40 Hadith: Lesson 24

Sun 14 April 2019

Lesson 24: Apostasy

Hadith 14

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Previous topics such as adultery and murder were discussed in lessons 22 to 23
  • Recap of points on apostasy from Lesson 23
  • These rulings are NOT for people to take into their own hands, rather they have rulings, requirements and conditions which must be met and can only be carried out by the authority in a Muslim country
  • General Background:
    • How do countries in the world today deal with threats to their national interest or safety/order?
    • What was the approach of countries in the past?
  • What is considered a risk to the government in a Muslim country?
  • The value of life in Islamic Law
  • Allah says:”And a party of the people of the Scripture say: “Believe in the morning in that which is revealed to the believers (Muslims), and reject it at the end of the day, so that they may turn back.” [Surah Āli-Imran (The Family of Imran) verse 72]
  • What is the ruling on Apostasy? why is it in place? Is there an immediate threat to life?

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40 Hadith: Lesson 23

Sun 24 Mar  2019

Lesson 23: Hadith 14 (part 2)

Hadith 14

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • We did parts 1-4 in the previous lesson
  • Recap so far:
    • The importance of having an understanding regarding these matters during our current time where those who seek to discredit Islam use these types of issues to justify their hate and propaganda
    • What sort of context are these laws to be applied in? Is there a judicial process? Who is responsible for them?
    • What is the wisdom behind these laws?

New Albaseerah Series

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40 Hadith: Lesson 22

Sun 10 Mar 2019

Lesson 22: Hadith 14

Summary of benefits of Hadith 13

Hadith 14: Sanctity of the Muslim life and causes of its nullification

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn Rajab mentions other punishment like sodomy, intercourse with animals and the one who denies the ruling of the prayer.

Part 1: The Muslim Ruler

  • This is judicial law only under the authority of a Muslim ruler, not the muslim citizens under his authority or Muslims living in a non Islamic country.

Part 2: The legislation of the Creator as opposed to the creation

  • Allah’s Legislation is based upon His Wisdom and Justice, which can never be fully understood by the intellect of mankind.
  • Example of a car maker, the customer may not understand why certain parts are laid out in they way they are, yet he accepts that this lack of understand does not mean that the engineering is flawed or incorrect, rather the customer accepts the wisdom of the car maker
  • The Legislation of Allah is based on His Wisdom, His Justice and His Mercy
  • Therefore we submit and recognise the law of Allah

Part 3: The requirements of capital punishment

  • The Punishments have extremely difficult requirements to be met and applied
  • 4 trustworthy witnesses to have seen the act of penetration.
  • If one of the four witnesses rejects his testimony as a lie, then all four witnesses are publicly lashed and their testimonies are rejected forever.
  • Any group less than four cannot pass a testimony for witnessing penetration or proclaim publicly to other who haven’t witnessed the crime. This act itself can result in corporal punishment for the individual.

Part 4: What is the purpose/benefit of capital punishment?

  • A deterrent of the crime in that society and bringing security and stability

Next Lesson: A discussion regarding the law surrounding Apostasy

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40 adith: Lesson 21

Sun 3 Mar 2019

Lesson 21: Hadith 13 (Part 1)

  • Recap of last lesson (Hadith 11 and 12)
  • Statement of Ibn Rajab and Imam Ahmed (may Allah have mercy on them both)
  • What does it mean that a person should leave that which does not concern him? How does one decide what concerns him?
  • What is “ihsaan”?
  • Benefits of Hadith 12:
    • 1. A person is meant to leave alone those things which do not concern him
    • 2. A person preoccupied himself with those things which do concern him
    • 3. By way of a person leaving those things which he is not meant to have concern for, then in this there is a peace of mind and preservation of his time and honour
    • 4. People are of varying degrees as far as their deen is concerned

Hadith 13

  • On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), the servant of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • What does it mean “None of you [truly] believes…”?
    • Perfection of eemaan (Belief) is of two types
      • A mandatory level,
      • A recommended, non obligatory level
  • What is the Prophet (ﷺ) referring to when he says this?
  • If a person does not fulfil this (i.e. that he loves for his brother what he loves for himself), then his belief is deficient, but he is still a Muslim
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: Negation of Belief unless this condition is met

  • In this narration, there is a negation of the obligatory perfection of a person’s eemaan (Belief) until he loves for his brother what he loves for his own self
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-’Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Principles when dealing with other people
  • Treating others as you would wish to be treated yourself
  • Allah says in the Qur’an: “Woe to Al-Mutaffifin [those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)], Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due.” [Surah Al-Mudaffifiin (Those Who Deal in Fraud) verses 1-3]

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