40 Hadith: Lesson 3

Sunday 7th Oct

Lesson 3 (Hadith 1): Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 3-6)

  • Brief recap of previous lesson (See lesson 2)
    • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād divided the explanation of this first Hadith into 9 parts
    • Part 1: Its chain of narration and authenticity
    • Part 2: Its significance

Part 3: Imam Ahmad’s Statement

  • Imam Ahmed said that Islam revolves around three Ahaadeeth:
    • The Hadith of Umar (the first hadith, Actions are by intentions)
    • The Hadith of Aisha (Whoever introduces an Innovation into the religion)
    • The Hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir (The Sixth Hadith, The Halal and Haraam is clear)
  • Who is Imam Ahmad?
  • Ibn Rajab elaborates on this statement of Imam Ahmed and said that Islam in its entirety consists of:
    • fulfilling the commands of Allah,
    • keeping away from the prohibited actions
    • and being cautious of matters which are doubtful and all of these are present in the hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir, however none of this can be done except by two things.
    • 1. That you ensure that your actions are in accordance with the Sunnah (which can be found in the hadith of A’isha may Allah be pleased with her)
    • 2. That you ensure that your actions are sincerely done for the sake of Allah (found in the hadith of Umar may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Therefore we can see that these three ahaadeeth the foundations of Islam return to

Part 4: The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used comprehensive statements which were few in words but complex in meaning
  • At the start of the hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “innamaa” (Only, Indeed), it is a particle of restriction grammatically. What is the significance of this?
  • What does this mean? What is the restriction? That actions are only valid before Allah based on the intention
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “niyyaat” (intentions) What is the role of intention?
    • Intentions differentiate between acts of worship and ordinary acts, e.g. Ghusl.
    • Likewise intentions distinguishes acts of worship one from the other, e.g.
  • NOTE: You can transform your ordinary tasks into acts of worship, e.g. convert your time of sleep into an act of worship and gain reward, how? By intending your sleep so that you will have energy to wake up for and perform the night prayer or Fajr (Hadith of Ibn Mas’ud may Allah be pleased with him)
  • NOTE: Importance of utilising your time to make remembrance of Allah.
    • `Abdullah bin Busr (ra) narrated that: “A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (saws), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (saws) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.” [At-Tirmidhi]
    • The habit of Shaykh Ibn Baz

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40 Hadith: Lesson 2

Sun 30th Sep

Lesson 2: Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 1+2)

  • It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu’minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (ra) who said: “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
  • For an action to occur it must have an intention behind it, otherwise this cannot be termed an action. For example, when a sleeping person or an insane person performs an act, then we do not say this is the same as what someone does who intends to do that act
  • Important aspects of an Action:
    • the intention itself
    • the one for whom you are doing the action for
  • The explanation by Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād can be divided into 9 parts

Part 1: The chain of narration

  • This hadith has been collected by Imam Al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim and the collectors of the Sunan,
    • Who are the collectors of the sunan?
  • Other collectors of hadith have also collected this hadith
  • This hadith was narrated through only Umar (at the level of the companions)
  • Who narrated it from Umar?
  • NOTE: when a narration has only one person at a specific level (e.g. at the level of the companions or the generations that followed them) then this type of hadith is called Ghareeb. This does not mean that it is unauthentic, it merely means that there is only one person at any level.
  • This is the very first hadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari. Likewise the very last hadith of Sahih Al-Bukhari is also a ghareeb hadith
    • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection]’.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Part 2: The great importance of this Hadith

  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād says that Imam An-Nawawi as well as a great amount of scholars have begun their books with this hadith.
    • Who are these Scholars?
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith enters upon 70 different chapters of fiqh (Jurisprudence)”.
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith is a third of knowledge”
  • This hadith is one of the hadith that Islam revolves around
  • Every muslim should have some level of understanding regarding this hadith
  • Imam Nawawi says that he began with this Hadith in order to follow the footsteps of Imam Al-Bukhari and cites the scholars who preceded him as to the importance of beginning with this hadith
  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād mentions that Ibn Rajab (who authored a comprehensive Explanation of the 40 Hadith if Imam Nawawi), that he says that Imam Bukhari places this hadith in the beginning of his book as though to indicate it as an introduction or preface and that any action one does without dedicating it to seeking the face of Allah, then such action has no fruit to it in this life nor in the hereafter

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40 Hadith: Lesson 1

Sun 23rd Sept 2018

Lesson 1: Introduction and Biography of Imam Nawawi and Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād

  • Introduction to the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi
  • The best statements uttered by any human are the statements spoken by the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)
  • Imam Nawawi has collected 42 comprehensive hadith from the fundamentals and principles of our deen in this book
  • We will be using the commentary of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād,
    • Story of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbad and his classes on this book
  • The life of Imam Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him):
    • What was his name?
      • kunya and title (Muhyideen, though he disliked it)
    • His birthplace
      • Born in the year 631 AH in the month of Muharram, in a town called Nawa on the outskirts of Damascus
    • His seeking of knowledge
    • His death
      • He passed away in his home town, in the house he was born in, on the 24th of Rajab in the year 676 AH
    • A brief biography of Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād (may Allah preserve him)
      • His name
      • His birthplace
        • In the town of Zulfi (near Riyadh) in the year 1353 AH
      • His seeking of Knowledge
      • His role at the Islamic University of Madinah
    • Introduction to the book by Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād
      • Praise of Allah
      • Salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ), his family, his companions and those who follow their footsteps
      • Introduction to the 40 Hadith of Imam Nawawi and why he gathered 40 ahadeeth
      • Imam Nawawi’s own introduction to the book and his praise for the scholars
      • The importance of this collection of 42 hadith
      • Imam Nawawi’s citing of the narrations, their authenticity and chains
      • Imam Nawaiw says it is binding for anyone who has ardent desire for the afterlife that he/she knows and reflects on these ahadeeth due to the important matters they contain
      • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād explains the impact this book has had alongside other great works
      • Imam Ibn Rajab added further 8 hadith to this collection for a total of 50 hadith
      • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād explains this Sharh (commentary) and how it is structured
    • Encouragement from Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād to learn and memorise these ahadeeth

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