Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 47

Sat 9 Mar 2019

Lesson 47: Supplications (adhkar) for after the prayer (Part 2)

  • Supplication for protection from punishments and trials
    • Some scholars e.g. Ibn Taymiyyah and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal considered it to be an obligation to read the supplication of the protection from punishments and that this should not be left out of the prayer in the final sitting
  • Then the individual can make a supplication for anything of the affairs of this world or the hereafter
  • Allah rebukes those who are too stubborn to supplicate to him in the verse [40:60]
    • “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” [Sura Ghafir, Ayah 60]
  • In the final sitting, after having read the obligatory supplication, and before doing the tasleem, one can make supplication for anything that is favourable to them

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 46

Sat 2 Mar 2019

Lesson 46: Supplications at the end of the prayer

Dua between the Tashahud and the final Tasleem

  • Indeed from amongst the places where a muslim is recommended to make use of dua is that part of the prayer which is between the final tashahud and the tasleem
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • The person should select a dua (supplication) suitable and desirable to him/her before giving the final tasleem
  • Ideally within this time one should make supplication with dua which are mentioned in the Sunnah, but if you were to make other dua of your own then there is no problem with this
  • Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabi jahannam (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the Hell), wa min ‘adhaabil qabr (and from the torment of the grave), wa min fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaat (and from the trials of life and death), wa min sharri fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and from the evil of the trial of the Antichrist)”
    • Some scholars hold the opinion that reading this supplication is obligatory at the end of the prayer, however the majority of scholars hold the opinion that it is liked (mustahab) and not obligatory
    • What does this supplication mean?
      • Why is hell-fire called “Jahannam”? What does this mean?
      • What is the punishment of the grave?
      • What is meant by the trial of life and death?
      • What is the trial of Masiih-ad-Dajjal (The Antichrist)? Why does he have this name? What are the major signs of the hour?
  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabil Qabr (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the grave), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Antichrist), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil mahyaa wa fitnatil mamaat (and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and the trials of death), Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika minal Ma’thami wal maghram (O Allah! I seek refuge with You from sinning and transgressing/oppressing others’ rights)”
    • What does this dua mean?

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 44

Sat 9 Feb 2019

Lesson 44: Supplications when rising up from the rukuu’ (bowing)

  • Recap of Lesson 43
    • Supplications at the opening of the prayer
    • Question: can you use more than one supplication in one prayer
    • Supplications in the Rukuu’ (Bowing)
    • Supplications in the Sujuud (Prostration)
  • We are still in the topic of supplications in the prayer

Supplications when rising up from the rukuu’ (bowing)

  • These supplications are generally in the praise and glorification of Allah
  • 1. Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
    • When the Imam rises and says “Sami’Allaahu liman Hamidah” (Allah Hears him who praises him) then you say “Allaahumma rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd” (Oh Allah, our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
    • Whoever says this at the same time as when the Angels say this then his prior sins are forgiven
    • There are other narrations which mentions different wordings, in total there are four possible wordings:
      • Allaahumma rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd (Oh Allah, our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
      • Allaahumma rabbanaa wa lakal-Hamd (Oh Allah, our Lord, and to you belongs all Praise)
      • rabbanaa Lakal-Hamd (Our Lord, to you belongs all Praise)
      • rabbanaa wa lakal-Hamd (Our Lord, and to you belongs all Praise)
    • What did Ibnul Qayyim say about the wordings?

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