40 Hadith: Lesson 14

Sunday 6 Jan 2019

Lesson 14: Hadith 4 (Part 11) and Hadith 5 (1-8)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 11 parts, we did parts 6-10 in Lesson 13

Part 11: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith mentions the stages of the development of the human fetus in the womb
  • 2. The blowing of the soul into the fetus occurs at the 120th day
  • 3. There are angels entrusted with the affairs of the womb
  • 4. In this hadith there is belief in the unseen
  • 5. In this hadith there is belief in the pre-decree of Allah
  • 6. In this narration there is the swearing by Allah in order to emphasise
  • 7. Actions are by their endings
  • 8. The importance of combining between fear and hope
  • 9. Actions are a means of entering Paradise or Hell
  • 10. The one who has been written down as having a wretched end, then no human knows about this, the reverse is also true

Hadith 5

  • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 9 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 13

Sunday 30 December 2018

Lesson 13: Hadith 4 (Part 6-10)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • Recap of the order of the five Pillars of Islam

Part 6: Pre-decree

  • The Pre-decree of Allah

Part 7: States of a human being’s beginning and end

  1. Good beginning, good life, good end
  2. Evil beginning and ends evil
  3. Good beginning, evil end
  4. Evil beginning, good end
  • Abdulmuhsin Al-Abbad mentions 2 examples from the Qur’an and Sunnah of the 4th state

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40 Hadith: Lesson 11

Sunday 9th Dec 2018

What we covered:
– Recap of last lesson
– The day of Juydgement will take place on a Friday but no one except Allah know when it will occur
– What are the signs of the hour
– The Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both)
– Islam is built upon five pillars

 

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40 Hadith: Lesson 10

Sunday 25th Nov 2018

Lesson 10: Hadith 2 (Parts 7 and 8)

    • We are currently on Hadith 2 (which we started in lesson 4);
      • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should worship Allah as though you could see Him, but if you cannot see Him, then indeed He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Recap of Lesson 9
    • Belief in Angels
    • Different duties of the angels
    • Belief in the Books
    • What do we mean when we say we believe in the previous scriptures?
    • What distinguishes the Qur’an from the previous scriptures
    • Belief in the Messengers

Part 7 continued: Belief in the Last Day

  • This is to believe, accept and affirm everything which has come in the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah concerning the afterlife
  • There are two abodes; that of this world and that of the hereafter. This world is a place of action and earning deeds while the hereafter is a place of recompense
    • Why is the world called “Dunya”?
  • Death and the blowing of the trumpet separate these two abodes
    • When a person dies, they depart from this world and the life of the grave (Barzakh) is part of the recompense of the afterlife
    • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād says that life after death is of two types, the first is the life grave, this is Al-Barzakh and no one knows about its true nature except Allah, and the second type is the life of the hereafter (Paradise or Hell)
  • Everything that has been mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah regarding the afterlife is included within this pillar
    • For example:
      • The Gathering
      • The Hawd (Pond of the Prophet (ﷺ))
      • The Bridge over Hell
      • Paradise itself
      • Hell itself
  • There are benefits which are achieved as a result of having belief in the afterlife:
    • A person who believes that there will be recompense after the life of this world, then he becomes eager in order to perform good deeds and keeps away from evil whereas this is not truly the case for the one who does not believe in this
    • Belief in the afterlife gives one comfort and consolement as you may go through difficulties in life but indeed the afterlife is greater and Allah will not allow one’s good deeds to be lost in vain, therefore the one who believes in Allah and performs good deeds, then indeed a far greater good is in store for him/her
      • Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Muslim]
    • There is justice in the afterlife, therefore one who believes in the hereafter has security in this
    • Those who do not believe in the afterlife have a very negative attitude towards life, they see nothing except for this world and therefore they spare no effort in running after it even if it is at the expense of others

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