken. By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you are either following a way that is more guided than the way of Muhammad () or you are opening the door to misguidance. They said: By Allah, O Abu ‘Abd al-Rahmaan, we intended nothing but good. He said: How many of those who intended good did not achieve it? The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) told us that some people would recite the Qur’an and it would not go any further than their collarbones. By Allah, I do not know, perhaps most of them are from among you. Then he turned away from them and ‘Amr ibn Salamah said: We saw most of the people of those circles fighting alongside the Khawaarij against us in the battle of Nahrawaan.” [Al-Daarimi, graded authentic by Al-Albaanee]
    • NOTE: Look at how Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud rejected this innovation despite these people making worship. This shows us clearly that good intentions alone are not enough; one must perform worship upon the way shown to us by the Prophet ().
    • Doing a few actions upon the Sunnah is better than doing lots of actions upon innovation.
    • NOTE: Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud did not reject them for doing dhikr and remembering Allah, rather it was their method and deviation from the Sunnah that he rejected
    • NOTE: these people were making dua with the right words (Subhaanallaah, Alhamdulillaah and Allaahu Akbar) but applying them in the wrong method (throwing pebbles), and Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud rejected them. Imagine then nowadays how some Muslims use wrong words AND they use the wrong method (e.g. the Sufis who chant “Allaahu” repeatedly)
    • Point: therefore every muslim should study their religion and check to make sure their way of making dua is correct and not innovated
  • What is the Impact of these innovated types of dua?
    • The authentic supplications from the Qur’an and Sunnah are distinguished by perfection in their words and meaning
    • However when one lookas at the Sufia, you see that they are more preoccupied by their innovated supplications at the expense of the sunnah supplications and therefore become negligent of the Qur’an and Sunnah. Therefore if one follows a bidah, he will leave and oppose a part of the sunnah that would have covered that area
    • Ibnul Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioned that:
      •  innovated supplications do not fulfil their goal
      •  innovated methods do not get any reward, therefore the person loses his reward
      • Ibnul Qayyim also mentions that duas made upon innovation will not be answered
      • Innovated supplications may have words that nullify the dua
      • Once someone starts performing innovated practices it is difficulty for him to exit except by the mercy of Allah
      • Choosing to do bidah instead of a sunnah means one has exchanged good for evil
      • Within the innovated duas there is a resemblance to the non-muslims (e.g. sufis do their remembrasnces similar to himms or in a tone done by christians)
      • Most of the people who do innovated practices do not understand what they are saying

Making Duas according to the Qur’an and Sunnah:

  • You can recite duas found in the Qur’an and authentic sunnha
  • e.g “And of them there are some who say: “Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire!” [Surah Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Verse 201]
  • If one wishes to make a good dua using words that are not specifically found in the Qur’an and Sunnah, then this is permissible as long as he/she does not do it in specific times/places and one does NOT transgress in dua
  • What does transgression in dua mean? This means that you should not make dua for something which is impermissible e.g. making dua for the harm fo someone, asking for something haraam or cutting the ties of kinship

 

  • Q&A:
    • Are you allowed to say “Ameen” after the Imam when he makes a dua in the khutbah?
    • Can you wipe your face when making dua?
    • Are there particular dua or remembrances for when moving into a new house?

 

Next Lesson insha Allah: The Mannerisms of making dua

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