40 Hadith: Lesson 9

Sunday 18th Nov 2018

Lesson 9: Belief in the Angels, Books and Messengers

  • We are currently on Hadith 2 (which we started in lesson 4);
    • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]

Recap of Lesson 8: Belief in Allah

    • Belief in Allah consists of 4 matters:
  • 1. Belief in his existence, We can know this by:
        • our Fitrah (natural disposition),
        • our intellect,
        • our senses and
        • our religion
  • 2. Belief in Allah’s unique Lordship and actions, This itself can be related to 3 matters,:
        • 1. Allah is unique in his ability to create from nothing, whereas mankind does not create but rather transforms one matter into another
        • 2. He is the sustainer and controller of all that exists
        • 3. He is the sole owner of all that exists and no one has a share with him in any of these things
  • 3. Worshipping Allah alone
        • Belief in Allah’s sole right to be worshipped naturally follows on from 1 and 2
        • Allah has given us ability and free will, therefore we are responsible for what we do and Allah has obligated upon Mankind and Jinn that they worship him alone
        • Allah has sent Prophets and Messengers (may peace be upon them all) to provide us with information about what he has obligated upon us and how to be grateful to him. The Prophets and Messengers have also brought us information and details about our creator, our purpose and our ultime end (Paradise or Hell). We could not have obtained these details just by basic observation or thought since they are from the unseen.
  • 4. Belief in his perfect names and attributes
    • There are principles which we must follow:
      • 1. That we believe in every name and attribute that Allah has mentioned in his book (the Qur’an) or upon the tongue of his Messenger (ﷺ) (the Sunnah)
      • 2. Every name and attribute that Allah has negated from himself in the Qur’an and Sunnah then we negate this also
      • 3. We do the above without falling into 4 things:
        • 1. We do not deny any name or attribute of Allah
        • 2. We do not distort their meanings
        • 3. We do not liken them to creation
        • 4. We do not ask “how” about the nature of Allah’s names and attributes

Second pillar of Faith: Believing in the Angels

  • It is a pillar of faith to believe in the Angels
  • Angels are from among the creation of Allah
  • Angles are created from Light
    • ‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Angels were created from light, Jinns were created from a smokeless flame of fire, and Adam was created from that which you have been told (i.e., sounding clay like the clay of pottery).”[Muslim]

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 32

Sat 17th Nov 2018

Lesson 32: Supplications for the Morning and Evenings Part-2

    • ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When it was evening, the Prophet (ﷺ) used to supplicate: “Amsaina wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillaah. Laa ‘ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa sharika lahu (We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is none who has the right to be worshiped but Allah, the One who has no partner with Him).” He (the narrator) said: I think that he (ﷺ) used to follow the recitation with these words: “Lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shi’in Qadiir. Rabbi as’aluka khaira ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa khaira ma ba’dahaa; wa a’udhu bika min sharri ma fi haadhihil-lailati, wa sharri ma ba’dahaa; Rabbi a’udhu bika minal- kasali, wa suu’il-kibari; Rabbi a’udhu bika min ‘adhabin fin-naari, wa ‘adhabin fil-qabri (His is the sovereignty and to Him is all praise due, and He is Omnipotent. My Lord, I beg of you the good that lies in this night and good that follows it, and I seek refuge in You from the evil that lies in this night and from the evil of that which follows it. My Lord! I seek refuge in You from lethargy and the misery of old age. O Allah! I seek Your Protection from the torment of Hell-fire and the punishment of the grave).” When it was morning, he (ﷺ) would recite the same, replacing the words: “We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening” with “We have entered upon morning and the whole kingdom of Allah entered upon morning.” (Replace the words “Amsainaa→ Asbahnaa, amsa→ asbaha, hadhihil-lailati→ hadhal-yaumi, ma ba’daha→ ma ba’dahu)” [Muslim].
      • When one says this hadith he/she acknowledges that all of the kingdom belongs solely to Allah and that he is the one deserving of all praise and that he is able to do do all things
      • The importance of seeking refuge from Laziness. The one who is capable yet abandons obligatory actions out of laziness is not excused whereas
      • The troubles of old age which some experience (in regards to their physical and mental faculties) and the benefit of seeking refuge from this
      • Why is the punishment of the Hellfire and the grave mentioned?
      • Whoever finds himself safe in the grave, will similarly find himself safe after the resurrection
      • May Allah safeguard us all from the punishment of Hellfire
  • Hadith of Abu Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The hadith is narrated in such a way that it seems like a statement of Abu Darda however it is taken as a supplication from the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), why so?
    • This hadith has a great benefit for every muslim who is concerned about the affairs of his world or the afterlife
    • One who reads this supplication places his trust in Allah
  • Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)’ one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.” [Muslim].
  • Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to teach his Companions, saying: “When one of you reached the morning, then let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the morning, and by You we enter the evening, and be You we live, and by You we died, and to You is the Return (Allāhumma bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika amsainā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikal-maṣīr). And when he reaches the evening let him say: ‘O Allah, by You we enter the evening, and by You we enter the morning, and by You we live, and by You we die, and to You is the Resurrection (Allāhumma bika amsainā wa bika aṣbaḥnā wa bika naḥyā wa bika namūtu wa ilaikan-nushūr).’” [At-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud and others, declared Hasan by Shaikh Al-Albaani]
    • Why does the morning supplication end with “and to You is the Return” and why does the evening supplication end with “to You is the Resurrection”?
    • Hudhaifah and Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) went to bed, he would supplicate: “Bismika-Allaahumma amuutu wa ahyaa (With Your Name, O Allah, I die and return to life)”; and when he woke up, he would supplicate thus: “Al-hamdu lillaahilladhi ahyaana ba’da maa amaatanaa, wa ilaihin-nushuur (All praise belongs to Allah Who has restored us back to life after causing us to die; and to Him shall we return).” [Al-Bukhari]

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40 Hadith: Lesson 8

Sun 11th Nov 2018

Lesson 8: Belief in Allah consists of 4 matters

Recap of previous lesson:

  • We are currently on Hadith 2 (which we started in lesson 4);
      • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Atheists are of 3 types
      • The submissive, common atheist
      • The atheist with an agenda to rid society of religion and morality
      • The honest atheist
  • Belief in Allah consists of 4 matters:
  • 1. Belief in his existence
        • We can know this by:
          • our Fitrah (natural disposition),
          • our intellect,
          • our senses and
          • our religion
      • 2. Belief in Allah’s unique Lordship and actions
        • This itself can be related to 3 matters,:
          • 1. Allah is unique in his ability to create from nothing, whereas mankind does not create but rather transforms one matter into another
          • 2. He is the sustainer and controller of all that exists
          • 3. He is the sole owner of all that exists and no one has a share with him in any of these things
  • 3. Worshipping Allah alone
        • Belief in Allah’s sole right to be worshipped naturally follows on from 1 and 2
        • Allah has given us ability and free will, therefore we are responsible for what we do and Allah has obligated upon Mankind and Jinn that they worship him alone
        • Allah has sent Prophets and Messengers (may peace be upon them all) to provide us with information about what he has obligated upon us and how to be grateful to him. The Prophets and Messengers have also brought us information and details about our creator, our purpose and our ultime end (Paradise or Hell). We could not have obtained these details just by basic observation or thought since they are from the unseen.
  • 4. Belief in his perfect names and attributes
      • There are principles which we must follow:
        • 1. That we believe in every name and attribute that Allah has mentioned in his book (the Qur’an) or upon the tongue of his Messenger (ﷺ) (the Sunnah)
        • 2. Every name and attribute that Allah has negated from himself in the Qur’an and Sunnah then we negate this also
        • 3. We do the above without falling into 4 things:
          • 1. We do not deny any name or attribute of Allah
          • 2. We do not distort their meanings
          • 3. We do not liken them to creation
          • 4. We do not ask “how” about the nature of Allah’s names and attributes

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 31

Sat 10th Nov 2018

Lesson 31: Supplications for the Morning and Evenings

The virtue of the early morning and the evening time

    • These two times are mentioned as virtuous times throughout the Qur’an and sunnah
      • Surah Ahzab 41-42
      • Allah Says: “O you who believe! Remember Allah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers].” [Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates) verse 41]
  • Allah Says: “So be patient (O Muhammad (ﷺ)). Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, and ask forgiveness for your fault, and glorify the praises of your Lord in the Ashi (i.e. the time period after the midnoon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e. the time period from early morning or sunrise till before midnoon) [it is said that, that means the five compulsory congregational Salat (prayers) or the ‘Asr and Fajr prayers].” [Surah Al-Ghafir (The Forgiving) verse 55]
    • NOTE: It is mentioned from the Salaf that when you hear a verse beginning with “O you who believe!” then pay very close attention as it will be a command from Allah or a prohibition
  • When we say early part of the day, when is that?
    • It is from the time after the fajr Prayer until the Sunrise
  • When does the virtuous time for supplications in the evening begin?
    • It is from the time after Asr until the sunset
  • NOTE: this does not mean that you should restrict your supplications to the above times only, one can make supplications any time of day however these are virtuous times

Supplications to make during the morning and evening

  • There are very many supplications mentioned in the sunnah which are read in the early morning and evening
  • ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “There is no servant who recites three times every morning and every evening: ‘Bismillahil-ladhi la yadurru ma’as-mihi shai’un fil-ardi wa laa fis-samaa’i, wa Huwas-Samee’ul-‘Aleem (In the Name of Allah with Whose Name there is nothing that can harm in the earth or in the heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All- Knowing),’ nothing will harm him.” [Abu Dawud and At- Tirmidhi]
    • This is one of the great supplications which every muslim should know and memorise so that he or she is not afflicted by some harm or calamity
    • Imam Al-Qurtubi’s (may Allah have mercy upon him) statement regarding this hadith
    • The statement of Abaan Ibn Uthmaan (one of the narrators of this hadith), may Allah be pleased with him, regarding this hadith
    • This supplication should be recited three times every morning and evening
    • The supplication opens with “In the Name of Allah” as you are seeking aid and assistance in him alone
    • Why does the supplication contain “and He is the All-Hearing and All- Knowing”?

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