Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 26

Sat 29th Sep 2018

Lesson 26: Warning against making Dua Melodious, pronunciation and making dua for your parents and the Muslims

Warning againts making Dua Melodious:

  • It is not from the Sunnah to make your dua melodious (e.g. rhyming, intonations and tones etc)
  • Imam Bukhari has a chapter regarding that which is disliked from making dua rhythmic or melodious
  • Imam Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioned that some people make dua in such a way that is not from the Qur’an and the Sunnah, they use words that have melodies, patterns and syllables and they leave the actual duas of the Prophet (ﷺ) and this may therefore mean their dua may not be answered
  • There may be certain authentic narrations which may have words that sound as though they rhyme, however to purposely attempt to create melodious dua is makrooh, disliked. Such a person is in danger of being more focused on making their dua sound nice rather than having
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned that what is mentioned in authentic narrations (i.e dua which were said by the Prophet ()) which may rhyme are an exception to the makrooh ruling of making dua melodious.
    • What are some Examples?

Is Correct Pronunciation necessary for the dua to be valid?:

  • It is important that the dua is read accurately and properly
  • Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah was asked about the saying that a person who makes dua with wrong pronunciation or incorrect arabic grammar then his dua is invalid, he said whoever says that has opposed the Qur’an and sunnah since the Prophet () and his companions have not said such a thing.
  • A person should try to strive to make sure they are reading with correct pronunciation however if this is difficult for him/her then they should not make it so that they divert most of their attention to this instead of the dua, rather they should focus on the dua itself.

Making dua for the Muslims:

    • From the important affairs that is appropriate and required for a muslim to pay attention to is that he/she should make dua for the Muslims, ask Allah to grant them success, to forgive them and to have mercy upon them and that he aids them upon good
    • Every Muslim is need of the above affairs (success, forgiveness, mercy and to be upon good) and indeed every Muslim would love that the others are making dua for him/her, and indeed a Muslim loves for his brother that which he loves for himself
    • Therefore it is befitting for a muslim to make dua for all his muslim brothers and sisters
    • If we look at the state of the Muslims then we find that the Muslims are in different states, however all Muslims are in need of dua from their brothers and sisters
      • For example, a muslim who has an illness and his muslim brothers and sisters make dua for his relief
      • Another example is where there are great trials and tribulations have occurred, e.g., war, enemies, spilling of blood, loss of wealth etc and so these Muslims are in need of the dua made by their Muslim brothers and sisters
      • The Prophet () used to do the Qunuut (the dua in the prayer) when calamities occured
      • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
      • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah (Repentance) verse ]
      • Narrated An-Nu`man bin Bashir: “Allah’s Apostle said, “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • Nu’man b. Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah () said: “Muslims are like one body of a person; if the eye is sore, the whole body aches, and if the head aches, the whole body aches.” [Sahih Muslim]
      • Narrated Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The Prophet then clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced (while saying that).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • A Muslim should always love goodness for himself as well as his Muslim brothers and sisters. A Muslim should  have a compassionate and understanding nature. He/she should desire goodness, success and rectification and guidance for his brothers and sisters and should make dua a lot
      • A Muslim should not curse and abuse others.
    • Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “A true believer is not involved in taunting, or frequently cursing (others) or in indecency or abusing.” [At-Tirmidhi][Riyad as-Salihin]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that he heard the (Holy Prophet ()) say:“A Muslim is he from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • Narrated Abu Sa`id (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or even a half Mud spent by one of them.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah said that the meat of the scholars is poisonous (i.e. one will reap the evil rewards of abusing the scholars)

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 25

Sat 22th Sep 2018

Lesson 25: Mistakes made when Raising the hands in dua

  • See lesson 24 for the issue of raising the hands and its importance
    • Raising the hands before Allah when making dua indicates our need and poverty for Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • It is important to know the methodology of The Prophet () in raising the hands (see Lesson 24) and to stick to this
  • We should avoid the bidah people have invented regarding raising the hands e.g. movements, positions etc which have not been established in the sunnah
  • Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both): Ikrimah quoted Ibn Abbas as saying: When asking for something you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands. [Abu Dawud]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah explained there are 3 levels of raising the hands when making dua (See Lesson 24):
    • Raising the finger
    • Raising the hands up to the shoulders
    • Raising the hands extended higher than the shoulders
  • Therefore we must stick the way the Prophet () used to raise his hands or point with his finger and we must avoid the innovations invented by the people

Mistakes some people make when raising the hands

  • Some people when making dua let their hands be the level of their umbilicus (belly button) or waist, this shows one’s lack of importance which he/she are giving to the dua they are asking for. This is incorrect, rather the hands should be raised as mentioned above
  • Some people make movements with their hands or shake them in different directions and this has nothing to do with the sunnah.
  • Others wipe their hands before starting making dua, again this is not from the sunnah
  • Some others kiss their hands after they have finished making dua

Wiping the face after when raising the hands

  • All of the hadith which mention wiping the face are weak
  • However some scholars say that there are so many of these weak narrations that when combined, they get to an acceptable level.
  • However some scholars have the opinion that even when combined

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 24

Sat  15th Sep 2018

Lesson 24: Raising the hands when making dua

  • It is from one of the great mannerisms of making dua to raise the hands
  • It is something which is established from the sunnah in multiple narrations
  • Imam Al-Suyūdi mentioned that there are approximately 100 hadith which mention that The Prophet () used to raise his hands when making dua
  • Imam Al-Bukhari has a specific chapter in his Sahih book entitled “The raising of the hands on invoking”
  • The hadith of Abu Musa Al-Ashari (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • The hadith of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Narrated Anas: “The Prophet (ﷺ) raised his hands (in invocation) till I saw the whiteness of his armpits.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned in his explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari the widespread narrations regarding the raising of the hands when making dua
  • The Hadith of Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her)
  • Salman Al-Farsi narrated that the Prophet () said: “Indeed, Allah, is Hayy, Generous, when a man raises his hands to Him, He feels too shy to return them to him empty and rejected.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Raising the hands in different circumstances:

  • General method of raising the hands:
    • One should raise his/her hands to the level of the shoulders, with the palms facing upwards
    • g. when making a general dua or in qunuut etc.
  • When asking for forgiveness or mentioning Allah’s tawhid:
    • It is mentioned that in these cases one can raise his finger
    • g. in the tashahud
  • When in a state of great need or in distress:
    • In these cases one can raise his hands up high such that his underarms can be seen
    • g. in the rain (istisqa) prayer during a drought
  • Issue:

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 23

Sat  8th Sep 2018

Lesson 23: Seek forgiveness, be persistent, remember Allah in times of ease, he will be with you in times of difficulty

  • The importance of seeking forgiveness from the sins you have committed and make repentance before making your dua for indeed the accumulation of sins is one of the reasons why your dua may not be answered.
  • Some of the salaf used to say do not think that the answer to your dua is being delayed whilst you yourself have blocked the dua from being answered due to sins
  • There is also some poetry written about this, what does it say?
  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Messenger of Allah () said, “Allah the Almighty is Good and accepts only that which is good. And verily Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the tayyibat [all kinds of halal (legal) foods], and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said: “O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you.” [2:172]” Then he (saws) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?” [Muslim, also found in the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi]
  • Performing impermissible (Haraam) actions can be a means that prevents your dua from being Answered.
  • Likewise abandoning the obligations may also lead to dua not being answered
  • Therefore, whoever wishes for Allah to answer his dua and bring his hopes into fruition then it is upon him to repent to Allah with a sincere repentance from his sins
    • There is no sin too great for Allah to forgive
    • Neither is there any need which is too great for Allah to answer
  • Indeed the Propehts and Messengers (may peace be upon them Allah) used to encourage their people to seek forgiveness.
    • “”I said (to them): ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving;” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
    • “’He will send rain to you in abundance;” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
    • “’And give you increase in wealth and children, and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers.”” [Surah Nūh (Noah) verse 10]
  • Therefore making repentance is a cause for the goodness to descend and for blessing to continue and for dua to be answered
  • What did the the Khalif ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab used to do when asking Allah for rain?
  • What was the advice Al-Hasan Al-Basri gave the people when they complained to him about various issues?

Next part: To persist with your dua

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