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LESSON 18 | SUMMARY OF FIQH | The Obligations and Sunan of the Prayers

Saturday 17 December 2016

Today we covered the Obligatory acts of the Prayer:

First a recap of the Pillars of the prayer.

There are 8 obligatory acts in the prayer:

  1. All of the takbeers in the prayer [except the opening takbeer]
  2. The Tasmee’ (saying sami’Allahu liman hamidah when you rise up from rukoo’)
  3. The Tahmeed (saying rabbanaa walakalhamd – after the above)
  4. To say Subhaana Rabiyal’adheem during the rukoo’
    • How many times is the minimum?
    • How many is Sunnah?
    • Is there a maximum?
  5. To say Subhaana Rabiyal a’laa in sujood
  6. To say rabighfirlee in between the two sujood
    • How many times should this be done?
  7. Reciting the first Tashahud
  8. Sitting for the first Tashahud

What happens if you miss one of these obligatory acts?

What should you do if you forget something during the prayer?

What are the three reasons one might need to do the sujood as-Sahw?

What are the Sunnah acts of the prayer?

  • Verbal acts
    • The opening du’a
    • The ta’awwudh – saying A’udhu billahi minashaytaanirrajeem
    • The Basmalah – Saying Bismillaahi rahmaani raheem
    • Saying Ameen after the Fatihah
      • What are the virtues of saying Ameen?
    • The du’a after the final tashahhud
  • Physical acts
    • Lifting the hands for the opening takbeer
    • Also before the rukoo’ and when rising up from it
    • Putting the right hand on top of the left hand
      • Where should the hands be placed?
      • How should they be placed on top of each other?
    • Placing the hands on the knees during rukoo’
    • To make your back straight in the rukoo’

Next week: There will be a conference in Birmingham, we strongly encourage everyone to attend.

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LESSON 17 | SUMMARY OF FIQH | The Pillars of the prayers

Saturday 10 Dec 2016

Today we covered the Pillars of the Prayer:

You must perform the pillars, if you are negligent of any of the pillar, the WHOLE prayer becomes invalid. There are 14 pillars.

  1. Qiyaam (to stand up) “.. and stand before Allah, with obedience” (2:238). And in the hadith the prophet, peace be upon him commanded the man who prayed badly to stand while praying (and if that’s not possible then sitting and if that’s not possible while lying down).
    • In the supererogatory prayers, you may perform them while sitting down.
  2. The opening Takbeer (to say Allahu Akbar).   The prophet, صلى الله عليه وسلم, said “Then face the qiblah and say the takbeer!
  3. Recitation of the Fatiha. “No prayer [is accepted] from the one who does not recite al-Fatiha”
    • It must be recited in every rak’ah
    • Do you have to recite it when praying behind an imam?
  4. The rukoo’ (the bowing) in every rak’ah.
    • Proof: “O you who believe! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves” 22:77
    • It has been established in the Qur’an, Sunnah and consensus of the scholars
    • How should the rukoo’ be performed?
  5. Standing up from the Rukoo’
  6. To stand up straight (after standing up from the Rukoo’)
    • A description of the above two pillars (5 &6 are combined)
  7. The Sujood (prostration)
    • The sujood is done upon seven body parts, what are they?
    • How should it be done?
    • The sujood is when a servant is nearest to his Lord and it is one of the greatest pillars of the prayer.
    • You should make dua during sujood
    • What language should the dua be in?
  8. Rising from the sujood and sitting up straight between the two prostrations
  9. Tranquillity while performing all actions of the prayers
  10. The final Tashahhud
  11. To sit for the tashahhud
  12. Sending prayers and blessings upon Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم in the final tashahhud
  13. To perform all the parts of the prayer in order
  14. The Tasleem (to say salamu alaykum)

+ a range of questions from the attendees


Recorded at Masjid Alhuda Bolton on 10/12/16

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Lesson 16 | Summary of Fiqh |Mannerisms of Attending the Prayer

Saturday 3/12/16

Today we covered the etiquette of walking to the prayer:

It is a matter of vital importance as the prayer is one of the great acts of worship in Islam. One should:

  •  Walk to the prayer with peace and tranquillity
    • This means walking with calmness, not raising your voice, looking around unnecessarily and keeping the gaze lowered
  • Come early to the prayer so you can catch the start of the congregation
    • For every step, a sin is forgiven and a person is raised by a level, so you should take small steps in order to gain more of this.
  • When entering the masjid:
    • Which foot should you enter with first? Which foot do you leave with?
    • What is the dua for entering / leaving the masjid?
  • When you are inside, do not sit down until you have prayed to rak’ahs
    • If you come late and enter the masjid during the jamaa’ah – what should you do?
    • What should you do if enter during the Athaan of the Friday prayer?
  • When waiting for the prayer, one should engage in dhikr and recitation of the Qur’an and avoid frivolous activities.
  • Don’t talk about wordly matters when waiting for the prayer, because the angels seek forgiveness for the one who waits for the prayer – don’t waste this reward!
  • At what point during the iqaamah should you stand up?
  • What should you do if the imam is late?
  • Be eager to be in the first row – “if people knew the virtue of the athaan and first row, and had to draw lots, they would do so” [Hadith]
    • Avoid gaps in the rows
    • Try to be as near to the imam as possible
    • The Imam should ensure the rows are straight.
  • What does straightening the rows mean?
    • How do you prevent any gaps occuring in the rows?
    • What should you do if the person next to you does not join his feet with you?

Introduction to the next chapter: The Pillars, obligations and sunnahs of the prayer

  • What is a pillar? What is an obligatory act during the prayer and what is Sunnah?
  • What happens if you leave one of them off?
  • When should you perform the prostration of forgetfulness?


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