40 Hadith: Lesson 22

Sun 10 Mar 2019

Lesson 22: Hadith 14

Summary of benefits of Hadith 13

Hadith 14: Sanctity of the Muslim life and causes of its nullification

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn Rajab mentions other punishment like sodomy, intercourse with animals and the one who denies the ruling of the prayer.

Part 1: The Muslim Ruler

  • This is judicial law only under the authority of a Muslim ruler, not the muslim citizens under his authority or Muslims living in a non Islamic country.

Part 2: The legislation of the Creator as opposed to the creation

  • Allah’s Legislation is based upon His Wisdom and Justice, which can never be fully understood by the intellect of mankind.
  • Example of a car maker, the customer may not understand why certain parts are laid out in they way they are, yet he accepts that this lack of understand does not mean that the engineering is flawed or incorrect, rather the customer accepts the wisdom of the car maker
  • The Legislation of Allah is based on His Wisdom, His Justice and His Mercy
  • Therefore we submit and recognise the law of Allah

Part 3: The requirements of capital punishment

  • The Punishments have extremely difficult requirements to be met and applied
  • 4 trustworthy witnesses to have seen the act of penetration.
  • If one of the four witnesses rejects his testimony as a lie, then all four witnesses are publicly lashed and their testimonies are rejected forever.
  • Any group less than four cannot pass a testimony for witnessing penetration or proclaim publicly to other who haven’t witnessed the crime. This act itself can result in corporal punishment for the individual.

Part 4: What is the purpose/benefit of capital punishment?

  • A deterrent of the crime in that society and bringing security and stability

Next Lesson: A discussion regarding the law surrounding Apostasy

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40 adith: Lesson 21

Sun 3 Mar 2019

Lesson 21: Hadith 13 (Part 1)

  • Recap of last lesson (Hadith 11 and 12)
  • Statement of Ibn Rajab and Imam Ahmed (may Allah have mercy on them both)
  • What does it mean that a person should leave that which does not concern him? How does one decide what concerns him?
  • What is “ihsaan”?
  • Benefits of Hadith 12:
    • 1. A person is meant to leave alone those things which do not concern him
    • 2. A person preoccupied himself with those things which do concern him
    • 3. By way of a person leaving those things which he is not meant to have concern for, then in this there is a peace of mind and preservation of his time and honour
    • 4. People are of varying degrees as far as their deen is concerned

Hadith 13

  • On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), the servant of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • What does it mean “None of you [truly] believes…”?
    • Perfection of eemaan (Belief) is of two types
      • A mandatory level,
      • A recommended, non obligatory level
  • What is the Prophet (ﷺ) referring to when he says this?
  • If a person does not fulfil this (i.e. that he loves for his brother what he loves for himself), then his belief is deficient, but he is still a Muslim
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: Negation of Belief unless this condition is met

  • In this narration, there is a negation of the obligatory perfection of a person’s eemaan (Belief) until he loves for his brother what he loves for his own self
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-’Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Principles when dealing with other people
  • Treating others as you would wish to be treated yourself
  • Allah says in the Qur’an: “Woe to Al-Mutaffifin [those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)], Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due.” [Surah Al-Mudaffifiin (Those Who Deal in Fraud) verses 1-3]

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40 Hadith: Lesson 20

Sun  Feb 24 2019

Lesson 20: Hadith 10 (Part 4), Hadith 11 and Hadith 12

Hadith 10

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (ra): The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Indeed Allah the Most High is Good and accepts only that which is good. And indeed Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the goodly things, and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said: “O you who believe! Eat of the goodly things that We have provided you.” [2:172]” Then he (ﷺ) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying] “O My Lord! O My  Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, and his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?” [Sahih Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 4 parts
  • We did parts 1-3 in Lesson 19

Part 4 : Summary of Benefits of Hadith 10

  • 1. What does the name of Allah “Ad-Dayyib” mean?
  • 2. A Muslim should ensure his earnings are good and pure
  • 3. Charity is not accepted except by wealth that is Halal
  • 4. Allah’s blessings upon his slaves
  • 5. Eating Haraam is from the causes of Dua not being accepted
  • 6. From the causes of dua being accepted is travelling and likewise being in a dusty or dishevelled state
  • 7. From the causes of dua being accepted is raising the hands
  • 8. From the causes of dua being accepted is seeking nearness to Allah through his names
  • 9. From the causes of dua being accepted is begging Allah

Hadith 11:

  • On the authority of Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abee Talib (may Allah be pleased with them), the maternal grandson of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and the one much loved by him, who said: I memorised from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ): “Leave that which makes you doubt for that which does not make you doubt.” [At-Tirmidhi] [An-Nasai]
  • At-Tirmidhi said that it was a good and sound (hasan saheeh) hadeeth.
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Hadith 12:

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “From the perfection of one’s Islam is his leaving that which does not concern him.” A hasan (good) hadeeth which was related by At-Tirmidhi and others in this fashion.
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 2 parts

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40 Hadith: Lesson 19

Sunday 17 Feb 2019

Lesson 19: Hadith 9 (Part 8) and Hadith 10 (Parts 1-3)

  • Hadith 9:
    • On the authority of Ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify that none has the right to be worshiped in truth except Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and to establish the prayer and pay the zakat. Then If they do that then their blood and wealth are safe from me except by the right of Islam, and their reckoning is with Allah, The Exalted.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 8 parts
  • We did Part 1 (regarding  The statement of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) “I have been commanded to fight the people…”) in Lesson 16, Parts 2-7 in Lesson 17
  • Recap of previous lesson

Part 8: Summary of Benefits

  • 1. The obligation of abandoning and leaving everything that Allah and his Messenger have made haraam
  • 2. The obligation of performing and leaving everything that Allah and his Messenger have made obligatory
  • 3. Caution against falling into what the people of the Book fell into
  • 4. A person is not obligated with anything that is beyond his ability
  • 5. The one who is unable to do something in its entirety then he suffices with doing what he is able to do
  • 6. A person should limit himself to asking those questions which he is in need of and should leave off asking excessive questioning

Hadith 10

  • On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Indeed Allah the Most High is Good and accepts only that which is good. And indeed Allah has commanded the believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said: “O (you) Messengers! Eat of the goodly things, and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said: “O you who believe! Eat of the goodly things that We have provided you.” [2:172]” Then he (ﷺ) mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky [saying] “O My Lord! O My  Lord!,” while his food is haram (unlawful), his drink is haram, and his clothing is haram, and he has been nourished with haram, so how can [his supplication] be answered?” [Sahih Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 4 parts

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