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Lesson 42 | Fiqh: Hadith on Matters Regarding the Shrouding of the Deceased

Saturday 28 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Funeral Prayer

  • Hadith of shrouding of the deceased:
    • Hadith of Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was shrouded in 3 white cloths [Agreed upon].
      • This indicates the shrouding should be done with white cloths (preferably).
      • If white is not possible then other colours are also allowed.
      • It is mentioned that the cloths used were cotton from yemen
      • The 3 sheets are laid out and the deceased placed upon the cloths, there are no specific head wear (such as turban or hats) or shirt etc that should be used. Using only one sheet is permissible but it should be able to cover the whole body
    • Hadith of Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) that when Abdullaah Ibn Ubay Ibn Salool died (he was from the head of the hypocrites, NOTE: his son was a righteous Muslim) his son came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and said “Give me your garment so I can shroud him in it” so the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) gave him this garment and he was shrouded in it [Agreed Upon].
      • This is from the example of the good manners, gentleness and wisdom of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) that he accepted the request and gave his garment to the son of Abdullaah Ibn Ubay Ibn Salool despite his father’s actions
      • This hadith shows that shrouding can be done with tailored garments and the deceased can be made to wear it in the normal way (e.g. a thobe worn as a thobe normally is)
    • Hadith of Ibn Abbaas (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “Wear your white clothes for they are the best of your garments and shroud your deceased in them” [Narrated by the 5]
      • In day-to-day matters, the colour white is best for the clothes of men and in death both men and women white cloth is preferred. However, in day-to-day matters for women, in public then colours which do not attract attention are preferred and in their own homes they have open choice
    • Hadith of Jaabir (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “When one of you shrouds his brother then let him perfect his shrouding” [Narrated Muslim]
      • This hadith indicates that the shrouding should be done properly. The first point is that the correct type of cloths/garments (e.g. to look for 3 white cloths of cotton material if possible) are selected and the second point is that the manner of shrouding should be correctly (see previous lesson 39)

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📢ALHUDA ARCHIVE: Very Beneficial | 🎙Removal of the Doubts – Lesson 5

✏️Topic: Refutation of Making Intercession through other than Allah

– Basics of refuting innovation
– “We are not committing shirk because we know only Allah can benefit or harm, we just call through these righteous people”
-“Shirk only applies to people who worship idols”

Written By Muhammad Ibn Abdulwahhāb
Read by Abu Muadh Taqweem

Very Beneficial Lesson, learn and share with family and friends! Explains what the people of Innovation do in terms of evidences/Proofs, WHY this is important and HOW you can counter it in a good manner.

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Lesson 41 | Fiqh | Debt of the Deceased, One who dies in Hajj, Narrations of Washing and Shrouding of Salaf

Saturday 21 Oct 2017

Chapter of Prayer: Funeral Prayer

  • Hadith of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), narrated that the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said “the soul of a believer is hanging upon its debt until that debt is paid off on behalf of him” [Ahmed]
    • If someone dies and they have a debt, the debt should be paid
    • This can be done through the wealth they have left behind
    • If the deceased was poor and had no wealth left behind then his family should pay on his behalf
    • If the family has no wealth then his relatives,
    • if none of them can do it then any of the Muslims can pay his debt. This is because this hadith indicates that the soul of the deceased is held/stuck, cannot progress into paradise until this issue is settled
    • from amongst the things the messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to place importance was this issue of the debt of the dead. He would ask about it and pay the debt of the deceased
    • The hadith indicates that a person will not get into paradise until the debts are paid
    • Debt is amongst the rights of the people and must be either paid back or the debtor has to waive it
    • NOTE: the above here is regarding a halal loan/debt. If the issue is concerning stolen money which isn’t repaid then this is more serious issue. The rights of the people are an important matter and their rights should be returned and should be done quickly
  • Narration of Ibn Abbas about the Sahabah who died in Hajj. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid “wash him with water and Sidr and shroud him in two garments”, and in another narration “shroud him in his garments”, and to not put any fragrance upon him, and to not cover his head because he will be raised on the day of resurrection making the Talbiyah, [Bukhari and Muslim]. We learn from this hadith:
    • The obligation to wash the deceased and to used camphor, soap etc. Shampoo and other cleaning products are permissible but camphor is better as it was used by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
    • To shroud the body is also an obligation. Shrouding is a priority and any money the deceased may have had should be used to ensure he has a shroud before inheritance or debt is considered
    • The burial is also an obligation and likewise the wealth of the deceased should be used to cover this before inheritance or debt is considered
    • Issue 1: should the special funeral cars be used (the long estate cars with large window)? Shaykh Al-Albaani states this is an imitation of the practices of the non-Muslims and Muslims should not do this.
    • Overall: The cost of the washing, shrouding and burial of the deceased should be covered as a priority before debt, will etc inheritance.
    • Question from one of the children: If someone dies in a country and no one prays the Janaazah what happens (Example of Artic explorer!).
    • Death does not cut off the state of Ihram#
    • Issue 2: if someone dies in hajj must his family finish his hajj for him as a substitute?
    • Issue 3: The dead muhrim should be kept away from what a living muhrim is kept from such as fragrances.

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