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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 30

Saturday 3rd November 2018

Lesson 30: The importance of regular supplications during the day and night

  • Different supplications a Muslim can make during daily routines:
    • For the morning and evening
    • Before sleep
    • Before and after the prayer
    • Leaving and entering the home
    • For eating and drinking
    • For travelling
  • There is no doubt that being consistent and regular upon these supplications during the day will bring regularly occurring goodness and continuous blessings in this world and the Hereafter
  • It is important that one focuses on these supplications and understands them and also thinks about the purpose and goals of these dua
  • Shaykh Abdelrazaaq ibn Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād (whose book we are using) mentions that he hopes that this book will benefit the servant of Allah by helping him/her to focus on and understand the supplications of the day and night

Importance of Routines and Supplications during morning and evening

    • Every Muslim is in need of knowing the routines connected to the day and the night as well as supplications during these times, whether he is active or inactive, so that your day and night becomes acts of worship and you are rewarded for them
    • ‘A’isha (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to remember Allah at all moments.” [Sahih Muslim]
    • The Prophet (ﷺ) used to remember Allah at all times, and indeed whomsoever ponders over the sunnah will find that there are supplications for the morning and evening, for sleeping and waking, before and after the prayer, for eating and drinking, remembrances for when you are boarding or travelling and there are supplications for removing grief and sorrow and even supplications for when you see something you like or dislike
    • In having these regular supplications during the day, then indeed this ensures that there is a regular connection between the servant and his lord and that this connection is strengthened
    • Remembering Allah regularly is also a means of being grateful for his continuous mercy,  bounties, generosity and blessings he has bestowed upon us
    • Remembering Allah regularly means that you are relying upon him solely and indeed also places such a person in the protection of Allah
    • Remembering Allah regularly is an affirmation and confirmation of the Oneness of Allah
    • A person who is constant upon the remembrance of Allah throughout the day understands that indeed it is Allah alone who is deserving of worship
    • Ibnul Qayyim said remembrance and supplication is a tree which brings into fruition those matters that you have been striving for and there is no way to obtain these fruits except through this tree of supplication and remembrance, and the more that this tree becomes larger and its roots become more firm, then indeed it will have more fruits
    • The benefits and results of supplications and remembering Allah are so great that once cannot encompass or explain them
    • It is something deserving and required of a believer that he/she guards over these remembrances
    • Every remembrance has its appropriate time in accordance with the sunnah
    • Allah says: “Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqat (i.e. Zakat, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allah during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).” [Surah Al-Ahzab (The Confederates) verse 35]
  • The statement of the salaf regarding the above verse:
    • The statement of Ibn Abbās (may Allah be pleased with him)
    • The statement of Mujaahid (may Allah have mercy on him)
    • The statement of Abu ‘Amr Ibnu Salaah (may Allah have mercy on him)
  • There are many books written on the topic of supplications during the day and night, however one should be careful when choosing a book to read as some contain weak narrations.
  • NOTE: Where does Imam An-Nasaa’i’s name come from?
  • Shaykh Abdelmuhsin Al-Abbād will now go onto different duas one can make during the day and night

Q&A:

  • Can Muslims take part in celebrations for bonfire night or halloween?

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40 Hadith: Lesson 6

Sunday 28th Oct 2018

Lesson 6: Hadith 2 (Part 6 and 7)

  • We started Hadith 2 in lesson 4;
    • Also on the authority of `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) who said: “While we were one day sitting with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) there appeared before us a man dressed in extremely white clothes and with very black hair. No traces of journeying were visible on him, and none of us knew him. He sat down close by the Prophet (ﷺ) rested his knees against the knees of the Prophet (ﷺ) and placed his palms over his thighs, and said: “O Muhammad! Inform me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) replied: “Islam is that you should testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger (ﷺ), that you should perform salah (ritual prayer), pay the zakah, fast during Ramadan, and perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (the Ka`bah at Makkah), if you can find a way to it (or find the means for making the journey to it).” He said: “You have spoken the truth.” We were astonished at his thus questioning him (ﷺ) and then telling him that he was right, but he went on to say, “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.” He said, “You have spoken the truth.” Then he (the man) said, “Inform me about Ihsan.” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you should serve Allah as though you could see Him, for though you cannot see Him yet He sees you.” He said, “Inform me about the Hour.” He (the Prophet) said, “About that the one questioned knows no more than the questioner.” So he said, “Then, inform me about its signs.” He said, “They are that the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted ones, the naked, the destitute, the herdsmen of the sheep (competing with each other) in raising lofty buildings.” Thereupon the man went off. I waited a while, and then he (the Prophet) said, “O `Umar, do you know who that questioner was?” I replied, “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He said, “That was Jibreel. He came to teach you your religion.” [Muslim]
  • Recap of lesson 5 (parts 3-5)
    • The mannerisms of Jibra’eel (may peace be upon him) in asking questions
    • Islam and Eemaan
    • The Pillars of Islam
    • The shahaadah and its pillars
    • Obeying the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and loving him more than one’s parents and all of mankind

Part 6: The statement of Jibra’eel “You have spoken the truth”

  • The companions were amazed by this saying? why?

Part 7: The Pillars of Eemaan (belief)

    • Jibra’eel asked “Inform me about Iman (faith).” He (the Prophet) answered, “It is that you believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Messengers and in the Last Day, and in fate (qadar), both in its good and in its evil aspects.”
    • The first pillar of Eemaan is belief in Allah, why? Because it is the most important aspect of Eemaan and everything else branches from it
      • All the other pillars are connected to Allah, e.g. “his angels”, “his books” etc
  • Belief in Allah consists of 4 matters
      • Belief in the existence of Allah
        • This is established by the four matters
  • 1. Fitrah (innate and natural human inclination).
            • This is something which every single human being will admit except for those who are arrogant. Belief in Allah is something which is the default human inclination.
            • Shaykh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned that it is known by necessity that for an occurrence to occur without having existed at one point, then it is necessary that a doer must have brought it into existence, this is something known by everyone by necessity, even the young infant if he/she is harmed then his natural impulse is that this occurrence had a cause.
            • Even the most ardent of atheists cannot deny this innate sense that we have a maker when we look at the beauty and complexity of the world we live in, however their layers of arrogance conceals this.
            • The presence of the fitrah can also be seen in how we have a sense of morals
  • 2. Intellect and reasoning
            • Allah says: “Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators?” [Surah At-Toor (The Mount) verse 35]
            • If we examine the two possibilities given in the verse, then we cannot accept that we just came from nothing or that the world came about from nothing. Neither can we accept that we created ourselves or that the universe created itself.
            • Therefore we are left with only one option left, that is that we have creator.
            • The perfection and complexity of Allah’s creation shows his exact measurements, care and mercy upon his creation.
            • The tools to be guided are indeed available to everyone
  • 3. Perception and experience
            • We experience various things which can only be explained by the existence of Allah
            • For example, when someone makes a supplication (dua) or performs the rain prayer etc and it is answered this is no doubt a sign that Allah answered their dua and not just a random occurrence
            • How many people have been told by their doctors that a patient would not survive or improve yet they do survive and do improve beyond any expectation, when we see this in our life it is indeed a sign of Allah
  • 4. The religion and what the Prophet (ﷺ) taught
          • The Prophets and Messengers came to their people to confirm to them what was already in their fitrah
          • The Prophets and messengers ordered us to believe in Allah, give thanks to him and not disobey him.
          • All of these prophets and messengers never abandoned they call despite severe trials and tribulations. They never abandoned their calling to Allah when offered wealth, land or anything they wanted, instead they stayed firm upon their call despite all of the difficulties they faced.
  • NOTE: Part 7 is a very detailed part which we will continue next lesson insha Allah

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Authentic Adhkar: Lesson 29

Sat 27th Oct 2018

Lesson 29: Forgiveness, Repentance and how this is related to Tawheed

  • Recap of previous lesson:
      • The need for Repentance
      • To begin your dua with Repenting from sins
      • Criteria for Repentance (from Imam An-Nawawi):
    • Seeking forgiveness is often mentioned in connection with seeking repentance
    • Qur’an verse: “And (commanding you): “Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words). But if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).” [Surah Hud (Hud) verse 3]
  • Qur’an verse: “”And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord and then repent to Him, He will send you (from the sky) abundant rain, and add strength to your strength, so do not turn away as Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah).”” [Surah Hud (Hud) verse 52]
  • This indicates that there is a great connection between seeking forgiveness and making repentance as well as the great need a servant has to perform this

Sins are of two types

  • Type 1:
      • This is a sin that has already gone by
      • However even though it has gone by, it has consequences
      • Therefore for this you are ask Allah for protection against its evil consequences
  • Type 2:
      • This is a sin that you fear you may committing
      • Therefore for this you ask Allah to give you firmness and resolve not to fall into it
    • A servant returns back to Allah in both cases
  • A person who commits a sin is like the example of one who is following a pathway which is leading to his own destruction. And indeed this path will not lead you to your goals and aspirations, rather it only leads to destruction
  • Therefore one who is upon sins then it is required for this person to turn back from this path and pursue the pathway of his salvation

Difference between Forgiveness and Repentance

    • Sometimes people uses them interchangeably however they have a difference
  • Therefore there are 2 important matters
    • 1. To abandon sins
    • 2. To turn to Allah and the right path
  • Seeking repentance is in connection to returning to the right pathway and to be kept upon this pathway
  • Seeking forgiveness is in connection with abandoning the pathway of sins and asking Allah for salvation from the consequences of these sins
  • Seeking forgiveness has a great ranking and status. Shaykh Ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah have mercy upon him) mentioned that a servant is taken out from the disliked actions and onto the beloved and good actions by way of seeking forgiveness and making repentance, and from the deficient actions onto the perfect and fulfilling action, and a servant is raised from the lowly and degraded position to the higher and perfect position
  • Therefore a servant of Allah, who recognises and remembers his lord, then indeed this person increases in his knowledge and insight into his religion such that he will find improvement in all of his actions
  • However whoever finds that he has a shortcoming in the presence of his heart, then this person is in great need of seeking forgiveness and making repentance
  • There are great benefits to seeking forgiveness and making repentance

Connection between seeking forgiveness and Tawheed

    • One of the things which highlights the importance of seeking forgiveness is that in the Qur’an it is often connected with the tawheed and the shahaadah which is the greatest statement
      • Qur’an verse: So know (O Muhammad (ﷺ)) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes). [Surah Muhammad verse 19]
      • Qur’an verse: “And (commanding you): “Seek the forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him in repentance, that He may grant you good enjoyment, for a term appointed, and bestow His abounding Grace to every owner of grace (i.e. the one who helps and serves needy and deserving, physically and with his wealth, and even with good words). But if you turn away, then I fear for you the torment of a Great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).” [Surah Hud (Hud) verse 3]
      • Qur’an verse: Say (O Muhammad (ﷺ)): “I am only a human being like you. It is inspired in me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God – Allah), therefore take Straight Path to Him (with true Faith Islamic Monotheism) and obedience to Him, and seek forgiveness of Him. And woe to Al-Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc. – see V. 2:105). [Surah Fussilat (They are Explained in Detail) verse 6]
    • Other examples:
      • When concluding a gathering and rising up, the supplication (dua) made contains both the shahaadah as well as seeking forgiveness
      • The supplication made after performing wudhu contains the shahaadah as well as seeking forgiveness

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