Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 34

Sat 1st Dec 2018

Authentic Adhkar from the Qur’an and Sunnah

Lesson 34: Supplications for the Morning

    • Narration from Imam Ahmad Ibn Abdirrahmaan Ibn Abzaa (may Allah be pleased with him) (Reported in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad, vol 3, page 407, declared Sahih by Al-Albaani)
      • The Prophet (ﷺ) thanks Allah for awakening upon the “fitrah”
      • What is the fitrah?
      • The verse: “So set you (O Muhammad SAW) your face towards the religion of pure Islamic Monotheism Hanifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allah’s Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq-illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah Islamic Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol 21, Page 41]” [Surah Ar-Rūm (The Romans) verse 30]
      • Indeed the blessing of Allah upon his servant is great
      • Arising in the morning upon the sound religion of Islam
      • The great importance of Tawheed (Islamic monotheism)
      • The statement of Sufyaan Ibn Uyaina

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40 Hadith: Lesson 10

Sunday 25th Nov 2018

Lesson 10: Hadith 2 (Parts 7 and 8)

    • We are currently on Hadith 2 (which we started in lesson 4);
      • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should worship Allah as though you could see Him, but if you cannot see Him, then indeed He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Recap of Lesson 9
    • Belief in Angels
    • Different duties of the angels
    • Belief in the Books
    • What do we mean when we say we believe in the previous scriptures?
    • What distinguishes the Qur’an from the previous scriptures
    • Belief in the Messengers

Part 7 continued: Belief in the Last Day

  • This is to believe, accept and affirm everything which has come in the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah concerning the afterlife
  • There are two abodes; that of this world and that of the hereafter. This world is a place of action and earning deeds while the hereafter is a place of recompense
    • Why is the world called “Dunya”?
  • Death and the blowing of the trumpet separate these two abodes
    • When a person dies, they depart from this world and the life of the grave (Barzakh) is part of the recompense of the afterlife
    • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād says that life after death is of two types, the first is the life grave, this is Al-Barzakh and no one knows about its true nature except Allah, and the second type is the life of the hereafter (Paradise or Hell)
  • Everything that has been mentioned in the Qur’an and Sunnah regarding the afterlife is included within this pillar
    • For example:
      • The Gathering
      • The Hawd (Pond of the Prophet (ﷺ))
      • The Bridge over Hell
      • Paradise itself
      • Hell itself
  • There are benefits which are achieved as a result of having belief in the afterlife:
    • A person who believes that there will be recompense after the life of this world, then he becomes eager in order to perform good deeds and keeps away from evil whereas this is not truly the case for the one who does not believe in this
    • Belief in the afterlife gives one comfort and consolement as you may go through difficulties in life but indeed the afterlife is greater and Allah will not allow one’s good deeds to be lost in vain, therefore the one who believes in Allah and performs good deeds, then indeed a far greater good is in store for him/her
      • Hadith of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Muslim]
    • There is justice in the afterlife, therefore one who believes in the hereafter has security in this
    • Those who do not believe in the afterlife have a very negative attitude towards life, they see nothing except for this world and therefore they spare no effort in running after it even if it is at the expense of others

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 33

Saturday 24th November 2018

Lesson 33: Asking Allah for Al-`Āfiyah and the Importance of Islamic clothing

    • It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) never abandoned these supplications, every morning and evening: Allaahumma inni as’alukal-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyah fid-dunya wal-akhirah. Allahumma inni as’alukal-‘afwa wal-‘aafiyata fi dini wa dunyaaya wa ahlii wa maali. Allahum-mastur ‘awraati, wa aamin raw’aati, Allahumma-ahfadhnii min bayni yadayya, wa min khalfi, wa ‘an yaminii wa ‘an shimaalii, wa min fawqi, wa ‘audhu bika an ughtaala min tahtii (O Allah, I ask You for forgiveness and well-being in this world and in the Hereafter. O Allah, I ask You for forgiveness and security in my religion and my worldly affairs, in my family and my property. O Allah, conceal my faults, calm my fears. O Allah! protect me from before me and behind me, from my right and my left, and from above me, and I seek refuge in You from being taken unaware from beneath me).” [Sunan Ibn Majah and Abi Dawud]
  • What is meant by “Al-`Āfiyah”?
        • Al-`Abbas bin `Abdul-Muttalib (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me something that I may ask Allah, [Mighty and Sublime] for.’ He (saws) said: ‘Ask Allah for Al-`Āfiyah.’ Then I remained for a day, then I came and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, teach me something that I may ask Allah for.’ So he (ﷺ) said to me: “O Abbas, O uncle of the Messenger of Allah! Ask Allah for Al-`Āfiyah in the world and in the Hereafter.” [At-Tirmidhi]
        • The hadith of Abu Bakr regarding asking Allah for Al-Afiyah and forgiveness
        • Asking for Al-`Āfiyah (safety, security, preservation) in five matters:
          • In your religion: this is asking Allah to preserve you from all of that which causes deficiency in your religion
          • In your worldly affairs: this is asking Allah to keep you safe from all of the trails and calamities of this world which may harm you
          • In your Hereafter: This is asking Allah to safeguard you from the terrors of the resurrection and the Afterlife
  • In your Family: This is asking Allah to protect your family and keep them safe from trials and tribulations
          • In your Property: This is asking Allah to preserve your wealth from destruction (e.g drowning of wealth, flooding, fire, theft etc)
        • Al-`Āfiyah is a comprehensive matter to ask for and indeed after having been granted Eemaan (faith) then there is nothing better to be granted than Al-`Āfiyah in your affairs
        • The Prophet (ﷺ) would always ask for this every morning and evening
  • What is meant by “O Allah, conceal my faults”?
        • Linguistically, the word used “Awra” means the area one covers up for dignity, as a minimum for a man this would be from the navel to the knee and for a woman this would be all of her body except her face and hands. This is also true and it is within the meaning of this supplication
        • The meaning also covers asking Allah to keep your shortcomings concealed and for this not to be spread amongst the people
        • What is the minimum area required to be covered for children?
        • Question: When women are amongst themselves (sisters only), what is the ruling on the area to be covered?
        • Issue: What have the scholars said about women wearing tight clothes exposing one’s figure when amongst other sisters?
        • Issue: The influence of western society on muslim dress
        • Question: what about Muslim sisters wearing trousers?
        • Issue: Covering one’s Awra does not just mean placing cloth over one’s skin, one needs to cover the shape of their body also
        • Question: what about men wearing tight trousers?
        • NOTE: This dua is especially beneficial for women as generally speaking across the world there is a degradation of the dignity and privacy of women in these times we live
        • Issue: These days some women dress in an undignified way which expose their awra in order to “look better”, but for whom are they doing this?

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