40 Hadith: Lesson 15

Sunday 13 Jan 2019

Lesson 15: Hadith 5 (Part 9) and Hadith 6 (Part 1-4)

  • Recap of Hadith 5
    • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • Determining the validity of actions
  • The Innovator and the one who follows him
  • Explicit and Implied meaning of this hadith

Part 9: Summary of benefits of Hadith 5

  • 1. This hadith indicates the prohibition and the impermissibility of innovation within the religion
  • 2. The innovated action is not accepted
  • 3. An action is considered invalid if it was not based on the sharia
  • 4. A righteous deed which is performed not in accordance with the legislation becomes invalid
  • 5. Regardless of the ruling that a judge may give, then this does not change the reality of the legislation
  • 6. A transaction which is not legislated is invalid and the items which were taken based on that transaction, then those items are to be returned to their previous owner

Hadith 6

  • On the authority of an-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, “That which is lawful is clear and that which is unlawful is clear, and between the two of them are doubtful matters about which many people do not know. Thus he who avoids doubtful matters has cleared himself in regard to his religion and his honor, and he who falls into doubtful matters falls into that which is unlawful, like the shepherd who pastures around a sanctuary, is likely to indulge freely grazing therein. Truly every king has a sanctuary, and truly Allah’s sanctuary is His prohibitions. Verily in the body there is a morsel of flesh that if it is correct, then the whole of the body is is set aright, and if it is corrupt, the body is corrupt, Indeed, it is the heart.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • This hadith has 6 parts in its explanation

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 40

Sat 14 Jan 2019

Lesson 40: Mannerisms of using the Toilet

  • In the sunnah we find that mannerisms of entering, using and exiting the bathroom have been mentioned
  • A muslim should be upon cleanliness and purity
  • The Hadith of Salmān Al-Fārisi (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • One should not use his right hand to clean himself, nor face the Qiblah when answering the call of nature, nor use less than three stones when cleaning oneself nor should one use dried dung or bones
    • Non muslims may not understand these matters and indeed some may try to mock these

1. When Entering the Bathroom

  • Hadith of Anas Ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him) (Bukhari & Muslim)
  • It is recommended that a Muslim when he enters the bathroom he should say “Bismillaah Allaahumma innee a’uudhubika minal khubuthi wal khabaa’ith” (In the Name of Allah, Oh Allah I seek refuge with you from the male and female evil devils among the Jinn)
  • What does “khubuth” and “Khabaa’ith” mean?
  • In another narration, it mentions that saying “Bismillaah” (In the Name of Allah) before entering the toilet covers one from the Jinns

2. Privacy

  • A muslim must conceal himself when relieving himself and must ensure others cannot see him
  • The Hadith of Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu’bah (may Allah be pleased with him)
  • This is one of the reasons why it is impermissible for men to use urinals (note, this is not the only reason)

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40 Hadith: Lesson 14

Sunday 6 Jan 2019

Lesson 14: Hadith 4 (Part 11) and Hadith 5 (1-8)

Hadith 4

  • On the authority of Abdullah ibn Masood (may Allah be pleased with him), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), and he is the truthful, the believed, narrated to us, “Verily the creation of each one of you is brought together in his mother’s womb for forty days in the form of a nutfah (a drop), then he becomes an alaqah (clot of blood) for a like period, then a mudghah (morsel of flesh) for a like period, then there is sent to him the angel who blows his soul into him and who is commanded with four matters: to write down his rizq (sustenance), his life span, his actions, and whether he will be happy or wretched. By Allah, besides Whom there is no deity worthy of worship, verily one of you performs the actions of the people of Paradise until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him, and so he acts with the actions of the people of the Hellfire and thus enters it; and verily one of you performs the actions of the people of the Hellfire, until there is but an arms length between him and it, and that which has been written overtakes him and so he acts with the actions of the people of Paradise and thus he enters it.” [Bukhari & Muslim]
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 11 parts, we did parts 6-10 in Lesson 13

Part 11: Summary of benefits

  • 1. This hadith mentions the stages of the development of the human fetus in the womb
  • 2. The blowing of the soul into the fetus occurs at the 120th day
  • 3. There are angels entrusted with the affairs of the womb
  • 4. In this hadith there is belief in the unseen
  • 5. In this hadith there is belief in the pre-decree of Allah
  • 6. In this narration there is the swearing by Allah in order to emphasise
  • 7. Actions are by their endings
  • 8. The importance of combining between fear and hope
  • 9. Actions are a means of entering Paradise or Hell
  • 10. The one who has been written down as having a wretched end, then no human knows about this, the reverse is also true

Hadith 5

  • On the authority of the mother of the faithful, Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who said: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “Whoever introduces something into this affair of ours that is not from it, then it is rejected” [Bukhari & Muslim] In another version in Muslim it reads: “Whoever does an action that is not from our affair, then it is rejected”
  • The explanation of this hadith consists of 9 parts

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 39

Saturday 5th Jan 2019

Lesson 39: Supplications when leaving or returning to your home

  • When you leave your home there are certain duas (supplications) which you can read and these have been mentioned in the Sunnah
  • Reading this supplications means that such a person will be safeguarded by the permission of Allah, his task will be made easy and he will be guided to the path of truth by the will of Allah
  • The hadith of Anas Ibn Mālik (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • Supplication: “Bismillaah, tawakkaltu `alallaah, laa ḥawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah”
    • Translation: ‘In the Name of Allah, I place my trust in Allah, there is no might or power except by Allah’
    • Benefits: Such a person will be guided, sufficed and protected by the permission of Allah
    • Shaitan (satan) turns away from him and another shaitan says to him “what can you do with a man who has been guided, sufficed and protected?”
  • The above dua is to be read as you are leaving your home
  • Note: this does not have to be your own home, it can be read when leaving the residence you are in e.g. Hotel
  • Having trust in Allah is from the greatest of the comprehensive types of worship and is part of Tawheed (monotheism)
  • Qur’an verse: “And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.” [Surah At-Talaq (The Divorce) verse 3]

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