Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 27

6 Oct 2018

Lesson 27: The subject of your dua

  • When you make dua you may be making it for yourself, for others or for both yourself and others
  • The virtue of making dua for your Muslim brothers and sisters
  • Making dua for your fellow Muslims connects and unites Muslims
  • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah ()]
  • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (ﷺ) observed: “None amongst you believes (truly) until he loves for his brother” – or he said “for his neighbour” – “that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Muslim]

Four types of subjects for your Dua:

Making dua for yourself

  • Firstly, that a muslim makes dua for his own self from the goodness of this world and the hereafter or for his sins to be forgiven
  • What are some examples?
  • Ibnul qayyim mentioned that there are authentic narrations from the Prophet (ﷺ) that he would sometimes make dua in the singular pronoun. See example below
  • Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to observe, silence for a short while between the takbir (at the time of opening the prayer) and the recitation of the Qur’an. I said to him: Messenger of Allah, for whom I would give my father and mother in ransom, what do you recite during your period of silence between the takbir and the recitation? He said: I say (these words):” O Allah, remove my sins from me as Thou hast removed the East from the West. O Allah purify me from sins as a white garment is purified from filth. O Allah! wash away my sins with snow, water, and ice.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • NOTE: why did the Prophet (ﷺ) mention washing of sins with cold, ice water? Someone may think “Isn’t washing done with warm water?” What do the Scholars say about this?
  • The Narration of Thawban (may Allah be pleased with him) [Reported by Imam Ahmad] that says an Imam should not make dua for himself whilst leading congregation, how should this hadith be understood?
    • Shaykh ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah mentions that this restriction applies to the congregational dua that the Imam would do in the prayer e.g. the Qunut
  • NOTE: if you see a dua from the Qur’an then you should recite it in the exact way it has been revealed and not change it. For example, the verse “Guide us to the straight way” [Surah Al-Fatiha (The Opening) verse 6] then you cannot change it to the singular version to yourself, rather the Qur’an is read as it is.

Making dua for someone else

  • This is to make dua for someone else and ask for them to be guided, forgiven or other righteous supplication
  • Narrated Anas: “Um Sulaim said to the Prophet “Anas is your servant.” The Prophet said, “O Allah! increase his wealth and offspring, and bless (for him) whatever you give him.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu ‘Umairah – and he was one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) : “from the Prophet (ﷺ), that he said to Mu’awiyah: “O Allah, make him a guiding one, and guide (others) by him.” [At-Tirmidhi]
  • Narrated Ibn `Abbas:Once the Prophet embraced me and said, “O Allah! Bestow on him the knowledge of the Book (Qur’an).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • A dua you make in secret for your Muslim brother/sister is from the types of dua that are likely to be accepted (See Lesson 20)
  • Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah () said, “The supplication of a Muslim for his (Muslim) brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Every time he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: ‘Ameen! May it be for you, too’.”[Muslim]

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 26

Sat 29th Sep 2018

Lesson 26: Warning against making Dua Melodious, pronunciation and making dua for your parents and the Muslims

Warning againts making Dua Melodious:

  • It is not from the Sunnah to make your dua melodious (e.g. rhyming, intonations and tones etc)
  • Imam Bukhari has a chapter regarding that which is disliked from making dua rhythmic or melodious
  • Imam Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) mentioned that some people make dua in such a way that is not from the Qur’an and the Sunnah, they use words that have melodies, patterns and syllables and they leave the actual duas of the Prophet (ﷺ) and this may therefore mean their dua may not be answered
  • There may be certain authentic narrations which may have words that sound as though they rhyme, however to purposely attempt to create melodious dua is makrooh, disliked. Such a person is in danger of being more focused on making their dua sound nice rather than having
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned that what is mentioned in authentic narrations (i.e dua which were said by the Prophet ()) which may rhyme are an exception to the makrooh ruling of making dua melodious.
    • What are some Examples?

Is Correct Pronunciation necessary for the dua to be valid?:

  • It is important that the dua is read accurately and properly
  • Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn Taymiyyah was asked about the saying that a person who makes dua with wrong pronunciation or incorrect arabic grammar then his dua is invalid, he said whoever says that has opposed the Qur’an and sunnah since the Prophet () and his companions have not said such a thing.
  • A person should try to strive to make sure they are reading with correct pronunciation however if this is difficult for him/her then they should not make it so that they divert most of their attention to this instead of the dua, rather they should focus on the dua itself.

Making dua for the Muslims:

    • From the important affairs that is appropriate and required for a muslim to pay attention to is that he/she should make dua for the Muslims, ask Allah to grant them success, to forgive them and to have mercy upon them and that he aids them upon good
    • Every Muslim is need of the above affairs (success, forgiveness, mercy and to be upon good) and indeed every Muslim would love that the others are making dua for him/her, and indeed a Muslim loves for his brother that which he loves for himself
    • Therefore it is befitting for a muslim to make dua for all his muslim brothers and sisters
    • If we look at the state of the Muslims then we find that the Muslims are in different states, however all Muslims are in need of dua from their brothers and sisters
      • For example, a muslim who has an illness and his muslim brothers and sisters make dua for his relief
      • Another example is where there are great trials and tribulations have occurred, e.g., war, enemies, spilling of blood, loss of wealth etc and so these Muslims are in need of the dua made by their Muslim brothers and sisters
      • The Prophet () used to do the Qunuut (the dua in the prayer) when calamities occured
      • Allah says: “The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive mercy.” [Surah Hujaraat verse 10]
      • Allah says: “The believers, men and women, are Auliya’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma’ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat) and give the Zakat, and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.” [Surah At-Tawbah (Repentance) verse ]
      • Narrated An-Nu`man bin Bashir: “Allah’s Apostle said, “You see the believers as regards their being merciful among themselves and showing love among themselves and being kind, resembling one body, so that, if any part of the body is not well then the whole body shares the sleeplessness (insomnia) and fever with it.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • Nu’man b. Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah () said: “Muslims are like one body of a person; if the eye is sore, the whole body aches, and if the head aches, the whole body aches.” [Sahih Muslim]
      • Narrated Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “A believer to another believer is like a building whose different parts enforce each other.” The Prophet then clasped his hands with the fingers interlaced (while saying that).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
      • A Muslim should always love goodness for himself as well as his Muslim brothers and sisters. A Muslim should  have a compassionate and understanding nature. He/she should desire goodness, success and rectification and guidance for his brothers and sisters and should make dua a lot
      • A Muslim should not curse and abuse others.
    • Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “A true believer is not involved in taunting, or frequently cursing (others) or in indecency or abusing.” [At-Tirmidhi][Riyad as-Salihin]
  • It is narrated on the authority of Jabir that he heard the (Holy Prophet ()) say:“A Muslim is he from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.” [Sahih Muslim]
  • Narrated Abu Sa`id (may Allah be pleased with him): “The Prophet said, “Do not abuse my companions for if any one of you spent gold equal to Uhud (in Allah’s Cause) it would not be equal to a Mud or even a half Mud spent by one of them.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah said that the meat of the scholars is poisonous (i.e. one will reap the evil rewards of abusing the scholars)

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 25

Sat 22th Sep 2018

Lesson 25: Mistakes made when Raising the hands in dua

  • See lesson 24 for the issue of raising the hands and its importance
    • Raising the hands before Allah when making dua indicates our need and poverty for Allah subhaanahu wata’aalaa
  • It is important to know the methodology of The Prophet () in raising the hands (see Lesson 24) and to stick to this
  • We should avoid the bidah people have invented regarding raising the hands e.g. movements, positions etc which have not been established in the sunnah
  • Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both): Ikrimah quoted Ibn Abbas as saying: When asking for something you should raise your hands opposite to your shoulders; when asking for forgiveness you should point with one finger; and when making an earnest supplication you should spread out both your hands. [Abu Dawud]
  • Ibn Taymiyyah explained there are 3 levels of raising the hands when making dua (See Lesson 24):
    • Raising the finger
    • Raising the hands up to the shoulders
    • Raising the hands extended higher than the shoulders
  • Therefore we must stick the way the Prophet () used to raise his hands or point with his finger and we must avoid the innovations invented by the people

Mistakes some people make when raising the hands

  • Some people when making dua let their hands be the level of their umbilicus (belly button) or waist, this shows one’s lack of importance which he/she are giving to the dua they are asking for. This is incorrect, rather the hands should be raised as mentioned above
  • Some people make movements with their hands or shake them in different directions and this has nothing to do with the sunnah.
  • Others wipe their hands before starting making dua, again this is not from the sunnah
  • Some others kiss their hands after they have finished making dua

Wiping the face after when raising the hands

  • All of the hadith which mention wiping the face are weak
  • However some scholars say that there are so many of these weak narrations that when combined, they get to an acceptable level.
  • However some scholars have the opinion that even when combined

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 24

Sat  15th Sep 2018

Lesson 24: Raising the hands when making dua

  • It is from one of the great mannerisms of making dua to raise the hands
  • It is something which is established from the sunnah in multiple narrations
  • Imam Al-Suyūdi mentioned that there are approximately 100 hadith which mention that The Prophet () used to raise his hands when making dua
  • Imam Al-Bukhari has a specific chapter in his Sahih book entitled “The raising of the hands on invoking”
  • The hadith of Abu Musa Al-Ashari (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • The hadith of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Narrated Anas: “The Prophet (ﷺ) raised his hands (in invocation) till I saw the whiteness of his armpits.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]
  • Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajar mentioned in his explanation of Sahih Al-Bukhari the widespread narrations regarding the raising of the hands when making dua
  • The Hadith of Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her)
  • Salman Al-Farsi narrated that the Prophet () said: “Indeed, Allah, is Hayy, Generous, when a man raises his hands to Him, He feels too shy to return them to him empty and rejected.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Raising the hands in different circumstances:

  • General method of raising the hands:
    • One should raise his/her hands to the level of the shoulders, with the palms facing upwards
    • g. when making a general dua or in qunuut etc.
  • When asking for forgiveness or mentioning Allah’s tawhid:
    • It is mentioned that in these cases one can raise his finger
    • g. in the tashahud
  • When in a state of great need or in distress:
    • In these cases one can raise his hands up high such that his underarms can be seen
    • g. in the rain (istisqa) prayer during a drought
  • Issue:

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