40 Hadith: Lesson 22

Sun 10 Mar 2019

Lesson 22: Hadith 14

Summary of benefits of Hadith 13

Hadith 14: Sanctity of the Muslim life and causes of its nullification

  • On the authority of Ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “The blood of a Muslim is not permissible (to spill) except by one of three [instances]: the married person who commits adultery, a soul for a soul, and the one who forsakes his religion and separates from the community.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
  • Ibn Rajab mentions other punishment like sodomy, intercourse with animals and the one who denies the ruling of the prayer.

Part 1: The Muslim Ruler

  • This is judicial law only under the authority of a Muslim ruler, not the muslim citizens under his authority or Muslims living in a non Islamic country.

Part 2: The legislation of the Creator as opposed to the creation

  • Allah’s Legislation is based upon His Wisdom and Justice, which can never be fully understood by the intellect of mankind.
  • Example of a car maker, the customer may not understand why certain parts are laid out in they way they are, yet he accepts that this lack of understand does not mean that the engineering is flawed or incorrect, rather the customer accepts the wisdom of the car maker
  • The Legislation of Allah is based on His Wisdom, His Justice and His Mercy
  • Therefore we submit and recognise the law of Allah

Part 3: The requirements of capital punishment

  • The Punishments have extremely difficult requirements to be met and applied
  • 4 trustworthy witnesses to have seen the act of penetration.
  • If one of the four witnesses rejects his testimony as a lie, then all four witnesses are publicly lashed and their testimonies are rejected forever.
  • Any group less than four cannot pass a testimony for witnessing penetration or proclaim publicly to other who haven’t witnessed the crime. This act itself can result in corporal punishment for the individual.

Part 4: What is the purpose/benefit of capital punishment?

  • A deterrent of the crime in that society and bringing security and stability

Next Lesson: A discussion regarding the law surrounding Apostasy

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 47

Sat 9 Mar 2019

Lesson 47: Supplications (adhkar) for after the prayer (Part 2)

  • Supplication for protection from punishments and trials
    • Some scholars e.g. Ibn Taymiyyah and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal considered it to be an obligation to read the supplication of the protection from punishments and that this should not be left out of the prayer in the final sitting
  • Then the individual can make a supplication for anything of the affairs of this world or the hereafter
  • Allah rebukes those who are too stubborn to supplicate to him in the verse [40:60]
    • “And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” [Sura Ghafir, Ayah 60]
  • In the final sitting, after having read the obligatory supplication, and before doing the tasleem, one can make supplication for anything that is favourable to them

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40 adith: Lesson 21

Sun 3 Mar 2019

Lesson 21: Hadith 13 (Part 1)

  • Recap of last lesson (Hadith 11 and 12)
  • Statement of Ibn Rajab and Imam Ahmed (may Allah have mercy on them both)
  • What does it mean that a person should leave that which does not concern him? How does one decide what concerns him?
  • What is “ihsaan”?
  • Benefits of Hadith 12:
    • 1. A person is meant to leave alone those things which do not concern him
    • 2. A person preoccupied himself with those things which do concern him
    • 3. By way of a person leaving those things which he is not meant to have concern for, then in this there is a peace of mind and preservation of his time and honour
    • 4. People are of varying degrees as far as their deen is concerned

Hadith 13

  • On the authority of Abu Hamzah Anas bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him), the servant of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “None of you [truly] believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
  • What does it mean “None of you [truly] believes…”?
    • Perfection of eemaan (Belief) is of two types
      • A mandatory level,
      • A recommended, non obligatory level
  • What is the Prophet (ﷺ) referring to when he says this?
  • If a person does not fulfil this (i.e. that he loves for his brother what he loves for himself), then his belief is deficient, but he is still a Muslim
  • The explanation of this hadith is split into 3 parts

Part 1: Negation of Belief unless this condition is met

  • In this narration, there is a negation of the obligatory perfection of a person’s eemaan (Belief) until he loves for his brother what he loves for his own self
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Amr Ibn Al-’Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Muslim]
  • Principles when dealing with other people
  • Treating others as you would wish to be treated yourself
  • Allah says in the Qur’an: “Woe to Al-Mutaffifin [those who give less in measure and weight (decrease the rights of others)], Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure, And when they have to give by measure or weight to men, give less than due.” [Surah Al-Mudaffifiin (Those Who Deal in Fraud) verses 1-3]

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 46

Sat 2 Mar 2019

Lesson 46: Supplications at the end of the prayer

Dua between the Tashahud and the final Tasleem

  • Indeed from amongst the places where a muslim is recommended to make use of dua is that part of the prayer which is between the final tashahud and the tasleem
  • Hadith of Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ud (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • The person should select a dua (supplication) suitable and desirable to him/her before giving the final tasleem
  • Ideally within this time one should make supplication with dua which are mentioned in the Sunnah, but if you were to make other dua of your own then there is no problem with this
  • Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabi jahannam (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the Hell), wa min ‘adhaabil qabr (and from the torment of the grave), wa min fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaat (and from the trials of life and death), wa min sharri fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and from the evil of the trial of the Antichrist)”
    • Some scholars hold the opinion that reading this supplication is obligatory at the end of the prayer, however the majority of scholars hold the opinion that it is liked (mustahab) and not obligatory
    • What does this supplication mean?
      • Why is hell-fire called “Jahannam”? What does this mean?
      • What is the punishment of the grave?
      • What is meant by the trial of life and death?
      • What is the trial of Masiih-ad-Dajjal (The Antichrist)? Why does he have this name? What are the major signs of the hour?
  • Hadith of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) [Sahih Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
    • Supplication: “Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika min ‘adhaabil Qabr (O Allah! Indeed I seek refuge with You from the torment of the grave), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil masiih-ad-dajjaal (and I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Antichrist), wa a’uudhu bika min fitnatil mahyaa wa fitnatil mamaat (and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and the trials of death), Allaahumma innee a’uudhu bika minal Ma’thami wal maghram (O Allah! I seek refuge with You from sinning and transgressing/oppressing others’ rights)”
    • What does this dua mean?

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