40 Hadith: Lesson 5

Sunday 21st Oct 2018

Lesson 5:  Hadith 2 (Parts 3-5)

 

  • We started Hadith 2 in the previous lesson;
      • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Recap of Lesson 4
      • Part 1: Imam Muslim’s placement of this hadith at the beginning of his Sahih
      • Part 2: The context of this hadith and the innovations the misguided sect Qadariyyah
  • Shaykh Abdelmushin Al-Abbād states 4 points regarding the context of this hadith:
      • 1. The bidah of the Qadariyyah (those who deny the decree of Allah) emerged during the time of the companions
      • 2. The methodology of the taabi’een on returning back to the companions
      • NOTE: who were the taabi’een?
      • 3. The bidah (innovation) of the Qadariyyah is from amongst the most evil, vile and repulsive innovations made, why is this?
      • 4. The mufti, whenever he states a ruling must give evidence

Part 3: Angels can take the form of a human being

  • This hadith states that angel Jibra’eel (Gabriel) came in the form of a man
  • There are other instances in which angel Jibra’eel (Gabriel)

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40 Hadith: Lesson 4

Sunday 14th Oct 2018

Lesson 4: Hadith 1 (parts 7-9) and Hadith 2 (Parts 1-2)

 

  • Recap of Lesson 3:
    • This hadith (i.e. hadith number 1) is one of the three ahaadeeth about which Islam revolves around
    • The other two hadeeth are the Hadith of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) and Nu’man Ibn Bashir (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The Prophet’s (ﷺ) use of the word only
    • The purpose behind Intention
    • How intention distinguishes between acts of worship and ordinary actions or habits
    • How innovation distinguishes between difference between different acts of worship
    • The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”
    • The Statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “And indeed every man will have what he intended”
    • The Statement of the Prophet (ﷺ) “He whose migration is for Allah and his messenger, then his migration is for Allah and his Messenger, and he whose migration is for Worldly gains or to marry a Woman, then his migration is for whatever he migrated for”

Part 7: The context of this Hadith

  • Some say that this hadith was based on a historical event that a man immigrated to Madinah in order to marry a woman
  • However Ibn Rajab says that there is no sound chain of narration to verify this

PArt 8: Where is intention located?

  • For example, dhikr or supplication is made upon the tongue and prayer is an act of worshipped performed by the limbs, so where is intention located?
  • Niyyah (intention) is located in the heart, it is an act of the heart
  • Pronouncing one’s intention verbally is an innovation and not from the Sunnah (Example given by Shaykh Uthaymeen)

Part 9: Summary of Benefits from this hadith

  1. There is no action except with an intention
  2. Actions are considered based on their intentions
  3. The reward for an action is based upon its intention
  4. The scholar should provide examples to clarify the matter and this is an emulation of the Prophet (ﷺ)
  5. The virtue of Al-Hijrah (Migration)
  6. A person will be rewarded or deprived based upon his intention
  7. An good action may just be a habit or ordinary action, however this can be considered an act of worship if this brings him closer or aids him in his other acts of worship
  8. An action can be a source of reward (e.g. doing it for the sake of Allah sincerely) or it may be a cause of punishment (e.g. if one did it out of showing off or shirk)

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40 Hadith: Lesson 3

Sunday 7th Oct

Lesson 3 (Hadith 1): Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 3-6)

  • Brief recap of previous lesson (See lesson 2)
    • Shaykh AbdelMuhsin Al-Abbād divided the explanation of this first Hadith into 9 parts
    • Part 1: Its chain of narration and authenticity
    • Part 2: Its significance

Part 3: Imam Ahmad’s Statement

  • Imam Ahmed said that Islam revolves around three Ahaadeeth:
    • The Hadith of Umar (the first hadith, Actions are by intentions)
    • The Hadith of Aisha (Whoever introduces an Innovation into the religion)
    • The Hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir (The Sixth Hadith, The Halal and Haraam is clear)
  • Who is Imam Ahmad?
  • Ibn Rajab elaborates on this statement of Imam Ahmed and said that Islam in its entirety consists of:
    • fulfilling the commands of Allah,
    • keeping away from the prohibited actions
    • and being cautious of matters which are doubtful and all of these are present in the hadith of Nu’man Ibn Bashir, however none of this can be done except by two things.
    • 1. That you ensure that your actions are in accordance with the Sunnah (which can be found in the hadith of A’isha may Allah be pleased with her)
    • 2. That you ensure that your actions are sincerely done for the sake of Allah (found in the hadith of Umar may Allah be pleased with him)
  • Therefore we can see that these three ahaadeeth the foundations of Islam return to

Part 4: The words of the Prophet (ﷺ) “Indeed Actions are by intentions”

  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used comprehensive statements which were few in words but complex in meaning
  • At the start of the hadith the Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “innamaa” (Only, Indeed), it is a particle of restriction grammatically. What is the significance of this?
  • What does this mean? What is the restriction? That actions are only valid before Allah based on the intention
  • The Prophet (ﷺ) used the word “niyyaat” (intentions) What is the role of intention?
    • Intentions differentiate between acts of worship and ordinary acts, e.g. Ghusl.
    • Likewise intentions distinguishes acts of worship one from the other, e.g.
  • NOTE: You can transform your ordinary tasks into acts of worship, e.g. convert your time of sleep into an act of worship and gain reward, how? By intending your sleep so that you will have energy to wake up for and perform the night prayer or Fajr (Hadith of Ibn Mas’ud may Allah be pleased with him)
  • NOTE: Importance of utilising your time to make remembrance of Allah.
    • `Abdullah bin Busr (ra) narrated that: “A man said: “O Messenger of Allah (saws), indeed, the legislated acts of Islam have become too much for me, so inform me of a thing that I should stick to.” He (saws) said: “Let not your tongue cease to be moist with the remembrance of Allah.” [At-Tirmidhi]
    • The habit of Shaykh Ibn Baz

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40 Hadith: Lesson 2

Sun 30th Sep

Lesson 2: Indeed Actions are by Intentions (Parts 1+2)

  • It is narrated on the authority of Amirul Mu’minin, Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (ra) who said: “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emigrated for.” [Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]
  • For an action to occur it must have an intention behind it, otherwise this cannot be termed an action. For example, when a sleeping person or an insane person performs an act, then we do not say this is the same as what someone does who intends to do that act
  • Important aspects of an Action:
    • the intention itself
    • the one for whom you are doing the action for
  • The explanation by Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād can be divided into 9 parts

Part 1: The chain of narration

  • This hadith has been collected by Imam Al-Bukhari, Imam Muslim and the collectors of the Sunan,
    • Who are the collectors of the sunan?
  • Other collectors of hadith have also collected this hadith
  • This hadith was narrated through only Umar (at the level of the companions)
  • Who narrated it from Umar?
  • NOTE: when a narration has only one person at a specific level (e.g. at the level of the companions or the generations that followed them) then this type of hadith is called Ghareeb. This does not mean that it is unauthentic, it merely means that there is only one person at any level.
  • This is the very first hadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari. Likewise the very last hadith of Sahih Al-Bukhari is also a ghareeb hadith
    • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There are two statements that are light for the tongue to remember, heavy in the Scales and are dear to the Merciful: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azim [Glory be to Allah and His is the praise, (and) Allah, the Greatest is free from imperfection]’.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Part 2: The great importance of this Hadith

  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād says that Imam An-Nawawi as well as a great amount of scholars have begun their books with this hadith.
    • Who are these Scholars?
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith enters upon 70 different chapters of fiqh (Jurisprudence)”.
  • Imam Nawawi quotes Imam Shaafi’i that “This hadith is a third of knowledge”
  • This hadith is one of the hadith that Islam revolves around
  • Every muslim should have some level of understanding regarding this hadith
  • Imam Nawawi says that he began with this Hadith in order to follow the footsteps of Imam Al-Bukhari and cites the scholars who preceded him as to the importance of beginning with this hadith
  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād mentions that Ibn Rajab (who authored a comprehensive Explanation of the 40 Hadith if Imam Nawawi), that he says that Imam Bukhari places this hadith in the beginning of his book as though to indicate it as an introduction or preface and that any action one does without dedicating it to seeking the face of Allah, then such action has no fruit to it in this life nor in the hereafter

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